Middle School Electives
MIDDLE SCHOOL FRENCH l
• COURSE OVERVIEW: This introductory French Course is for middle school students taking their first course in this language with a goal of mastering French as a second language. Course topics include: Introduction to French; Greetings; Numbers; Vocabulary; Verbs and Verb Conjugations; Currency; Familiar Nouns; Basic Conversation; French Culture;
• Unit 1 In this unit, students are introduced to the French alphabet, as well as to spelling, accents, spelling with accents, and basic pronunciation. They also learn where French came from, how English has been influenced by French, and what cognates are.
• Unit 2 In this unit, students learn greetings -- basic, informal, formal, and introductory, They also learn to say the numbers 0-20, as well as multiples of 10, tens and ones from 20-99, phone numbers, and email addresses.
• Unit 3 In this unit, students study vocabulary focusing on things you might find in a backpack or in a classroom. They also learn the names of classroom objects in plural form, articles, what articles do, and vocabulary focusing on classroom commands and expressions.
• Unit 4 In this unit students are introduced to vocabulary focusing on people in the classroom, pronouns, subject pronouns in french, the verb avoir, and uses for avoir. They also learn negation using pas de, common expressions with avoir, as well as how to talk about color, including color vocabulary, agreement, and placement, and colors as nouns.
• Unit 5 In this unit students gain understanding of vocabulary focused on activities. They learn to express their likes and dislikes, and to talk about activities with jouer. They learn to conjugate and negate er verbs, and to talk about activities with faire, and to use contractions with definite articles à and de, as well as est-ce-que. They learn to express preferences, to use and, but, and or, and to use adverbs of frequency and wellness.
• Unit 6 In this unit, students learn vocabulary having to do with the immediate family and the extended family. They also learn possessive adjectives, how to indicate possession with de, nationalities, and how to use and negate the verb Être.
• Unit 7 In this unit students learn vocabulary having to do with personality, as well as personality descriptions with Être. They also learn to word physical descriptions and to describe themselves and others. In addition, they learn BAGS adjectives their placement, Avoir versus Être, and c'est versus Il est or Elle est.
• Unit 8 In this unit students focus on vocabulary for talking about months and days of the week, as well as writing the date. They learn about using le and the days of the week, as well as French holidays, seasons, and weather expressions. They explore more activities with faire and its conjugations, as well as asking questions with faire, and asking questions with inversion.
• Unit 9 In this unit students learn how to talk about telling time, including hours and minutes, half past, quarter past, and À Quelle Heure. They learn to express opinions about school and to talk about school schedules and subjects, and they learn about culture in French schools.
• Unit 10 In this unit students delve into vocabulary about places in the city. They learn the verb aller and its conjugation, as well as using aller in a sentence, and future proche. They also learn the verb venir and its conjugation, venir de for the recent past, vocabulary for interrogatives, and how to build a question.
• Unit 11 In this unit students are introduced to vocabulary for French meals. They learn breakfast food words and the verb vouloir, lunch food words, the partitive article, and the verb prendre and similar verbs. They also learn words for dinner food, Au Café, and IR verbs and their conjugation.
• Unit 12 In this unit students learn vocabulary for talking about basic and seasonal clothing. They also learn demonstrative, interrogative, and style adjectives, as well as words for accessories, words for describing clothing, and re verbs and their conjugation.
• Unit 13 In this unit students focus on currency. They learn hundreds, thousands, and c'est combien, review ER verbs, and learn le passé compose, and le passé compose with Être.
MIDDLE SCHOOL SPANISH I
• COURSE OVERVIEW: Spanish 1 is a Novice Mid performance level class organized around themes and topics. In this class, students will learn basic vocabulary and grammar concepts. Additionally, students will gain cultural knowledge of Spanish speaking cultures around the globe. Students will learn to communicate with others and talk about a variety of topics such as leisure activities and hobbies, their classes and school life, their families, as well as parties they may plan for various holidays and important dates. This course has been A-G Approved through the University of California.
• Unit 1 – Hola, Como Estas? The first unit in this course provides the basics, including how important the Spanish language is based on the percentage of people in the U.S. who speak it, as well as the countries where Spanish is spoken. Also presented are the Spanish alphabet, spelling, accents, and spelling with accents, cognates and false cognates, how gender affects punctuation, adjectives, and numbers, basic greetings, formal and informal pronouns, emotions and feelings, useful phrases such as “What is your name,” “What is your last name,” “Nice to meet you,” and “Where are you from?” It continues the basics with subject pronouns, the verb ser, farewells, numbers from 0-99 and multiples of 10, phone numbers, email, colors, and agreement and placement of colors.
• Unit 2 – Estar con los Amigos This unit introduces likes and dislikes, beginning with how to ask someone what they like or don’t like to eat and drink, as well as how to respond to these questions, how to tell someone what you like and what you don’t like, and how to use the verb gustar with verbs and with singular and plural nouns. The unit continues by presenting the days of the week and exploring free time activities such as sports, music, study, and hobbies. Also discussed are personality traits, including one’s own as well as those of others; physical characteristics, such as hair and eye color; words for referring to people; and words describing weather.
• Unit 3 – En la Escuela This unit discusses school and time, beginning with classes at school, which is followed by time with classes, telling time with whole numbers and with different hours, asking and providing the time, common time expressions, morning and afternoon/evening words, and ordinal numbers. The discussion continues with frequency, including using and responding to frequency expressions with and without activities. Common school phrases and classroom objects and how to speak casually about class are followed by discussions about location, including asking where someone is going, describing where you are, common locations at school, as well as asking where objects are located, and how to explain where objects or places are. The unit also covers how to conjugate verbs ending in –ar, the words ir and estar, and the expression tener + que.
• Unit 4 – La comida y la familia This unit explores how to talk about food and family, beginning with beverages and dessert, lunch, dinner, and international foods. Next talking about comforts and discomforts are covered, followed by using verbs when speaking about meals, how to ask someone what they eat for different meals, how to tell someone what you eat for specific meals, and common gastronomic verbs. Next is asking about and expressing food and drink preferences, important phrases, and interrogative vocabulary. Following this we turn to the family, learning to describe immediate family members and extended family members, how to ask and express how many people are in a family, how to compare ages, ask someone’s age, and express one’s age. Also discussed are how to talk about the months, how to ask someone when their birthday is and tell someone yours, and how to ask and express today’s date. Also covered are conjugating –er/-ir verbs and interrogative vocabulary. The unit finishes with a discussion of family celebrations, family traditions, and how to ask who is coming to a specific celebration.
• Unit 5 – En la Ciudad This unit focuses on conversations that would occur in connection with a city. It begins with common locations within a city, understanding directions, events that occur in a city, public transportation and talking about going shopping. Next we discuss the verbs saber and conocer, and using ir + a + infinitive. The unit continues with how to ask someone’s plans and express one’s own plans, followed by using preterit tense, asking about or describing weekend activities, how to speak about cold- or warm-weather clothing, formal event-wear, and weather seasons. Also covered are expressing discomforts such as being hot or cold, asking or expressing an item’s cost, stem-changing verbs in the present tense, how to express preferences, describing clothing’s fit, vocabulary in a restaurant, speaking about dinner, ordering food in a restaurant, and the verbs pedir, server, and almorzar. The unit concludes with how to ask what someone is having for lunch and to express what one is having for lunch.
• Unit 6 – En la Casa This unit focuses on the home, or house. First discussed are types of housing, parts of a house, and how to move around in a house. Next parts of a kitchen are covered, followed by household items in the bedroom and the TV room, as well as electronics that would be found in a house. Also explored is the verb hay, followed by practice identifying items in a house, how to speak about household chores, including the preterit tense, the verb necesitar, and asking someone what they need to do. Planning a party is next discussed, followed by talking about what is happening at a party, verbs for planning a party, using preterit tense when planning a party, and the verbs ser and estar.
MIDDLE SCHOOL GERMAN I
• COURSE OVERVIEW: This introductory German course is for students with a goal of mastering German as a second language. Students will study vocabulary, greetings, sentence structure, basic grammar, and gain practical knowledge necessary for real-world conversation. Common everyday scenarios relating to the home and family, activities, school, shopping, making plans, and grocery shopping are all addressed. The instructor will also go over a variety of practices and customs observed in the country of Germany. This course has been A-G Approved through the University of California.
• Unit 1 - Vorschau This introductory unit begins with an overview of german cultures and countries, moving into greetings and goodbyes, the german alphabet, and introduction to spelling in german, numbers 1-10, numbers 11-20, and common classroom objects.
• Unit 2 - Wer bist du? In this unit, students learn the appropriate verbs and introductory grammar used in identifying people, naming other people, ages, subject pronouns, the verb – sein, adjectives, and the common conversational “where are you from?”. This unit concludes with an integrated review.
• Unit 3 - Aktivitäten This unit focuses on Aktivitäten, activities, beginning with an introduction to verb conjugations, verb conjugation practice, more activities, like/don’t like, more verb conjugations, months and seasons, additional times, questions with time and word order. Additionally, this unit delves into opinions, agreeing/disagreeing, extra e verbs, and the formal you. This unit comes to its conclusion with an integrated review to assists in mastery.
• Unit 4 - Mein Haus und meine Familie In this unit students address common questions and discussion relating to where you live, simple foods and drinks, the phrase would like, polite expressions, indefinite articles, furniture, adjectives with furniture, pronouns with furniture, and family members. Also addressed in this unit are Singular possessives, numbers 21-100, sein with ages, colors and descriptions, and the verb – haben.
• Unit 5 - Die Schule This unit introduces students to the concepts of school in German. Concepts addressed include classes, days of the week, recycle the verb haben, sequencing events, gern/nicht gern and lieblings, grades, and reacting to grades. Additionally, this unit addresses school supplies, plural formation of school supplies, kosten and prices, and prices.
• Unit 6 - Klamotten kaufen In this unit of German, students learn about buying clothes, clothing words, vocabulary related to shopping, the definite articles nominativ and accusativ,and indefinite articles nominativ and accusativ. Concepts also addressed in this unit include translation with articles, adjectives with clothes, gefallen with clothes, passen with clothes, object pronouns: nominative and accusative,and separable prefix verbs.
• Unit 7 - Pläne machen This unit focuses on conversations relating to making plans. Specifically addressed are the concepts of how are you?, telling time informally, telling time formally, places in the city, activities in the city, the verb want, word order in two verb sentences, start with time-two verb sentences, and more food and drinks. Additionally, this unit addresses indefinite articles with food, how food tastes, stem changing verbs, verbs with sub-changes, and verbs with stem changes.
• Unit 8 - Zuhause helfen This unit is all about helping at home. Specifically, chores, separable prefix chore verbs, conjugations of chore verbs, how often you do chores, extending and accepting invitations, the verb müssen, the verb können, accusative pronouns after für, subject/direct object pronouns, as well as describing the weather, and describing temperature.
• Unit 9 - Einkaufen gehen In this concluding unit, the practical concepts relating to grocery shopping are addressed. Beginning with vocabulary related to food and stores, the verb sollen, du commands regular, and du commands irregular, vocabulary related to salesperson/customer, fruits and condiments, reasons with denn, reasons with weil, sein in the simple past, and indefinite articles and plurals
MIDDLE SCHOOL HEALTH
• COURSE OVERVIEW: This course was developed in association with Children's Mercy Hospital and is aligned with the National Health Education Standards. Course topics include: Fundamentals of Good Health; Physical Fitness; Basics of Nutrition; Mental and Emotional Well-Being; Personal Hygiene and Consumer Choice; Communicable Diseases; Non-Communicable Diseases; Personal Safety; First Aid; Health and the World Around You;
• Unit 1 In this unit students learn about health and wellness, as well as the components and building blocks of good health. They study factors that affect health, and learn about taking risks and about the consequences they produce. They learn what personal decisions are, and how to make responsible decisions, as well as the steps involved in making decisions. Further, students learn to make short and long-term goals, to take personal responsibility for building their character, and to make good health goals.
• Unit 2 In this unit students learn about major body systems including the skeletal, muscular, musculoskeletal, and cardiovascular systems. They study strength and flexibility, blood circulation and blood types, and sport injuries.
• Unit 3 In this unit students learn to make wise nutrition choices, studying nutrients including carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, as well as vitamins and minerals. They learn how beneficial water is, and the MyPlate system for making good food choices. They further learn how the digestive system works, and how the body removes waste products.
• Unit 4 In this unit students explore how to have good emotional health, beginning with facing the challenges of daily life and having a healthy attitude. They discuss having empathy for others and how to be a good friend. Students investigate positive self-esteem, as well as how to understand and deal with emotions, stress, and discouragement. They learn to use good communication skills, and to build family relationships and friendships.
• Unit 5 In this unit students take a look at conflict and violence in our society, and how they can deal with these situations. They discuss common causes of conflicts, how to understand other viewpoints, communication strategies for dealing with conflict, strategies for being safe in violent conflicts, and how to develop solutions to conflict.
• Unit 6 In this unit students learn about the respiratory and nervous systems. They learn about common diseases of the respiratory system, the effects of tobacco on body systems, and signs of addiction. They learn the parts of the nervous system and the brain, and how to take care of their own nervous system, as well as infections that affect the nervous system. They learn about the effects of alcohol and discuss strategies for beating addiction.
• Unit 7 In this unit students learn about drugs and medicines. They study stimulants and depressants and their effects, as well as drug abuse and the good and bad effects of steroids. They explore the importance of drug awareness.
• Unit 8 In this unit students learn good skin, hair, nail and ear care. They further learn about making good consumer and health care provider choices.
• Unit 9 In this unit students explore changes in our lives, including physical, mental, and emotional changes. They discuss the endocrine system, glands, and hormones, and learn about heredity, genes, and chromosomes, as well as cell division and the stages of life.
• Unit 10 In this unit students learn about the immune system and about nonspecific versus specific responses. They also learn about communicable diseases, and about antibiotics and vaccines. They study colds, flu, chicken pox, measles, mumps, and other types of communicable diseases.
• Unit 11 In this unit students study non-communicable diseases. They learn about allergies and allergens, asthma, and arthritis. They study diabetes, cardiovascular disease, signs and symptoms of heart attacks, and common types of cancer and their treatment.
• Unit 12 In this unit students discuss accident prevention and first aid. They learn about electrical hazards, burns, broken bones and dislocations, bleeding, choking, and CPR.
• Unit 13 In this unit, students explore pollution as it relates to our health and our world. They study air pollution and its effects, water pollution, and the effect of pollution on our Earth.
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