Review Quiz #4
Genetics and Evolution
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Questions 1-5
Question 1 *
Which of the following best explains the differences in the armor of the Lake Washington stickleback population summarized in Figure 1 ?
Question 2 *
A completely-plated stickleback from a marine population was mated to a low-plated stickleback from a freshwater population. The resulting F1 hybrids all displayed a completely plated phenotype. When the F1 hybrids were allowed to interbreed, the resulting F2 generation included completely plated offspring and low-plated offspring in an approximate 3:1 ratio. Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the results of the breeding experiments?
Question 3 *
Prior to 1960, Lake Washington was highly polluted and underwater visibility was limited to one or two meters. In the late 1960s, a large cleanup effort reduced pollution, resulting in visibility that increased to six to seven meters by 1976. Which of the following best explains how the change in underwater visibility affected armor plating in Lake Washington sticklebacks between 1957 and 1976 ?
Question 4 *
Evolution of a new trait typically takes many generations. Yet a dramatic shift in the extent of armor plating in the Lake Washington stickleback population occurred in the 50 years following the cleanup of the lake. Which of the following best describes the mechanism of the rapid evolution of the armor phenotype in the Lake Washington sticklebacks?
Question 5 *
The phylogenetic trees in Figures 2 and 3 depict two different phylogenies of the same populations of sticklebacks. Which of the following questions will best help determine which tree represents the most accurate phylogeny?
Question 6
Question 6 *
Researchers observe a large population of birds on a remote island. Birds in the population are found to have either red crest feathers or white crest feathers on their heads. Genetic analysis indicates that the allele for red crest feathers is dominant over the allele for white crest feathers. In a survey of the population, the researchers determine the frequencies of the crest-feather phenotypes. The results of the survey are shown in the table above. Assuming that the bird population is in Hardy- Weinberg equilibrium, what proportion of future populations is expected to be heterozygous for the allele controlling crest feather color? Give your answer as a value between 0 and 1, rounded to two decimal places.
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