ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS / READING
• SCOPE AND SEQUENCE: Grade 7 Language Arts/Reading course focuses on the techniques for evaluating literature and grasping meaning from informational texts to improve reading enjoyment and comprehension, to increase writing skill, and reinforces the conventions of standard English in grammar and usage as students model writing techniques in both literary and nonfiction applications.
• Unit 1 – Reading Strategies and Skills This unit discusses reading strategies and skills, including setting a purpose, previewing, monitoring comprehension, questioning, connecting, summarizing, paraphrasing, identifying genre, inferring, and determining importance.
• Unit 2 – Plot and Characterization This unit discusses plot, including exposition, conflict, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution, and subplot, as well as the effect of setting on characters and plot, and protagonist versus antagonist. Also discussed are characterization by traits, and making inferences about characters.
• Unit 3 – Literary Techniques This unit covers literary techniques, including what they are, as well as mood, tone, flashback, foreshadowing, point-of-view, allusion, and theme.
• Unit 4 – Poetry and Figurative Language This unit discusses the elements of poetry, figurative versus literal, rhyme, the forms and structure of poetry, alliteration, hyperbole, imagery, and metaphor.
• Unit 5 – Nonfiction This unit discusses nonfiction, including text features of nonfiction, how to distinguish fact from fiction, how to find the main idea and the details, and how to analyze evidence. Also covered are skimming and scanning, structures of nonfiction, subjective versus objective, and types of propaganda.
• Unit 6 – Vocabulary Building Strategies This unit discusses dictionary skills, synonyms, antonyms, words with multiple meanings, root words, prefixes, and suffixes. Also covered are context clues, including introduction, definitions, synonyms, contrast, and examples. Further included are connotation and denotation.
• Unit 7 – Grammar – Working with Parts of Speech This unit reviews the basic parts of speech, and then discusses agreement of collective nouns; action, linking,and helping verbs; infinitives; pronouns and antecedents; indefinite pronouns and verb agreement; and comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs.
• Unit 8 – Grammar – Sentence Construction and Agreement This unit discusses subjects and predicates, compound subjects and predicates, main and subordinate clauses, subject and verb agreement, subjects separated from verbs, simple and compound sentences, complex sentences, and parallelism.
• Unit 9 – Conventions This unit discusses conventions, including what they are, as well as apostrophes and ownership, tricky homophones, proper titles, semi-colons, how to punctuate dialogue, using the comma in direct address, and using commas in introductory clauses and phrases.
• Unit 10 – Argumentative Writing This unit discusses the writing process, elements of an argumentative essay, and choosing issues versus problems to write about. It further covers how to pre-write the essay, including choosing a topic, adding supporting details and reasons, researching your topic, and addressing reader concerns and counterarguments. Drafting the essay is presented, including writing a thesis, creating topic sentences and paragraphs, adding research to the body, and writing an introduction and a conclusion. Revising, including adding transition words and enhancing word choice, as well as editing, including using editing marks and finding editing errors, are also discussed, as well as how to create a final draft and how to make an effective presentation.
• SCOPE AND SEQUENCE: Grade 7 Math course, after a thorough review of basic operations, demonstrates how to solve real-world problems by applying basic concepts of Algebra and Geometry and by using proportional relationships. Students are also shown how to use statistical data to make inferences and how to use and evaluate probability models.
• Unit 1 – Integers This unit discusses comparing, adding, subtracting, and multiplying integers, including the concepts of opposites, absolute value, and order of operations.
• Unit 2 – Decimals This unit covers Interpreting, comparing, estimating with, rounding, adding, subtracting, and multiplying decimals, as well as dividing decimals by whole numbers and by decimals, and converting percents to decimals.
• Unit 3 – Fraction Basics This unit discusses greatest common factors, least common multiples, what fractions mean, how to reduce them, how to convert mixed fractions to improper fractions and vice versa, how to convert fractions to terminating and to repeating decimals, and ordering rational numbers.
• Unit 4 – Fraction Operations This unit covers finding a common denominator, then delves into adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing simple fractions, mixed numbers, rational numbers, and negative fractions.
• Unit 5 – Fraction Expressions This unit presents algebraic vocabulary regarding expressions and equations, evaluating expressions, simplifying and expanding expressions with integers and rational numbers, adding and subtracting rational coefficients, factoring algebraic expressions, recognizing equivalent expressions, and translating expressions.
• Unit 6 – Equations and Inequalities This unit covers writing equations, solving one- and two-step equations and equations with rational numbers and with variables on both sides. It also covers writing, graphing, and solving inequalities, as well as inequality word problems.
• Unit 7 – Angles This unit discusses adjacent, complementary, supplementary, reflex, and vertical angles, as well as angles that share a vertex, triangles and angles, and drawing triangles.
• Unit 8 – 2D Figures This unit discusses area of parallelograms, triangles, and trapezoids, area and circumference and of circles, and area of irregular figures.
• Unit 9 – 3D Figures This unit covers identifying 3D figures and nets, cross sections, and surface area and volume of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, and composite figures.
• Unit 10 – Rates and Ratios This unit discusses ratios, basics of proportions and proportions with fractions and percents, unit rate, scale factor, using a scale to calculate length, areas in scale drawings, and scaled drawings with different scales.
• Unit 11 – Proportionality This unit covers direct proportionality in tables, graphs, verbal descriptions, and equations, and inverse proportionality in tables, graphs, and verbal descriptions.
• Unit 12 – Statistics and Probability This unit discusses mean, mode, median and range, box and whisker plots, random sampling, comparing data sets, probability models with categorical data and with frequencies, theoretical and experimental probability, and independent and dependent events.
• SCOPE AND SEQUENCE: Earth Science course provides an opportunity to study the earth on which we live. The course investigates the earth's structure and composition, its changing surface and the role that energy plays in earth systems. It explores the earth's ecological resources and atmosphere, its water cycle and weather. It further discusses the earth's landmasses and its relationships with its neighbors in space. Along the way, students are shown how to use scientific thinking, investigations, tools and technologies. Course topics include: Minerals; Rocks; Weathering and Soil; Erosion and Deposition; Plate Tectonics; Earthquakes; Mountains and Volcanoes; Earth's Past; Natural Resources; Earth's Fresh Waters; Ocean Systems; Earth's Atmosphere; Weather Factors; Weather Patterns; Weather Predictions; Earth's Movement and its Effects; Earth's Moon; Space Exploration; The Solar System; Exploring the Universe
• Unit 1 – Minerals This unit covers what minerals are and how they are identified, mined, and used.
• Unit 2 – Rocks This unit discusses the 'rock cycle,' as well as igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rock.
• Unit 3 – Weathering and Soil This unit discusses mechanical versus chemical weathering, properties of soil, and how climate affects soil.
• Unit 4 – Erosion and Deposition This unit discusses how the Earth's surface is built up and worn down, how water movement, waves, and wind shape the land, and how glaciers change land by moving sediment.
• Unit 5 – Plate Tectonics This unit covers the composition versus the physical structure of the Earth, where the Earth's plates are located, how the continents drift, the plate boundaries, and how Earth's crust is deformed.
• Unit 6 – Earthquakes This unit discusses what earthquakes are, how they are measured, and how to prepare for them.
• Unit 7 – Mountains and Volcanoes This unit discusses how mountains are formed, what happens when a volcano erupts, what causes an eruption, and what types of volcanoes there are.
• Unit 8 – Earth's Past This unit discusses relative and absolute dating, types of unconformities and fossils, and the geologic time scale.
• Unit 9 – Natural Resources This unit discusses renewable and non-renewable resources, with special emphasis on fossil fuels, conservation and recycling. It also covers other energy sources.
• Unit 10 – Earth's Fresh Waters This unit covers the water cycle, and fresh water as a resource, frozen, and underground. Water shortages are also discussed.
• Unit 11 – Ocean Systems This unit describes the Earth's oceans as connected systems, as well as the ocean floors, how ocean water moves, what waves are and what they do, and what causes tides.
• Unit 12 – Earth's Atmosphere This unit discusses the composition of the atmosphere and its layers, air pressure, air quality and pollution.
• Unit 13 – Weather Factors This unit discusses the energy that we get from the sun, how heat transfer works and what it does for us, what wind is, the difference between local and global winds, and where the global wind belts are. Also covered are humidity, types of clouds, and precipitation.
• Unit 14 – Weather Patterns This unit discusses types of air masses and how they move, as well as types of fronts. It goes on to cover cyclones and anticyclones, thunderstorms, tornadoes, hurricanes, and snowstorms.
• Unit 15 – Weather Predictions This unit discusses weather forecasting and technology, and how to read a weather map.
• Unit 16 – Earth in Space This unit covers how Earth moves in space and it's seasons, gravity, and motion.
• Unit 17 – Earth's Moon This unit discusses the phases of the moon, the difference between lunar and solar eclipses, and the surface, origin, and characteristics of the moon.
• Unit 18 – Space Exploration This unit discusses the history of rockets and how they work, multistage rockets, the space program, working in space, and the challenges we face in space.
• Unit 19 – The Sun This unit discusses the Sun's interior, its atmosphere, and its features.
• Unit 20 – Inner Planets This unit discusses The Earth, Mercury, Venus, and Mars.
• Unit 21 – Outer Planets – Gas Giants This unit discusses the outer planets, including Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto.
• Unit 22 – Comets, Asteroids, and Meteors This unit discusses comets, asteroids, and meteors.
• Unit 23 – Telescopes This unit discusses electromagnetic radiation, different types of telescopes, and observatories.
• Unit 24 – Stars This unit discusses the classification and lives of stars and how to measure the distance to stars, as well as Hertzsprung-Russell diagrams, star systems, galaxies, and the expanding universe.
HISTORY / SOCIAL STUDIES
• SCOPE AND SEQUENCE: Grade 7 Social Studies course focuses on World History and Geography across Medieval and Early Modern Times, beginning with the social, cultural, and technological changes that occ¬urred in Europe, Asia, and Africa. The course goes on to cover the history and geography of great civilizations that were developing throughout the world. Finally, it delves into the Enlightenment, the Scientific Revolution, and the natural rights of man, and focuses on the political impact of the Enlightenment and its influence on the world today. This course addresses various national and state standards including those of California.
• Unit 1 – The Roman Empire This unit introduces key components of the Roman Empire. Students will examine the expansion and collapse of Rome and will gain an understanding of Augustus Caesar (Rome's First Emperor), and the benefits of Roman Citizenship. Additionally, this unit covers Pax Romana, roads, and communication, and Greek influences will also be discussed. Also included are Roman architecture and Roman engineering. Students will learn about going to school in ancient Rome, Christians in Rome, and the Achievements of Ancient Rome.
• Unit 2 – The Fall of Rome and The Byzantine Empire While experiencing this unit, students will delve into the division of empires, and will examine the collapse of Rome. Students will view the shift to Constantinople, when the Byzantine Empire was the Eastern Roman Empire. Students will learn about the impact of Emperor Justinian and his wife Theodora on the Byzantine Empire. Lastly this unit introduces the schism in the Christian Church, the Roman Catholic Church, and the Eastern Orthodox Church.
• Unit 3 – Arabian Life and Its Impact In this unit, students will explore how the geography of the Arabian Peninsula impacted the people’s way of life. Muhammad and the Angel Gabriel will be discussed. Students will learn about the spreading of Islam in Arabia. Then they will compare and contrast Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The Five Pillars of Islam will be introduced, followed by the expansion of Muslim rule, and the rise and fall of the Umayyad and Umayyad’s secure control. Instruction will also be given on the Islamic Golden Age of the Abbasid, as well as math, science and medical advances. Students will learn about the Indian ocean trade route and its impact on those involved, especially those on the Swahili coast of Africa. Lastly, in this unit students will learn about Indian Ocean trade routes, how trade routes were connected, Muslim trade, and the impact of Muslim trade on innovation.
• Unit 4 – Life in the Chinese Middle Ages This unit begins by focusing on the transitions between dynasties, with a specific focus on each of the dynasties in the Chinese Middle Ages. Then students will learn about the reunification of the Chinese Sui to Tang Dynasties and how Tang took control. Agriculture in the Tang and Song Dynasties will be discussed, and students will then be introduced to the commerce, trade, technology, and religion in the Tang and Song Dynasties. Additionally, this unit covers Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, the three jewels, and Neo-Confucianism, and their impact on China. This unit also covers how the Mongolians came to power, Genghis Khan, mongol tactics, Kublai Khan, and the establishment of the Yuan Dynasty in China. Lastly students will learn of Kublai Khan’s attempts at conquest, Mongolia, the Song Dynasty, Japan, and Vietnam.
• Unit 5 – Africa This unit begins with an introduction to the different kinds of vegetation in Africa, as well as religious practices and the important role of oral traditions. Family, labor, commerce, and slavery, as well as the supply and demand of the slave industry will be discussed. The Trans-Saharan Journey and the gold and salt trade are examined. Additionally, in this unit students will learn about the West African Empires and how trade along the Niger River and North Africa increased their power. Furthermore, students will learn about Mansa Musa, the Mali Empire, and the impact of the Arabic language and culture in West Africa.
• Unit 6 – Medieval Japan This unit begins with a look at the geography of Japan. Students will examine the importance of the Chinese and Korean influences on Japan, with a focus from early Japan to Fujiwara. Additionally, in this unit, Buddhism in Japan, Japanese art and theater, as well as important Japanese literature such as “The Tale of Genji” are discussed. Lastly, feudal Japan, the decline of feudalism, and Japanese isolation are introduced.
• Unit 7 – Medieval Europe This unit will begin with a look at the spread of Christianity throughout Europe, the medieval church vs. state, and medieval English legal practices. The importance of the Roman Catholic church, the history of Muslim rule, and the renaissance and revival of classical learning will be examined. Students will be introduced to Florence and the growth of trading cities, the reopening of the Silk Road, and the dissemination of information during the renaissance. Additionally, this unit will focus specifically on advances in renaissance art, literature, and science. Furthermore, students will view major figures of the reformation, Protestants' new practices, and how to identify and locate European Regions. Lastly students will learn about the Counter or Catholic Reformation and the Spanish Golden Age.
• Unit 8 – The Scientific Revolution and The Enlightenment This unit will begin with a focus on the deep roots and foundations of the scientific revolution, as well as scientific inventors, their inventions, and the scientific method. Additionally students will learn about the voyages of discovery, the Columbian exchange, and the origins of modern capitalism. This unit will close with a look at the roots of the enlightenment and the influence of enlightenment on democracy.
• Unit 9 – Meso-America and Andes Civilization Upon completion of this unit, students will have learned about the isolation of the New World, Meso-America and multiple Adean civilizations. A focus will be placed on the Mayan culture, their cities, warfare, and advances. Additionally, this unit focuses on the Aztec people, their culture, and the geographical situation surrounding the Aztec people. Lastly, this unit focuses on the Inca, their culture, and geography.
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