Hawks, harriers, kites and eagles conservation: an interview
The goal of this interview is to know your viewpoints about Hawks, harriers, kites and eagles (Accipitriformes excluding vultures) conservation
Which of the following situations represent the ideal goal of harriers, kites and eagles conservation? Please select all that apply.
Recovering populations to significant parts of their historical ranges
Re-establishing populations to the point they can fulfill their ecological functions
Managing populations that sustainably support multiple benefits to people
Maintaining minimum viable populations
Re-establishing self-regulating populations
Which of the following areas are appropriate for harriers, kites and eagles to inhabit? Please select all that apply.
Private lands WITHOUT domestic animals present
Private lands WITH domestic animals present
Multi-use public lands (e.g., recreation, grazing activities)
What drives conflict over hawks...eagles conservation? Please select all that apply.
Unequal power among stakeholders
Mistrust between decision-makers and locals
Lack of transparency in decision processes
Fear of hawks and eagles
Competition with hunters for wild prey
Risks posed by hawks and eagles to human safety (e.g. Harpy Eagle Harpy attacking kids, hawks and eagles crashing with planes)
Misunderstanding attitudes of others
Predation on domestic livestock
To what extent do you agree or disagree that humans, and hawks...eagles can share the same landscapes?
Which of these ecosystem processes/services involve hawks...eagles? Please select all that apply.
Relevant links among ecosystems (e.g., transfer of nutrients, energy or other elements between ecosystems)
Primary and secondary seed dispersal
Reduce disease risk
Intellectual, spiritual, and aesthetic inspiration (i.e. Bioinspiration, Biocultural species)
Increase agricultural output
Remove organic waste
Controlling Food Webs
Reduce species that cause human injury and death
Positive effect on other groups of biodiversity
Provide materials for craft or traditional cultural activities
Which of these conflictive situations involved hawks...eagles? Please select all that apply.
Hawks and eagles predation on game
Generates costs/impacts on human transport systems
Damage to croplands
Hawks and eagles predation on livestock
Controversy by hawks and eagles as a resource (i.e. hunting of hawks and eagles, overharvesting of chicks and adults to falconry, genetic and behavioral erosion on native populations by escaped/released hawks or eagles).
Propagate invasive species
Controversy by humans use of a resource or element that changes food or habitat availability and/or quality for eagles (i.e. protection nesting areas or air space for hawks and eagles, limitation of agricultural practices).
Which are the main types of human activities rising conflicts with hawks...eagles conservation? Please select all that apply.
Non-selective predator control (i.e. poisoning of baits for mammal predators control)
Lethal control of problematic hawks and eagles
Unsustainable or bad practices on Falconry (i.e. overharvesting of chicks and adults, genetic and behavioural erosion on native hawks and eagles populations by falconry escaped/released hawks and eagles)
Use of hawks and eagles as a resource (bushmeat, trade, and game)
Open garbage dumps (i.e. hawks and eagles are exposed to pathogens or contaminants -plastics, batteries, etc-)
Land use changes (i.e. turning grasslands to croplands or native forest to tree plantations).
Pollution (i.e. lead ammunition, presence of pharmaceutical products in cattle remains - like diclofenac-, pesticides)
Which are the most important threats for hawks...eagles? Please select all that apply.
Lack of native prey
Natural habitat destruction for croplands
Changes in sanitary policis
Collision with human objets in the airspace and/or human infraestructures (i.e. UAV, Power Lines and Wind Farms, planes)
Harvesting of chicks and adults for falconry
Natural habitat destruction for tree plantations
Hunting for retaliation (i.e. damage)
Deforestation for timber
Bioaccumulation of contaminants
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