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New CGRS Expert Declarations for Fear-of-Return Cases Based on Gang Violence in Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador

To receive materials for a case that you have previously registered on our website, please email with your CGRS case number in the subject line of your email.

The Center for Gender & Refugee Studies is excited to announce the release of three universal declarations to support fear-of-return claims based on gang violence in Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador. The declarations are authored by noted expert Dr. Eric Hershberg, who serves as the Director of the Center for Latin American & Latino Studies (CLALS) and as Professor of Government at American University in Washington, DC. These declarations may be submitted as evidence in individual cases that have been registered on CGRS's website. The declarations provide in-depth country conditions information, including discussions on the pervasiveness of gang violence, extortion, lack of state protection, and inability to internally relocate. Additionally, the declarations provide a careful analysis of the motivating factors for different forms of gang violence, such as being in a rival gang’s territory, refusal to join a gang, anti-gang beliefs, and witnessing gang crime, as well as gender-motivated harm by gangs, including femicide, forced relationships, and sexual extortion.

If you have a prior case registered with CGRS and you would like to request a declaration for use in that case, please complete the form below by end of day on Tuesday, January 28, 2019. The relevant declarations will be sent to you within a few days of your request.

If you have a new fear-of-return based case that you would like to use these materials on, but have not yet registered that case on our website, please fill out a brief request form at (there is no need to fill out the form below).
CGRS Case Number (required) *
Please list your CGRS case number below (the CGRS case number can be found in the subject line of the original email you received in relation to your case). If you have not yet created an account with CGRS, or you will be using these resources in a case that has not been registered with us, please submit a corresponding request on our website through the following link, and you will receive a copy of the appropriate declarations within 10-15 business days:
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Please select the appropriate declaration. A description of the declarations is available at the top of this form.
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