Read the following passage carefully before you choose your answers.
Your Kentuckian of the present day is a good illustration of the doctrine of transmitted instincts and peculiarities. His fathers were mighty hunters,—men who lived in the woods, and slept under the free, open heavens, with the stars to hold their candles; and their descendant to this day always acts as if the house were his camp,—wears his hat at all hours, tumbles himself about, and puts his heels on the tops of chairs or mantel-pieces, just as his father rolled on the green sward, and put his upon trees and logs,—keeps all the windows and doors open, winter and summer, that he may get air enough for his great lungs,—calls everybody “stranger,” with nonchalant bonhomie, and is altogether the frankest, easiest, most jovial creature living.
Into such an assembly of the free and easy our traveller entered. He was a short, thick-set man, carefully dressed, with a round, good-natured countenance, and something rather fussy and particular in his appearance. He was very careful of his valise and umbrella, bringing them in with his own hands, and resisting, pertinaciously, all offers from the various servants to relieve him of them. He looked round the bar-room with rather an anxious air, and, retreating with his valuables to the warmest corner, disposed them under his chair, sat down, and looked rather apprehensively up at the worthy whose heels illustrated the end of the mantel-piece, who was spitting from right to left, with a courage and energy rather alarming to gentlemen of weak nerves and particular habits.
“I say, stranger, how are ye?” said the aforesaid gentleman, firing an honorary salute of tobacco-juice in the direction of the new arrival.
“Well, I reckon,” was the reply of the other, as he dodged, with some alarm, the threatening honor.
1. About two thirds into the first paragraph, "sward" is best interpreted to mean
2. In the context of the passage, the first paragraph serves primarily to
A indicate that the narrator is an unsympathetic participant
B censure the character of Kentuckians
C establish a character that will be contrasted with that of the traveller
D celebrate the romance of the American frontier
E foreshadow the sinister events about to take place
3. In the second paragraph, the series of three sentences beginning with "He" serves to
A reveal a congenial relationship
B explore a character's motivations
C accumulate suspenseful images
D reiterate an ominous warning
E develop a humorous contrast
4. In the series of comparisons in the first paragraph, “trees and logs" are analogous to which of these contained in the same paragraph?
A "heels" (sentence 2)
B "chairs or mantel-pieces" (sentence 2)
C "windows and doors" (sentence 2)
D "winter and summer" (sentence 2)
E "great lungs" (sentence 2)
5. Near the end of the first paragraph, the phrase "nonchalant bonhomie" is best understood to mean
A unspoken greeting
B fluent speech
C native intelligence
D meddlesome intimacy
E casual friendliness
6. Near the end of the second paragraph, "illustrated" most nearly means
7. The behavior of the traveller with regard to his “valise and umbrella” (third sentence of paragraph 2) is used as
A an example of the traveller’s fastidious character
B a sign of the traveller’s desire to remain inconspicuous
C an explanation of the traveller’s role in the story
D a warning about the lure of material possessions
E a reminder of the hostile atmosphere in the room
8. The first sentence of the passage served to
A provide a theoretical frame for the description that follows
B introduce the regional dialect spoken by the characters
C evoke nostalgic images of a simpler, more innocent time
D Contrast a technical idiom with informal speech
E establish the tone and mood of the scene
9. The narrator accounts for the behavior of present-day Kentuckians by
A explaining that it is a response to a changing environment
B evoking philosophical doctrines of free will
C referencing fate and the power of the stars
D claiming that it has been inherited
E acknowledging the complex influences that caused it
10. The narrator’s attitude toward the “aforesaid gentleman” (third paragraph) is best characterized as
A unbounded admiration
B amused indulgence
C feigned indifference
D overt contempt
E stunned disbelief
11. The phrase “with the stars to hold their candles” (second sentence) is used to suggest that the “men” (earlier in the same sentence)
A were too proud to acknowledge a higher power
B lived without the benefit of artificial illumination
C were independent minded and did not ask others for help
D cursed those who suffered under the shackles of civilization
E exploited nature without worrying about the consequences
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