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Knowledge Bank for Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women (Thematic Area of GSTS)
Dear supporters of GSTS,
As you may be aware, preparation is underway to host the second GSTS Tigrai Grand Conference July 28-August 3, 2019, Mekelle, Tigrai. The GSTS conference as was evidenced a year ago has proved beyond a shadow of a doubt to be powerful platform capable of attracting intellectuals from all four corners of the world including highly published researchers in the scientific community and persons of influence at regional and global levels. The second grand conference building on the first is expected to perform even better. The conference allows for various thematic topics to be addressed including those in the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM) but also those topics on the social science side such as Gender, Youth, Employment, Migration, Health, Education related topics. The ultimate goal is for this rich discussion to lead to innovative ideas for solving societal problems, to contribute to the fight to end poverty, and to ensure sustainable economy for tomorrow’s generation. We believe that sufficient time will be allocated to adequately interrogate the various thematic topics.
In an effort to make the process of identifying priority issues more inclusive and broad-based, the GSTS – Gender Team is putting up this online survey to solicit your participation by way of expressing interest to participate and identify key gender issues you suggest should be prioritized at the upcoming Grand Conference.

Facts and figures: Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment (Ethiopia-Tigray)
Girls and women continue to bear a disproportionate burden of poverty across the world, yet it is possible to take effective action that enables them to fulfil their potential. Investing in girls and women is transformational for families, societies and economies - empowering girls and women has a multiplier effect on growth and achieving the 2030 Agenda. Gender equality and women’s empowerment are key goals in their own right and are central to all other development goals. In particular, gender inequalities and the marginalization of the needs, roles and potential of women and girls are key factors limiting advances in development outcomes for all – women, men, boys, girls and their communities and societies around the world. Moreover, strong associations have been identified between addressing inequalities and enhancing women and girls’ empowerment and agency, and improved development outcomes across sectors ranging from maternal newborn and child health and nutrition to agriculture to water sanitation and hygiene.
Ethiopia has achieved considerable progress in bridging gender gaps and supporting initiatives to leverage the empowerment of women. According to the National Beijing +20 Progress Report, there has been some achievement around gender parity in girls’ enrollment to primary education to 92 per cent in 2012/13. Despite some progress, there are still notable discrepancies and inequalities when it comes to women’s participation in most areas of the government. For example, from 2015 to April 2018, there were only three women ministers out of a total of 26 cabinet ministerial positions. With regard to women’s participation in economic life, the 2005 National Labour Force Survey reveals that women represent 47 per cent of labor force in Ethiopia, with highly unequal participation: 68.5 per cent of employed women were unpaid family workers and 24.8 per cent were self-employed in informal jobs. In addition, women’s illiteracy and inability to meet the initial payment required to qualify for agricultural credit has limited their access to credit facilities. Traditional attitudes, beliefs and practices that reinforce harmful gender roles contribute to constrain women’s participation in social development. Harmful traditional practices, including female genital cutting and child marriage disproportionately affect rural women and girls.

Child marriage
• 41% of Ethiopian girls were married before 18 and 8% married before reaching 15.
• 1 in 5 gives birth before the age of 18
• A girl marrying at 13 will have on average 24 percent more children over her lifetime
Female genital mutilation (FGM)
• Nationwide, at least 65.2 % of girls between the age 15-49 have been cut (UNICEF)
• It is on the decline (23% - 0 to 14 years old undergo the practice)
• Somali and Afar – above 60% & practice the worst form
Violence against women
• Proportion of ever-married women age 15-49 years experiencing intimate partner physical and/or sexual violence at least once in their lifetime (28 % )
• Physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence in the last 12 months (DHS 2016) - 20 %
Political representation
• Tigray has about 48% women representation in the regional council but still gender inequality exists
Female enrollment in STEM programs
• Women constitute only 23% (UNESCO 2015 report)
• Very few of the researchers hold PhD Only 7% (1% of which are female researchers)
• Most women in research and development work as support staff (37% are support staff; 24% technicians; 13% researchers)

Based on stakeholder consultation it is agreed the focus for the July 2019 GSTS - Gender Forum focus to be on the following three key areas
I. Address root causes of Violence Against Women and Girls and propose strategies to end the practice.
II. Address challenges and discuss strategies on how to increase female enrollment in science, technology, engineering
and maths (STEM)
III. Address challenges and propose strategies to increase women's participation in politics and governance

We thank you for kind cooperation.
Deadline 15 April /2019

Email address *
Ohne Titel
Abrahim Yasin
Country of Current Residence & Working Place?
Untitled Title
+41779377131 *
Your answer
Area of expertise and experiences within gender?
Your answer
Based on your knowledge and experience, please identify the top three forms of violence against women that are widely prevalent in Tigray?
Your answer
Early marriage, Economic problem and Cultural influence by the community.
In the context of Tigray please identify the root causes of the forms of violence against women and girls that you identified in the previous question?
Your answer
Lack of awareness the consequence of early marriage, the women do not have full potential to lead the family always they are influenced by men.
What strategies would you recommend should be employed to prevent these forms of violence against women and girls?
Your answer
Intensive training will be given to women the cause of early marriage by the concerned büro of health.
What in your view are the reasons for a low enrollment of female students in Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths?
Your answer
There is no industry, service sector to motivate them. the teaching and learning process is much of theoretical instead of practice.
What can be done to encourage girls to participate in STEM from a young age?
Your answer
What strategies do you recommended to increase female enrollment in Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths?
Your answer
What other ideas, innovations, tools and solutions of gender equality do you propose? The ideas could include: Capacity development, evaluation and assessment, mobilization of resources, etc.
Your answer
What areas of governance in regional, weroda , tabiya are contributing to gender disparity/ gap in Tigray?
Your answer
What strategies in your view should be employed to increase women's participation in leadership (regional, woreda, tabiya levels) as and other policy making levels?
Your answer
Other Comments?
Your answer
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