Owls conservation: an interview
The goal of this interview is to know your viewpoints about owls (Strigiformes) conservation
Which of the following situations represent the ideal goal of Owls conservation? Please select all that apply.
Recovering populations to significant parts of their historical ranges
Managing populations that sustainably support multiple benefits to people
Re-establishing self-regulating populations
Re-establishing populations to the point they can fulfill their ecological functions
Maintaining minimum viable populations
Which of the following areas are appropriate Owls to inhabit? Please select all that apply.
Multi-use public lands (e.g., recreation, grazing activities)
Private lands WITHOUT domestic animals present
Private lands WITH domestic animals present
What drives conflict over Owls conservation? Select all that apply.
Fear of Owls
Competition with hunters for wild prey
Risks posed by Owls to human safety (e.g. Owls crashing with planes)
Predation on domestic livestock
Lack of transparency in decision processes
Unequal power among stakeholders
Misunderstanding attitudes of others
Mistrust between decision-makers and locals
To what extent do you agree or disagree that humans and Owls can share the same landscapes?
Which of these ecosystem processes/services involve Owls? Please select all that apply.
Increase agricultural output
Remove organic waste
Intellectual, spiritual, and aesthetic inspiration (i.e. Bioinspiration, Biocultural species)
Controlling Food Webs
Reduce disease risk
Positive effect on other groups of biodiversity
Primary and secondary seed dispersal
Reduce species that cause human injury and death
Provide materials for craft or traditional cultural activities
Relevant links among ecosystems (e.g., transfer of nutrients, energy or other elements between ecosystems)
Which of these conflictive situations involved Owls? Please select all that apply.
Owls predation on game
Damage to croplands
Owls predation on livestock
Controversy by humans use of a resource or elements that changes food or habitat availability and/or quality for Owls (protection nesting areas or air space for Olws, limitation of agricultural practices).
Controversy by the use of Owls as a resource (i.e. hunting or trapping of Owls).
Generates costs/impacts on human transport systems
Propagate invasive species
Which are the main types of human activities rising conflicts with Owls conservation? Please select all that apply.
Pollution (i.e. lead ammunition, presence of pharmaceutical products in cattle remains - like diclofenac-, pesticides)
Unsustainable or bad practices on Falconry (i.e. overharvesting of chicks and adults, genetic and behavioural erosion on native Owls populations by falconry escaped/released Owls)
Land use changes (i.e. turning grasslands to croplands or native forest to tree plantations).
Non-selective predator control (i.e. poisoning of baits for mammal predators control)
Open garbage dumps (i.e. Owls are exposed to pathogens or contaminants – poisons )
Lethal control of problematic Owls
Use of Owls as a resource (bushmeat, trade, and game)
Which are the most important threats for Owls? Please select all that apply.
Lack of native prey
Collision with human objects in the airspace and/or human infrastructures (i.e. UAV, Power Lines and Wind Farms, planes)
Deforestation for timber
Hunting for retaliation (i.e. damage)
Bioaccumulation of contaminants
Natural habitat destruction for tree plantations
Changes in sanitary policis
Natural habitat destruction for croplands
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