CHSPA Press Law & Ethics Certification Test
Respond to the following questions regarding Colorado Student Free Expression, press law, and ethics.
NAME
Your answer
Which landmark court decision decided that students do not "shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate"?
What is the difference between prior review and prior restraint?
Your answer
When would it be admissible for a court to use the "Hazelwood standard" ?
Think policy and procedure
Your answer
The Colorado Student Free Expression Law reads "nothing in this section shall be interpreted to authorize the publication or distribution by students of the following: ... " What are these 4 instances (name them and explain them IN YOUR OWN WORDS)
Your answer
What constitutes an "open forum" ?
Name the 4 kinds of Invasion of Privacy claims. Then CHOOSE ONE to explain IN DETAIL and give an example of a situation where the claim would be uppheld
Your answer
Indecent or vulgar language is generally considered obscene
In order to have a successful LIBEL suit, the plaintiff has to prove what 4 things?
P.I.H.F.F.
Your answer
What did the Supreme Court say about Matthew Fraser's student council election speech in the Bethel v Fraser case?
Think Obscenity requirements and context
Your answer
Which kinds of information can reporters obtain under the Freedom of Information Law? And what, specifically, must the status be of the entity they are requesting information from?
Your answer
The following law grants publishers, ISP addresses, and institutions protection from lawsuits (they are granted immunity) involving posts or comments made online by a user or subscriber?
According to FERPA, student journalists must have permission from parents and/ or the school to publish names and images of students online
There are more specific restrictions and laws for things that are published about students online than there are for things that are printed.
What constitutes fair use of copyrighted material?
In other words, if you want to use something copyrighted, what do you need?
Your answer
Why is it that the FCC is able to restirct and prohibit certain speech that is otherwise protected by the First Amendment?
Your answer
The Colorado Student Free Expression Law includes specific protection for advisers if the advisers allow the publication to operate as an open forum.
List 8 (or more) things that should be included in your Editorial Policy
Your answer
Name the 4 parts of the Society of Professional Journalists CODE OF ETHICS
Your answer
There has been an official report published in the local news on the prevalence of STD's in the local community. The research shows that members for the community ages 15-19 are contracting STD's at a much higher rate than the national average. Your students would like to cover the story. How would you advise them to handle this story, from start to finish? Describe in detail the initial conversation you would have with them and how you would guide them throughout the process.
If you are not an adviser, describe what you would say, in detail, if the adviser and/or students asked for your advice.
Your answer
You principal calls you into her office and tells you that she heard your staff is going to run a story on the high turnover rate among the teaching faculty over the last three years. She tells you the students cannot run the story. She will order the papers to be destroyed if they do and pull the funding for the program. Describe the steps you would take from the initial conversation with her when she first calls you to the office and tells you this, through the next steps - including who you will talk to, what you will say to them, and what you will do.
If you are not an adviser, describe what you would say, in detail, if the adviser and/or students asked for your advice.
Your answer
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