Grade 4
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ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS / READING
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• Course Overview: Grade 4 Language Arts/Reading is a rigorous course that builds on students' growing language arts and reading skills by engaging them with more complex texts and writing forms. This course focuses on six different types of writing – personal narrative, informational articles, persuasive essays, fictional narrative, fantasy stories, and plays – as a platform from which to teach key ideas and details, craft and structure, integration of knowledge and ideas, phonics and word recognition, and fluency. In addition, this course embellishes students' command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage, spelling, punctuation, and vocabulary as they pertain to the fundamentals of reading. Course topics include:
• Types of Texts;
• Features of Nonfiction;
• Narrative Writing;
• Characterization;
• Elements of Drama;
• Informative Writing;
• Organizing, Outlining;
• Researching a Topic;
• Compare/Contrast Informative Texts;
• Speeches, Persuasive Writing;
• Myths;
• Comparing Point of View;
• Poetry – Imagery;
• Fact vs. Opinion;
• Fantasy vs. Reality;
• Editing, Revising;
MATH
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• Course Overview: This Grade 4 Math course emphasizes multidigit multiplication and division, fractions, and analysis and classification of geometric figures.
• Unit 1 – Place Value This unit covers place value, including the thousands period, 3Digits, and 4Digits, all in both their expanded and word forms. Using the word form of numbers is also included.
• Unit 2 – More Place Value and Basic Addition and Subtraction This unit covers comparing and ordering numbers, more about the thousands and millions periods, and addition and subtraction and their fact families.
• Unit 3 – Addition This unit covers using parentheses with addition, the commutative, identity, and associative properties of addition, using addition properties, 3 and 4digit addition with regrouping, addition with different place values, and adding larger numbers.
• Unit 4 – Subtraction This unit covers 3and 4digit subtraction with regrouping, 4digit subtraction with zeros, finding differences across zeros, subtraction with different place values, addition and subtraction story problems, choosing whether to use addition or subtraction, and subtracting larger numbers.
• Unit 5 – Rounding This unit discusses rounding to the nearest ten, to the nearest hundred, to the nearest thousand, and to the given place value, estimating, rounding in the thousands period, and doing rounding story problems.
• Unit 6 – Estimating Sums and Differences This unit covers doing mental math to find sums and differences of tens, hundreds, and thousands, as well as estimating sums and differences, including rounding, thousands, and different place values.
• Unit 7 – More Estimating Sums and Differences This unit discusses over and underestimating, adding and subtracting compatible numbers, estimating sums and differences with compatible numbers, and choosing to work out an exact answer or an estimate.
• Unit 8 – Multiplication and Division Basic Facts This unit covers multiplication and division, including understanding these operations, fact families, multiplying and dividing by the numbers 0 through 11, and verbal multiplication.
• Unit 9 – Mathematical Properties This unit discusses multiplying and dividing by the number 12, multiplication and division story problems, the commutative, identity, associative, and zero properties of multiplication, using multiplication properties, expressions and equations, equations with variables, and multiplication mysteries.
• Unit 10 – Regrouping with Multiplication This unit discusses regrouping and story problems when multiplying 2 and 3digit numbers, along with examples of story problems.
• Unit 11 – Estimating Products This unit covers mental multiplication, including how to multiply mentally, estimating multiplication including rounding and compatible numbers, and choosing a method.
• Unit 12 – More Regrouping with Multiplication This unit discusses multiplying without regrouping, multiplying 2, 3, and 4digit number by 1digit numbers, multiplication arrays and models, the distributive property, choosing the operation, and multiplicative comparisons.
• Unit 13 – Unit Fractions This unit discusses unit fractions, understanding fractions, fractions in a group, fractions on a number line, adding unit and like fractions, subtracting like fractions, breaking apart fraction amounts, and fraction story problems.
• Unit 14 – Multiplying and Equivalent Fractions This unit covers multiplying unit fractions, whole numbers by fractions, and with a number line, as well as story problems about multiplying with fractions. Also discussed are equivalent fractions, including models, fraction strips, number lines, smaller pieces, and larger pieces.
• Unit 15 – Comparing Fractions and Mixed Numbers This unit discusses comparison, including comparing fractions with like denominators or with like numerators, comparing fractions with number lines, and comparing a fraction to the benchmark 1/2. Also covered are common denominators, mixed number models, understanding, adding, and subtracting mixed numbers, and adding and subtracting fractions.
• Unit 16 – Data and Graphs This unit covers data and frequency tables, line plots, line plots with fractions, making line plots, reading and making bar graphs, doublebar graphs, and pictographs.
• Unit 17 – 2Digits by 2Digits Multiplication This unit discusses multiplying with zeros and by tens, multiplying 2digits by 2digits, and multiplication modes, arrays, and story problems.
• Unit 18 – Regrouping with Division This unit covers dividing with remainders, dividing 2digits with regrouping, models for dividing, sharing evenly, and story problems for dividing 2digits and for tricky remainders.
• Unit 19 – Estimating Quotients This unit discusses finding quotients mentally, dividing multiples of 10, 100, and 1,000, doing story problems with mental quotients, estimating quotients and compatible numbers, choosing a method for division, doing larger mental quotients and estimating larger quotients.
• Unit 20 – More Regrouping with Division This unit covers division modes, dividing 2 and 3digits by 1digit, division story problems, and division comparisons.
• Unit 21 – Decimals This unit discusses tenths, hundredths, number lines, how decimals and fractions are related, adding and subtracting decimals, and comparing decimals. Unit 22 – Money This unit covers how to count money, adding thenths and hundredths mentally as fractions and as decimals, adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing money, and money story problems.
• Unit 23 – More Complex Regrouping with Division This unit discusses placing the first digit, dividing 3 and 4digits by 1digit, division trouble spots, understanding remainders, dividing with zeros, and checking division with multiplication.
• Unit 24 – Geometry This unit covers points, lines, and rays; lines and angles; labeling points, lines, and rays; labeling, describing, understanding, measuring, classifying, using, and finding unknown angles.
• Unit 25 – More Geometry This unit discusses parallel lines, describing lines, polygons, including classifying and identifying angles and lines in polygons, classifying triangles by angles, classifying quadrilaterals, finding lines of symmetry, and right triangles.
• Unit 26 – Length: Customary Units This unit covers measuring and estimating length, including inches, feet, yards, miles, and the nearest half inch. Also discusses are the relationships between feet and inches, and between feet and yards.
• Unit 27 – Length: Metric Units This unit discusses metric linear units, the relationship between centimeters and meters, kilometers, decimeters, and millimeters, measuring to the nearest half centimeter, estimating length with metric units, and adding and subtracting meters with decimals.
• Unit 28 – Capacity This unit covers capacity, including cups, quarts, pints, and gallons, cooking with capacity, metric capacity units, milliliters and liters, and multiplying and dividing metric capacities.
• Unit 29 – Weight and Mass This unit discusses customary weight units, including ounces and pounds, an adding and subtracting weights, and discusses metric mass units, including changing metric mass unites, and multiplying and dividing with mass. Measurement story problems are also included.
• Unit 30 – Perimeter and Area This unit covers what perimeter and area are, the perimeter and area of squares and rectangles, and using area to find length or width. Story problems are also included.
• Unit 31 – Divisibility, Factors, and Multiples This unit discusses divisibility rules for 2, 3, 5, and 10, factors, multiples, prime numbers, composite numbers, and story problems.
• Unit 32 – Time and Number Patterns This unit covers units of time, telling time, hours, minutes, and seconds, telling time to the nearest minute, adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing with time, patterns with shapes, number patterns, and multistep story problems.
SCIENCE
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• Course Overeview: Grade 4 Science is a stimulating course discussing topics of life, earth, and physical science as well as space and technology. The course includes labs to help students experience the theory they are learning "in action".
• Unit 1 – Classifications of Plants and Animals This unit covers the building blocks of life – cells – how living things are grouped, how plants and animals are classified, and how animals adapt to survive.
• Unit 2 – Energy from Plants This unit covers plants, including their characteristics, parts, reproduction, and life cycle. Also included is a biography of Charles Darwin.
• Unit 3 – Ecosystems This unit discusses ecosystems, including their parts, energy flow, and matter flow.
• Unit 4 – Changes in Ecosystems This unit discusses what a balanced ecosystem is, as well as things that disturb the balance, such as competition, organisms' interaction, environmental changes, and people. Also covered are how to conserve the balance in an ecosystem, and a spotlight on careers in biology.
• Unit 5 – Human Body Systems This unit covers major human body systems, including skeletal, muscular, respiratory, circulatory, digestive, and nervous systems. It also discusses viruses and diseases and the body's defense systems, and presents a career spotlight on optometry.
• Unit 6 – Water Cycles and Weather This unit discusses the water found on Earth, including clouds, the atmosphere, air pressure, the water cycle, and measuring and predicting the weather.
• Unit 7 – Hurricanes and Tornadoes This unit discusses hurricanes and tornadoes, including predicting hurricanes and forecasting tornadoes. Also presented is a career spotlight on Meteorology.
• Unit 8 – Minerals and Rocks This unit discusses minerals, focusing on how sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rocks are formed, and with a biography of Alfred Wegner.
• Unit 9 – Surface Changes on Earth This unit discusses how Earth's surface is being worn away and what happens to weathered material. Also covered are volcanoes and earthquakes.
• Unit 10 – Uses of Natural Resources This unit describes natural resources with special emphasis on soil. It also discusses resources used for energy, and spotlights careers in Geology.
• Unit 11 – Properties of Matter This unit discusses matter and its properties, including how to measure matter, as well as an overview of different ways matter can change, and focus on physical, chemical, and phase changes.
• Unit 12 – Heat This unit discusses matter that contains energy, how heat moves, convection, and radiation, and spotlights careers in Chemistry.
• Unit 13 – Magnetism and Electricity This unit covers atoms, magnetic fields, how matter can be charged, how electric charges flow, and how electricity can be transformed into magnetism.
• Unit 14 – Light and Sound This unit discusses energy as sound and as light, how sound is produced, and how matter and light interact. Also presented is a biography of Thomas Edison.
• Unit 15 – Objects in Motion This unit covers motion, including how force affects moving objects and how force, mass, and energy relate to each other. It also discusses what machines are and how they work together.
• Unit 16 – Inner and Outer Planets This unit discusses how the universe came to be, what is within our solar system, the concepts of revolution and rotation, and each of the eight planets. Also covered are rockets, constellations, eclipses, moon phases, asteroid belts, comets, the moon, stars, and sun. The life of Nicolas Copernicus is also presented.
• Unit 17 – Technology's Effects This unit discusses how technology affects our lives and has changed transportation and communication.
HISTORY / SOCIAL STUDIES
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• Course Overview: The Grade 4 Social Studies course discusses the regional landforms, climates, maps, and natural resources in the U.S. It goes on to explore the diversity of the American population and political concepts such as democracy, maps, the U.S. Constitution, and citizens' responsibilities. Next the course focuses on the regions of the United States, discussing their land formations, resources, and people both historically and in modern times.
• Unit 1 – The Regions of the United States This unit discusses the regions, landforms, boundaries, and climates of the United States, as well as different climates, the map skill of using inset maps, and natural resources including using and conserving them.
• Unit 2 – American Diversity This unit discusses the early Americans and European explorers in America, how our borders have expanded, and our rich culture. Also included is a biography of Fiorello La Guardia.
• Unit 3 – American Government This unit discusses the American Government as the people's government, as well as the branches of our government, the U.S. Constitution, and the responsibilities of being an American. Also included is a biography of Daniel Inouye.
• Unit 4 – Resources and Trade This unit discusses our plentiful lands, how industry grows, early forms of trade, money, current forms of trade, making good choices, the transportation of goods, globalization, types of communication, and the map skill of using a road map.
• Unit 5 – The Northeast Region This unit discusses Niagra Falls, the Northeast mountain ranges, coastliine, resources, and bays, and how to use a crosssection diagram.
• Unit 6 – People of the Northeast This unit covers the life of the Narragansett people, a political map of the Northeast Region, the beginning of a new nation, the european immigration, the fight for equal rights, and cities in the Northeast. Also included are how to use a vertical time line and biographies of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Andrew Carnegie.
• Unit 7 – The Southeast Region This unit includes a political map of the Southeast and covers the Southeastern coasts, mountains, climate, wildlife, and resources, as well as hurricanes, and the map skill of using elevation maps.
• Unit 8 – People of the Southeast This unit discusses the Cherokee people, the Trail of Tears, the Southeast's early explorers, settlers, famous faces, farms, and plantations. Also covered are the effects of the Civil War, rebuilding after the war, and the growth of Southeastern cities, as well as a biography of Sequoyah.
• Unit 9 – The Midwest Region This unit covers a political map of the Midwest, the Great Lakes, rivers, waterways, shipping on land and water, the South Dakota Badlands, farming, and comparing line and bar graphs.
• Unit 10 – People of the Midwest This unit covers Native Americans in the Midwest, the Midwestern fur trade, farmers, transportation and trade, the Midwest as an early center of trade, Lewis and Clark, and biographies of Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable, John Deere, and Mark Twain.
• Unit 11 – The Southwest Region This unit covers a political map of the Southwest region, the Grand Canyon, Southwestern climates, vegetation, technology, and oil. Also included is a biography of John Wesley Powell.
• Unit 12 – People in the Southwest This unit covers the Navajo people, spanish influence, ranches, cowboys and cowgirls, living in the desert, and biographies of Henry Chee Dodge and Willis Haviland Carrier.
• Unit 13 – The Western Region This unit covers mountain ranges, Yellowstone National Park, Western climates, resources, and a biography of Seth Lewelling. Unit 14 – People in the West This unit covers the Tlingit people, explorers of the West, the Gold Rush and the Wild West, Alaska and Hawaii, tourism, trade, and how to understand latitude and longitude. Also included is a biography of Levi Strauss.
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