High School Equivalency Exam Prep Courses
Test Assessing Secondary Completion (TASC™) or The High School Equivalency Test (HiSET) or
General Equivalency Development or General Equivalency Diploma (GED)
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READING/LANGUAGE ARTS
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• This course focuses on reasoning through language arts via an integrated approach, reading carefully, writing about reading material, and the demonstration of good command of English language conventions. Areas covered include the following: Comprehension and summarization of details and ideas; Inference of implied ideas; Creation of evidencebased generalizations based on textual details; Editing for effective support of logic and clarity; Paragraph development and organizational skills; Editing to ensure proper sentence structure. This Reading/Language Arts course is to help prepare students to take the GED, HiSet, or TASC exam.
• Unit 1 – Reading Comprehension This unit covers plot, flashback, sequence of events, difficult passages, semicolons, and academic vocabulary.
• Unit 2 – Writing Skills  Organization This unit discusses identifying sequence; comparing and contrasting; theme; and combining sentences using prepositions, appositives, participles, coordinating conjunctions, subordinate conjunctions, and adjective clauses.
• Unit 3 – Writing Skills  Support This unit covers inferences, cause and effect, point of view, quotations in literature, denotation and connotation, sentence fragments, runon sentences, misplaced modifiers, dangling participles, academic vocabulary, and dialogue.
• Unit 4 – Identifying Nonfiction; Grammar Skills This unit discusses the basics of using commas as well as using commas for transitions, academic vocabulary, possessives, subjectverb agreement, identifying nonfiction, denotation, and connotation.
• Unit 5 – Personal and Expository Writing This unit provides an overview of personal, expository, and persuasive essays, then discusses structure and style in personal and expository essays, and theme in personal essays. Also included is a grammar tip on semicolons and transitions.
• Unit 6 – Persuasive Writing This unit presents a summarization of writing skills, then discusses writing persuasive essays, including comparing literature, showing differing views, analyzing argument, paraphrasing, and writing tips.
• Unit 7 – Analyzing Persuasive Speech This unit explores persuasive speech, including rhetorical devices, argument, and persuasion, with grammar tips on pronouns as subject and object, and with examples.
MATH
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• COURSE OVERVIEW: This course focuses on Mathematical reasoning, including precision and fluency in executing and applying core computations, as well as learning to apply quantitative and algebraic reasoning skills within a wide range of academic, reallife, and workplace contexts. Specific areas include the following: Basics of mathematics; Fractions, decimals, percents, and probability; Basics of Geometry, perimeter, area, surface area, and volume; PreAlgebra (Integers, rational numbers, and properties of Algebra); Algebra (Expressions, order of operations, and sets, Absolute value, square roots, squares, and irrationals, Equations and their applications, Graphing, inequalities, and systems of equations, Polynomials and operations with polynomials, Rational expressions). This Math course is to help prepare students to take the GED, HiSet, or TASC exam.
• Unit 1 – Introduction and Basic Foundation This unit covers addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers; divisibility rules; prime and composite numbers; greatest common factors; prime factorization, place value; estimating; order of operations; powers of ten; formulas; and variables.
• Unit 2 – Fractions This unit discusses ratios; rates; proportions; improper and mixed fractions; simplifying fractions; least common multiples; adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing fractions and mixed numbers.
• Unit 3 – Decimals and Percents This unit covers adding, subtracting, and multiplying decimals, as well as dividing decimals by whole numbers, comparing and ordering decimals, forms and types of percent, and simple interest.
• Unit 4 – Probability This unit covers basic probability, mean, median, mode, and range, frequency tables, pictographs, bar graphs, and broken line graphs.
• Unit 5 – Geometry Basics This unit discusses planes, points, and lines, geometry symbols, angles, the sum of the angles of a triangle, classifying triangles, congruent versus similar triangles, quadrilaterals, and other polygons.
• Unit 6 – Geometry – Perimeter and Area This unit discusses length in relation to perimeter; area of parallelograms; triangles and trapezoids; square roots and the Pythagorean Theorem; circle vocabulary; circumference: finding C, and finding r and d; area of a circle: finding A, and finding r and d; and area of irregular figures.
• Unit 7 – Geometry – Surface Area and Volume This unit explains cross sections as well as both surface area and volume of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, and composite figures.
• Unit 8 – PreAlgebra This unit discusses comparing and ordering integers; absolute value; adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing integers; order of operations with integers; the zero, identity, cummutative, associative, and distributive properties; and basic graphing: ordered pairs and the coordinate plane.
• Unit 9 – Beginning Algebra This unit covers comparing, ordering, adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing rational numbers; expressions versus equations; order of operations with and without variables; and decimals and fractions in rational numbers.
• Unit 10 – Foundations of Algebra This unit covers verbal and algebraic expressions; order of operations; basic properties of algebra; the distributive property; integers and sets of numbers; integer arithmetic; absolute value; adding and subtracting integers; comparing, ordering, adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing rational numbers; square roots; squares; and irrationals.
• Unit 11 – Equations and Their Applications This unit discusses onestep equations using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division; properties of equality; twostep equations with manipulatives; complement and supplement problems; clearing fractions and decimals; number problems; perimeter and angle problems; multistep equations; and literal equations.
• Unit 12 – More Applications with Equations This unit covers solving proportions, similar triangles, percents as a special kind of ratio, simple interest, and percent of increase or decrease.
• Unit 13 – Foundations of Graphing This unit explains ordered pairs and relations, graphing linear equations, definitions of a function and of slope, calculating slope, rate of change, and pointslope formula.
• Unit 14 – Inequalities and Systems of Equations This unit discusses solving inequalities using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division; multistep inequalities; and solving systems of equations by substitution, addition, and multiplication.
• Unit 15 – Polynomials This unit covers polynomial terminology; polynomials with algebra tiles; adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing polynomials with algebra tiles; and multiplying polynomials by monomials.
• Unit 16 – More Operations with Polynomials This unit discusses multiplying polynomials, multiplyig binomials using FOIL, special binomial products, factoring polynomials, binomial factors, factoring using FOIL, and using the zero product property to solve equations.
• Unit 17 – Rational Expressions This unit discusses simplifying rational expressions, dividing a polynoal by a binomial, and rules of exponents.
SCIENCE
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• This course emphasizes the ability to apply scientific reasoning skills to three areas: Life Science, Physical Science, and Earth and Space Science, with understanding of scientific content pertaining to the themes of health and the human body, and energy. Specific areas covered include the following: Properties and types of matter, and changes in matter; Forms of energy – heat, electricity, and waves; Forces, motion, work and machines; Alternative energy sources; Plate tectonics, earthquakes, mountains, and volcanoes; Earth in space, comets, asteroids, stars, star systems, and galaxies; Ecology; Cell structure, function, and transport; Cellular energy, cell division, genetics, and evolution. This Science course is to help prepare students to take the GED, HiSet, or TASC exam.
• Unit 1 – Properties of Matter This unit covers matter, mass, volume, states and physical properties of matter, density, acids and bases.
• Unit 2 – Types of Matter and Changes in Matter This unit discusses elements, atoms, nucleus, electrons, atomic number, atomic mass, molecules, compounds, physical changes of matter, parts of solution, chemical changes, and the Law of Conservation of Mass.
• Unit 3 – Forms of Energy This unit covers what energy is, forms and transformations of energy, the Law of Conservation of Energy, heat, conduction, convection, magnetism, electricity, waves, characteristics of waves, transverse waves and longitudinal waves.
• Unit 4 – Force This unit discusses force, friction, gravity, Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation, motion, how to measure motion, and Newton's first, second, and third Laws of Motion.
• Unit 5 – Work and Forces of Energy This unit covers work, machines, resources, fossil fuel, solar energy, and the scientific method.
• Unit 6 – The Physical Structure of the Earth This unit discusses the composition versus the physical structure of the Earth, a map of the plates, plate boundaries, earthquakes, mountain formation, volcanic eruptions, and relative dating.
• Unit 7 – Oceans and Atmosphere This unit explores oceans as connected systems, the composition of the atmosphere, air pressure, air quality, pollution, and how to read a weather map.
• Unit 8 – The Earth and Space This unit discusses how the earth moves, comets and asteroids, classification of stars, the lives of stars, star systems, and galaxies.
• Unit 9 – Ecology This unit covers ecology and interdependence, organization of the biosphere, producers, consumers, decomposition, energy capture, the food web, the food chain, symbiotic relationships, competition, mutualism and commensalism, predation, population growth, and carrying capacity.
• Unit 10 – Cell Basics This unit covers the changing of ecosystems, conservation, cell theory, types of tissue, systems of the body, six basic nutrients, cell organelles, and the inner parts of plant and animal cells.
• Unit 11 – Cell Transport and Cellular Energy This unit discusses cell membranes, cell walls, osmosis, diffusion, the equation for photosynthesis, and photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
• Unit 12 – Cell Division This unit covers mitosis, meiosis and crossing over, asexual reproduction, and sexual reproduction.
• Unit 13 – Genetics, DNA, and Evolution This unit discusses Mendel, characters and traits, genotype and phenotype, genes and alleles, Mendel's F1 cross, Mendel's F2Generation, DNA, Galapagos, and changes in the population.
SOCIAL STUDIES
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• This course places emphasis on applying reasoning skills in social studies to content drawn from four areas: Civics and Government, United States History, Economics, and Geography and the World. This includes textual analysis and understanding, skills in data representation and inference, and solving problems in the context of social studies. Areas covered include the following: The foundations of the United States Government; The Constitution; Checks and balances; The Bill of Rights and Amendments; Political participation and parties; How elections work, and the influence of mass media; Historical foundations and nationalism; Reformation, and the Union in Peril; The First World War; World War II; PostWar America and Civil Rights; Contemporary Issues: 1945 to the Present; Basics of Personal Finance Basics of Geography. This Social Studies course is to help prepare students to take the GED, HiSet, or TASC exam.
• Unit 1 – Foundations of Government This unit covers unlimited and limited governments, Hobbes and Locke, Rousseau an Montesquieu, English documents that shaped the U.S. Constitution, and an overview and breakdown of the Declaration of Independence.
• Unit 2 – Overview of the Constitution This unit discusses why we study the Constitution, the major principals of the Constitution, Article 1 – Legislative Branch, Article 2 – Executive Branch, Article 3 – Judicial Branch, Article 4 – Relations Among the States, and Article 5 – Amendment Process.
• Unit 3 – Checks and Balances This unit covers the branches of our government, how a bill becomes a law, the impeachment process, the electoral college, leadership positions in congress, presidential succession, an overview of federalism, the Supremacy clause in Article 6, and the structure of State and Local Governments.
• Unit 4 – Bill of Rights and Amendments This unit presents an overview of the Bill of Rights, then takes a closer look at the Bill of Rights 1 through 10, and the First and Fourth Amendments.
• Unit 5 – Political Participation and Political Parties This unit discusses choosing your political bias, political responsibilities and participation, expansion of voters' rights, and the purpose and functions of political parties.
• Unit 6 – Process of Elections and Influence of Mass Media This unit discusses the order of electing a president, the impact that media has on elections and on public policy, media in the Internet Age, the role of public opinion, and domestic and foreign policy.
• Unit 7 – Historical Foundations and Nationalism This unit explores the organization of the American Colonies, the patriots' declaring independence, the British surrender, the Continental Congress, the creation of a new government, federalists versus antifederalists, the Bill of Rights, the Westward expansion of the United States, and the Industrial Revolution.
• Unit 8 – Reformation and The Union in Peril This unit discusses the second great awakening, the abolitionist movement, the Womens' Rights movement, North versus South, compromise, Lincoln's election, the secession of the southern states, Appomattox and the setup for the recovery, Lincoln's death, the "plans" for reconstruction.
• Unit 9 – The First World War This unit covers the alliances that set up the war, the chain reaction that started the war, U.S. isolationism, the Lusitania/Zimmerman Note, how the United States got involved, the end of the war, the Treaty of Versailles, and Wilson's Fourteen Points.
• Unit 10 – World War II This unit covers the rise of dictators in Europe, appeasement, the takeover of Europe, the beginning of the holocaust, Pearl Harbor, the preparations at the Home Front, taking back Europe, VE Day, the Battle of the Pacific, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, the U.S.S. Missouri, and the aftermath of the war.
• Unit 11 – PostWar America and Civil Rights This unit discusses the USSR as the New Enemy, containment, the Red Scare II, Joe McCarthy, Plessy versus Ferguson, Brown versus BOE, Birmingham and Selma, the laws of the Civil Rights Movement, and the death of its leaders.
• Unit 12 – Contemporary Issues: 1945  Present This unit covers causes of the Cold War, the Korean War, JFK's challenges to America, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the impact of JFK's assassination, LBJ's vision of a Great Society, the Nuclear Arms Race, Glasnost, Perestroika, and the breakup of the Soviet Union. Also discussed are the Vietnam War, Communist China, conflicts in the Middle East, the War on Terror, the politics and religion of terrorism, the economic crisis, and the economic principles of trade, commerce, and interdependence.
• Unit 13 – Personal Finance Basics This unit explains the basics of economics, how to make informed financial decisions, what a budget is and how to work with it, an introduction to credit, guidelines for decisions about credit, criteria for selecting a credit card, what a credit limit is, preventing credit card debt, basics of mortgage loans, and saving money.
• Unit 14 – Geography Basics This unit discusses studying geography; landforms; cultural, population, economic, and political geography; migration; diffusion; and climate.
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