References should not be included. If they are vital then please limit to two. They should follow the standard British Journal of Neurosurgery format with Consecutive superscript numbering.
The body of the abstract must be no longer than 1500 characters (approx 250 words). Use only standard abbreviations and do not include figures or tables. Abstracts without details of the number of subjects studied, without results containing data, without clear conclusions, or without appropriate statistical analysis, will be given low priority.