Marine Debris Reduction in Virginia: PRIORITIES for 2021-2025
The Virginia Coastal Zone Management Program, working with Clean Virginia Waterways of Longwood University, would like to gather your thoughts about the priorities for further reduction of marine debris in the years to come.

Please fill out this survey, the results of which will be shared in a report with other leaders in preventing the sources of marine debris in Virginia.

Your input will help inform the next priorities for the Virginia Marine Debris Reduction Plan that was developed in 2013-2014 through a collaborative process.

A summary of the Virginia Marine Debris Reduction Plan can be downloaded here:
https://www.deq.virginia.gov/Programs/CoastalZoneManagement/CZMIssuesInitiatives/MarineDebris.aspx

This survey will take about 10 minutes to complete.

Thank you for your time & contributions to the Virginia Marine Debris Reduction Plan!
FUTURE Priorities
The Virginia Coastal Zone Management (CZM) Program undertook a participatory and collaborative planning process from 2012 to 2014 that culminated in the development of the Virginia Marine Debris Reduction Plan.

The Virginia Marine Debris Reduction Plan outlines the problem of marine debris and provides a roadmap for Virginia’s nonprofit organizations, local governments, state agencies, regional partners, researchers, and industries to work together on sustained approaches to reducing the flow of plastics and other trash items into inland, coastal and ocean waters.

The Plan also charts a course to measurably reduce marine debris in Virginia’s coastal rivers, bays and Atlantic Ocean, focusing on specific actions that are politically, socially, and economically feasible and that can be accomplished in the near-term and longer-term.

It is now time to develop priorities for 2021-2015.

The Plan has 5 major goals as seen in the next section of this survey. Please give us your opinion by rating the following Action Items as a "Low Priority" (1) or a "High Priority" (5) or somewhere in between for the time period of 2021 to 2025. It is fine to skip some of the Action Items if you don't feel comfortable rating them.
GOAL 1: Program Leadership
Please rate the following Action Items as a "Low Priority" (1) or a "High Priority" (5) or somewhere in between for the time period of 2021 to 2025. It is fine to skip some of the Action Items if you don't feel comfortable rating them.
1 (lower priority)
2
3
4
5 (higher priority)
Foster coordination among government agencies, nonprofit organizations, research institutions, industry, and consumers.
Share litter-prevention and marine debris projects, best practices, and research.
Identify knowledge gaps and foster collaboration on research.
Indentify revenue streams to sustain marine debris and litter prevention.
Analyze existing legislation and policies and provide recommendations for improvements.
GOAL 2: Prevent. (Reduce marine debris through prevention)
Please rate the following Action Items as a "Low Priority" (1) or a "High Priority" (5) or somewhere in between for the time period of 2021 to 2025. It is fine to skip some of the Action Items if you don't feel comfortable rating them.
1 (lower priority)
2
3
4
5 (higher priority)
Implement social marketing campaigns to reduce marine debris.
Promote behavior change through incentives and disincentives (positive and negative reinforcements).
Disseminate effective best practices to address marine debris from land-based and water-based sources.
Create a clearinghouse of marine debris prevention activities, tools, and resources.
Develop regional approaches – when and where possible.
Collaborate with other groups to implement or expand their litter prevention turnkey programs in Virginia.
Support systemic waste-source reduction research, including investigations of reusable and alternative materials.
Analyze ecological and economic impacts of litter and marine debris to Virginia’s tourism revenue, recreational spending, and property values, and economically important species.
Prioritize the allocation of funding to support plan implementation..
Improve regulations to reduce marine debris
Increase enforcement of current laws (littering, waste management, etc.)
GOAL 3: Intercept. (Reduce marine debris by intercepting litter at storm drains.)
Please rate the following Action Items as a "Low Priority" (1) or a "High Priority" (5) or somewhere in between for the time period of 2021 to 2025. It is fine to skip some of the Action Items if you don't feel comfortable rating them.
1 (lower priority)
2
3
4
5 (higher priority)
Assess stormwater interception practices and facilitate communication to support effective litter removal from stormwater.
Facilitate the expansion of inter-jurisdictional programs and public-private partnerships to intercept litter.
Conduct literature review of existing research on effectiveness of stormwater interception best practices for commonly littered items.
Conduct research to determine best practices for interception of micro-bead removal at wastewater treatment plants.
Work with local MS4 program managers to determine resource needs to address floatables and litter.
Secure dedicated funding to support interception infrastructure and practices.
Improve interception infrastructure through legislation, regulations, and policies.
GOAL 4. Innovate. (Reduce marine debris through innovation of materials, designs, practices, and recovery.)
Please rate the following Action Items as a "Low Priority" (1) or a "High Priority" (5) or somewhere in between for the time period of 2021 to 2025. It is fine to skip some of the Action Items if you don't feel comfortable rating them.
1 (lower priority)
2
3
4
5 (higher priority)
Promote collaborative research to locate and remove lost and abandoned fishing gear.
Promote collaborative research on alternative packaging and innovative product design for commonly littered items.
Incentivize public-private partnerships to fund alternative material research and development as well as commercialization of the results of the partnerships.
Provide incentives (or subsidies) to encourage the use and adoption of alternative materials.
Reduce legal and administrative barriers to adopting alternative materials and practices.
GOAL 5. Remove, Clean Up, and Mitigate (Reduce marine debris by removing and cleaning up litter and debris items and mitigate the impacts of marine debris.)
Please rate the following Action Items as a "Low Priority" (1) or a "High Priority" (5) or somewhere in between for the time period of 2021 to 2025. It is fine to skip some of the Action Items if you don't feel comfortable rating them.
1 (lower priority)
2
3
4
5 (higher priority)
Engage the public in cleanup events.
Support multi-jurisdictional and public-private partnerships in cleanup and removal efforts.
Support clearinghouse for cleanup events and programs as well as data generated during cleanups.
Identify partners for on-water clean up activities.
Support research on effectiveness of various removal methods.
Facilitate creation of data collection and sharing system.
Increase awareness of monitoring results, volunteer cleanup data, and marine debris removal programs and outcomes.
Provide incentives (or subsidies) to encourage the commercial fishing industry and others to remove derelict crab pots, clam netting, and other lost or derelict fishing gear.
Support funding for locally driven, community-based marine debris removal projects.
Remove administrative barriers to clean up events and removal of lost or derelict gear and derelict vessels.
In your opinion, is there an additional goal or strategy that would strengthen the Virginia Marine Debris Reduction Plan?
Your answer
Your Name (requested, but optional)
Your answer
Your Affiliation (name of the agency, university or organization you work with -- requested, but optional).
Your answer
Any other comments?
If there are any other thoughts you would like to share, please use the text box below, or send an email to Katie Register, Clean Virginia Waterways, at registerkm@longwood.edu.
Your answer
Thank you!
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