Integrated Skills Program 2
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L5T2J - Learning about a hot topic
In this lesson, we're going to learn and talk about zoos.
Task One: Read the text about today's topic. Answer the questions.
Zoology is the study of animals. The word ‘zoo’ is short for zoological garden. It is a place where animals are kept for the public to look at. Many zoos also breed the animals.
1. Where does the word ‘zoo’ come from?
There are thousands of zoos in the world, and 80% of them are in cities. The first zoo was called the Ménagerie du Jardin des Plantes. It was founded in Paris in 1794.
2. Where was the world’s first zoo?
In the past, zoos were like prisons for animals, but nowadays zoos are trying harder to keep animals in environments that are similar to where they live in the wild. The animals live longer in this type of environment and people enjoy seeing the animals in a natural setting.
3. What is the difference between zoos in the past and zoos now?
Zoos in the past were free but now most charge money for entry.
Zoos now have more security than in the past.
Zoos now try to make a better environment for the animals.
Zoos give people an opportunity to observe animals they would never otherwise get the chance to see. They also create educational programs and tours so that everyone can learn about the animals there.
4. What two benefits of zoos does the text tell us about?
Protection of endangered animals and their environments
The chance to see and the chance to learn about animals
The chance to raise money for communities and provide jobs
However, some animals also suffer in zoos, especially if the zoos house them in dirty and crowded conditions. Moreover, animals in zoos usually have shorter lives than similar animals in the wild.
5. Do animals in zoos usually live longer than in the wild?
Dan Logan has a weekly podcast called Hot Topic. In it, he talks about topics of interest.
Task Two: Listen to the introduction to Dan's podcast and complete the sentences below.
Arguments FOR banning zoos
1. Animals have _____ lives in zoos.
2. Animals suffer from _____ in zoos.
3. Wild animals should _____ .
be free and not kept in cages
stay far away from people and human development
catch and kill their own food
Arguments AGAINST banning zoos
1. We can _____ animals by watching them in zoos.
learn a lot about
make a lot of money from
2. Zoos can stop endangered animals from _____ .
hunting smaller animals
destroying their environment
3. Zoos attract _____ .
visitors and tourists
interesting and unusual
money from rich investors
Task Three: Sam is asking Jennifer about the topic. Choose the best answers for Jennifer.
Sam: When did you last visit a zoo?
I first went to one when I was about three years old.
I went to one a year ago.
I visit one once every few years.
Sam: Where was the world’s first zoo?
It opened over 200 years ago.
It was in Paris.
It was very popular when it opened.
Sam: Why are zoos a good idea?
Because people can learn about animals there.
The French government of the time had the idea.
They can be in cities or in rural areas.
Sam: What is one problem with zoos?
Animals in zoos usually die earlier than in the wild.
Animals in zoos are kept safe from predators.
Zoos give people jobs and raise money for animal protection.
Sam: Do you think that zoos should be banned?
Yes, because I think animals suffer in them.
I've been to some that were good and others that were bad.
I like the ones that have lots of different animals in them.
Task Four: Watch the video and answer the questions with your own ideas.
Click the link below to see a pdf of this lesson.
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