Research 101 Vocabulary Quiz
Test your knowledge by choosing the appropriate word that matches the definition in the questions below.
1) Researchers, study participants, or both are not aware of which participants are in which study group. The information is hidden so that it does not influence their conclusions. This is done to reduce bias. *
1 point
2) A plan that outlines the procedure for conducting research in detailed steps. It includes the study's objectives, design, and methods. It may also include relevant scientific background and statistical information. *
1 point
3) The number of people who provided data in a study, often expressed as “n.” For example, n=250 means the data from 250 people were collected in the study.
1 point
4) Meaningful patient involvement throughout the research process—from topic selection through design and conduct of research to dissemination of results.
1 point
5) Preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by socially disadvantaged populations.
1 point
6) Method that emphasizes objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys.
1 point
7) A defined strategy to effectively involve patients, caregivers, clinicians, and relevant healthcare stakeholders throughout the research process. Researchers should reference the Engagement Rubric while developing this plan.
1 point
8) The intentional, active process of identifying target audiences and tailoring communication strategies to increase awareness and understanding of evidence, and to motivate its use in policy, practice, and individual choices. The purpose is to spread and sustain knowledge and the associated evidence-based interventions.
1 point
9) The generation and synthesis of evidence that compares the benefits and harms of alternative methods to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor a clinical condition or to improve the delivery of care. The purpose is to assist consumers, clinicians, purchasers, and policy makers to make informed decisions that will improve health care at both the individual and population levels.
1 point
10) A plan for collecting data to find out what is going on (descriptive or observational) and why is it going on (experimental).
1 point
11) An independent group that reviews research plans to make sure that the interests of research participants are protected throughout the study. Each contractor must obtain this group's approval before beginning research and may need to report to the group periodically while conducting each project.
1 point
12) Research studies that take place in a real-world environment, as opposed to a research setting. They use simple criteria for inclusion and exclusion to enable enrollment of a wider range of patients and study sites. There are fewer burdens imposed on participants so that the patient experience of those enrolled in the study is similar to the experience of patients who are not enrolled in the study.
1 point
13) The person(s) in charge of a clinical trial or a scientific research grant. This person prepares and carries out the clinical trial protocol (plan for the study) or research paid for by the grant. This person also analyzes the data and reports the results of the trial or grant research.
1 point
14) Patients who are representative of the population of interest in a study, as well as their family members, caregivers, and the organizations that represent them. Not to be confused with patient subjects; these patients are members of the research team and involved in the planning, conduct, and dissemination of the research, whereas patient subjects are those individuals enrolled in the study as participants.
1 point
15) Research that helps people and their caregivers communicate and make informed healthcare decisions, while allowing their voices to be heard in assessing the value of healthcare options. This research answers patient-centered questions.
1 point
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