Repatriation processes
Dear international assignee,

We would like to invite you to take part in a study on repatriation processes. You have been selected to participate in this study, because you have experience with the repatriation process after your international assignment(s). The objective of the study is to gain insight into repatriation experiences and repatriate turnover intention of Dutch and Indian international assignees repatriated from culturally distant countries.
This study on repatriation processes is conducted by a research team from Utrecht University Tilburg University, the Netherlands.
Benefits of participating in this study:
• It provides insight into repatriation experiences, which future repatriates can learn from to enhance their repatriation to their home countries.
• It gives suggestions for adequate preparation by international assignees and international organisations prior to the return to the home country to ensure successful repatriation.

We would greatly appreciate if you take some time to fill out this online survey. Since the validity of the results depend on obtaining a high response rate, your participation is crucial to the success of this study. The survey will take approximately 20 minutes to complete.

Please be assured that your responses will be held in the strictest confidence, and you are not asked to identify yourself personally in the survey. The data will in no way be attributable to you individually or the organization you work for. Therefore, we ask you to be as honest and open as you can when answering the questions.

If you have any questions about this study, please contact:
Miss Reimara Valk
PhD candidate
Email: reimara.valk@gmail.com
Phone: +31 0634023838


We are very grateful for your participation in this study.

Yours faithfully,

The Research Team:
Ms. Reimara Valk, MSc., BA (honours)
Prof. Dr. Mandy van der Velde, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
Dr. Marloes van Engen, Tilburg University, The Netherlands

Section 1 - General information
This section asks you general questions about your person profile, your educational and professional background, your international assignment and repatriation process.
1. Which of the following best describes the level of your international assignment? *
2. What is your gender? *
This section asks you general questions about your person profile, your educational background, your international assignment and repatriation
3. What is your age? *
This section asks you general questions about your person profile, your educational background, your international assignment and repatriation
Your answer
4. What is the highest level of education you have completed? *
This section asks you general questions about your person profile, your educational background, your international assignment and repatriation
5. What is your nationality? *
This section asks you general questions about your person profile, your educational background, your international assignment and repatriation
6. What is your marital status? *
This section asks you general questions about your person profile, your educational background, your international assignment and repatriation
7. What is your parental status? *
Please indicate the number of children you have
8. In which industry does the organization for which you went on international assignment operate? *
9. How long have you worked for the organization to which you repatriated in your home country? *
10. What is the time period you have been back in your home country? *
11. What was the total duration of your most recent international assignment? *
12. What is the number of your previous international assignments for the international organisation to which you repatriated? *
13. Are you still employed by the organisation which sent you on international assignment and to which you repatriated in your home country? *
14. What was the time period after which you left the international organization after repatriation?
only applicable if you have left the organization after repatriation
15. Do you have any dependents (spouse/partner, children, siblings, parents/parents-in-law, extended family)? *
16. Was your spouse/partner employed in the host country?
Only applicable if you have a spouse/partner
17. Is your spouse/partner employed in the home country?
Only applicable if you have a spouse/partner
Section 2 - Repatriation expectations
This section asks you about expectations that you had prior to returning to your home country. By repatriation expectations, we mean the combination of work and general non-work expectations. Please rate your expectations on a scale of 1= not accurate at all to 5= totally accurate).

This section also asks you to give an overall indication of your repatriation expectations, i.e., please indicate whether your repatriation expectations were undermet, met or overmet.

18. Please indicate the extent of accurateness of your work expectations regarding the following items *
1 Not accurate at all
2 Not accurate
3 Somewhat accurate
4 Accurate
5 Totally accurate
Tasks in the job
Position and responsibility
Autonomy at work
19. Please indicate the extent of accurateness of your non-work expectations regarding the following items *
1 Not accurate at all
2 Not accurate
3 Somewhat accurate
4 Accurate
5 Totally accurate
Financial situation
Relationships with friends
Living conditions
Housing conditions
Most things all in all
20. What would be your overall verdict about your repatriation expectations? *
Please indicate whether your repatriation expectations were undermet, met or overmet
Section 3 - Career Activism
The questions in this section ask you about individual activities centered around your career. The questions comprise three facets: 1) advice and intervention; 2) strategic planning; 3) outside information gathering.
21. Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statements *
The term ‘Advice and intervention’ describes individual activity centered around asking others for advice about specific career moves and for intervention on making career moves.
1 Strongly disagree
2 Disagree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Agree
5 Strongly agree
I have contacted others to get information about specific positions
I have contacted others to get general information about careers
I have subscribed to job journals or other written sources of job listings
I have revised and sent out my resume
I have contacted others for their intervention on my behalf with regard to a job
I have asked others to refer me for special positions
I have requested personal references from others
22. Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statements regarding ‘Strategic planning’ *
The term ‘Strategic planning’ describes individual activity centered around doing specific things or making specific moves to further one's career
1 Strongly Disagree
2 Disagree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Agree
5 Strongly agree
I have rejected/accepted specific assignments in keeping with my career plan
I have requested specific assignments
I have attended company functions to meet specific or influential people
I have attended job related conferences and/or lectures
I have attended job related education seminars
I have taken advantage of company tuition reimbursement policies
I have participated in assessment techniques
I have participated in company sponsored career advising
I have cut back on one aspect of my work in order to focus more on another
23. Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statements *
The term ‘Outside information-gathering’ describes individual activity centered on getting information about career moves outside the current place of employment
1 Strongly disagree
2 Disagree
3Neither agree nor disagree
4 Agree
5 Strongly agree
I have looked at newspaper job advertisements
I have asked a co-worker about an outside company
I have asked a co-worker about a specific job in an outside company
I have asked a co-worker for a reference for an outside company or job
Section 4 - Cultural Identity Change
In this section we ask your opinion about the cultural identity change or general self-change that you may have undergone during your international assignment, as an outcome of living in a foreign country. Please answer the questions in this section referring to your cultural identity change and general self-change.

24. Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statements about cultural identity change and general self-change. *
1 Strongly disagree
2 Disagree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Agree
5 Strongly agree
In some ways I feel ‘‘less’’ <nationality home country> than I did before my international assignment
I feel more < nationality home country> since my assignment
I feel more similar to <nationality host country> culture since my assignment
I feel that I am a more global or international person now
I still feel as much <nationality home country> as I felt before my international assignment
I felt as though I changed while living and working overseas
I have incorporated cultural aspects of my host country into how I think and act
8. I have tried to incorporate some international customs and ways of thinking into my work environment
Section 5 - Organisational repatriation support
In this section we ask some questions about the support you received from your organization in the repatriation process. Please indicate the extent to which you have received support from your organization (Human Resource department, supervisor, colleagues).
25. Use the scale below to indicate how well you feel your organisation has supported you prior to and during your repatriation *
1 Strongly disagree
2 Disagree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Agree
5 Strongly agree
the company has taken care of me financially
The financial incentives and allowances provided to me by the company
I have received generous financial support from the company
I cannot complain aout the financial benefits associated with my reentry job position
The company has taken an interest in my career
The company considers my goals when making decisions about my career
The company kept me informed about career opportunities available within the company upon repatriation
I feel that the company cares about my career development
The company has shown an interest in my family's well-being
The company has provided my family with enough assistance to help them readjust to the home country
The company has provided me with many opportunities to ease the transition to the home country
Help was available in the company whenever I had questions or concerns about repatriating to the home country
26. The questions assess whether 11 human resources practices were available to you during the repatriation process. Please indicate whether these specific practices/programs were made available to you by your organization during the repatriation process. *
In this section we present a list of HR policies and practices most often associated with a successful repatriation program.
1 No, was not available to me
2 Yes, was made available to me
Pre-departure briefings on what to expect during repatriation
Career planning sessions
Guarantee/agreement outlining the type of re-entry job position
Mentoring programs while on international assignment
Reorientation program about the changes in the company
Repatriation training seminars on the emotional response following repatriation
Financial counselling and financial/tax assistance
Lifestyle assistance and counselling on changes likely to occur in expatriates’ lifestyles upon return to the home country
Continuous communications with the office in the home country
Visible signs that the company values international experience
Communications with the office in the home country about the details of the repatriation process
27. The questions assess your perceived importance of 11 human resources practices. Please indicate how you believe each practice was important for your successful repatriation. *
In this section we present a list of Human Resources policies and practices most often associated with a successful repatriation program. Note: it is not required to have answered 'yes' to the items in question 26.
1 Not important at all
2 Somewhat important
3 Neutral
4 Important
5 Very important
Pre-departure briefings on what to expect during repatriation
Career planning sessions
Guarantee/agreement outlining the type of reentry job-position
Mentoring programs while on international assignment
Reorientation program about the changes in the company
Repatriation training seminars on the emotional response following repatriation
Financial counselling and financial/tax assistance
Lifestyle assistance and counselling on changes likely to occur in expatriates’ lifestyles upon return
Continuous communications with the office in the home country
Visible signs that the company values international experience
Communications with the office in the home country about the details of the repatriation process
Section 6 - Social Support
In this section we ask some questions about the support you received from parents, friends, relatives, acquaintances and the wider community during and after repatriation. Please indicate the extent to which you received support from these sources.

28. Does it ever happen to you that people in your social environment in the home country (parents, relatives -extended family-, friends, acquaintances, neighbours)……. *
1 Seldom or never
2 Now and then
3 Regularly
4 Very often
Are affectionate towards you?
Give you good advice?
Pay you a compliment?
Confide in you?
Ask you for help?
Drop in for a (pleasant) visit?
Provide you with help in special circumstances such as: illness, shifting home or taking care of the children?
Comfort you?
Invite you to a party or dinner?
Reassure you?
Ask you for advice?