2SynFuel survey
The 2SynFuel Project wants to build-up, operate and demonstrate the production of synthetic fuels and green hydrogen from organic biomass, mainly from sewage sludge, by the integration of a new technology process. As a result, the project will produce fully equivalent gasoline and diesel substitute and green hydrogen for use in road transport. This project will be the platform for the deployment of the first pre-commercial scale facility of the technology processing up to 2,100 T/year of dried sewage sludge into 210,000 L/year of liquid biofuels, contributing towards 35 million tonnes of greenhouse gas (GHG) savings and diversion from organic waste from landfill.
You can find more information in the project webpage: http://www.tosynfuel.eu/
Age
Gender
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Education
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Country
Do you drive?
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If you have a car, which fuel does your car use?
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How much would you say you know about biofuels?
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What do you think biofuels are?
Please choose agree or disagree on each definition
Agree
Desagree
Fuels produced directly or indirectly from organic material (biomass), including plants materials and animal waste
Fuels generated from organisms or by organisms
Biofuels can’t be used in an unprocessed form for example for heating, cooking or electricity production
Fuels that could be used in transport and industrial processes, as liquid biofuels, from processing of biomass
Ethanol and Biodiesel are biofuels
Fuels that are always derived from agricultural crops (including conventional food plants) or from special energy crops
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How much would you say you know about synthetic fuels?
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What do you think synthetic fuels are?
Please choose agree or disagree on each definition
Agree
Disagree
Fuels produced by a combination of chemical and physical means that convert carbon from coal or biomass into liquid or gaseous fuels
A liquid or gaseous fuel, obtained from syngas (a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen), in which the syngas was derived from gasification of solid feedstock such as coal or biomass or by reforming of natural gas
Synthetic fuels cannot be produced 100% by using biomass feedstock
Synthetic fuel and biofuel are the same
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Which of the following raw materials are more sustainable to produce synthetic fuels?
Please put numbers from 1 (most sustainable) to 6 (less sustainable)
1
2
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6
Agricultural wastes
Crop plants (e.g. maize)
Sewage sludge
Coal
Microalgae (crop)
Cooking oil
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Do you think that synthetic fuels can substitute conventional fuels (gasoline and diesel) in transport?
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The substitution of conventional fuels which are derived from fossil fuels by synthetic fuels derived from waste from biomass actually bring improvements in…
Yes
No
Climate change mitigation
Air quality, especially in cities
Reduction of the generation of waste from biomass
Increase of biomass production
Circular economy model
Technological innovation in car/transport industry
New jobs
Land use reduction
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Which of the following sentences define best the main problems related to synthetic fuels for their market implementation?
Please put numbers from 1 (best definition) to 8 (worst definition)
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8
Technology needed is too complex
Important economic investments in technology and R+D are needed
Not enough feedstocks are available to produce the synthetic fuels
Lack of policy to promote the use of sustainable synthetic fuels
Lack of policy adequacy to solve current barriers to fully implement the use of sustainable synthetic fuels
The market convenience of having competence among different types of fuels disadvantages the market penetration of synthetic fuels
Distrust in safety aspects when consuming synthetic fuels
Distrust in quality aspects that may arise from synthetic fuels
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Do you think that synthetic fuels derived from waste from biomass are more sustainable than conventional fuels (gasoline and diesel)?
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Do you think that synthetic fuels derived from biomass and specially, from waste from biomass, are more environmentally and socially sustainable than conventional fuels (gasoline and diesel)?
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Would you be willing to use synthetic fuels derived from waste from biomass in your vehicle?
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Would you be willing to pay more to a more environmentally and socially sustainable fuel?
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