Integrated Skills Program 2
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L6T2J - Learning about a hot topic
In this lesson, we're going to learn and talk about animal experiments.
Task One: Read the text about today's topic. Answer the questions.
Animal testing happens daily in every country. In the UK, new drugs must be tested on at least two different species of live mammal. The number of experiments happening today is about half the figure in the 1970s.
1. How many animal experiments happen today compared to in the 1970s?
Clear selection
In the UK alone, there are nearly 3 million experiments a year. About 80% of these are for medicine and medicinal research. Most of the others are for safety testing.
2. What is the reason for 80% of animal experiments in the UK?
Clear selection
Most of the animals used in testing (84%) are rodents like rats and rabbits. Fish and amphibians make up 12%. The remaining 4% are mammals like cats, dogs, and monkeys. It is illegal in the UK to test on great apes like chimpanzees and orangutans.
3. Which animals are used most in testing?
Clear selection
Experts believe that the amount of testing on animals is likely to increase in the future. This is because new drugs that fight complicated diseases like Alzheimer’s work in very specific ways.
4. Will there probably be more or less animal testing in the future?
Clear selection
The new generations of drugs will need to be tested on more mammals, especially monkeys. This is because the brain structure of monkeys and humans is quite similar.
5. Why will monkeys be used to test more drugs in the future?
Clear selection
Dan Logan has a weekly podcast called Hot Topic. In it, he talks about topics of interest.
Task Two: Listen to the introduction to Dan's podcast and complete the sentences below.
Arguments FOR banning animal experiments
1. Many animals _____ because of experiments.
2. Drugs may pass animal tests but be ________ for humans.
3. Some animal experiments are done for _____ .
Arguments AGAINST banning animal experiments
1. Drugs tested on animals can _____ many humans.
2. Doing experiments on _____ is not ethical.
3. Most scientists and doctors _____ experimenting on animals.
Task Three: Sam is asking Jennifer about the topic. Choose the best answers for Jennifer.
Sam: What is the reason for most animal experiments?
Clear selection
Sam: Which animals do you think it’s OK to experiment on?
Clear selection
Sam: Which animals do you think people shouldn’t experiment on?
Clear selection
Sam: Why are many people against experiments on animals?
Clear selection
Sam: Do you think that testing on animals should be banned?
Clear selection
Task Four: Watch the video and answer the questions with your own ideas.
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