Chapter 16 Practice Quiz
On this quiz, score 80% or higher, and receive a +5 bonus on the test.
Your LAST Name:
1. Normal development of the immune response is due in part to hormones produced by the ________.
2. Which of the following hormones suppresses appetite and increases energy expenditure?
3. The posterior lobe of the pituitary gland is NOT a true endocrine gland because ________.
it is only a hormone storage area that receives hormones from the hypothalamus for release
it is unable to function as an endocrine tissue because it is actually part of the neural system due to its location
it is strictly a part of the neural system and has little or nothing to do with hormonal release
embryonically it was an endocrine tissue, but in the adult human it is no longer functional
4. The ability of a specific tissue or organ to respond to the presence of a hormone is dependent on ________.
the membrane potential of the cells of the target organ
the presence of the appropriate receptors on the cells of the target tissue or organ
the location of the tissue or organ with respect to the circulatory path
nothingall hormones of the human body are able to stimulate any and all cell types because hormones are powerful and nonspecific
5. Which of the following is NOT a category of endocrine gland stimulus?
6. Several hormones are synthesized in the hypothalamus and transported to the anterior pituitary gland. The mechanism of transportation from hypothalamus to anterior pituitary gland is through the ________.
hypophyseal portal system
general circulatory system
hepatic portal system
7. John tells you that cholesterol is bad and should be eliminated from the diet. You explain to him that cholesterol is important. Which of the following hormones are synthesized from cholesterol?
8. The parathyroid glands respond to which type of stimulus?
9. The single most important regulator of calcium levels in the blood is ________.
parathyroid hormone (PTH)
10. As a result of stress the anterior pituitary releases ________, which stimulates release of hormones from the adrenal cortex that retain sodium and water, increase blood sugar, and begin breaking down fats.
thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
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