APES AP EXAM Review 1
Miscellaneous Questions
A random change in an organism's DNA is called *
1 point
When scientists refer to "survival of the fittest," fitness refers to a species' *
1 point
Caitlyn sampled two different fields for wildflowers. The sample from the first field consists of 300 daisies, 335 dandelions and 365 buttercups. The sample from the second field comprises 20 daisies, 49 dandelions and 931 buttercups. Which field had more species evenness? *
1 point
Some lichens (an "organism" composed of a fungus and an alga) are particularly sensitive to industrial pollutants, especially factory smoke. Scientists have been able to use lichens as a measure of pollution since greater lichen deaths mean higher pollution amounts. Because we can use lichens in this way, we say they are *
1 point
While some landowners may consider beavers a pest, they are important to their ecosystem: the dams they build create wetland that many other species use. Because of the role they play, we call them ________ species. *
1 point
AN ENSO is *
1 point
The two most important factors that distinguish biomes are precipitation and *
1 point
Areas of permanently frozen soils in arctic tundra are called *
1 point
Although tropical rainforests are very diverse and high in species richness, it is almost impossible to carry out sustainable agriculture on tropical rainforest soils. This is because *
1 point
Some prey are able to avoid predation by mimicry. An example of mimicry is when a *
1 point
One way that species reduce competition for the same resources is by *
1 point
Which of the following is FALSE? *
1 point
A volcanic eruption destroyed most of the population of a species of monkey living in the area. The few that survived will now reproduce and rebuild the population, however the resulting population will have a reduced genetic diversity. This scenario describes *
1 point
Examples of density-dependent population limiting factors include all of the following except *
1 point
Population controls are factors that limit population size for a given environment. Which of the following would be considered a human population control? *
1 point
The ability of a living system to be restored through secondary succession after a moderate disturbance is called *
1 point
A forest fire destroys the majority of trees and plant species but leaves behind the seeds and roots. What occurs after the forest fire if soil is left behind? *
1 point
Which of the following BEST describes coevolution? *
1 point
Which of the following is an example of primary succession? *
1 point
Pollination of wildflowers by honeybees, wherein the honeybees obtain nutrients and wildflowers receive aid for reproduction, is an example of what type of symbiotic relationship? *
1 point
There are fewer top predators in a food chain than producers. The loss of usable chemical energy from one trophic level to the next demonstrates the ___________. *
1 point
Which of the following is the GREATEST sink of phosphorus? *
1 point
Which of the following is the BEST example of a temperate biome that is too dry for forests and too moist for deserts to occur? *
1 point
Cichlid fishes have diversified in East African Lakes, such as Lake Victoria, into more than 600 species. This diversification may have been possible because different fish lineages evolved to take advantage of different foods (including insects, algae, mollusks, small fish, large fish, other fishes' scales and even other fishes' eyes. This phenomenon is known as *
1 point
In a stretch of temperate rainforest in Oregon, a weasel is observed eating a vole. In this area, voles are particularly fond of eating crickets. The crickets in turn consumer various ferns and grasses that grow here. In this food chain, which organism(s) would represent the tertiary consumer? *
1 point
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