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Notice of Privacy Practices
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Notice of Privacy Practices

Effective Date: 06/01/2020


If you have any questions about this notice, please contact our privacy officer:

Gillian Berrian

P.O. Box 14161

Jackson, WY 83002

1.         Summary of Rights and Obligations Concerning Health Information. Trailhead Physical Therapy is committed to preserving the privacy and confidentiality of your health information, which is required both by federal and state law.  We are required by law to provide you with this notice of our legal duties, your rights, and our privacy practices, with respect to using and disclosing your health information that is created or retained by Trailhead Physical Therapy.  Each time you visit us, we make a record of your visit. Typically, this record contains your symptoms, examination and test results, our assessment of your condition, a record of your treatment interventions, and a plan for future care or treatment. We have an ethical and legal obligation to protect the privacy of your health information, and we will only use or disclose this information in limited circumstances. In general, we may use and disclose your health information to:

•         plan your care and treatment;

•         provide treatment by us or others;

•         communicate with other providers such as referring physicians;

•         receive payment from you, your health plan, or your health insurer;

•         make quality assessments and work to improve the care we render and the outcomes we achieve,  

   known as health care operations;

•         make you aware of services and treatments that may be of interest to you; and

•         comply with state and federal laws that require us to disclose your health information.

We may also use or disclose your health information where you have authorized us to do so.

Although your health record belongs to Trailhead Physical Therapy, the information in your record belongs to you. You have the right to:

•         ensure the accuracy of your health record;

•         request confidential communications between you and your physician and request limits on the use and

   disclosure of your health information; and

•         request an accounting of certain uses and disclosures of health information we

        have made about you.

We are required to:

•         maintain the privacy of your health information;

•         provide you with notice, such as this Notice of Privacy Practices, as to our legal duties and privacy practices with

    respect to information we collect and maintain about you;

•         abide by the terms of our most current Notice of Privacy Practices;

•         notify you if we are unable to agree to a requested restriction; and

•         accommodate reasonable requests you may have to communicate health

        information by alternative means or at alternative locations.

We reserve the right to change our practices and to make the new provisions effective for all your health information that we maintain.

Should our information practices change, a revised Notice of Privacy Practices will be available upon request. If there is a material change, a revised Notice of Privacy Practices will be distributed to the extent required by law.  We will not use or disclose your health information without your authorization, except as described in our most current Notice of Privacy Practices. In the following pages, we explain our privacy practices and your rights to your health information in more detail.

2.         We may use or disclose your medical information in the following ways:

practice. For example, we may use information in your health record to assess the care and outcomes in your   case and others like it as part of a continuous effort to improve the quality and effectiveness of the healthcare and services we provide. We may use and disclose your health information to conduct cost-management and business planning activities for our practice.

•   licensing and certification carried out by public health authorities;

•   prevention or control of disease, injury, or disability;

•   reports of births and deaths;

•   reports of child abuse or neglect;

•   notifications to people who may have been exposed to a disease or may be at

    risk for contracting or spreading a disease or condition;

       •   organ or tissue donation; and

       •   notifications to appropriate government authorities if we believe a patient has

    been the victim of abuse, neglect, or domestic violence. We will make this

    disclosure when required by law, or if you agree to the disclosure, or when

    authorized by law and in our professional judgment disclosure is required to

    prevent serious harm.

• in response to a court order, subpoena, warrant, summons, or similar process of authorized under state or  

  federal law;

• to identify or locate a suspect, fugitive, material witness, or similar person;

• about the victim of a crime if, under certain limited circumstances, we are unable to obtain the person’s


• about a death we believe may be the result of criminal conduct;

• about criminal conduct at [name of provider];

• to coroners or medical examiners;

• in emergency circumstances to report a crime, the location of the crime or

  victims, or the identity, description, or location of the person who committed the         crime;

• to authorized federal officials for intelligence, counterintelligence, and other national security authorized by    

  law; and

• to authorized federal officials so they may conduct special investigations or provide protection to the

  President, other authorized persons, or foreign heads of state.

3. Authorization for Other Uses of Medical Information.  Uses of medical information not covered by our most current Notice of Privacy Practices or the laws that apply to us will be made only with your written authorization.  You should be aware that we are not responsible for any further disclosures made by the party you authorize us to release information to.  If you provide us with authorization to use or disclose medical information about you, you may revoke that authorization, in writing, at any time. If you revoke your authorization, we will no longer use or disclose medical information about you for the reasons covered by your written authorization, except to the extent that we have already taken action in reliance on your authorization or, if the authorization was obtained as a condition of obtaining insurance coverage and the insurer has the right to contest a claim or the insurance coverage itself. We are unable to take back any disclosures we have already made with your authorization, and we are required to retain our records of the care that we provided to you.

4. Your Health Information Rights.  You have the following rights regarding medical information we gather about you:

A. Right to Obtain a Paper Copy of This Notice. You have the right to a paper copy of this Notice of Privacy Practices at any time. Even if you have agreed to receive this notice electronically, you are still entitled to a paper copy.

B. Right to Inspect and Copy. You have the right to inspect and copy medical information that may be used to make decisions about your care.  This includes medical and billing records.  

To inspect and copy medical information, you must submit a written request to our privacy officer. We will supply you with a form for such a request. If you request a copy of your medical information, we may charge a reasonable fee for the costs of labor, postage, and supplies associated with your request. We may not charge you a fee if you require your medical information for a claim for benefits under the Social Security Act (such as claims for Social Security, Supplemental Security Income, and any other state or federal needs-based benefit program.

If your medical information is maintained in an electronic health record, you also have the right to request that an electronic copy of your record be sent to you or to another individual or entity. We may charge you a reasonable cost based fee limited to the labor costs associated with transmitting the electronic health record.

C. Right to Amend. If you feel that medical information we have about you is incorrect or incomplete, you may ask us to amend the information. You have the right to request an amendment for as long as we retain the information.  

To request an amendment, your request must be made in writing and submitted to our privacy officer. In addition, you must provide a reason that supports your request.  We may deny your request for an amendment if it is not in writing or does not include a reason to support the request. In addition, we may deny your request if you ask us to amend information that:

was not created by us, unless the person or entity that created the information is no longer available to make the


is not part of the medical information kept by or for [name of provider];

is not part of the information which you would be permitted to inspect and copy; or

is accurate and complete.

If we deny your request for amendment, you may submit a statement of disagreement.  We may reasonably limit the length of this statement. Your letter of disagreement will be included in your medical record, but we may also include a rebuttal statement.

D. Right to an Accounting of Disclosures. You have the right to request an accounting of disclosures of your health information made by us. In your accounting, we are not required to list certain disclosures, including:

disclosures made for treatment, payment, and health care operations purposes or disclosures made incidental

  to treatment, payment, and health care operations, however, if the disclosures were made through an electronic

  health record, you have the right to request an accounting for such disclosures that were made during the  

  previous 3 years;

disclosures made pursuant to your authorization;

disclosures made to create a limited data set;

        • disclosures made directly to you.

To request an accounting of disclosures, you must submit your request in writing to our privacy officer. Your request must state a time period which may not be longer than six years and may not include dates before June 1, 2020. Your request should indicate in what form you would like the accounting of disclosures (for example, on paper or electronically by e-mail). We may charge you for the reasonable costs of providing the accounting of disclosures. We will notify you of the costs involved and you may choose to withdraw or modify your request at that time, before any costs are incurred. Under limited circumstances mandated by federal and state law, we may temporarily deny your request for an accounting of disclosures.

E. Right to Request Restrictions. You have the right to request a restriction or limitation on the medical information we use or disclose about you for treatment, payment, or health care operations. If you paid out-of-pocket for a specific item or service, you have the right to request that medical information with respect to that item or service not be disclosed to a health plan for purposes of payment or health care operations, and we are required to honor that request.  You also have the right to request a limit on the medical information we communicate about you to someone who is involved in your care or the payment for your care.

Except as noted above, we are not required to agree to your request. If we do agree, we will comply with your request unless the restricted information is needed to provide you with emergency treatment.  To request restrictions, you must make your request in writing to our privacy officer. In your request, you must tell us:

what information you want to limit;

whether you want to limit our use, disclosure, or both; and

to whom you want the limits to apply.

F. Right to Request Confidential Communications. You have the right to request that we communicate with you about medical matters in a certain way or at a certain location. For example, you can ask that we only contact you at work or by e-mail.  To request confidential communications, you must make your request in writing to your provider or our privacy officer. We will not ask you the reason for your request. We will accommodate all reasonable requests. Your request must specify how or where you wish to be contacted.

G. Right to Receive Notice of a Breach. We are required to notify you by first class mail or by e-mail (if you have indicated a preference to receive information by e-mail), of any breaches of Unsecured Protected Health Information as soon as possible, but in any event, no later than 60 days following the discovery of the breach. “Unsecured Protected Health Information” is information that is not secured through the use of a technology or methodology identified by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to render the Protected Health Information unusable, unreadable, and undecipherable to unauthorized users. The notice is required to include the following information:

a brief description of the breach, including the date of the breach and the date of its discovery, if known;

a description of the type of Unsecured Protected Health Information involved in the breach;

steps you should take to protect yourself from potential harm resulting from the breach;

a brief description of actions we are taking to investigate the breach, mitigate losses, and protect against further


contact information, including a toll-free telephone number, e-mail address, Web site or postal address to permit

  you to ask questions or obtain additional information.  In the event the breach involves 10 or more patients

  whose contact information is out of date we will post a notice of the breach on the home page of our Web site or  

  in a major print or broadcast media. If the breach involves more than 500 patients in the state or jurisdiction, we  

  will send notices to prominent media outlets. If the breach involves more than 500 patients, we are required to

  immediately notify the Secretary. We also are required to submit an annual report to the Secretary of a breach

  that involved less than 500 patients during the year and will maintain a written log of breaches involving less

  than 500 patients.

5. Complaints.  If you believe your privacy rights have been violated, you may file a complaint with us or with the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 200 Independence Ave, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20201. To file a complaint with us, contact our privacy officer at the address listed above. All complaints must be submitted in writing and should be submitted within 180 days of when you knew or should have known that the alleged violation occurred. See the Office for Civil Rights website, for more information.  You will not be penalized for filing a complaint.