Hawk and eagle conservation: an interview
The goal of this interview is to know your viewpoints about hawk and eagle (Accipitriformes) conservation
Which of the following situations represent the ideal goal of hawk and eagle conservation? Please select all that apply.
Re-establishing self-regulating populations
Maintaining minimum viable populations
Managing populations that sustainably support multiple benefits to people
Recovering populations to significant parts of their historical ranges
Re-establishing populations to the point they can fulfill their ecological functions
Which of the following areas are appropriate for hawks and eagles to inhabit? Please select all that apply.
Multi-use public lands (e.g., recreation, grazing activities)
Private lands WITHOUT domestic animals present
Private lands WITH domestic animals present
What drives conflict over hawk and eagles conservation? Please select all that apply.
Competition with hunters for wild prey
Misunderstanding attitudes of others
Predation on domestic livestock
Mistrust between decision-makers and locals
Unequal power among stakeholders
Lack of transparency in decision processes
Risks posed by hawks and eagles to human safety (e.g. Harpy Eagle Harpy attacking kids, hawks and eagles crashing with planes)
Fear of hawks and eagles
To what extent do you agree or disagree that humans, and hawks and eagles can share the same landscapes?
Which of these ecosystem processes/services involve hawks and eagles? Please select all that apply.
Controlling Food Webs
Intellectual, spiritual, and aesthetic inspiration (i.e. Bioinspiration, Biocultural species)
Remove organic waste
Provide materials for craft or traditional cultural activities
Reduce species that cause human injury and death
Primary and secondary seed dispersal
Relevant links among ecosystems (e.g., transfer of nutrients, energy or other elements between ecosystems)
Positive effect on other groups of biodiversity
Increase agricultural output
Reduce disease risk
Which of these conflictive situations involved hawks and eagles? Please select all that apply.
Propagate invasive species
Damage to croplands
Hawks and eagles predation on livestock
Generates costs/impacts on human transport systems
Controversy by humans use of a resource or element that changes food or habitat availability and/or quality for eagles (i.e. protection nesting areas or air space for hawks and eagles, limitation of agricultural practices).
Controversy by hawks and eagles as a resource (i.e. hunting of hawks and eagles, overharvesting of chicks and adults to falconry, genetic and behavioral erosion on native populations by escaped/released hawks or eagles).
Hawks and eagles predation on game
Which are the main types of human activities rising conflicts with hawk and eagle conservation? Please select all that apply.
Use of hawks and eagles as a resource (bushmeat, trade, and game)
Unsustainable or bad practices on Falconry (i.e. overharvesting of chicks and adults, genetic and behavioural erosion on native hawks and eagles populations by falconry escaped/released hawks and eagles)
Pollution (i.e. lead ammunition, presence of pharmaceutical products in cattle remains - like diclofenac-, pesticides)
Non-selective predator control (i.e. poisoning of baits for mammal predators control)
Lethal control of problematic hawks and eagles
Open garbage dumps (i.e. hawks and eagles are exposed to pathogens or contaminants -plastics, batteries, etc-)
Land use changes (i.e. turning grasslands to croplands or native forest to tree plantations).
Which are the most important threats for hawks and eagles? Please select all that apply.
Deforestation for timber
Natural habitat destruction for croplands
Bioaccumulation of contaminants
Lack of native prey
Changes in sanitary policis
Hunting for retaliation (i.e. damage)
Natural habitat destruction for tree plantations
Collision with human objets in the airspace and/or human infraestructures (i.e. UAV, Power Lines and Wind Farms, planes)
Harvesting of chicks and adults for falconry
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