Sixth Amendment IQ
The Sixth Amendment
The Sixth Amendment explains the rights of the accused in a criminal trial. It outlines the requirement that a trial be both speedy and public. It also demands that the accused has access to an attorney and witnesses. Like all amendments in the Bill of Rights, the Sixth Amendment acts as a layer of protection against the government.
The text of this amendment reads, “In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.”
What year was the Sixth Amendment ratified?
What right is protected under the Sixth Amendment?
The right to a fair trial
Freedom of speech
Right to privacy
Does the Sixth Amendment apply to civil or criminal cases?
How quickly must a prosecutor begin the trial of the accused?
Within one week
Within 100 days
There is no specific time frame
What is a “subpoena”?
A presidential pardon
Forces a person to come to court
A lower court decision
What happens in a plea bargain?
The defendant pleads guilty for a lesser sentence; it does not go to trial
The accused is found innocent without trial
What was the Supreme Court’s ruling in Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)?
The accused can "plead the fifth"
The court is required to provide a lawyer if the defendant cannot afford one
The accused has the right to remain silent
What is “voir dire”?
A plea bargain
The questioning of potential jurors
A verdict of "guilty"
What did the Founders believe was essential to maintaining fairness in justice?
A good lawyer
A public trial
What does "sequestering" mean?
Using a courtroom to hold a trial
Isolating the jury from the community and the media
Bringing witnesses to speak on behalf of the accused
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