Chapter 8 Vocabulary Quiz
Write the correct term in the space by its definition below. All the terms are used. Make sure to hit submit when you are done!
sensation perception psychophysics absolute threshold Weber's law signal-detection theory
pupil lens retina optic nerve binocular fusion retinal disparity auditory nerve
vestibular system olfactory nerve kinesthesis Gestalt subliminal messages
motion parallax constancy illusions extrasensory perception (ESP)
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1. The experience that comes from organizing bits and pieces of information into meaningful wholes. *
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2. The differences between the images stimulating each eye. *
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3. The smallest change in a physical stimulus that can be detected between the two stimuli. *
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4. The principle that for any change to be detected, a constant proportion of that stimulus must be added or subtracted. *
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5. The opening in the iris that regulates the amount of light entering the eye. *
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6. The nerve that carries the impulses from the retina to the brain. *
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7. The sense of movement and body position. *
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8. Brief auditory or visual messages that are presented below the absolute threshold. *
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9. The nerve that carries smell impulses from the nose to the brain. *
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10. A flexible, elastic, transparent structure in the eye that changes its shape to focus light on the retina. *
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11. An ability to gain information by some means other than the ordinary senses. *
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12. The apparent movement of stationary objects relative to one another that occurs when the observer changes position. *
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13. Perceptions that misrepresent physical stimuli. *
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14. Three semicircular canals that provide the sense of balance, located in the inner ear and connected to the brain by a nerve. *
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15. The process of combining the images received from the two eyes into a single, fused image. *
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16. The innermost coating of the back of the eye. *
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17. What occurs when a stimulus activates a receptor. *
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18. The weakest amount of a stimulus that a person can detect half of the time. *
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19. The study of people's tendencies to make correct judgements in detecting the presence of stimuli. *
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20. The tendency to perceive certain objects in the same way regardless of changing angle, distance, or lighting. *
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21. The nerve that carries impulses from the ear to the inner brain, resulting in the perception of sound. *
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22. The organization of sensory information into meaningful experiences. *
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23. The study of the relationship between sensory experiences and the physical stimuli that cause them. *
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