A concussion is type of traumatic brain injury that interferes with normal function of the brain. It occurs when the brain is rocked back and forth or twisted inside the skull as a result of a blow to the head or body. What may appear to be only a mild jolt or blow to the head or body can result in a concussion.
Recognition and Management
Parents and coaches are not expected to be able to “diagnose” a concussion. That is the role of an appropriate health-care professional. However, you must be aware of the signs, symptoms and behaviors of a possible concussion, and if you suspect that an athlete may have a concussion, then he or she must be immediately removed from all physical activity.
SYMPTOMS REPORTED BY ATHLETE
HeadacheNauseaBalance problems or dizzinessDouble or fuzzy visionSensitivity to light or noiseFeeling sluggishFeeling foggy or groggyConcentration or memory problemsConfusion
SIGNS OBSERVED BY PARENTS, FRIENDS, TEACHERS OR COACHES
Appears dazed or stunnedIs confused about what to doForgets playsIs unsure of game, score, or opponentMoves clumsilyAnswers questions slowlyLoses consciousnessShows behavior or personality changesCan’t recall events prior to hitCan’t recall events after hit
When you suspect that a player has a concussion, follow the “Heads Up” 4-step Action Plan.1. Remove the athlete from play.2. Ensure that the athlete is evaluated by an appropriate health-care professional.3. Inform the athlete’s parents or guardians and the League President about the possible concussion and give them information on concussion.4. Keep the athlete out of play the day of the injury and until an appropriate health-care professional says he or she is symptom-free and gives the okay to return to activity.
What to do in an Emergency
Although rare, there are some situations where you will need to call 911 and activate the Emergency Medical System (EMS). The following circumstances are medical emergencies:
1. Any time an athlete has a loss of consciousness of any duration. While loss of consciousness is not required for a concussion to occur, it may indicate more serious brain injury.2. If an athlete exhibits any of the following: decreasing level of consciousness, looks very drowsy or cannot be awakened, if there is difficulty getting his or her attention, irregularity in breathing, severe or worsening headaches, persistent vomiting, or any seizures.
Return to Play
After suffering a concussion, no athlete will return to play or practice on that same day.
Before an athlete can “Return to Participate” he or she must meet the all of the following:No longer exhibits signs, symptoms, or behaviors of a concussion,Cleared to return to activity by a health-care professional,Obtain clearance from the League President.
All members of this League, board Members, Coaches, Officials and Parents have a shared responsibility to enforce this policy. The outcome of a game has no significance when it comes to the long term health of our young athletes.
Definition of a PracticePractices are defined as skill sessions, film viewing, conditioning, scrimmaging, and any gathering by the team for any football purpose.
Length of Practices1. Prior to the beginning of the school's academic school year practices will be limited to no more than five (5) days and ten (10) hours of practice per week.2. After the start of the Academic school year Practices will be limited to no more than three (3) days and six (6) hours per week. 3. Actual practice time will be organized not to exceed two (2) hours in length. During practices, for each hour of activity, it is mandatory for the coach to give one ten (10) minute break.
Required Conditioning1. Each player must participate in, and the Head Coach must document, six (6) hours of Helmet and Mouth Guard only practice prior to practicing with full pads on.
2. Each player must participate in and the head Coach must document, four (4) hours of Full Pads Conditioning only practice prior to Contact. A player may contact Blocking Bags during this period of conditioning. For Example: Helmet and Mouth Guard conditioning practice on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Conduct Draft if applicable, Thursday and Friday Full Pads conditioning practice.
3. No player may have live contact with another player until the ten (10) hours of conditioning has been met.
4. All players, regardless of when they join the team, must meet the requirements of this section.
5. A credit of one (1) hour of Helmet and Mouth Guard only practice may be granted if practice is missed to actively participate in an organized soccer game.
Coach’s responsibility at practiceAt least one coach must be present during every practice and must remain until all players have been picked up after practice.
Out of Class practicesThere will be no “out of class” practices between Youth Junior Teams and Youth Senior Teams.
Player Combines for Split TeamsTeams that split will be allowed to do player evaluation sessions on Thursday and or Friday the week prior to the start of regular season practice.This time will not be counted toward the 10 hours of conditioning.The Player Draft must be completed by the end of day the following Monday.
1. Each player will be guaranteed a minimum of 12 plays per game, 3 plays in each quarter.
2. Each player must start either on an offensive series, a defensive series or on special teams provided they have met the conditions of Section C below.
Section B. Teams with 22 or less players at game time:
2. Each player must start either on offense or defense series provided they have met the conditions of Section C below.
Section C. Exceptions to the All Play Rule
The amount of game playing time is directly related to the number of practices attended and the active participation in practice during the preceding week's practice. If a player is absent from a practice, and notifies the coach prior to practice, with a reasonable excuse he or she will not be penalized. Unexcused absences, goofing off during a practice or a fear of playing will not guarantee the player the amount of plays listed in this Article. The Head Coach must document this reduction and notify the parent prior to the game.
1.No weight restriction for the kicker and holder since this is a dead ball kick.2.The field goal kick attempt is considered a dead ball play and a team must notify the White Hat Official of their field goal attempt. Youth Junior teams cannot fake a field goal kick.3.The official shall then give the defensive team time to get into formation prior to kicking the ball.4.The ball will be long snapped from the center.5.The ball must be kicked within 5 seconds from the time of the snap.6.The offensive or defensive players are not allowed to cross the line of scrimmage during the kick attempt.7.The Defensive Team players may stand with their hands in the air or jump in an attempt to block the kick, but at no time shall they cross the line of scrimmage.8.If the holder has to leave his or her normal position due to a fumbled snap or to chase a snap, the attempt is over and no points are awarded. Rising to catch a high snap is considered a normal position.9.If the field goal attempt ball breaks the plane of the goal line but does not pass through the goal post uprights the ball will change possession and be placed on the 20 yard line. If the field goal attempt ball does not cross the plane of the goal line the ball will change possession and be placed at the spot of the defense taking possession.
High Risk Indicators - Must Call
Launching - A player leaving his feet to attack an opponent by an upward and forward thrust of the body to make contact in the head or neck area.Thrusting - A crouch followed by an upward and forward thrust to attack with contact at the head or neck area even though one or both feet are still on the ground. Leading with helmet, forearm, fist, hand or elbow to attack with contact at the head or neck area.Hitting with the Crown of the Helmet - Lowering the head before attacking by initiating contact with the crown of the helmet.
Low Risk Indicators
Heads-up tackle in which the crown of the helmet does not strike above the shoulders.Wrap-up tackle.Head is to the side rather than being used to initiate contact.Incidental helmet contact that is not part of targeting but is due to the players changing position during the course of play.
Our Youth Officials are not there to answer questions or to inform the Coaches on the reason for their call.
A coach will always keep the health and welfare of players foremost and remove from a game any injured player.A coach will always strive to set the example for his players on and off the field.A coach will not use any Tobacco product on the practice field or on the sidelines during games.A coach will not berate a player in front of teammates, parents or fans.A coach will not berate or criticize game officials and will accept their decisions as fair.A coach will not run up the score on a weaker opponent.A coach will not incite fans or spectators into actions unbecoming to the game of football.A coach will not use alcohol on the practice and game fields and will not be under the effects of alcohol while actively coaching.A coach will encourage scholastics on and off the field.A coach will follow the parameters of the Anti-Substance Abuse Rule and see that it’s carried out faithfully and that all players understand its importance.A coach will not use ineligible players and will take responsibility for having proper and legal documents on each player.A coach will make sure that all players play the required number of plays under the All Play Rule.A coach will follow the rules and regulations of this League.All Coaches report directly to their Area Vice-President and must respect the authority of the Area Vice-President.All Coaches must complete the following in order to be on the sideline during a game or help out at practice: USA Football Youth Tackle Certification Course Online Coaches Application Coaches League Policy Certification
Per Michigan State Law no coach may participate in any League activities unless a Concussion Training Certificate is on file with the League Secretary.