Tutoring information, including workshops, holiday tutoring in July, and school visits will be shared via email, and will be posted on our social media pages and on our website.
COMMITTEE 2: THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION (IOM)TOPIC: GLOBAL MIGRATION The effects of climate change, increased conflict, economic uncertainty and globalisation have led to increasing global migration, with the number of international migrants reaching 244 million at the end of 2015. Internal migration is also on the rise, with some citizens being forced to move within their own country as a response to unequal resource distribution, to flee conflict or in an attempt to secure a better life for themselves . The multidimensional reality of migration is one which needs to be considered by all countries to ensure the protection of migrants’ rights. UN Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson describes migrants as a vulnerable population who “deserve protection and empathy.” According to the United Nations Population Fund, a global focus on good governance, rule of law, access to justice, protection of human rights, and the elimination of conflict and violence is needed to curb forced migration. The effects of migration on both the country of origin of a migrant and their destination country are vast and affect all aspects of life, from development and economic growth to societal cohesion. The root causes of migration, as well as issues such as the fluidity of borders and treatment of migrants need to be discussed urgently. COMMITTEE 3: FUTURISTIC UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL (UNSC)TOPIC: REFORM OF THE UNSC IN THE YEAR 2050In light of international inaction surrounding climate change, predictions made in the year 2017 have materialised in the year 2050, creating a tumultuous global environment characterised by rising sea levels, increased average global temperatures, higher levels of ocean acidity and extreme and increasingly intense natural disasters. This environmental crisis has led to the sinking of island states such as the Solomon Islands, a decline in critical natural resources, increased conflicts, rising numbers of refugees, drought and famine. The world is experiencing the worst humanitarian crisis in history, with civilian deaths and the spread of disease reaching never before seen numbers.There is hope though. Due to African youth recognising their increasingly important role in governance, the continent has risen as a key global player which has successfully harnessed the growing demographic in the region to create a youth dividend. After the famine and drought experienced in South Sudan and Nigeria in 2017, African leaders devoted resources to the empowerment of young people who have led the continental movement towards sustainable development. In this special session, the council is meeting to discuss the reform of power structures within the UNSC. In light of the current global dynamic, the permanent 5 member states have agreed to relinquish their powers and allow for discussion surrounding how this body should continue and whether it should keep its current form. COMMITTEE 4: UNITED NATIONS WATER TOPIC: THE GLOBAL WATER CRISISThe estimated growth of the global population, peaking at 9 billion by the year 2050, will place additional stress on the available global water resources. Two-thirds of the global population lives in water stressed areas and growing urbanization trends will increase the demand for water by 50% . Agricultural practices and the projected population increase will set in motion a 19% increase in agricultural water consumption, by the year 2025. Global water availability trends are expected to worsen due to, among other things, a mixture of the development of slums, unmanaged wastewater and urbanization issues entangled with the challenge of energy in both the developing and developed world . The cross-cutting nature of water demands that better water management practices, water treatment solutions and general water appreciation are practiced from the municipal and cities level through to international agreements .
COMMITTEE 5: INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS UNION (ITU)TOPIC: CYBER SECURITYThe ITU is a United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies that is committed to connecting the worlds’ people, regardless of their background. With the increasing rise of the technological era, access to the internet has become a global priority. This has been seen in Rwanda where the 'Smart Kigali' project aims to provide Wi-Fi coverage to all schools and public buildings, markets, bus stations and hotels in the city. Despite the many benefits of this increased connectivity, many risks accompany this phenomenon. Social aspects such as trolling, bots, fake news and hacking are all examples of threats that can be found when accessing the internet. Furthermore, the protection of a person’s or entities’ online privacy has raised concerns surrounding the theft of identities, banking details and sensitive information which call for increased security measures. There is and increased need to address the related challenges of ensuring security, human rights, rule of law, good governance and economic development. This session will discuss issues ranging from access to information to the dangers of the dark web in light of the increased overlap between the physical and cyber world.