Artists' Working Conditions in EU
European Expert Network on Culture and Audiovisual (EENCA) and PANTEIA for the European Commission
General Questions about you (7)
1/7 Main profession in the arts
2/7 Time working in the arts sector (years)
3/7 Type of artistic education
5/7 In which EU countries have you worked as an artist so far?
Prefer not to say
7/7 Age group
Questions about your working conditions (11)
Describe your current employment in the arts. Do you work as an employee of an arts organization (long-term contract), a free-lanced artist (you work on different projects), a self-employed artist (you develop your own projects) or an employer (you manage an artistic project and employ other artists), or any combination of the above mentioned options? Please specify. Do you usually have also cross-border artistic jobs? (Please consider EU countries). In case you are the self-employed artist, what was your main motivation for becoming a creative entrepreneur? Have you considered/would you consider new employment models, such as through the platform/gig economy or social media? Have you experienced any precarious circumstances in the field of employment given by your gender, age, nationality, sexual orientation or others? What do you perceive as a main problem or challenge in your current employment as an artist?
Are you able to earn sufficient income just from your artistic profession or do you need to have multiple jobs? In case of the multiple-jobs income, what kind of work do you do (e.g. teacher, manager, organizer, administrator etc.)? Are these jobs all in the arts sector or do you make your living also outside the arts? If applicable, what is the proportion of your income from the artistic profession vs. non-artistic jobs (e.g. 2/3 vs. 1/3). Is unpaid work common for you as an artist? If yes, why? Has the cross-border mobility an impact on the nature of your income as an artist? Does education and training have an impact on the nature of your income as an artist? What do you perceive as a main problem or challenge in your current income as an artist?
Does a country you reside in recognize a special status of artists in terms of employment, working conditions and other legislative measures? If yes, does it have any impact on your work as an artist? Is the status of artists linked to social security benefits?
What do you perceive as main challenges relating to taxation for artists? Does taxation have an impact on your artistic work across borders? Are there any mechanisms adopted in the country you reside in to ensure that artists benefit from taxation instead of being put at a disadvantage? What measures would you suggest to better support artists in relation to taxation? Should action be taken at a regional, national or EU level?
5/11 SOCIAL & HEALTH INSURANCE
What do you perceive as main challenges linked to social & health insurance for artists? Does social & health insurance have an impact on your artistic work across borders? Are there any mechanisms adopted in the country you reside in to ensure that artists benefit from social & health insurance instead of being put at a disadvantage? What measures would you suggest to better support artists in relation to social & health insurance? Should action be taken at a regional, national or EU level?
Are there enough funding opportunities (funding schemes, grants, projects, etc.) that you can apply for as an artist? Have you ever applied for a financial support at a regional, national or EU level? Are certain groups of artists prioritized over others in terms of funding opportunities? Have you ever considered/used any new funding opportunities (such as crowdfunding)? What can be done to better support artists financially?
In your opinion, what are the key skills required by artists to develop their careers? What external and internal factors have an impact on these skills? Are there enough education and/or training programmes for artists in your field? Are they beneficial for your career development?
8/11 SUCCESS FACTORS
In your opinion, what are the most important success factors in the career development of artists in your field? Is there a standard career pattern? Do artists in your field remain in the profession long-term? If not, what are the reasons behind their drop out? What options are there for re-training, re-integrating after an artist drops out/puts an end to his/her career? What can be done at regional, national, EU level to better support the careers of artists?
9/11 JOB OPPORTUNITIES
Are there enough job opportunities in your sector? What are main challenges of the job market in your field? Have you experienced any problems or unfair practices with respect to the job opportunities in your field? Have you ever considered becoming entrepreneur as an artist? What would be the best ways to support career development, innovation and entrepreneurship in your field by public authorities at local, regional, national and EU level?
10/11 ARTISTIC FREEDOM
Have you ever experienced any restrictions of your artistic freedom/freedom of expression in your work as an artist? If yes, describe the circumstances. In which EU country these restrictions occurred?
11/11 EU AND NATIONAL POLICY FRAMEWORKS
Do you face any EU/national/regional policies or legislation that have an impact on your status and working conditions as an artist? Please, explain how. In your opinion, are the current policies in place sufficient to support artists and creative professionals? If not sufficient, what more should be done and at what level does this need to be carried out at?
Thank you very much for your cooperation!
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