American & French Revolutions Unit Test
Your Last Name
Your FIRST name
Your class period
1. Why did the American colonists want independence from England?
Prussia had New York City
they wanted to have a say in their government
they wanted to join the French empire
2. Which law was used by Britain to control American trade?
3. Thomas Jefferson included many of the Enlightenment ideas into which document?
Bill of Rights
Declaration of Independence
4. Which Enlightenment philosophe inspired this quote: "We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights on which include life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."
5. Which Enlightenment philosophe inspired this portion of the United States Constitution: “All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.”
6. A government where people elect others to represent them is _______?
7. What was one cause of the French Revolution?
strong leadership from Louis XVI
new taxes on the Second Estate
the influence of Enlightenment ideas
8. Before the French Revolution, the social structure in France was known as ______?
The Old Regime
The Age of Revolution
9. The First Estate in French society included _____?
peasants and workers
10. The Second Estate in French society included _____?
peasants and workers
11. The Third Estate in French society included _____?
peasants and workers
12. Which group led the Third Estate during the French Revolution?
13. Read the excerpt (small part) from the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. Which provision (idea) of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen would have made the Second Estate angry?
14. Read the excerpt (small part) from the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. Which provision (idea) of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen did John Locke inspire?
15. What problem led Louis XVI to call for a meeting of the Estates-General in 1789?
War with Austria
the Reign of Terror
a financial crisis
16. Rather than be outvoted 2-1 in the Estates-General, the Third Estate created the _______?
16. On July 14, 1789, the people of Paris fearing that the king would use the French army to disband the National Assembly stormed which location?
17. Peasants attacked wealthy nobles with pitchforks and farm tools during the _____?
Reign of Terror
18. During the French Revolution, which group wanted to get rid of the king entirely?
19. During the French Revolution, France went to war with which nations after they asked the Legislative assembly to restore Louis XVI?
Italy and Russia
Spain and Portugal
Austria and Prussia
20. What happened to Louis XVI?
he fled to Prussia where he lived out his life
he was restored as an absolute monarch
he was arrested and executed in Paris
21. During the Reign of Terror, Robespierre tried to ______
crush all opposition to the revolution
reinstate the monarchy
Execute all French nobles
restore the Catholic Church
22. During the French Revolution, the Reign of Terror _____
used violent methods to eliminate their opponents
illustrated the power of public opinion in forming national policy
limited the power of absolute monarchs
23. What happened to Robespierre?
he became King of France
he was exiled to Prussia
he was executed by guillotine
24. Which individual took control of France after he seized (took) power from the Directory?
25. Seizing power and taking control of a nation's government is known as ______
Short Response: Write a paragraph and explain how the ideas of the Enlightenment influenced the creation of the United States and our government. Be sure to give example from what you have learned in this section.
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