ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS / READING
• Course Overview: Grade 3 Language Arts/Reading builds on students' basic language arts and reading skills by engaging them in with different types of texts and a variety of writing forms and structures. The course helps students develop their command of the conventions of standard English in writing and speaking, including grammar and usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling. It also helps students expand their vocabulary and develop their listening skills. Course topics include: Nouns and Pronouns; Writing Personal Narrative; Explanatory Writing; Verbs, Adjectives and Adverbs; Opinion Writing; Writing That Compares; Expository Writing; Writing a Story;
• Unit 1 - Nouns In this unit, students are introduced to the study of language arts, to this course, and to nouns. They learn about using nouns, plural nouns, analyzing stories, chapters, main idea and details. They study using plural nouns, irregular nouns, short vowels, unusual nouns (abstract), applying their knowledge of nouns, and using main idea and details. They review abstract nouns and discuss dialogue.
• Unit 2 - Personal Narrative In this unit students study the final e, quotation marks in dialogue, commas in dialogue, commas in addresses, and analyzing stories through asking questions. They review nouns and discuss analyzing stories through answering questions. They explore the long a and discover personal narrative, and they learn about beginning a narrative with situations, developing narrative through the senses and dialogue, and concluding narrative, including ending well. They further study the long o, as well as proofing narrative for dialogue and spelling, and practice applying their new knowledge of narrative. Unit 3 - Word Parts - Root Words In this unit students study word parts beginning with root words. They discuss main idea with details, science root words, root word clues for science words, and long i. They review synonyms and antonyms and study math root words, root word clues for math words, and applications of root words. They explore word families, finding word families, and application of word families.
• Unit 4 - Pronouns In this unit students investigate long e, pronouns, plural pronouns, prefixes i, subjects and objects, using subject-object pronouns, silent letters, and analyzing stories through characters. They also explore subject-verb agreement, review sentences, study pronoun-antecedent agreement, and learn applications for pronouns.
• Unit 5 - Opinion Writing In this unit students study three-letter blends, as well as analyzing text through asking and answering questions. They learn to capitalize titles, and they discover opinion writing. They learn to write beginnings for opinion writing, study digraphs, and review pronouns. They explore developing opinion writing by connecting opinions, concluding and proofing opinion writing, and applications for opinion writing.
• Unit 6 - Prefixes In this unit students explore contractions, the word parts called prefixes, and more main idea and details. They investigate number prefixes, math prefixes, a contractions review, and applications of prefixes.
• Unit 7 - Possessives In this unit students study words with ar and or, singular possessive nouns, plural possessive nouns, reading words with prefixes, more about drawing conclusions, and mistakes with plurals and possessives. They also learn about analyzing text through illustrations, possessive pronouns, contractions, and possessive pronouns.
• Unit 8 - Informative Writing In this unit students discuss words with oi and oy, discover informative writing, and study more problem and solution combinations. They learn to begin informative writing projects, and to do research through computer resources, taking notes, and organizing details. They study variant vowels, introducing a topic through writing, and understanding words with prefixes. They learn to develop informative writing using research, to develop a topic through writing, and to develop informative connections, to connect ideas with their writing, to conclude and proof informative writing, and applications of informative writing.
• Unit 9 - Reading and Listening Comprehension In this unit students learn more variant vowels, how to summarize and sequence, and how to find the main idea in oral presentations, diagrams, and visuals. They also learn literal words and phrases, as well as understanding figurative language.
• Unit 10 - Dictionaries and Glossaries In this unit students study words with ou and ow, cause and effect, dictionaries, more compare and contrast, synonyms, and antonyms. They learn to search a dictionary for unknown words, they learn applications of dictionaries, they learn what glossaries are, and they learn to use a glossary for unknown words. They also explore analyzing a text for cause and effect.
• Unit 11 - Discussions In this unit students explore homophones and discover discussions. They investigate context clues, and rules for appropriate discussions. They learn to draw conclusions, and learn about preparation for discussions, asking questions and sharing ideas in discussions, and they gain understanding of applications of discussions. They learn to analyze stories such as fables, including to find and understand morals.
• Unit 12 - Verbs In this unit students study soft c and g; and are introduced to verbs. They learn about analyzing stories through character sequence, as well as about using verbs, helping verbs, paragraph clues, and linking verbs, and analyzing text for point of view.
• Unit 13 - Explanatory Writing In this unit students explore compound words and more dictionary for unknown words and discover explanatory writing. They learn how to begin explanatory writing, they review verbs, and they learn to develop explanatory details. They explore generating questions for story structure and developing explanatory steps. They investigate words with er, ir, and ur, and learn to develop explanatory illustrations. They study concluding and proofing explanatory writing and discover applications of explanatory writing. They learn about analyzing stories through illustrations and analyzing text through academic words.
• Unit 14 - Sentence Structure In this unit students gain understanding of analyzing stories through comparing and contrasting. They learn about closed syllables, sentences, compound sentences, complex sentences, writing complex sentences, mistakes with complex sentences, more about making inferences, using sentences, and applications of sentences. Unit 15 - Suffixes In this unit students learn about inflectional endings, analyzing text through comparing and contrasting, the word parts called suffixes, and words with latin suffixes. They learn to visualize and draw conclusions, and they learn about analyzing stories such as myths, and to analyzing such stories to find their morals. Students review complex sentences and learn about analyzing a text through text connections and through finding connections. Unit 16 - Drama and Poetry In this unit students learn what open syllables are and what drama is. They learn about scenes, literal and non-literal, and point of view in drama, and learn about applications of drama. Students also learn what poetry is, and what stanzas are. They understand how to generate questions to contrast and learn what literal and non-literal are and how to build meaning in poetry.
• Unit 17 - Verb Tenses and Irregular Verbs In this unit students learn about consonant plus l ending syllables, word clues, and more about author’s purpose. They learn about present-tense, past-tense, and future-tense verbs. They learn to analyze text structure, learn about irregular verbs, review future tense verbs, learn applications of verb tenses, and learn to find context clues in sentences.
• Unit 18 - Adjectives In this unit students explore generating questions to compare, as well as vowel team syllables. They are introduced to adjectives and learn to visualize and recognize theme. They learn about adjectives for amounts, adjectives for comparing two, and adjectives using more and er. They review past tense verbs, and learn about adjectives for comparing with groups, adjectives using most and est, comparing and contrasting, adjectives that are comparative or superlative, and common mistakes with adjectives. They study the suffixes er and est, adjectives in real-life connections, and applications of adjectives.
• Unit 19 - Adverbs In this unit students learn to make and confirm predictions and learn about r-controlled vowel syllables. They learn to make inferences and are introduced to adverbs, including how, where, and when. They review adjectives and learn more about cause and effect. They learn about using adverbs, including using more and er, they learn the suffixes ful, less, ly, and they learn about using adverbs with most and est. They learn about applications for adverbs, and study prefixes and suffixes.
• Unit 20 - Speaking and Publishing In this unit students learn about problems and solutions, and about changing inflectional ending y to i. They study cause and effect text structure, as well as publishing and presenting, reading poetry aloud, speaking versus writing, oral reports, using words and phrases for effect, and using sequence. They review adverbs and learn to analyze stories, specifically folktales, including finding the moral. Finally, they learn applications of reading and language arts.
• Course Overview: This Grade 3 Math course focuses on multiplication and division up to the number 100, fractions, the structure of rectangular arrays and area, and two-dimensional shapes.
• Unit 1 - Addition and Subtraction Basic Facts In this unit students come to understand subtraction and learn about sums of two, addition and subtraction fact families, sums and differences, and finding missing addends. They also discuss sums from three addends, and addition and subtraction story problems.
• Unit 2 - Multiplication and Division - Part 1 In this unit, students study multiplication, sums of three, and division. They learn math fact families and practice them.
• Unit 3 - Place Value and Counting In this unit students explore place value, digits, sums of four, and place value with three-digit numbers. They also study expanded forms of numbers, odd and even numbers, and counting by tens, fives, twos, 25's, 50's, 100's, and 1000's, as well as place value with four digits, sums of five, and using benchmarks.
• Unit 4 - Multiplication and Division - Part 2 In this unit students deepen their understanding of multiplication. They learn about doubling and about multiplying by two. They extend their understanding of division and learn about two equal groups, tripling, and three equal groups. They practice math fact families and learn about sums of six.
• Unit 5 - Comparing Numbers and Rounding Numbers In this unit students discover number lines, counting order, greater than, less than, and equal to. They expand their understanding of comparing numbers, and study rounding to the nearest ten and hundred. They learn sums of seven, learn to round three-digit numbers to the nearest ten, and learn about 'how many.'
• Unit 6 - Multiplication and Division - Part 3 In this unit students learn and practice more math fact families. They learn to multiply by one and zero, to divide by one and by two, sums of eight, division rules for zero, and multiplication and division stories.
• Unit 7 - Estimating Sums and Differences In this unit students explore estimation, including estimating sums and differences with tens and hundreds. They also practice estimating sums and differences in story problems.
• Unit 8 - Multiplication and Division - Part 4 In this unit students learn about multiplying by five and by 10, sets of ten, dividing by five and by ten, equal groups of five, and sums of ten. They learn clues to recognize division problems with an answer of five, and they practice story problems for sharing equally.
• Unit 9 - Addition Skills In this unit students gain additional understanding of addition. They study the commutative property of addition, parentheses with addition, and the associative property of addition. They also learn about two-digit addition without regrouping, two-digit addition with regrouping, and how to choose a method for addition.
• Unit 10 - Multiplication and Division - Part 5 In this unit, students learn about multiplication properties, including the commutative property and the associative property. They also review sums of 11, practice math facts, and learn more math fact families.
• Unit 11 - Regrouping with Addition In this unit students investigate addition with regrouping. They practice math facts and study three-digit addition with regrouping. They learn sums of 12, and do addition story problems.
• Unit 12 - Regrouping with Subtraction In this unit students practice math facts and learn about two-digit subtraction without and with regrouping, and learn more math fact families.
• Unit 13 - Working with Addition and Subtraction In this unit students practice sums of 13 and subtraction story problems. They learn to check subtraction with addition and do addition and subtraction story problems. They also learn to choose a method for subtraction.
• Unit 14 - Multiplication and Division - Part 6 In this unit students practice more math facts and multiplication story problems. They learn the distributive property with multiplication and learn more math fact families. They learn to do problems with unknown factors, to multiply by nine, and to do sums of 14.
• Unit 15 - More Regrouping with Subtraction In this unit, students learn three-digit subtraction with regrouping and subtracting with zeros. They also practice more math facts.
• Unit 16 - Fractions In this unit students explore fractions. They learn about unit fractions, counting by unit fractions, fractions with a number line, and whole numbers as fractions. They also learn about sums of 15.
• Unit 17 - Multiplication and Division - Part 7 In this unit students learn more math fact families and practice math facts. They also do story problems to practice choosing operations, and learn about calculator multiplication and sums of 16.
• Unit 18 - More Fractions In this unit students gain understanding of equivalent fractions, as well as equivalent fractions with number lines and with models. They learn about the concept of more, comparing fractions, fractions with matching numerators, fractions with matching denominators, and fraction story problems.
• Unit 19 - Measurement and Geometry In this unit students learn about units of measurement, including centimeters, meters, and kilometers, as well as inches, feet, yards and miles. They practice math facts, learn about length, sums of 17, and measuring to the nearst half inch and fourth inch. They also learn about polygons and classifying polygons, as well as triangles, quadrilaterals, and fractional parts of shapes.
• Unit 20 - Multiplication and Division - Part 8 In this unit students learn more math fact families, as well as learning about equal shares and sharing equally. They practice division story problems, sums of 18, and calculator division.
• Unit 21 - Telling Time and Money In this unit students explore clocks and reading the hour and the half hour. They learn units of time and learn to read to the nearest five minutes and to the nearest minute. They come to understand a.m. and p.m., adding and subtracting minutes, and measuring time in minutes. They learn the names of the months and learn to read calendars. Students also investigate coins, and counting pennies, nickels, and dimes, as well as counting bills and coins. They learn to compare money amounts, and they celebrate the number 100.
• Unit 22 - Data and Graphs In this unit students learn about tally and frequency tables, pictographs, creating pictographs, andd pictograph story problems. THey also study bar graphs, making bar graphs, and bar graph story problems, as well as line plots, making line plots, and line plots with fraction measurements.
• Unit 23 - Area In this unit students study area. They learn about square units and the area of squares and rectangles, multiplying to find area, and area story problems. They explore area and the distributive property, area and irregular shapes, and more area story problems.
• Unit 24 - Perimeter In this unit students investigate perimeter. They learn about the perimeter of squares and rectangles, the perimeter of unusual shapes, and the perimeter of regular polygons. They practice math facts, learn about finding the missing side length, consider area and perimeter, and practice perimeter story problems.
• Unit 25 - Liquid Volume and Mass In this unit students learn about liters, measuring liters, adding and subtracting with liters, and multiplying and dividing with liters. They also learn about mass in grams and kilograms, metric capacity and mass, and measuring mass, and they do mass story problems.
• Unit 26 - Multiplication and Division Skills In this unit students learn about problem solving with tables, patterns, equations and expressions, finding the missing operation, and order of operations. They also practice multiplying mentally by tens, and multiplying by tens, as well as multiple-step story problems.
• Unit 27 - Working with Unknowns In this unit, students explore how to find missing factors, and how to find the unknown. They are presented with the final review and exam.
• Course Overview: Grade 3 Science course investigates topics in life science, earth science, and physics, as well as technology and astronomy. Engaging on-camera experiments and examples help deepen students' understanding of the concepts presented.
• Unit 1 – Plant Life This unit discusses similarities and differences between plants, different plant parts, how different plants make seeds, how seeds grow, and fossils.
• Unit 2 – Animal Life This unit covers vertebrates and invertebrates, animal life cycles with examples of ladybugs and black bears, animal adaptations and instincts, animal fossils, and animal tracks.
• Unit 3 – Animals and Plants in Ecosystems This unit discusses enviroments, ecosystems, and habitats, as well as grasslands, deserts, and tundra. Also covered are animal adaptations, coniferous, deciduous, and tropical forests, as well as freshwater and saltwater ecosystems, and a habitat for mold.
• Unit 4 – Animals and Plants Living Together This unit discusses interactions among and competition between living things. Also covered are food webs, changes and patterns of change in environments, what makes a healthy environment for humans, healthy food for humans, and how we get energy from food, as well as exercise, germs, and mushroom spore prints.
• Unit 5 – Water This unit discusses why water is important and how it is used. Also covered are the different states of water, the water cycle, how water can be cleaned, and what showflakes are like.
• Unit 6 – Weather This unit discusses clouds, the atmosphere, how to measure and predict the weather, weather maps, and pollution alerts. It also covers different kinds of storms, such as blizzards, tornadoes, and hurricanes, as well as storm watches and warnings and the effect of carbon dioxide on water.
• Unit 7 – Rocks and Soil In this unit students discuss differences and similarities of rocks, rock layers, and sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rock, as well as minerals and many ways they are used, our need for soil, and layers and types of soil. They also discuss what animals use dirt for.
• Unit 8 – Changes on Earth's Surface In this unit students discuss different layers and landforms on the earth. Students also explore volcanoes, earthquakes, weathering, and erosion.
• Unit 9 – Earth's Natural Resources This unit discusses natural resources, what they are and how to manage them, including conservation, landfills, reducing, reusing, and recycling.
• Unit 10 – Properties of Matter This unit discusses what matter is, its states, and how to measure mass, volume, density, and length.
• Unit 11 – Changes in Matter This unit discusses mixtures and solutions, physical and chemical changes in matter, and how we use chemical changes.
• Unit 12 – Forces and Motion This unit discusses motion, position, speed, force, friction, gravity, magnetism, and work.
• Unit 13 – Simple Machines This unit discusses the inclined plane, the wedge, the screw, the lever, the wheel and axle, and the pulley.
• Unit 14 – Introduction to Energy This unit introduces energy and discusses potential and kinetic energy, how energy changes form, and waves.
• Unit 15 – More About Energy This unit discusses heat, light, and electricity, states of matter and color.
• Unit 16 – Sound This unit discusses vibration, pitch, and sound waves, how humans, musical instruments, and animals make sound, how we hear sound, and how sound travels through matter.
• Unit 17 – Looking at the Sky This unit discusses how the earth spins, which creates day and night, and how the earth travels around the sun once each year. It also covers the phases of the moon, the constellations, and how the atmosphere gives the sky its blue color.
• Unit 18 – The Solar System This unit discusses the sun, the inner, outer, and dwarf planets, why there is life on Earth, and how a planet's distance from the sun determines its temperature.
• Unit 19 – We Use Science Every Day This unit discusses technology and computers, unexpected uses for technology, transportation tools, energy, and the arch.
HISTORY / SOCIAL STUDIES
• Course Overview: Grade 3 Social Studies course begins to explore how the student fits into the world as a member of a community, a country, and the world. It introduces maps and how where one lives affects ones life, how industry works, and how government works in the U.S.A. It continues with US History from early Native Americans to the Civil War, and finishes up with an introduction to world history.
• Unit 1 – What is a Community? This unit discusses what communities are, the geography and history of communities, communities in the United States and in the world, citizens of Asia, and using scales on a map. Also included is a biography of Sonia Manzano.
• Unit 2 – Types of Communities This unit discusses rural, suburban, and urban communities. It also covers how a community changes from farm to town, map skills featuring Chicago, Illinois, and comparing two communities – Chicago in the USA and Tokyo in Japan. Also included is a biography of Samuel M. Williams.
• Unit 3 – People Move from Commuity to Community This unit discusses relocating to a new community and to a new country, map skills featuring Boston, Massachusetts, where immigrants come from, immigrant artists, what it would be like to begin a new life by immigrating to America, and the Great Migration of African Americans from the south to the north. Also included are biographies of Jane Addams and Langston Hughes.
• Unit 4 – Community Celebrations This unit discusses cultural celebrations, celebrating culture with dance, remembering and celebrating a community's past, national celebrations, and comparing Thanksgiving in the United States, and and N'cwala in Zambia in the southern part of Africa. Also included is a biography of Nan'yehi (Nancy Ward).
• Unit 5 – The Environment of a Community This unit discusses physical characteristics of the Earth, the regions, physical map, and climates of the United States. Also covered are moving to a new region, how the homes of the Pueblo Indians in Taos, New Mexico, have changed, how to use a line graph, communities and natural resources, and how resources change people's lives. Also included is a biography of Maria Martinez.
• Unit 6 – Where Do Communities Start? This unit covers mountain, water, and crossroads communities, map skills featuring Glenwood Springs, industries of Seattle, Washington, comparing the climates of different communities, and highways and railways. Also included are biographies of Daniel Boone and Harriet Tubman.
• Unit 7 – History of Communities This unit covers the first explorers who arrived in North America, and the countries who sent them, as well as Spanish, French, and English communities, and comparing the communities St. Augustine in the USA and Cadiz in Spain. Also included are the research skill of using a library, the map skill of using a locator map, and the biography of Pocahontas.
• Unit 8 – Changes in Communities This unit covers how transportation, communication, and medicine have changed and newer types of transportation, as well as map skills featuring the Oregon Trail, the social studies skill of using a timeline, inventions for work and play, and a biography of Helen Keller.
• Unit 9 – Commerce in a Community This unit covers learning to earn, spend, and save money; the history of currency, how to make wise choices, a local business, and biographies of Roberto C. Goizueta and Madam C.J. Walker.
• Unit 10 – Producing Goods This unit covers the use of resources, people and machines at work, working together, world trade, resources around the world, and a biography of Henry Ford.
• Unit 11 – Governments: Rights and Responsibilities This unit covers the Pledge of Allegiance, the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States, the Bill of Rights, the National Anthem, comparing the Magna Carta and the Constitution of the United States, the history of governments in Athens, Greece, map skills featuring Washington, DC, comparing the communities of Ancient Rome and Washington, DC, points of view featuring King John and the Barons, and responsibilities and examples of being a good citizen. Also included is a biography of William Bradford.
• Unit 12 – Local Government This unit covers services and leaders in a community, how taxes pay for government, map skills featuring latitude and longitude, state government, and biographies of Charles Curtis and Ronald Reagan.
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