2017 SJMUN - HIGH SCHOOL REGISTRATION
16 SEPTEMBER 2017
SAIIA JOHANNESBURG MODEL UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE
The 2017 SAIIA Johannesburg Model United Nations Conference (SJMUN) will take place on 16 September at the Wits Science Stadium on the main campus of the University of the Witwatersrand. Space is limited for our large conference, and as we usually have more interest than spaces available it is important to complete the School Registration Form as soon as possible. Final registration deadline is Friday 23 June, but allocation of countries and topics will be on a first come first serve basis.
We will allow an initial entry of two teams of three learners per school, with a possibility of more teams allocated later in a lottery system. Please indicate the total number of teams your school wishes to enter on the School Registration Form. Please note that this programme is open to Grades 8-12.
MINI-MUN AND TUTORING
In efforts to create more opportunities for learners and educators to be able to participate and build skills in Model United Nations, SAIIA is pleased to announce the continued expansion of Mini-MUN. In 2017 Mini-MUN conferences are planned for Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal and Western Cape. We encourage your school to take part in at least one Mini-MUN conference before the large conference in September to better prepare your teams.

Tutoring information, including workshops, holiday tutoring in July, and school visits will be shared via email, and will be posted on our social media pages and on our website.

WHAT IS MODEL UNITED NATIONS?
2017 SJMUN COMMITTEES
COMMITTEE 1: UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS (UNOCHA)
TOPIC: THE FAMINE CRISIS IN AFRICA AND YEMEN
The United Nations Humanitarian Chief, Stephen O’Brien has described the situation in three African countries, Nigeria, Somalia and South Sudan, as being the “largest humanitarian crisis in the history of the UN.” The famine, which has been declared in South Sudan, is threatening more than 1 million people who are on the brink of dying “from a lack of food.” The situation in South Sudan is described as being man-made due to the ongoing conflict that has ravaged the world’s youngest state over the past three years. Conflict in Yemen, Nigeria and Somalia has also fueled the situation, but the effects of drought and climate change cannot be ignored.
These conditions are expected to affect more than 20 million across the African continent and Yemen if collective and coordinated global efforts are not put in place to financially support these regions. According to the UN, $4.4 billion is needed by July to avoid this crisis. With President Trump’s proposed cuts to foreign aid, concerns surrounding the funding of UN and other aid and food programmes are rising. Humanitarian assistance is needed now more than ever to ensure that populations do not face malnutrition, disease and displacement.


COMMITTEE 2: THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION (IOM)
TOPIC: GLOBAL MIGRATION
The effects of climate change, increased conflict, economic uncertainty and globalisation have led to increasing global migration, with the number of international migrants reaching 244 million at the end of 2015. Internal migration is also on the rise, with some citizens being forced to move within their own country as a response to unequal resource distribution, to flee conflict or in an attempt to secure a better life for themselves . The multidimensional reality of migration is one which needs to be considered by all countries to ensure the protection of migrants’ rights.
UN Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson describes migrants as a vulnerable population who “deserve protection and empathy.” According to the United Nations Population Fund, a global focus on good governance, rule of law, access to justice, protection of human rights, and the elimination of conflict and violence is needed to curb forced migration. The effects of migration on both the country of origin of a migrant and their destination country are vast and affect all aspects of life, from development and economic growth to societal cohesion. The root causes of migration, as well as issues such as the fluidity of borders and treatment of migrants need to be discussed urgently.

COMMITTEE 3: FUTURISTIC UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL (UNSC)
TOPIC: REFORM OF THE UNSC IN THE YEAR 2050
In light of international inaction surrounding climate change, predictions made in the year 2017 have materialised in the year 2050, creating a tumultuous global environment characterised by rising sea levels, increased average global temperatures, higher levels of ocean acidity and extreme and increasingly intense natural disasters. This environmental crisis has led to the sinking of island states such as the Solomon Islands, a decline in critical natural resources, increased conflicts, rising numbers of refugees, drought and famine. The world is experiencing the worst humanitarian crisis in history, with civilian deaths and the spread of disease reaching never before seen numbers.
There is hope though. Due to African youth recognising their increasingly important role in governance, the continent has risen as a key global player which has successfully harnessed the growing demographic in the region to create a youth dividend. After the famine and drought experienced in South Sudan and Nigeria in 2017, African leaders devoted resources to the empowerment of young people who have led the continental movement towards sustainable development.
In this special session, the council is meeting to discuss the reform of power structures within the UNSC. In light of the current global dynamic, the permanent 5 member states have agreed to relinquish their powers and allow for discussion surrounding how this body should continue and whether it should keep its current form.

COMMITTEE 4: UNITED NATIONS WATER
TOPIC: THE GLOBAL WATER CRISIS
The estimated growth of the global population, peaking at 9 billion by the year 2050, will place additional stress on the available global water resources. Two-thirds of the global population lives in water stressed areas and growing urbanization trends will increase the demand for water by 50% . Agricultural practices and the projected population increase will set in motion a 19% increase in agricultural water consumption, by the year 2025. Global water availability trends are expected to worsen due to, among other things, a mixture of the development of slums, unmanaged wastewater and urbanization issues entangled with the challenge of energy in both the developing and developed world . The cross-cutting nature of water demands that better water management practices, water treatment solutions and general water appreciation are practiced from the municipal and cities level through to international agreements .

COMMITTEE 5: INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS UNION (ITU)
TOPIC: CYBER SECURITY
The ITU is a United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies that is committed to connecting the worlds’ people, regardless of their background. With the increasing rise of the technological era, access to the internet has become a global priority. This has been seen in Rwanda where the 'Smart Kigali' project aims to provide Wi-Fi coverage to all schools and public buildings, markets, bus stations and hotels in the city. Despite the many benefits of this increased connectivity, many risks accompany this phenomenon. Social aspects such as trolling, bots, fake news and hacking are all examples of threats that can be found when accessing the internet. Furthermore, the protection of a person’s or entities’ online privacy has raised concerns surrounding the theft of identities, banking details and sensitive information which call for increased security measures. There is and increased need to address the related challenges of ensuring security, human rights, rule of law, good governance and economic development. This session will discuss issues ranging from access to information to the dangers of the dark web in light of the increased overlap between the physical and cyber world.

SCHOOL REGISTRATION FORM
This programme is open to Grades 8-12. Final registration deadline is Friday 23 June, but allocation of countries and topics will be on a first come first serve basis.
SCHOOL NAME
Your answer
FIRST NAME(S) OF SUPERVISING EDUCATOR(S)
Your answer
SURNAME(S) OF SUPERVISING EDUCATOR(S)
Your answer
CELL PHONE NUMBER(S) OF SUPERVISING EDUCATOR(S)
Your answer
E-MAIL ADDRESS
Your answer
PROVINCE
SCHOOL ADDRESS
Your answer
SCHOOL TELEPHONE NUMBER
Your answer
SCHOOL FAX NUMBER
Your answer
TYPE OF SCHOOL
Your answer
IS YOUR SCHOOL INTERESTED IN HOSTING A MINI-MUN?
IS YOUR SCHOOL ABLE TO PAY A R500 REGISTRATION FEE FOR THE 2016 PROGRAMMES?
HOW MANY YEARS HAS YOUR SCHOOL PARTICIPATED IN MODEL UN?
DO YOUR LEARNERS HAVE ACCESS TO THE INTERNET?
HOW MANY TEAMS WOULD YOUR SCHOOL LIKE TO ENTER?
FIRST CHOICE - PREFERRED SESSION/TOPICS (PLEASE NOTE THAT YOUR PREFERENCE WILL BE CONSIDERED, BUT WE CANNOT GUARANTEE THAT YOUR SCHOOL WILL GET ASSIGNED TO A PREFERRED CHOICE.)
SECOND CHOICE - PREFERRED SESSION/TOPICS
PREFERRED COUNTRY REGION- (PLEASE NOTE THAT YOUR PREFERENCE WILL BE CONSIDERED, BUT WE CANNOT GUARANTEE THAT YOUR SCHOOL WILL GET ASSIGNED TO A PREFERRED CHOICE.)
Required
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