American & French Revolutions Unit Test
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1. Why did the American colonists want independence from England? *
2. Which law was used by Britain to control American trade? *
3. Thomas Jefferson included many of the Enlightenment ideas into which document? *
4. Which Enlightenment philosophe inspired this quote: "We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights on which include life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." *
5. Which Enlightenment philosophe inspired this portion of the United States Constitution: “All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.” *
6. A government where people elect others to represent them is _______? *
7. What was one cause of the French Revolution? *
8. Before the French Revolution, the social structure in France was known as ______? *
9. The First Estate in French society included _____? *
10. The Second Estate in French society included _____? *
11. The Third Estate in French society included _____? *
12. Which group led the Third Estate during the French Revolution? *
13. Read the excerpt (small part) from the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. Which provision (idea) of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen would have made the Second Estate angry? *
14. Read the excerpt (small part) from the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. Which provision (idea) of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen did John Locke inspire? *
15. What problem led Louis XVI to call for a meeting of the Estates-General in 1789? *
16. Rather than be outvoted 2-1 in the Estates-General, the Third Estate created the _______? *
16. On July 14, 1789, the people of Paris fearing that the king would use the French army to disband the National Assembly stormed which location? *
17. Peasants attacked wealthy nobles with pitchforks and farm tools during the _____? *
18. During the French Revolution, which group wanted to get rid of the king entirely? *
19. During the French Revolution, France went to war with which nations after they asked the Legislative assembly to restore Louis XVI? *
20. What happened to Louis XVI? *
21. During the Reign of Terror, Robespierre tried to ______ *
22. During the French Revolution, the Reign of Terror _____ *
23. What happened to Robespierre? *
24. Which individual took control of France after he seized (took) power from the Directory? *
25. Seizing power and taking control of a nation's government is known as ______ *
Short Response: Write a paragraph and explain how the ideas of the Enlightenment influenced the creation of the United States and our government. Be sure to give example from what you have learned in this section. *
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