Chapter 6 & 7 The Human Body and Pathophysiology
This assignment is worth 30 points.
1. The time when the heart contracts and pumps blood is referred to as_____
2. Which artery is compressed during a standard blood pressure check?
The brachial artery
The femoral artery
The radial artery
The carotid artery
3. What is the name of a vessel that carries blood away from the heart?
4. When you approach a patient and begin your assessment, you will often feel for a pulse in the wrist. What artery are you palpating?
5. What happens in the capillaries?
Blood is cleaned as it goes from the arteries to the veins
The exchange of gases between blood and body cells
Lymphocytes enter the bloodstream to attack viruses
The constrict and expand the larger blood vessels
6. Blood that is low in oxygen first arrives in which chamber of the heart?
7. Which of the following correctly explains the ways in which the right and left lung differ?
The left lung is longer because it holds more important blood vessels from the heart
The left lung has 3 lobes to increase airflow to the heart, and the right lung has 2 lobes
The left lung has 2 lobes to make room for the heart, and the right lung has 3 lobes
The right lung is longer because it lies above a blood-rich vital organ, the liver
8. What is the strongest, heaviest, and longest bone in the human body?
9. What structure in the airway should prevent food and liquids from entering the airway?
10. A thoracic vertebra is an example of which bone type?
11. The left upper quadrant of the abdomen contains__________
The intestines and bladder
The appendix and intestines
The stomach, spleen, and pancreas
The liver, gallbladder, and major blood vessels
12. “The study of the normal functions of the human body” is the definition of _____________
13. What smooth muscle tubular structure should food normally travel through to get to the stomach?
14. The endocrine system is a system of glands that secrete hormones to help regulate body function. Insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar levels is one such hormone. Insulin is produced in the islets of Langerhans in which organ?
15. What is the definition of pathophysiology?
The study of the normal function of organs within the human body
The study of stopping and removing damaging processes in the human body
The study of disease and injury processes which cause change in the human body
The study of how viruses and bacteria enter and affect the human body
16. To funciton at its best, a healthy cell requires_______
Proteins and oxygen
Water and oxygen
Glucose and lipids
Oxygen and glucose
17. A cerebrovascular accident is more commonly referred to as a(n)_______
18. What is the correct equation for blood pressure?
Blood pressure = cardiac output X peripheral vascular resistance
Blood pressure = vein capacity X perfusion rate
Blood pressure = peripheral vascular resistance X perfusion rate
Blood pressure = cardiac output X vein capacity
19. What is the definition of shock?
An inadequate perfusion to an organ or body part
An inadequate amount of oxygen delivered to the brain due to a blood clot
A massive loss of blood from a major blood vessel
A traumatic impact that physically destroys body cells
20. An abnormal condition in the body that disrupts homeostasis is called
21. What type of shock can occur when blood collects in the sac surrounding the heart?
22. Which is an example of a “sign”?
Pain down the left arm
Dizziness when standing
Trouble with breathing
Swelling in the abdomen
23. Which is an example of a symptom?
An actively bleeding laceration on the patients forehead
A blood pressure of 70/40
The patient stating that she is nauseated
An obvious shortening and rotation of the patients hip
24. Pain, heat, redness, and swelling indicate ______
25. When an artery undergoes vasodilation or vasoconstriction, what is responsible for the change in size?
Red blood cells
26. What is the definition of cell metabolism?
The use of energy within cells that allow them to move
The chemical and gas exchanges between blood and body cells
The chemical reactions within cells that enable them to live
The production of heat energy by each individual cell
27. True/False - Hypoxia is the most common cause of cellular injury?
28. The process of heart muscle dying is called:
29. You respond to the scene of a 30 year-old patient complaining of vomiting and diarrhea for two days. He is now tachycardic and hypotensive. Which of the following is the most likely cause of his hypotension?
30. A severe allergic reaction that involves multiple body systems is called:
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