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KVK Kanunu’nda tanımlanan özel nitelikli kişisel verilerim de dahil olmak üzere ilgili kişisel verilerimin işlenmesine, ilgili süreç kapsamında işlenme amacı ile sınırlı olmak üzere kullanılmasına ve paylaşılmasına, gereken süre zarfında saklanmasına açık rızam olduğunu ve bu hususta tarafıma gerekli aydınlatmanın yapıldığını; işbu metni okuduğumu ve anladığımı beyan ediyor, Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu çerçevesinde açık rızam bulunduğunu onaylıyorum. *
Required
1) The first great theorist of dramatic art was Aristotle, whose ___________ of tragedy in The Poetics has dominated critical thought ever since.
Clear selection
2) To increase its exports, the company is ___________ highly motivated professionals with experience in international trade.
Clear selection
3) Syndicalism embodies the idea that workers, through direct action, ___________ a general strike, should seize control over the means of production and hence gain political power.
Clear selection
4) As a matter of fact, water infrastructure is so ___________ that most governments in underdeveloped countries find it extremely difficult to invest for safe water or sewerage.
Clear selection
5) Some readers of this novel may ___________ feeling that the plot structure is not well-organized.
Clear selection
6) Psychological studies show that Belgian and French workers place greater importance ___________ personal independence than do workers ___________ many other countries.
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7) Smoking ___________ in almost all segments of the American population, so that, in various polls, 60 to 65% of Americans ___________ non-smokers today.
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8) The US presidential election of 1800 ___________ notorious on account of the unforeseen constitutional problems it ___________.
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9) America ___________ that some of the commodities Iraq was allowed to import under the oil-for-food programme ___________ military uses.
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10) If things ___________ according to plan, the book ___________ by this time next year.
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11) ___________ the average education level of the women in the United States is higher than that of their male counterparts, they are highly concentrated in underpaid and menial jobs.
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12) ___________ regulate the life of a society, general and legal rules are set down in written form by the highest legislative authority of a country.
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13) The Mann-Whitney test is a procedure used in nonparametric statistics to determine ___________ the means of two populations are equal.
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14) The most rewarding aspect of taking photographs is to be able to immortalize on your film people’s hearts, smiles, and soul ___________ you can always feel like you are a part of their world.
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15) Painters ___________ diverse ___________ Goya, Manet, and Picasso were inspired by Titian and other Renaissance painters.
Clear selection
16) The South African government has committed a further sum of money to the Southern African Large Telescope, ___________ enables the construction of this giant telescope to commence next year.
Clear selection
17) Perfectionism constricts people just when the fast-moving world requires more flexibility, and ___________, it turns them into success slaves.
Clear selection
18) During the second half of the 20th century, the fracture rates among high-risk European populations grew higher, ___________ this increase was modest compared with that of the urbanized populations in Southern Asia.
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19) It is assumed ___________ an educational programme should emphasize the valid aspects of the cultural and historical past.
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20) Parents normally do not have the fear that, in marrying their daughter or son, they are losing their child to someone else ___________ a son-in-law or daughter-in-law arrives.
Clear selection
21.) Criminal activities occur all over the world. (21) ___________, in different communities the (22) ___________ of crime may be different. Indeed, (23) ___________ that may be regarded as a criminal offence in one country may be regarded as perfectly acceptable behavior (24) ___________. Similarly, when it comes to punishment, there are many (25) ___________ in the degree of severity.
Clear selection
22.) Criminal activities occur all over the world. (21) ___________, in different communities the (22) ___________ of crime may be different. Indeed, (23) ___________ that may be regarded as a criminal offence in one country may be regarded as perfectly acceptable behavior (24) ___________. Similarly, when it comes to punishment, there are many (25) ___________ in the degree of severity.
Clear selection
23.) Criminal activities occur all over the world. (21) ___________, in different communities the (22) ___________ of crime may be different. Indeed, (23) ___________ that may be regarded as a criminal offence in one country may be regarded as perfectly acceptable behavior (24) ___________. Similarly, when it comes to punishment, there are many (25) ___________ in the degree of severity.
Clear selection
24.) Criminal activities occur all over the world. (21) ___________, in different communities the (22) ___________ of crime may be different. Indeed, (23) ___________ that may be regarded as a criminal offence in one country may be regarded as perfectly acceptable behavior (24) ___________. Similarly, when it comes to punishment, there are many (25) ___________ in the degree of severity.
Clear selection
25.) Criminal activities occur all over the world. (21) ___________, in different communities the (22) ___________ of crime may be different. Indeed, (23) ___________ that may be regarded as a criminal offence in one country may be regarded as perfectly acceptable behavior (24) ___________. Similarly, when it comes to punishment, there are many (25) ___________ in the degree of severity.
Clear selection
26.) Charles Fort, though he died in 1932, still attracts considerable attention. (26) ___________ a journalist and writer, he was fascinated by all manner of unexplained stories. He was a (27) ___________ writer of both fiction and non-fiction, but it is believed that he (28) ___________ many of his manuscripts before they ever came to publication. One of his friends (29) ___________ the Fortean Society which published Fort’s articles before and after his death; and the Fortean Society Magazine which (30) ___________ became the Fortean Times is still being published.
Clear selection
27.) Charles Fort, though he died in 1932, still attracts considerable attention. (26) ___________ a journalist and writer, he was fascinated by all manner of unexplained stories. He was a (27) ___________ writer of both fiction and non-fiction, but it is believed that he (28) ___________ many of his manuscripts before they ever came to publication. One of his friends (29) ___________ the Fortean Society which published Fort’s articles before and after his death; and the Fortean Society Magazine which (30) ___________ became the Fortean Times is still being published.
Clear selection
28.) Charles Fort, though he died in 1932, still attracts considerable attention. (26) ___________ a journalist and writer, he was fascinated by all manner of unexplained stories. He was a (27) ___________ writer of both fiction and non-fiction, but it is believed that he (28) ___________ many of his manuscripts before they ever came to publication. One of his friends (29) ___________ the Fortean Society which published Fort’s articles before and after his death; and the Fortean Society Magazine which (30) ___________ became the Fortean Times is still being published.
Clear selection
29.) Charles Fort, though he died in 1932, still attracts considerable attention. (26) ___________ a journalist and writer, he was fascinated by all manner of unexplained stories. He was a (27) ___________ writer of both fiction and non-fiction, but it is believed that he (28) ___________ many of his manuscripts before they ever came to publication. One of his friends (29) ___________ the Fortean Society which published Fort’s articles before and after his death; and the Fortean Society Magazine which (30) ___________ became the Fortean Times is still being published.
Clear selection
30.) Charles Fort, though he died in 1932, still attracts considerable attention. (26) ___________ a journalist and writer, he was fascinated by all manner of unexplained stories. He was a (27) ___________ writer of both fiction and non-fiction, but it is believed that he (28) ___________ many of his manuscripts before they ever came to publication. One of his friends (29) ___________ the Fortean Society which published Fort’s articles before and after his death; and the Fortean Society Magazine which (30) ___________ became the Fortean Times is still being published.
Clear selection
31) If only he’d sought the advice of an expert ___________.
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32) Archaeological excavations at Alacahöyük have shown ___________.
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33) Among the young architects of the eighteen-nineties ___________ was the American Frank Lloyd Wright.
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34) ___________ that from the early Middle Ages to the beginnings of the nineteenth century, German literature had a recurrent cycle of florescence every six hundred years: 600, 1200, and 1800.
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35) When your anxiety affects your family life and job performance ___________.
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36) ___________ almost as soon as the two countries gained their independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
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37) ___________, the euro area’s economy as a whole should benefit in the long term.
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38) ___________ until William Gladstone presented his proposal for home rule in Ireland in 1886.
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39) While oil prices rose towards record levels, ___________.
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40) As computer systems grow even more complex ___________.
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41) Muğla has always preserved its traditional cultural fabric, ___________.
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42) Angry Portuguese took to the streets against a decision taken by their new center-right prime minister to revise the current budget by cutting public spending and raising VAT.
Clear selection
43) The Las Vegas that we know today basically began to flourish after World War II, when the idea of building large hotels in the desert was developed.
Clear selection
44) The civil war in Liberia, which is a small west African state, is not only a tragedy in itself but is also fuelling other wars in the region.
Clear selection
45) Ruanda has started pulling some of its troops out of eastern Congo, as a part of the peace pact signed with Congo’s government last week.
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46) Speaking for 25 nations and bringing together their considerable voice and influence, the European Union is a leader in global efforts to protect human rights.
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47) Many social psychologists have turned their attention to promoting health practices such as avoiding the abuse of alcohol, tobacco and other substances.
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48) Öteki Avrupalılara kıyasla, Almanların daha uzun yıllık tatilleri olduğu ve yurt dışı gezilere daha çok para harcadıkları bir gerçektir.
Clear selection
49) Vietnam ile Amerika Birleşik Devletleri arasındaki savaşta en vahşi çarpışma, 1968 başlarında, Tet olarak bilinen Vietnam Yeni Yılı sırasında olmuştur.
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50) Bizim tek seçeneğimiz iyi eğitimli insanlarımızı, en üst düzey yeteneklerimizi ve bilgiyi yeni hizmet ve ürünlere dönüştürme becerimizi mümkün olan en iyi şekilde kullanmaktır.
Clear selection
51) Çöl toprağı, bitki örtüsünün seyrek oluşunun bir sonucu olarak organik madde bakımından fakirdir; fakat buna karşın çoğu kez mineral bakımından zengindir.
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52) Bazı yerbilimciler, 65 milyon yıl önce büyük bir meteor çarpmasını izleyen nitrik asit yağmurunun, dinozorların yok olmasına yol açan bir faktör olduğunu ileri sürmüşlerdir.
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53) Kimyacılar, fırın sıcaklığında şekerlerin ve amino asitlerin sıkı kimyasal bağlar oluşturduğunu 1912’den beri bilmektedirler.
Clear selection
54) The temple of Artemis at Ephesus is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Built about 550 B.C., it is the largest and the most complex temple of ancient times. ___________. It was begun in honor of a non-Hellenic goddess who later became identified with the Greek goddess of the same name.
Clear selection
55) The origins of cinema as we know lie in a machine patented in 1891 by Thomas Edison, and known as the kinetoscope. ___________. Early films were only one or two minutes long but by the early 1900s, films started to tell stories. Gradually more technical innovations were introduced in the film industry, the most important of which was the introduction of sound in 1927.
Clear selection
56) In the making of a great mind, parental influence emerges as vastly important, although its impact is not as simple as it may seem. Some clearly inherit the abilities of their intellectual forebears. ___________. Mozart, for instance, was robbed of his childhood by his ambitious and overbearing father, while Newton was abandoned by his mother at an early age.
Clear selection
57) It was the Romans who, through their bridge, wall and road system, gave London its skeleton, made it safe and determined the lines of its future development. In 839, the city was stormed by the Vikings. King Alfred conquered it in 886 and made it the base of his resistance against the Danes. ___________. The city began to grow rapidly owing to more peaceful conditions and increased trade with the Continent.
Clear selection
58) Some say an orchestra is only as good as its conductor. Though there are exceptions, there is a grain of truth in the saying. Zurich’s Tonhalle Orchestra is just one instance. ___________. But it is only in the past decade, under the leadership of David Zinman, that the orchestra has gained international recognition.
Clear selection
59) Anja Silja, who remains one of the most exciting and controversial figures in opera, was born in Berlin in 1940. Her childhood was spent in the home of her grandfather, who was a painter and amateur musician. With him she studied voice and piano from the age of five. ___________. Everyone in the family was frightened of him, except her. By the age of 12 she was giving concerts, and was not yet 16 when she made her stage debut as “Rosina” in Rossini’s “Barber of Seville”.
Clear selection
60) (I) Abstract Expressionism in US painting was the dominant force in the country’s art in the late 1940s and 1950s. (II) It was characterized by the sensuous use of paint, often on very large canvases, to convey powerful emotions. (III) Ornamental art without figurative representation occurs in most cultures. (IV) Some of the artists involved painted pure abstract pictures, but others often used figures in their work. (V) Most of the leading Abstract Expressionists were based in New York during the height of the movement, and their critical and financial success helped New York to replace Paris as the world’s leading centre of contemporary art.
Clear selection
61) (I) Most of the developing countries are pressing ahead with social, political and economic reforms. (II) But without sustained external support, these efforts are unlikely to succeed. (III) Fortunately, there are some encouraging signs at present that economic support is forthcoming. (IV) Most developing countries have fantastic natural resources but they are unable to use them in order to increase their economic growth. (V) For example, the United States has pledged to increase aid spending by $ 5 billion a year and the EU has promised an additional $ 7 billion a year.
Clear selection
62) (I) Hong Kong is fast recovering from the effects of the SARS epidemic on the economy. (II) In September, the government launched a costly marketing campaign to encourage tourists and investors to return. (III) The stock market is up 40% from its April low. (IV) They still say that it was the weather that brought the SARS epidemic to an end. (V) In August, retail sales rose for the first time in six months.
Clear selection
63) (I) The face of education is changing rapidly as a direct result of innovative computer technology. (II) Gone are the days of studying repetitive grammar exercises from an old copy of A First Aid In English, while chalk dust floats in the air. (III) Teachers are becoming weary of teaching the same subjects in the same way year after year. (IV) The students of today are more likely to find themselves in front of a computer screen than a black board. (V) As the tools of education change, so does the nature of learning and acquisition of knowledge.
Clear selection
64) (I) The Romantic Age is a term used to describe life and literature in England in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. (II) Many of the most important English writers of the period turned away from the values and ideas characteristic of the Age of Reason toward what they perceived as a more daring, individual and imaginative approach to both literature and life. (III) In general, they placed the individual rather than society, at the centre of their vision. (IV) The Industrial Revolution helped make England prosperous and powerful, but it involved exploitation of the workers. (V) They tended to be optimists who believed in the possibility of progress and improvement for humanity as well as for individuals.
Clear selection
65) (I) Psychotherapy refers to the treatment of mental disorders by psychological means. (II) As a result, despite differences in techniques, most methods of psychotherapy have certain basic features in common. (III) The term embraces a variety of techniques, all of which are intended to help emotionally disturbed individuals modify their behaviour, thoughts and notions. (IV) Some psychotherapists believe that modification of behaviour is dependent on the individual’s understanding of his or her unconscious motives and conflicts. (V) Others focus on changing habitual patterns of thinking and behaviour rather than on unconscious conflicts.
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66) For more than 40 years the radical thinker William Phillips edited Partisan Review, a magazine of small circulation and little money but with a great deal of influence. Writers and commentators whose words later commanded audiences of millions first saw their names in print in a publication that might sell 15,000 copies if things were going well. Mary McCarthy, Bernard Malamud and Saul Bellow were apprentice contributors. Leading European writers such as Jean Paul Sartre and Albert Camus were introduced to American readers through the Review. The magazine was defending T. S. Eliot, Franz Kafka and James Joyce long before their acceptance as central to modern culture.
66) It is clear from the passage that one of the achievements of Partisan Review ___________.
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67) For more than 40 years the radical thinker William Phillips edited Partisan Review, a magazine of small circulation and little money but with a great deal of influence. Writers and commentators whose words later commanded audiences of millions first saw their names in print in a publication that might sell 15,000 copies if things were going well. Mary McCarthy, Bernard Malamud and Saul Bellow were apprentice contributors. Leading European writers such as Jean Paul Sartre and Albert Camus were introduced to American readers through the Review. The magazine was defending T. S. Eliot, Franz Kafka and James Joyce long before their acceptance as central to modern culture.
67) According to the passage, William Phillips ___________.
Clear selection
68) For more than 40 years the radical thinker William Phillips edited Partisan Review, a magazine of small circulation and little money but with a great deal of influence. Writers and commentators whose words later commanded audiences of millions first saw their names in print in a publication that might sell 15,000 copies if things were going well. Mary McCarthy, Bernard Malamud and Saul Bellow were apprentice contributors. Leading European writers such as Jean Paul Sartre and Albert Camus were introduced to American readers through the Review. The magazine was defending T. S. Eliot, Franz Kafka and James Joyce long before their acceptance as central to modern culture.
68) We understand from the passage that Partisan Review ___________.
Clear selection
69) Southern Africa’s food crisis looks like being the worst in a decade. Around 14.5 million people are dangerously hungry, and many have been reduced to eating wild leaves and herbs. One might then expect food aid to be welcomed. But Zambia is refusing to accept American donations because much of its corn and soya is genetically modified. Zambia’s president, Levy Mwanawasa, calls the stuff “poison” and refuses to import, despite a warning from the UN World Food Programme, on September 16th that relief supplies in his country could run out in two weeks.
69) It is emphasized in the passage that the southern states of Africa, such as Zambia, ___________.
Clear selection
70) Southern Africa’s food crisis looks like being the worst in a decade. Around 14.5 million people are dangerously hungry, and many have been reduced to eating wild leaves and herbs. One might then expect food aid to be welcomed. But Zambia is refusing to accept American donations because much of its corn and soya is genetically modified. Zambia’s president, Levy Mwanawasa, calls the stuff “poison” and refuses to import, despite a warning from the UN World Food Programme, on September 16th that relief supplies in his country could run out in two weeks.
70) It is pointed out in the passage that Zambia ___________.
Clear selection
71) Southern Africa’s food crisis looks like being the worst in a decade. Around 14.5 million people are dangerously hungry, and many have been reduced to eating wild leaves and herbs. One might then expect food aid to be welcomed. But Zambia is refusing to accept American donations because much of its corn and soya is genetically modified. Zambia’s president, Levy Mwanawasa, calls the stuff “poison” and refuses to import, despite a warning from the UN World Food Programme, on September 16th that relief supplies in his country could run out in two weeks.
71) As we understand from the passage, the food shortage in the southern African countries has reached such a stage that ___________.
Clear selection
72) Which European country has the worst record for shoplifting? The answer is Britain and she holds the record now for the second year running, according to a survey released on September 19th. Britons not only steal more than their continental counterparts, they are also less competent employees on the shop floor, resulting in Britain having the worst overall rate of retail “shrinkage” -a measure of losses by retailers from theft, mispricing and other wastage. Continental Europeans are actually not much better. Shrinkage is increasing alarmingly in some countries and is generally on the rise. Denmark is a notable example. According to one survey, shrinkage there is 9% up on last year. Shrinkage costs the European economy a surprisingly large amount, in fact, the total annual cost has been estimated at around £30 billion which is equivalent to a shocking £80 per person in the region. That is more than the costs of the much-higher-profile car crime or domestic burglary.
72) We learn from the passage that during the last two years shoplifting in Britain ___________.
Clear selection
73) Which European country has the worst record for shoplifting? The answer is Britain and she holds the record now for the second year running, according to a survey released on September 19th. Britons not only steal more than their continental counterparts, they are also less competent employees on the shop floor, resulting in Britain having the worst overall rate of retail “shrinkage” -a measure of losses by retailers from theft, mispricing and other wastage. Continental Europeans are actually not much better. Shrinkage is increasing alarmingly in some countries and is generally on the rise. Denmark is a notable example. According to one survey, shrinkage there is 9% up on last year. Shrinkage costs the European economy a surprisingly large amount, in fact, the total annual cost has been estimated at around £30 billion which is equivalent to a shocking £80 per person in the region. That is more than the costs of the much-higher-profile car crime or domestic burglary.
73) According to the passage, in several countries in continental Europe, retail shrinkage ___________.
Clear selection
74) Which European country has the worst record for shoplifting? The answer is Britain and she holds the record now for the second year running, according to a survey released on September 19th. Britons not only steal more than their continental counterparts, they are also less competent employees on the shop floor, resulting in Britain having the worst overall rate of retail “shrinkage” -a measure of losses by retailers from theft, mispricing and other wastage. Continental Europeans are actually not much better. Shrinkage is increasing alarmingly in some countries and is generally on the rise. Denmark is a notable example. According to one survey, shrinkage there is 9% up on last year. Shrinkage costs the European economy a surprisingly large amount, in fact, the total annual cost has been estimated at around £30 billion which is equivalent to a shocking £80 per person in the region. That is more than the costs of the much-higher-profile car crime or domestic burglary.
74) We understand from the passage that in Europe the economy is being adversely affected ___________.
Clear selection
75) Modern psychology considers childhood an extremely important period of human development. Western culture views children as vulnerable and requiring a great deal of attention, care and shelter from harm. Many laws are designed to protect children from dangerous toys, dangerous substances and even dangerous parents. Our belief that all children ought to have a free public education and that they should remain in school until adolescence similarly reflects the view that childhood is a special and important time. But these attitudes toward children reflect a relatively recent conception of early development. The Greek and Roman civilizations, for instance, which extended from about 600 B.C. to about 400 A.D., are usually regarded as periods of great enlightenment yet the status of children during those times was hardly enviable. Although such great Greek thinkers as Plato and Aristotle wrote of the importance of education, they also defended practices that today would seem unthinkable. Infanticide, the killing of newborns, was routine and viewed as an appropriate way to deal with babies who were illegitimate, unhealthy or simply unwanted.
75) According to the passage, in modern society, children ___________.
Clear selection
76) Modern psychology considers childhood an extremely important period of human development. Western culture views children as vulnerable and requiring a great deal of attention, care and shelter from harm. Many laws are designed to protect children from dangerous toys, dangerous substances and even dangerous parents. Our belief that all children ought to have a free public education and that they should remain in school until adolescence similarly reflects the view that childhood is a special and important time. But these attitudes toward children reflect a relatively recent conception of early development. The Greek and Roman civilizations, for instance, which extended from about 600 B.C. to about 400 A.D., are usually regarded as periods of great enlightenment yet the status of children during those times was hardly enviable. Although such great Greek thinkers as Plato and Aristotle wrote of the importance of education, they also defended practices that today would seem unthinkable. Infanticide, the killing of newborns, was routine and viewed as an appropriate way to deal with babies who were illegitimate, unhealthy or simply unwanted.
76) We understand from the passage that the civilizations of Greece and Rome ___________.