Integrated Skills Program 2
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L2T2J - Learning about a hot topic
In this lesson, we're going to learn and talk about electric shocks.
Task One: Read the text about today's topic. Answer the questions.
We can get electic shocks from electrical equipment in our homes, but we can also get them from nature. Lightning - which is the elctricity that we can see in the sky when there is a storm - is a very strong form of natural electricity. When it hits a person, it can seriously injure or even kill them.
1. What do we call the electricity that comes from the sky during a storm?
For this reason, you need to be careful if you are outside during a thunderstorm. The safest place to go is into a strong building. Don't go near trees or large metal objects because they can attract the lightning.
2. If you are outside in a thunderstorm, where should you go?
under a big tree
near something metal
into a strong building
Electric shocks can be very serious. In the USA, they are responsible for about a thousand deaths a year. They injure tens of thousand more people, with a range of injuries caused by the shocks.
3. How many people in the USA die from electric shocks every year?
The most common injury that can be caused by an electric shock is burns. These can be quite mild or very serious depending on how much power was in the shock and how long the person was in contact with it for.
4. What is the most common injury from an electric shock?
Electric shocks can happen anywhere. They are quite rare outside and the chances of being hit by lightning are very small. Some happen from electricity in the home, but the most common place is at work. Most workplaces use electrical equipment of one type or another, and poor safety protections put workers at risk of electric shocks.
5. Where do most injuries from electric shocks happen?
in shops and markets
in the home
Dan Logan has a weekly podcast called Hot Topic. In it, he talks about topics of interest.
Task Two: Listen to the introduction to Dan's podcast and complete the sentences below.
1. A major electrical danger is the home is _____ electrical sockets and extensions.
2. Putting too many plugs into electrical sockets and extensions can cause electrical _____ and shocks.
3. You should not pull a plug out _____ .
by its cord
when you have dry hands
during a storm
4. You should never put _____ on or near electrical equipment.
5. If you see someone who has had an electric shock, the first thing you should do is _____ .
turn the power off
pick them up
tell them to drink some water
6. People who have had a serious electric shock _____ .
are often OK after a few hours
always need to see a doctor
Task Three: Sam is asking Jennifer about the topic. Choose the best answers for Jennifer.
Sam: What electronic equipment do you use every day?
You can buy it online or in the shops.
I use it at home and at school.
I use a phone, a computer and a TV.
Sam: Do you have a TV in your bedroom?
I like watching movies and series.
Yes, I have one on the wall.
I watch some things on my phone and some on TV.
Sam: Have you ever had an electric shock?
Yes, I had one two years ago.
They're a common accident in workplaces.
They happen when electricity passes through the body.
Sam: How much did it hurt?
It hurt a little. I was lucky.
Yes, that's right. They can be quite serious.
It happened when I was pulling a plug out.
Sam: What piece of electrical equipment would you most like to buy?
No, I haven't got one yet. How about you?
Because electricity is very useful when used safely.
I’d really like a new laptop.
Task Four: Watch the video and answer the questions with your own ideas.
Click the link below to see a pdf of this lesson.
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