Integrated Skills Program 2
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L6T2J - Learning about a hot topic
In this lesson, we're going to learn and talk about animal experiments.
Task One: Read the text about today's topic. Answer the questions.
Animal testing happens daily in every country. In the UK, new drugs must be tested on at least two different species of live mammal. The number of experiments happening today is about half the figure in the 1970s.
1. How many animal experiments happen today compared to in the 1970s?
about the same number
In the UK alone, there are nearly 3 million experiments a year. About 80% of these are for medicine and medicinal research. Most of the others are for safety testing.
2. What is the reason for 80% of animal experiments in the UK?
Medicine and medicinal research
Testing soaps and shampoos
Behaviour and psychological testing
Most of the animals used in testing (84%) are rodents like rats and rabbits. Fish and amphibians make up 12%. The remaining 4% are mammals like cats, dogs, and monkeys. It is illegal in the UK to test on great apes like chimpanzees and orangutans.
3. Which animals are used most in testing?
Experts believe that the amount of testing on animals is likely to increase in the future. This is because new drugs that fight complicated diseases like Alzheimer’s work in very specific ways.
4. Will there probably be more or less animal testing in the future?
The new generations of drugs will need to be tested on more mammals, especially monkeys. This is because the brain structure of monkeys and humans is quite similar.
5. Why will monkeys be used to test more drugs in the future?
Because of their blood
Because of their brains
Because they suffer from particular viruses
Dan Logan has a weekly podcast called Hot Topic. In it, he talks about topics of interest.
Task Two: Listen to the introduction to Dan's podcast and complete the sentences below.
Arguments FOR banning animal experiments
1. Many animals _____ because of experiments.
are cured of diseases
live longer lives
suffer and die
2. Drugs may pass animal tests but be ________ for humans.
3. Some animal experiments are done for _____ .
cosmetics and perfumes
medicines that only help a few people
Arguments AGAINST banning animal experiments
1. Drugs tested on animals can _____ many humans.
2. Doing experiments on _____ is not ethical.
3. Most scientists and doctors _____ experimenting on animals.
don't know about
Task Three: Sam is asking Jennifer about the topic. Choose the best answers for Jennifer.
Sam: What is the reason for most animal experiments?
Most of them are for medical research.
Most of them are done on smaller animals.
Most of them happen in countries that have big universities.
Sam: Which animals do you think it’s OK to experiment on?
I think it's OK for medicines but not other reasons.
I think it’s OK to experiment on insects and fish.
I don't think we should experiment on all animals.
Sam: Which animals do you think people shouldn’t experiment on?
I don't think they should kill animals in the experiments.
I don't think they should test weapons on animals.
I don’t think they should experiment on dogs and monkeys.
Sam: Why are many people against experiments on animals?
They make videos to inform the public about the experiments.
A lot of animal rights activists are against the experiments.
Because animals suffer and die in the experiments.
Sam: Do you think that testing on animals should be banned?
No, because I think it’s necessary.
That's a good idea, but how can it do that?
Some people agree with it and others don't.
Task Four: Watch the video and answer the questions with your own ideas.
Click the link below to see a pdf of this lesson.
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