Chapter 6 & 7 The Human Body and Pathophysiology
This assignment is worth 30 points.
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1. The time when the heart contracts and pumps blood is referred to as_____ *
2. Which artery is compressed during a standard blood pressure check? *
3. What is the name of a vessel that carries blood away from the heart? *
4. When you approach a patient and begin your assessment, you will often feel for a pulse in the wrist. What artery are you palpating? *
5. What happens in the capillaries? *
6. Blood that is low in oxygen first arrives in which chamber of the heart? *
7. Which of the following correctly explains the ways in which the right and left lung differ? *
8. What is the strongest, heaviest, and longest bone in the human body? *
9. What structure in the airway should prevent food and liquids from entering the airway? *
10. A thoracic vertebra is an example of which bone type? *
11. The left upper quadrant of the abdomen contains__________ *
12. “The study of the normal functions of the human body” is the definition of _____________ *
13. What smooth muscle tubular structure should food normally travel through to get to the stomach? *
14. The endocrine system is a system of glands that secrete hormones to help regulate body function. Insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar levels is one such hormone. Insulin is produced in the islets of Langerhans in which organ? *
15. What is the definition of pathophysiology? *
16. To funciton at its best, a healthy cell requires_______ *
17. A cerebrovascular accident is more commonly referred to as a(n)_______ *
18. What is the correct equation for blood pressure? *
19. What is the definition of shock? *
20. An abnormal condition in the body that disrupts homeostasis is called *
21. What type of shock can occur when blood collects in the sac surrounding the heart? *
22. Which is an example of a “sign”? *
23. Which is an example of a symptom? *
24. Pain, heat, redness, and swelling indicate ______ *
25. When an artery undergoes vasodilation or vasoconstriction, what is responsible for the change in size? *
26. What is the definition of cell metabolism? *
27. True/False - Hypoxia is the most common cause of cellular injury? *
28. The process of heart muscle dying is called: *
29. You respond to the scene of a 30 year-old patient complaining of vomiting and diarrhea for two days. He is now tachycardic and hypotensive. Which of the following is the most likely cause of his hypotension? *
30. A severe allergic reaction that involves multiple body systems is called: *
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