Integrated Skills Program 2
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L5T2G - Learning more about a mystery
In this lesson, you're going to learn more about the mystery of the Nazca Lines.
Task One: What do you remember about the mystery? Answer the quiz questions.
1. Which country are the Nazca Lines in?
2. How old are some of the Nazca Lines?
More than 10,000 years old
More than 5,000 years old
More than 2,000 years old
3. Where do the lines' colours come from?
The rocks that were used to scratch the surface
The light sand under dark rocks
Rainfall in the area
4. What do some people think the lines are landing strips for?
hot air ballons
5. What may the Nazca people have been asking their sky gods for?
Task Two: Click on the link. Watch the video about today's mystery.
Task Three: Watch the video and practise saying the words.
Task Four: Write the words under the pictures.
Task Five: Read the text about the mystery and choose the best answers to the questions.
A desert in Peru, South America, was once home to a mysterious civilization called the Nazca. People who 1,200 years ago disappeared from history. From the ground, the Nazca Lines just look like shallow rows of earth. To see them properly, you need to completely different perspective. You need to go up into the sky.
1. When did the Nazca civilization disappear?
200 years ago
1,000 years ago
1,200 years ago
2,000 years ago
For the air, you can see the Nazca Lines are massive geoglyphs, the largest ever made. It was only when airplanes pilot started flying over this part of Peru that anyone had a clue they existed. From a plane, you can see lines that cover more than 125 square miles, and form over 1,000 geometric shapes: enormous rectangles trapezoids hundreds of yards wide and thousands of yards long.
2. How many geometric shapes are made by the Nazca Lines?
One central mystery that has been solved is: how the lines were made. It’s actually not that hard. Without using modern tools, you can draw the spiral that makes up the tail of the famous monkey design. You can use pretty simple tools: a big paddle, some pegs in the middle and a string which gives the right distance that you need to create the spiral.
3. Which famous design does the text mention?
One of the great remaining mysteries is how these delicate lines managed survive intact. It’s because of the climate. The area gets only 15 minutes of rain a year and the wind is so little that it doesn’t blow the dust onto the lines to cover them up. Also, there isn’t much human activity in the desert, so the lines have survived for all this time.
4. Why have the lines survived for so long?
The area is so dry.
People make new ones.
A lot of people live near them.
The law protects them.
But none of this answers why they were constructed. This is where the unusual theories come in. One theory is that the lines were constructed to signal visitors from other planets and as runways for their spaceships. Looking down at them from the air, does seem vaguely possible. While it is fun to think that aliens have something to do with the creation of the Nazca Lines, and it isn’t possible to prove or disprove, I don't believe it. My biggest problem with the UFO theory is that it assumes that the Nazcan people didn't have the intelligence or the desire to create these lines.
5. What does the writer say about the theory that aliens made the Nazca Lines?
He can prove that it isn’t true.
It’s fun but he doesn’t believe it.
Nobody believes it nowadays.
He’s sure that it’s true.
Task Six: Sam is asking Jennifer about the mystery. Choose the best answers for Jennifer.
Sam: Which country are the Nazca Lines in?
They're very interesting.
They’re in Peru.
They show animals and other designs.
Sam: How old are some of the Nazca Lines?
There are hundreds of them.
They’re over 2,000 years old.
They can be made with simple tools.
Sam: How did people make the Nazca Lines?
Hundreds of people probably made them.
They made them to ask for rain.
They made them by scratching the soil with rocks.
Sam: Why do you think people made the Nazca Lines?
I think they made them as art.
I think they look cool.
I think the same people made lots of different designs.
Sam: Would you like to visit the Nazca Lines?
I think you can see them on airplane tours of the desert.
Yes, because they look really interesting.
Thousands of people go to see them every year.
Task Seven: Watch the video and answer the questions with your own ideas.
Click the link below to see a pdf of this lesson.
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