Hawks, harriers, kites and eagles conservation: an interview
The goal of this interview is to know your viewpoints about Hawks, harriers, kites and eagles (Accipitriformes excluding vultures) conservation
Which of the following situations represent the ideal goal of harriers, kites and eagles conservation? Please select all that apply.
Re-establishing self-regulating populations
Re-establishing populations to the point they can fulfill their ecological functions
Recovering populations to significant parts of their historical ranges
Maintaining minimum viable populations
Managing populations that sustainably support multiple benefits to people
Which of the following areas are appropriate for harriers, kites and eagles to inhabit? Please select all that apply.
Multi-use public lands (e.g., recreation, grazing activities)
Private lands WITHOUT domestic animals present
Private lands WITH domestic animals present
What drives conflict over hawks...eagles conservation? Please select all that apply.
Predation on domestic livestock
Mistrust between decision-makers and locals
Risks posed by hawks and eagles to human safety (e.g. Harpy Eagle Harpy attacking kids, hawks and eagles crashing with planes)
Misunderstanding attitudes of others
Lack of transparency in decision processes
Fear of hawks and eagles
Competition with hunters for wild prey
Unequal power among stakeholders
To what extent do you agree or disagree that humans, and hawks...eagles can share the same landscapes?
Which of these ecosystem processes/services involve hawks...eagles? Please select all that apply.
Primary and secondary seed dispersal
Reduce disease risk
Remove organic waste
Intellectual, spiritual, and aesthetic inspiration (i.e. Bioinspiration, Biocultural species)
Positive effect on other groups of biodiversity
Increase agricultural output
Provide materials for craft or traditional cultural activities
Relevant links among ecosystems (e.g., transfer of nutrients, energy or other elements between ecosystems)
Controlling Food Webs
Reduce species that cause human injury and death
Which of these conflictive situations involved hawks...eagles? Please select all that apply.
Controversy by humans use of a resource or element that changes food or habitat availability and/or quality for eagles (i.e. protection nesting areas or air space for hawks and eagles, limitation of agricultural practices).
Propagate invasive species
Generates costs/impacts on human transport systems
Controversy by hawks and eagles as a resource (i.e. hunting of hawks and eagles, overharvesting of chicks and adults to falconry, genetic and behavioral erosion on native populations by escaped/released hawks or eagles).
Damage to croplands
Hawks and eagles predation on game
Hawks and eagles predation on livestock
Which are the main types of human activities rising conflicts with hawks...eagles conservation? Please select all that apply.
Non-selective predator control (i.e. poisoning of baits for mammal predators control)
Land use changes (i.e. turning grasslands to croplands or native forest to tree plantations).
Unsustainable or bad practices on Falconry (i.e. overharvesting of chicks and adults, genetic and behavioural erosion on native hawks and eagles populations by falconry escaped/released hawks and eagles)
Lethal control of problematic hawks and eagles
Use of hawks and eagles as a resource (bushmeat, trade, and game)
Pollution (i.e. lead ammunition, presence of pharmaceutical products in cattle remains - like diclofenac-, pesticides)
Open garbage dumps (i.e. hawks and eagles are exposed to pathogens or contaminants -plastics, batteries, etc-)
Which are the most important threats for hawks...eagles? Please select all that apply.
Hunting for retaliation (i.e. damage)
Changes in sanitary policis
Harvesting of chicks and adults for falconry
Natural habitat destruction for tree plantations
Deforestation for timber
Collision with human objets in the airspace and/or human infraestructures (i.e. UAV, Power Lines and Wind Farms, planes)
Natural habitat destruction for croplands
Bioaccumulation of contaminants
Lack of native prey
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