Grade 2
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ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS / READING
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• Course Overview: This Grade 2 Language Arts/Reading course builds core language arts and reading skills with opportunities for students to engage with different types of texts and writing structures.
• Unit 1 – Personal Narrative This unit discusses personal narratives, including the elements of character, setting, plot, main ideas, details, description, cause and effect, and summary. Recognizing and writing a personal narrative are also discussed, as well as writing friendly letters and journal entries. In addition, sentences are covered, including subjects and predicates, statements, questions, commands, exclamations, and combining sentences. Spelling and vocabulary are also included.
• Unit 2 – HowTo Article This unit discusses reading strategies including rereading for comprehension, making predictions, reading ahead, and making inferences. Also discussed are plural, proper, and possessive nouns, spelling and vocabulary, and writing a report about a friend, writing directions, writing a report about an experience, writing a thank you letter, and writing a biography.
• Unit 3 – Persuasive Writing This unit covers reading strategies including visualizing and drawing conclusions, and discusses author's purpose, alliteration, onomatopoeia, and folktales. Also covered are writing an advertisement, writing a personal narrative story, writing a narrative with conversations, writing a persuasive letter, and writing a descriptive poem. Vocabulary and spelling are also included, as well as grammar spotlights on action verbs, pasttense verbs, and using the word have.
• Unit 4 – Expository Composition This unit presents grammar spotlights on linking verbs, helping verbs, irregular verbs, and contractions. It discusses reading strategies including using context clues, illustrations, sequence of events, analysis of text structure, and distinguishing fantasy and reality. Also discussed are how to write a strong paragraph, an expository composition, and an expository letter. Helping verbs, irregular verbs, and contractions, spelling and vocabulary are also included.
• Unit 5 – Realistic Fiction This unit discusses writing a howto poster, writing a sequence of events, writing to tell a story, writing with a variety of words, and writing a book report. It also covers reading strategies for comprehension including summarizing and drawing conclusions, recognizing suffixes and prefixes, thinking and comparing, and making inferences. Grammar spotlights include the pronouns I, me, we, and us along with possessive pronouns, homophones, contractions, and pronounverb agreement. Also included are spelling and vocabulary.
• Unit 6 – Compare and Contrast Composition This unit discusses vocabulary and spelling, adjectives, articles, synonyms, antonyms, comparative adjectives, and adverbs. It also covers generating questions, understanding inflected nouns, discovering problems and solutions, visualizing cause and effect, and developing comprehension, as well as writing a summary, writing an expository essay, and writing to compare/contrast.
MATH
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• Course Overview: This Grade 2 Math course emphasizes baseten notation, fluency with addition and subtraction, using standard units of measure, and describing and analyzing shapes.
• Unit 1  Addition Facts I In this unit students review addition. They discuss adding and counting on, and reallife applications of counting on. They are introduced to doubles facts, and they review doubles and near doubles. They also practice sums of two and three.
• Unit 2  Addition Facts II In this unit students learn about making a ten and adding a zero. They also study changing the order of addends and realworld applications of math facts. They practice addition word problems, adding three numbers, and sums of two, three, and four.
• Unit 3  Subtraction Facts In this unit students review subtraction. They practice subtraction word problems, counting back, counting back and forth, and sums of two, four, and five.
• Unit 4  Addition and Subtraction I In this unit students learn about using partpartwhole diagrams for addition and for subtraction. They study using addition to find differences, and they are introduced to identifying missing addends. They explore reallife applications of finding missing parts, finding the difference, and finding the missing number. They also practice sums of three, four, five, six, and seven.
• Unit 5  Place Value I In this unit students investigate tens and ones, and come to understand place value. The learn about the expanded form of numbers, and number words to 100. They practice sums of five, six, and eight.
• Unit 6  Exploring Patterns In this unit students learn to compare numbers, learn about rounding to the nearest ten and about counting by tens, and learn what odd and even numbers are. They study number patterns on hundred charts and skip counting by ten from any number, and they practice sums of two, six, seven, eight, and nine.
• Unit 7  Twodigit Addition I In this unit students discover twodigit addition. They learn to regroup when adding, and study modeling and recording twodigit addition. They practice twodigit addition, and learn about rewriting twodigit addition. They also practice sums of three, four, seven, eight, nine, and ten.
• Unit 8  Twodigit Addition II In this unit students explore mental math with addtiong tens. They practice twodigit addition and learn to add three twodigit numbers and four twodigit numbers, and to count by twos. They explore reallife applications of adding three numbers, and practice more twodigit addition. They also practice sums of five, eight, nine, ten, eleven, and twelve.
• Unit 9  Twodigit Subtraction I In this unit students learn to regroup when subtracting, as well as modeling and recording twodigit subtraction and counting by fives. They practice twodigit subtraction and sums of six, ten, eleven, twelve, and thirteen.
• Unit 10  Twodigit Subtraction II In this unit students practice twodigit subtraction and rewriting twodigit subtraction. They explore realworld applications of twodigit subtraction and learn to check subtraction using addition. They practice sums of seven, eleven, twelve, thirteen, and fourteen.
• Unit 11  Addition and Subtraction II In this unit students learn to do mental math by subtracting tens. They learn to count by tens and they practice twodigit addition and subtraction. They practice counting by twos and explore solving realworld situations, including twostep realworld situations. They practice sums of eight, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, and fifteen. After this unit students are presented with the MidTerm Exam.
• Unit 12  Collect and Graph Data In this unit students discover graphs. They learn to take a survey and practice counting by fives. They learn about bar graphs, pictographcs, and line plots, and they practice sums of two, nine, fifteen, and sixteen.
• Unit 13  Money In this unit students explore money and learning to count it. They learn to count pennies, nickles, and dimes, and gain understanding of the value of dimes, nickles, and pennies, as well as half dollars and quarters. They discuss coins, and learn to count half dollars and quarters. They practice counting money and learn about dollars. They practice money word problems using cents and using dollars. They also practice sums of three, nine, ten, eleven, sixteen, and seventeen.
• Unit 14  Time In this unit students are introduced to telling time. They learn to tell time to 15 minutes, and then to 5 minutes. They practice telling time, and learn about time in a.m. and in p.m. They practice sums of four, twelve, seventeen, and nineteen.
• Unit 15  Geometry  Plane and Solid Figures In this unit students learn to identify plane figures. They gain understanding of the sides and vertices of plane figures, learn to combine plane figures, learn to separate plane figures, and learn about congruent plane figures. Next, students learn to identify solid figures. They examine the relationship between plane figures and solid figures. They practice sums of five, eleven, and eighteen.
• Unit 16  Exploring Length I In this unit students investigate inches, feet, yards, and miles. They learn to estimate length using US Customary Units. Next, they explore centimeters and meters, and learn to estimate using the metric system. They practice sums of six, seven, eight, fourteen, and fifteen.
• Unit 17  Exploring Length II In this unit students are introduced to measuring tapes. They learn to find the difference between two lengths and they practice word problems about length. They explore reallife applications of length and line plots, and they are introduced to area. They practice sums of nine, sixteen, and seventeen.
• Unit 18  Exploring Fractions In this unit students are introduced to fractions. They learn about one equal part, and about comparing fractions. They come to understand numerators, denominators, and fractions to describe one whole. They also practice sums of three, ten, eleven, and eighteen.
• Unit 19  Place Value II In this unit students discuss hundreds, as well as how ones, tens, and hundreds relate to each other. They learn to identify place value and study number words to 1000. They explore the expanded form of threedigit numbers, comparing threedigit numbers, and counting by fives and tens. They practice sums of four, five, six, twelve, thirteen, and fourteen.
• Unit 20  ThreeDigit Addition In this unit students learn to skipcount by hundreds and to do mental math adding 100. They learn to regroup ones and tens in threedigit addition and they practice threedigit addition. They practice sums of seven, eight, fifteen, and sixteen.
• Unit 21  ThreeDigit Subtraction In this unit students gain understanding of using mental math for subtracting 100. They learn to regroup tens and hundreds in threedigit subtraction, and they practice threedigit addition and subtraction. They practice sums of nine, ten, and seventeen.
• Unit 22  Introduction to Multiplication In this unit students learn to skipcount to find a total, and then learn how addition is related to multiplication. They learn to multiply using an array, and practice sums of fourteen and eighteen. After this unit, students are presented with the Final Exam
SCIENCE
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• Course Overview: The Grade 2 Science course investigates animal life, plant life, weather, water, and physics, as well as technology and astronomy. Engaging oncamera experiments and examples help deepen students' understanding of the concepts presented. Course topics include: Plants and Animals, Food Chains and Life Cycles, Earth's Resources, Weather and Seasons, Matter, Energy, Forces, Motion and Sound, Space and Technology
• Unit 1 – Plants This unit discusses the parts of plants, plants' need for water, how different seeds look and work, plants that have flowers and plants that do not, plant adaptations for woodlands, prairies, deserts, and marshes, and how plant parts can be used to grow a complete plant.
• Unit 2 – Animals This unit covers animals with backbones – including mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and fish – and animals without backbones. Live insects are displayed and described, and classification is introduced.
• Unit 3 – Food Chains and Life Cycles This unit discusses the concept of producers and consumers, food chains in grasslands and oceans, how plants and animals help each other and how yeast makes bread rise. Life cycles are also explained, with examples of Monarch Butterflies, the American Robin, the Redfooted Tortoise, and Bean Plants.
• Unit 4 – Earth's Resources This unit discusses natural resources such as rocks, soil, and plants. It explores how earth changes and how people can protect the earth. It also covers fossils, dinosaurs, and erosion.
• Unit 5 – Weather and Seasons This unit discusses different kinds of weather, including the four seasons, thunderstorms, tornadoes, and hurricanes, as well as unusual weather events and the water cycle.
• Unit 6 – Matter This unit discusses the properties and states of matter, how matter changes and can be mixed and separated, how temperature can change matter, and how chemical reactions work.
• Unit 7 – Energy This unit discusses solar energy, heat energy, and light energy, etc, as well as how light can be changed, as well as shadows and electricity.
• Unit 8 – Forces, Motion, and Sound This unit discusses force, motion, and work, gravity, simple machines, magnets, and sound.
• Unit 9 – Space This unit discusses the sun, the way earth's rotation creates day and night, how the seasons change, the moon and the planets in our solar system. Also covered are the stars, the constellations, shooting stars, space rocks, and space exploration.
• Unit 10 – Technology This unit discusses what technology is and how it can help us in transportation, in health, communication, meteorology, robotics, and energy.
HISTORY / SOCIAL STUDIES
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• Course Overview: The Grade 2 Social Studies course begins to explore how the student fits in the world as a member of a community, a country, and the world. It introduces maps and discusses how industry and government work in the U.S.A. Grade 2 Social Studies presents US History from the early Native America
• Unit 1 – Where Do You Live? This unit discusses places where people live, how people form groups, what neighborhoods are, rules and laws, voting, how citizens care about the people around them, what communities are, reading a map, and how time changes communities. Also covered are urban, suburban, and rural areas, your country and state, where we are in the world, and other countries in the world. Also included is a biography of Eleanor Roosevelt.
• Unit 2 – Planet Earth This unit discusses cause and effect, landforms and water, using a map, the words similar and different, how food goes from the farm to the consumer, how produce is grown, using natural resources, using bar graphs, taking care of the Earth, and what responsibility is. Also included are biographies of James Dole and Rachel Carson.
• Unit 3 – Working Hard This unit discusses predicting the order of events, handling money, making important decisions, being diligent, using diagrams, how goods go from the factory to the consumer, how to use a compass rose, different ways to make and use money, using pie charts, how countries trade, how bartering works, and what riddles are. Also included are biographies of Clara Barton and Woody Johnson.
• Unit 4 – The USA This unit discusses the concept of the main idea, the local, state, and federal governments, respect, using a table, voting, our leaders and lawmakers, freedom, using a map to locate a place, and flags. Also included are biographies of Hiram Rhodes Revels and Susan B. Anthony.
• Unit 5 – The History of Our Country This unit discusses ordering events, Native American tribes, honesty, the English Colonies, distances on a map, Independence Day, how our country expanded, a timeline of our country's history, and the civil war. Also included are biographies of John Paul Jones and Harriet Tubman.
• Unit 6 – Study the Past This unit covers remembering details, immigrants, courage, American holidays and landmarks, holidays around the world, calendars, ancient artifacts and inventions, using diagrams, communication, and using stories to help communicate. Also included are biographies of Maya Lin and Robert Fulton. n period to the Civil War and finishes with an introduction to world history.
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