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KVK Kanunu’nda tanımlanan özel nitelikli kişisel verilerim de dahil olmak üzere ilgili kişisel verilerimin işlenmesine, ilgili süreç kapsamında işlenme amacı ile sınırlı olmak üzere kullanılmasına ve paylaşılmasına, gereken süre zarfında saklanmasına açık rızam olduğunu ve bu hususta tarafıma gerekli aydınlatmanın yapıldığını; işbu metni okuduğumu ve anladığımı beyan ediyor, Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu çerçevesinde açık rızam bulunduğunu onaylıyorum. *
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KVK Kanunu’nda tanımlanan özel nitelikli kişisel verilerim de dahil olmak üzere ilgili kişisel verilerimin işlenmesine, ilgili süreç kapsamında işlenme amacı ile sınırlı olmak üzere kullanılmasına ve paylaşılmasına, gereken süre zarfında saklanmasına açık rızam olduğunu ve bu hususta tarafıma gerekli aydınlatmanın yapıldığını; işbu metni okuduğumu ve anladığımı beyan ediyor, Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu çerçevesinde açık rızam bulunduğunu onaylıyorum. *
Required
1) This magazine is designed to help satellite equipment buyers make more ___________ purchasing decisions and keep ahead of new developments.
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2) I couldn’t follow the section on quantum computers, but the rest is ___________ easy to understand.
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3) The cells of all living organisms have the ___________ to harvest energy from the breakdown of organic fuel molecules.
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4) Scientists suggest that huge amounts of greenhouse gases will be ___________ into the atmosphere if rising temperatures cause the atmosphere permafrost to melt.
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5) A great many so-called useful gadgets sound great in theory but ___________ in practice, don’t you agree?
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6) The United States government is about to start monitoring the air ___________ major cities for biological weapons ___________ looking for bacteria and viruses in the air filters that now monitor pollution.
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7) The history of science ___________ by a chain of advances in technology and knowledge that ___________ each other.
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8) A theory ___________ only when a hypothesis ___________ by consistent results from many observations or experiments.
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9) The first laser ___________ in 1960 by Maiman almost half a century after the publication in 1916 of Einstein’s theory of radiation which ___________ the possibility of laser operation.
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10) If the discovery ___________, it ___________ speculation that the Galaxy is teeming with life.
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11) For a domestic staircase, an additional form of support ___________ a “carriage”, that is a beam under the centre of the stairs, is not usually necessary.
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12) ___________ the span of a suspension bridge increases, the structure develops a “gravity” stiffness due to its own weight.
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13) Traffic congestion is frequently not caused by overloading ___________ by small disturbances in the flow.
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14) Many of the most important developments in absolute dating ___________ World War II have come from the use of “radioactive clocks”.
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15) It was not long ___________ the design deficiencies of the room became apparent.
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16) A robot is ___________ machine that can make decisions independent of human control.
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17) Laser beams, ___________ are useful in both medicine and industry, were first predicted in science fiction some fifty years ago.
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18) The interiors of planets are totally inaccessible, ___________ what we know about them comes from indirect measurements and analysis.
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19) Silicon-on-insulator technology, which has helped improve chip performance considerably, has become cheaper and easier to adopt, ___________ a technology called Smart Cut.
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20) ___________ the car is equipped with a sophisticated protection system, you know you are fully protected.
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21.) Small planes should be safe enough for normal, non-risk-taking people to trust their lives to them. NASA wants (21) ___________ the accident rate by 90 per cent within twenty-five years. The planes should become fast enough for their effective speed to be at least three times (22) ___________ great as that of cars on the highway. The existing small-plane fleet averages 150 knots; that should be raised to 300 knots within a decade, and eventually to 450 knots, (23) ___________ small planes could compete with the jetliners’ speed. The planes should be more efficient and environmentally safer, using less fuel, creating less pollution, and generating less noise. They should be more (24) ___________ in their operations and far simpler to fly, much like cars that vary little from one rental site to another. And they should be radically more reliable and cheaper to maintain – following the example of automobiles, with their quality revolution (25) ___________ the 1980s and 1990s.
Clear selection
22.) Small planes should be safe enough for normal, non-risk-taking people to trust their lives to them. NASA wants (21) ___________ the accident rate by 90 per cent within twenty-five years. The planes should become fast enough for their effective speed to be at least three times (22) ___________ great as that of cars on the highway. The existing small-plane fleet averages 150 knots; that should be raised to 300 knots within a decade, and eventually to 450 knots, (23) ___________ small planes could compete with the jetliners’ speed. The planes should be more efficient and environmentally safer, using less fuel, creating less pollution, and generating less noise. They should be more (24) ___________ in their operations and far simpler to fly, much like cars that vary little from one rental site to another. And they should be radically more reliable and cheaper to maintain – following the example of automobiles, with their quality revolution (25) ___________ the 1980s and 1990s.
Clear selection
23.) Small planes should be safe enough for normal, non-risk-taking people to trust their lives to them. NASA wants (21) ___________ the accident rate by 90 per cent within twenty-five years. The planes should become fast enough for their effective speed to be at least three times (22) ___________ great as that of cars on the highway. The existing small-plane fleet averages 150 knots; that should be raised to 300 knots within a decade, and eventually to 450 knots, (23) ___________ small planes could compete with the jetliners’ speed. The planes should be more efficient and environmentally safer, using less fuel, creating less pollution, and generating less noise. They should be more (24) ___________ in their operations and far simpler to fly, much like cars that vary little from one rental site to another. And they should be radically more reliable and cheaper to maintain – following the example of automobiles, with their quality revolution (25) ___________ the 1980s and 1990s.
Clear selection
24.) Small planes should be safe enough for normal, non-risk-taking people to trust their lives to them. NASA wants (21) ___________ the accident rate by 90 per cent within twenty-five years. The planes should become fast enough for their effective speed to be at least three times (22) ___________ great as that of cars on the highway. The existing small-plane fleet averages 150 knots; that should be raised to 300 knots within a decade, and eventually to 450 knots, (23) ___________ small planes could compete with the jetliners’ speed. The planes should be more efficient and environmentally safer, using less fuel, creating less pollution, and generating less noise. They should be more (24) ___________ in their operations and far simpler to fly, much like cars that vary little from one rental site to another. And they should be radically more reliable and cheaper to maintain – following the example of automobiles, with their quality revolution (25) ___________ the 1980s and 1990s.
Clear selection
25.) Small planes should be safe enough for normal, non-risk-taking people to trust their lives to them. NASA wants (21) ___________ the accident rate by 90 per cent within twenty-five years. The planes should become fast enough for their effective speed to be at least three times (22) ___________ great as that of cars on the highway. The existing small-plane fleet averages 150 knots; that should be raised to 300 knots within a decade, and eventually to 450 knots, (23) ___________ small planes could compete with the jetliners’ speed. The planes should be more efficient and environmentally safer, using less fuel, creating less pollution, and generating less noise. They should be more (24) ___________ in their operations and far simpler to fly, much like cars that vary little from one rental site to another. And they should be radically more reliable and cheaper to maintain – following the example of automobiles, with their quality revolution (25) ___________ the 1980s and 1990s.
Clear selection
26.) Air pollution is one of the major challenges that most major cities face. The task of cleaning up air pollution, (26) ___________ difficult, is not believed to be insurmountable. Use of fuels that are low in pollutants, such as low-sulphur forms of petroleum; more complete burning of fossil fuels, often in (27) ___________ with a recycling of the pollutants; and the shift to less polluting forms of power generation, such as solar energy (28) ___________ place of fossil fuels – all are methods that can be used for controlling pollution. Over the past few decades, the example of London as well as of some other cities (29) ___________ that 10 years or less is enough to control this problem to a certain extent. In fact, this period is (30) ___________ enough to achieve major improvements in air quality.
Clear selection
27.) Air pollution is one of the major challenges that most major cities face. The task of cleaning up air pollution, (26) ___________ difficult, is not believed to be insurmountable. Use of fuels that are low in pollutants, such as low-sulphur forms of petroleum; more complete burning of fossil fuels, often in (27) ___________ with a recycling of the pollutants; and the shift to less polluting forms of power generation, such as solar energy (28) ___________ place of fossil fuels – all are methods that can be used for controlling pollution. Over the past few decades, the example of London as well as of some other cities (29) ___________ that 10 years or less is enough to control this problem to a certain extent. In fact, this period is (30) ___________ enough to achieve major improvements in air quality.
Clear selection
28.) Air pollution is one of the major challenges that most major cities face. The task of cleaning up air pollution, (26) ___________ difficult, is not believed to be insurmountable. Use of fuels that are low in pollutants, such as low-sulphur forms of petroleum; more complete burning of fossil fuels, often in (27) ___________ with a recycling of the pollutants; and the shift to less polluting forms of power generation, such as solar energy (28) ___________ place of fossil fuels – all are methods that can be used for controlling pollution. Over the past few decades, the example of London as well as of some other cities (29) ___________ that 10 years or less is enough to control this problem to a certain extent. In fact, this period is (30) ___________ enough to achieve major improvements in air quality.
Clear selection
29.) Air pollution is one of the major challenges that most major cities face. The task of cleaning up air pollution, (26) ___________ difficult, is not believed to be insurmountable. Use of fuels that are low in pollutants, such as low-sulphur forms of petroleum; more complete burning of fossil fuels, often in (27) ___________ with a recycling of the pollutants; and the shift to less polluting forms of power generation, such as solar energy (28) ___________ place of fossil fuels – all are methods that can be used for controlling pollution. Over the past few decades, the example of London as well as of some other cities (29) ___________ that 10 years or less is enough to control this problem to a certain extent. In fact, this period is (30) ___________ enough to achieve major improvements in air quality.
Clear selection
30.) Air pollution is one of the major challenges that most major cities face. The task of cleaning up air pollution, (26) ___________ difficult, is not believed to be insurmountable. Use of fuels that are low in pollutants, such as low-sulphur forms of petroleum; more complete burning of fossil fuels, often in (27) ___________ with a recycling of the pollutants; and the shift to less polluting forms of power generation, such as solar energy (28) ___________ place of fossil fuels – all are methods that can be used for controlling pollution. Over the past few decades, the example of London as well as of some other cities (29) ___________ that 10 years or less is enough to control this problem to a certain extent. In fact, this period is (30) ___________ enough to achieve major improvements in air quality.
Clear selection
31) The north of China, ___________, needs 28 cubic kilometers more water each year.
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32) Why didn’t you remind him ___________?
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33) If roof insulation is to be truly effective ___________.
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34) Just as railway bridges were the great structural symbols of the 19th century, ___________.
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35) Since we cannot eliminate natural hazards such as earthquakes, ___________.
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36) By the early 1960s, geologists were discovering ___________.
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37) In science, great thinkers produce mathematical formulas to explain ___________.
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38) ___________ so that it can get close to hostile forces without being detected.
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39) The “giant squid” may need to change its name ___________.
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40) Although NASA’s budget has risen by 7% over the past two years, ___________.
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41) Alternative agriculture has some apparent disadvantages, ___________.
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42) Some ecologists believe that species diversity will not be reduced significantly as the natural environment becomes permanently impoverished.
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43) With a population of roughly 10 billion people in 2050, some experts predict that the world will need five times more power than we generate today.
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44) Quaoar, which is a spherical object half the size of Pluto on the edge of the solar system, is thought to consist of ice mixed with rock like a comet.
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45) The findings of a ten-year study reveal that two species of seahorses have been living in the waters around Britain without anyone realizing they were there.
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46) Meteorites provide the best available data about the chemical and physical processes that occurred during the first few million years of our solar system’s history.
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47) According to some experts, rebuilding efforts commenced in southwestern China following the May 12 earthquake could damage the pandas’ largest remaining natural habitat.
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48) Birkaç ay önce Yeni Zelandalı bilim adamları, Antartika ozon tabakasındaki deliğin, ilk kez, Güney Şili’nin bir bölümünü kapladığını bildirdiler.
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49) Avrupa’nın bir uydu ağı olan Galileo sistemi, Avrupa Birliği’ne üye devletler ve Avrupa Uzay Kurumu tarafından finanse edilmekledir.
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50) Avustralya’da sismik olay kayıtları sadece 150 yıl geriye gittiğinden, daha önce neler olduğunu anlamak için günümüzde çeşitli yeni teknikler kullanılmaktadır.
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51) Ateşin keşfinden sonra, insanlar, yüksek sıcaklıklara mâruz kalan belirli kayalar ve minerallerde değişiklikler fark etmeye başladılar.
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52) En eski çağlardan beri kullanılmalarına rağmen alaşımlar, modern teknolojide hâlâ vazgeçilmez bir yere sahiptir ve bilim adamları özel nitelikli yeni alaşımlar geliştirmeye devam etmektedir.
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53) İki galaksinin çarpışması, evrenin kütlesine hükmettiği sanılan görünmez kara maddenin bugüne kadar elde edilen en iyi kanıtını sağlar.
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54) The object of the air traffic control officers is to achieve the highest densities in all parts of the controlled air space that is consistent with safety and the elimination of collision risks. ___________. The amounts of the separation are partly dependent upon the means available for determining accurately the position and course of the various aircraft.
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55) There is very little similarity between the chemical composition of river water and that of sea water. The various elements are present in entirely different proportions. ___________. An important reason for the difference is that immense amounts of calcium salts are constantly being withdrawn from sea water by marine animals for the making of shells and skeletons.
Clear selection
56) Smoke is a mixture of gases and particles. It is usually the product of a combustion process and, in this case, its composition depends on the fuel and the technology used. The main gas involved in smoke processes is carbon dioxide. ___________.
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57) Pouring water into the sea sounds like a harmless scheme. But as regards Florida Bay, it is proving highly controversial. ___________. If increased salinity is the main problem there, the bay’s ecology will benefit from the project. If, however, nitrogen is the problem, increasing the flow of fresh water could make matters worse.
Clear selection
58) Cappadocia’s extraordinary landscape is partly the result of erosion by water, wind and changes in temperature. ___________. In winter, extreme temperature changes cause the rocks to expand and contract and eventually to disintegrate.
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59) Antoine Lavoisier was one of the first chemists to try to explain what makes a substance acidic. In 1777, he proposed that oxygen was an essential element in acids. But in 1803, Humphry Davy showed that hydrogen chloride, which dissolves in water to give hydrochloric acid, contains only hydrogen and chlorine. ___________.
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60) (I) The simplest type of engine classification is doubtless by reference to the kind of fuel used. (II) Nevertheless, reciprocating engines may be divided more fundamentally into those running on the Otto cycle (spark ignition) and those running on Akroyd’s and Diesel’s cycles (compression ignition). (III) The former are usually used for small scale power generation. (IV) The latter, which burn heavy oil are of two types, slow speed for ships and high speed for motor vehicles. (V) Subsequently, improvements in engine design appeared at an amazing speed.
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61) (I) The terms velocity and speed are often used interchangeably in ordinary language. (II) But in physics we make a distinction between the two. (III) An aircraft travelling faster than the speed of sound breaks the sound barrier. (IV) Most importantly the term velocity is used to signify both the magnitude of movement and the direction in which an object is. (V) Speed, on the other hand, relates to magnitude only.
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62) (I) A series of birth defects among frogs in Canada caused great consternation. (II) Most of the defects concern the legs. (III) The deformity is indeed widespread and the cause has not as yet been identified. (IV) Some have extra legs, some legs that are webbed together and some with paralysed legs. (V) In some, missing eyes have also been noticed.
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63) (I) Wind power is gaining in favour all across Europe. (II) Indeed, it is only the building of a wind-farm that is expensive, running costs are low. (III) There are several reasons for this. (IV) One is that all the technical obstacles that previously existed have been overcome. (V) Another is the increase in efficiency, which means that wind can now compete directly with traditional power-generation methods.
Clear selection
64) (I) The remotely operated vehicle (ROV), Jason II, resembles its predecessor, but nearly every component has been much improved. (II) To start with, it is bigger, so it can retrieve more material from the ocean floor. (III) Further, a second manipulator arm has been added which has increased maneuverability and power. (IV) Another advantage is the fact that it can function at greater depths. (V) Indeed, a lot of people feel that the costs of ROV technology are in excess of its usefulness.
Clear selection
65) (I) It is convenient to use symbols for the atoms of the different elements. (II) An atomic symbol is a one or two letter notation used to represent an atom corresponding to a particular element. (III) Today we know that atoms are not truly indivisible. (IV) Typically, the atomic symbol consists of the first letter, capitalized, from the name of the element, sometimes with an additional letter from the name in lowercase. (V) For example, chlorine has the symbol Cl.
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66) Just as railway bridges were the great structural symbols of the 19th century highway bridges became the engineering emblems of the 20th century. The invention of the automobile created an irresistible demand for paved roads and vehicular bridges throughout the developed world. The type of bridge needed for cars and trucks, however, is fundamentally different from that needed for locomotives. Most highway bridges carry lighter loads than railway bridges do, and their roadways can be sharply curved or steeply sloping. To meet these needs, many turn-of-the-century bridge designers began working with a new building material: reinforced concrete, which has steel bars embedded in it. And the master of this new material was Swiss structural engineer Robert Maillart, who designed some of the most original and influential bridges of the modern era.
66) According to the passage, one important way in which highway bridges differ from railway bridges is that they ___________.
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67) Just as railway bridges were the great structural symbols of the 19th century highway bridges became the engineering emblems of the 20th century. The invention of the automobile created an irresistible demand for paved roads and vehicular bridges throughout the developed world. The type of bridge needed for cars and trucks, however, is fundamentally different from that needed for locomotives. Most highway bridges carry lighter loads than railway bridges do, and their roadways can be sharply curved or steeply sloping. To meet these needs, many turn-of-the-century bridge designers began working with a new building material: reinforced concrete, which has steel bars embedded in it. And the master of this new material was Swiss structural engineer Robert Maillart, who designed some of the most original and influential bridges of the modern era.
67) We understand from the passage that, around the beginning of the 20th century, bridge designers ___________.
Clear selection
68) Just as railway bridges were the great structural symbols of the 19th century highway bridges became the engineering emblems of the 20th century. The invention of the automobile created an irresistible demand for paved roads and vehicular bridges throughout the developed world. The type of bridge needed for cars and trucks, however, is fundamentally different from that needed for locomotives. Most highway bridges carry lighter loads than railway bridges do, and their roadways can be sharply curved or steeply sloping. To meet these needs, many turn-of-the-century bridge designers began working with a new building material: reinforced concrete, which has steel bars embedded in it. And the master of this new material was Swiss structural engineer Robert Maillart, who designed some of the most original and influential bridges of the modern era.
68) We understand from the passage that there was a great demand for highway bridges in the 20th century ___________.
Clear selection
69) William Willcocks was born 150 years ago in a tent beside a canal in northern India, where his father worked for the colonial government. He learnt his engineering in India before heading for Egypt in 1883. There he rose to become director-general of reservoirs, and a legend on the banks of the Nile. He built the first Aswan dam, then the largest in the world, went on to revive the ancient irrigation systems of Mesopotamia, and watered deserts from South Africa to India. But he was deeply troubled by the discovery that much of what his fellow water engineers did in their colonial playgrounds was worse than useless.
69) We gather from the passage that William Willcocks ___________.
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70) William Willcocks was born 150 years ago in a tent beside a canal in northern India, where his father worked for the colonial government. He learnt his engineering in India before heading for Egypt in 1883. There he rose to become director-general of reservoirs, and a legend on the banks of the Nile. He built the first Aswan dam, then the largest in the world, went on to revive the ancient irrigation systems of Mesopotamia, and watered deserts from South Africa to India. But he was deeply troubled by the discovery that much of what his fellow water engineers did in their colonial playgrounds was worse than useless.
70) It is clear from the passage that William Willcocks was upset ___________.
Clear selection
71) William Willcocks was born 150 years ago in a tent beside a canal in northern India, where his father worked for the colonial government. He learnt his engineering in India before heading for Egypt in 1883. There he rose to become director-general of reservoirs, and a legend on the banks of the Nile. He built the first Aswan dam, then the largest in the world, went on to revive the ancient irrigation systems of Mesopotamia, and watered deserts from South Africa to India. But he was deeply troubled by the discovery that much of what his fellow water engineers did in their colonial playgrounds was worse than useless.
71) As it is stated in the passage, Willcocks’s work in Egypt ___________.
Clear selection
72) The Rhine-Ruhr area became the greatest industrial region of Germany, because it had at its heart the great coalfield of the Ruhr. Mining is now almost entirely northeast and westwards across the Rhine. The region contains the greater part of the German iron, steel and heavy engineering industries. The great integrated iron and steel plants mostly cluster on the Rhine waterway. Specialized steel plants and engineering works are more widespread. With a decline in coalmining and the dismantling after World War II of certain steel plants, some of the older Ruhr towns have diversified their industries considerably: vehicles, electrical goods and clothing are now being produced.
72) It is pointed out in the passage that, following World War II, ___________.
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73) The Rhine-Ruhr area became the greatest industrial region of Germany, because it had at its heart the great coalfield of the Ruhr. Mining is now almost entirely northeast and westwards across the Rhine. The region contains the greater part of the German iron, steel and heavy engineering industries. The great integrated iron and steel plants mostly cluster on the Rhine waterway. Specialized steel plants and engineering works are more widespread. With a decline in coalmining and the dismantling after World War II of certain steel plants, some of the older Ruhr towns have diversified their industries considerably: vehicles, electrical goods and clothing are now being produced.
73) It is clear from the passage that the immense coal deposits of the Ruhr ___________.
Clear selection
74) The Rhine-Ruhr area became the greatest industrial region of Germany, because it had at its heart the great coalfield of the Ruhr. Mining is now almost entirely northeast and westwards across the Rhine. The region contains the greater part of the German iron, steel and heavy engineering industries. The great integrated iron and steel plants mostly cluster on the Rhine waterway. Specialized steel plants and engineering works are more widespread. With a decline in coalmining and the dismantling after World War II of certain steel plants, some of the older Ruhr towns have diversified their industries considerably: vehicles, electrical goods and clothing are now being produced.
74) The writer of the passage makes the point that the major part of the iron and steel industry of Germany ___________.
Clear selection
75) The US company, “Scientific Applications and Research Associates” (SARA) Inc. has developed crowd-dispersal weapons for the US military that generate high-intensity sound waves. Sound levels of 120 to 130 decibels cause pain and blurred vision; above 140 decibels, sound produces profound discomfort throughout the body. Earplugs are no protection. These acoustic systems have a directed beam, projecting the sound in a narrow fan. They include high-intensity sound generators with power levels of up to 60 kilowatts and are combustion driven, using a series of small explosions to create a noise or drive a siren or whistle.
75) One important point made in the passage is that high decibel levels of sound ___________.