Mussel farming
Introduction:

The EnviGuard project aims is to develop a highly specific and precise measurement device for currently hard to measure man-made chemical contaminants and biohazards (toxic microalgae, viruses, bacteria, biotoxins and PCBs) that can be used as an early warning system in aquaculture and environmental monitoring.

The scope of this questionnaire:

This questionnaire aims to understand the main problems encountered within seawater aquaculture due to fish diseases, algal blooms and chemical pollutants. It also aims to learn about the current monitoring practices, associated costs, and if farmers are interested in better monitoring systems. By learning about the farm locations and set-up, the questionnaire will provide insight as to the logistical needs required for such new technologies.

The approximate time to fill in this questionnaire is ten (10) minutes. We are very grateful for your feedback. All the questions are optional.

Confidentiality of the data:

This research is being carried out by AquaBioTech Ltd, (www.aquabt.com) for the EU funded (FP7) project, EnviGuard.

All the questions are optional. We appreciate that this questionnaire deals with sensitive information. In all circumstances, identities of individual respondents and their answers will be treated as confidential and will be used only for research purposes. Your input will only be used in combination with the responses of others participating in the survey. Our research examines the opinions of groups of respondents. We will not release your personal information to any third party. Giving your name and contact details is completely voluntary and will only be used in case clarifications are required, and / or if you accept to participate in additional surveys related to this project.

If you have any concerns about the survey, please contact us on info@aquabt.com or 00356 2258 4100.

Email address *
Section 1 - General questions
What country is your establishment based in?
Your answer
Type of production system your establishment uses: (Choose more than one, if applicable)
Type of harvesting techniques: (Choose more than one, if applicable)
Number of cultures in operation:
What type of experts do you employ at the establishment? (Choose more than one, if applicable)
Annual Mussel Production of the establishment in 2011 (in tonnes): *
Your answer
Annual Mussel Production of the establishment in 2012 (in tonnes): *
Your answer
Annual Mussel Production of the establishment in 2013 (in tonnes): *
Your answer
Name the production species of the establishment: (Choose more than one, if applicable)
What is the geographical determination of the area the farm is located? (Choose more than one, if applicable)
What is the distance of your cultures from your onshore facility?
What is the sea depth on the cage location?
Scale from 0 to 5 the main problems encountered at your operation.
0 = No such problem
1 = Happened once
2 = Rare
3 = Regular
4 = Severe
5 = Devastating
Chemical pollution
Severe weather conditions
Water too warm or too cold
Sudden changes in salinity
Sudden oxygen drops
Predators
Diseases and pathogens
Algal bloom
Jellyfish bloom
Invasive Species
Heavy biofouling
Theft / Sabotage
Scale from 0 to 5 the main problems the industry in your region encounters during production:
0 = No such problem
1 = Happened once
2 = Rare
3 = Regular
4 = Severe
5 = Devastating
Chemical pollution
Severe weather conditions
Water too warm or too cold
Sudden changes in salinity
Sudden oxygen drops
Predators
Diseases and pathogens
Algal bloom
Jellyfish bloom
Invasive Species
Heavy biofouling
Theft / Sabotage
Section 2 - Diseases
Scale from 0 to 5 how hazardous bacterial and related diseases are for your establishment: • Intracytoplasmic bacteria (chlamydia/rickettsia) – (epitheliocystis) • Vibrio anguillarum (Vibriosis) •Nocardia crassostreae •Vibrio tapestis
0 = No such problem
1 = Very rare
2 = Rare
3 = Regular
4 = Severe
5 = Devastating
I don't know
Bacterial pathogens and related diseases
Scale from 0 to 5 how hazardous viral diseases are for your establishment: • Herpes virus like • Picornaviridae-like virus • Herpes-type virus disease of C. gigas larvae • Oyster velar virus disease (OVVD)
0 = No such problem
1 = Very rare
2 = Rare
3 = Regular
4 = Severe
5 = Devastating
I don't know
Viral diseases
Scale from 0 to 5 how hazardous parasites are for your establishment: •Marteilia maurini, Steinhausia mytilovum, •Cliona •Prosorhynchus sp. •Polydora ciliate •Quahog Parasite unknown disease •Chytrid-like disease •Mikrocytos mackini •Perkinsus-like organisms •Perkinsus atlanticus •Cercaria elegans •Cercaria tapidis •Polydora ciliate •Pinnotheres pisum
0 = No such problem
1 = Very rare
2 = Rare
3 = Regular
4 = Severe
5 = Devastating
I don't know
Parasites
Scale from 0 to 5 how hazardous protozoans are for your establishment: • Bonamia ostreae • Marteilia refringens • Microcytos mackini •
0 = No such problem
1 = Very rare
2 = Rare
3 = Regular
4 = Severe
5 = Devastating
I don't know
Protozoans
Scale from 0 to 5 how hazardous bacterial and related diseases are for the industry in your region: • Intracytoplasmic bacteria (chlamydia/rickettsia) – (epitheliocystis) • Vibrio anguillarum (Vibriosis) •Nocardia crassostreae •Vibrio tapestis
0 = No such problem
1 = Very rare
2 = Rare
3 = Regular
4 = Severe
5 = Devastating
I don't know
Bacterial pathogens and related diseases
Scale from 0 to 5 how hazardous viral diseases are for the industry in your region: • Herpes virus like • Picornaviridae-like virus • Herpes-type virus disease of C. gigas larvae • Oyster velar virus disease (OVVD)
0 = No such problem
1 = Very rare
2 = Rare
3 = Regular
4 = Severe
5 = Devastating
I don't know
Viral diseases
Scale from 0 to 5 how hazardous parasites are for the industry in your region: • Marteilia maurini, Steinhausia mytilovum, • Cliona • Prosorhynchus sp. • Polydora ciliate • Quahog Parasite unknown disease • Chytrid-like disease • Mikrocytos mackini • Perkinsus-like organisms • Perkinsus atlanticus • Cercaria elegans • Cercaria tapidis • Polydora ciliate • Pinnotheres pisum
0 = No such problem
1 = Very rare
2 = Rare
3 = Regular
4 = Severe
5 = Devastating
I don't know
Parasites
Scale from 0 to 5 how hazardous protozoans are for the industry in your region: • Bonamia ostreae • Marteilia refringens • Microcytos mackini
0 = No such problem
1 = Very rare
2 = Rare
3 = Regular
4 = Severe
5 = Devastating
I don't know
Protozoans
Scale from 0 to 5 how much is Escherichia coli of concern to your establishment:
0 = No such problem
1 = Very rare
2 = Rare
3 = Regular
4 = Severe
5 = Devastating
I don't know
Escherichia coli
Scale from 0 to 5 how much is Escherichia coli of concern to your industry in your region:
0 = No such problem
1 = Very rare
2 = Rare
3 = Regular
4 = Severe
5 = Devastating
I don't know
Escherichia coli
Section 3 – Chemical pollutants
Which chemical pollutants affect your establishment the most? (Choose more than one, if applicable)
Which chemical pollutants affect your industry in your region the most? (Choose more than one, if applicable)
Section 4 – Algal blooms
Which algal species affect your establishment the most? (Choose more than one, if applicable)
Which algal species affect your your industry in your region the most? (Choose more than one, if applicable)
Section 5 – Reducing risk
Based on your personal opinion what is the main factor of disease outbreaks? (Choose more than one, if applicable)
Has your establishment or any of the farms in the region encountered any predators attacks? Scale from 0 to 5 the effect they have:
0 = No such problem
1 = Very minor concern
2 = Minor concern
3 = Problematic
4 = Very problematic
5 = Extremely problematic
I don't know
Starfish
Green Crabs
SeaBirds
Gastropods
Other
How do you think the problems (diseases, algal blooms, chemical pollution) above should be addressed? (Choose more than one, if applicable)
Do you insure your stock for any of the above risks?
Mark the reasons you don’t insure your stocks: (Choose more than one, if applicable)
Does the government offer any support or services (analysis) related to:
Yes
No
I don't know
Water quality
Pathogens
Algal blooms
Chemical pollutants
Severe weather conditions
Does the government carry out routine monitoring services for the following:
Yes
No
I don't know
Water quality
Pathogens
Algal blooms
Chemical pollutants
Severe weather conditions
Section 6 – Dealing with diseases, algal blooms and / or chemical pollutants
How do you normally notice diseases, algal bloom and / or chemical pollutants? (Choose more than one, if applicable)
On a scale of 0 to 5, are you able to identify diseases, algal blooms and / or chemical pollutants early enough to be able to take preventative action?
0 = Never
1 = Very rare
2 = Rare
3 = Regular
4 = Generally
5 = Always
Identify early enough
On a scale of 0 to 5, how much do you think it is important to detect diseases, algal blooms and / or chemical pollutants earlier?
0 = Not important at all
1 = Not important
2 = No difference
3 = Important
4 = Very important
5 = Essential
Need for earlier detection
How much does monitoring for diseases, algal blooms and / or chemical pollutants cost your establishment?
Do you believe that an early alert system for the aforementioned threats (environmental pollution, weather conditions and natural events, predators, diseases and pathogens, algal blooms) would be something that your company would be interested to invest in?
Over which of the aforementioned threats do think your company would consider acquiring such technology (Choose more than one, if applicable)
If you had an early warning, which of the threats would you be capable to tackle? (Choose more than one, if applicable)
Do you think that you would be able to claim state compensation if you prove that external factors affected your establishment’s operation?
Section 7 - Further communication
This technology is being developed as part of the EnviGuard research project. Would you be willing to answer a questionnaire with more technical questions in the coming months?
As part of this research project this technology will be tested in selected establishments. Would you be interested to test such technology when it becomes available?
Would you like to receive the news, related events, newsletters, and the results of this research project?
Do you have any other comments?
Your answer
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