Chapter 14 Lesson 1-3
1. Protestants called their movement of opposition to the Catholic Church
A. the Enlightenment.
B. the Great Schism.
C. the Protestant Revolution.
D. the Reformation.
2. Martin Luther was
A. a Roman pope who created confusion and doubt among followers.
B. a Dutch philosopher who criticized Catholic Church officials for neglecting Christian values.
C. an English priest who questioned the pope's right to levy taxes and appoint Catholic Church officials.
D. a German monk who challenged the authority of the Catholic Church.
3. The term Protestant refers to people who
A. broke with the Catholic Church.
B. broke with the Catholic Church during and after the 16th century.
C. supported the Avignon pope over the Roman pope.
D. supported the selling of indulgences.
4. Martin Luther believed that
A. only the Catholic Church can interpret the Bible.
B. only the pope can absolve a person's sins.
C. people can absolve their sins by buying indulgences.
D. people do not need priests to interpret the Bible.
5. The Catholic Church used the money from indulgences to
A. attract new members.
B. repay debts to local priests.
C. pay local priests.
D. pay for building projects.
6. As a result of the Great Schism,
A. the Catholic Church had more than one pope claiming authority over the Roman Catholic Church.
B. the Catholic Church moved its headquarters from Rome to Avignon.
C. the pope lost his position as the head of the Catholic Church.
D. Protestants broke away from the Catholic Church and formed their own religion.
7. St. Ignatius of Loyola was
A. an Englishman who was executed for opposing the Catholic Church.
B. an Englishman who was executed for opposing Henry VIII's request to divorce his wife.
C. a Spaniard who founded the Society of Jesus.
D. a Spaniard who started the Spanish Inquisition.
8. John Calvin believed in
B. free will.
9. Henry VIII established the Church of England because
A. he accepted the ideas of Martin Luther.
B. he opposed the selling of indulgences.
C. he had always wanted England to become a Protestant country.
D. the pope would not allow him to divorce his wife.
10. The Society of Jesus, or the Jesuits, are
A. Catholics who believed in a strong military.
B. Catholics who played a major role in the Counter Reformation.
C. Protestants who broke with the Catholic Church over the issue of faith in Jesus Christ.
D. Protestants who played a major role in the Reformation.
11. The court that tried people for not holding orthodox Catholic views was called the
A. Counter Reformation.
B. Great Schism.
D. Society of Jesus.
12. John Calvin was
A. an English priest who supported the Counter Reformation.
B. an English philosopher who supported the Reformation.
C. a French priest who established the Society of Jesus.
D. a French reformer who argued Christians could not earn salvation.
13. The Inquisition helped the Catholic Church
A. convert Muslims to Christianity.
B. eliminate sin by all Christians.
C. reestablish much of its power.
D. spread Protestantism throughout Europe.
14. Missionaries are people who
A. go to foreign countries to do religious work.
B. convert to Christianity from another religion.
C. do not believe in Jesus Christ.
D. used to be priests or nuns.
15. A covenant is
A. an agreement.
B. an offer.
C. a message from God.
D. an order from God.
16. The Peace of Westphalia had
A. brought peace to England after almost a century of war with France.
B. ended the Hundred Years' War between England and France.
C. recognized the permanent division of western Europe into Catholic and Protestant nations.
D. recognized the permanent division of France from Spain.
17. Under the theory of federalism, power is
A. held by one strong leader and his supporters.
B. held exclusively by an organization's members.
C. held exclusively by the leadership of an organization.
D. shared between an organization and its members.
18. A convert is someone who
A. accepts orthodox beliefs.
B. adopts a new religion.
C. reaches an agreement with a group of people.
D. rejects orthodox beliefs.
19. During the 16th century, many missionaries worked to
A. convert people in Asia and the Americas to Christianity.
B. educate children in Africa and Asia.
C. fight Protestantism in Europe, Africa, the Americas, and Asia.
D. provide starving people throughout the world with food.
20. During the 1700s, Catholic missionaries had the largest numbers of converts in
B. the Americas.
D. the Philippines.
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