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TMC Topic Guide: Latin America
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Monkey Cage Topic Guide:

Latin America

Created: January 2021

Last Updated: January 4, 2022

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See additional topic guides on Immigration and Coronavirus.

Political and Electoral Trends across Latin America

A look into how coronavirus could worsen the economic and political crises already plaguing Latin America.

An examination into Latin Americans’ growing discontent with democracy.

        A summary of research identifying what leads more women to be elected to public office.

A breakdown of the corruption that has plagued Latin America and the new anti-corruption measures that have subsequently arisen.

        An analysis of the deterioration of democracy in many Latin American countries.

An analysis of what is causing the recent anti-corruption wave sweeping through Latin America.

A look into why presidential systems are inherently more perilous than parliamentary systems using examples from Latin America.

An analysis of the root causes behind the deteriorating freedom of press in Latin America and what that may spell for news outlets in the U.S. under Trump.

An examination of what leads voters in Latin America to vote for authoritarian leaders and what that may tell us about Trump supporters.

A look into the correlation between racial or ethnic minorities and police discrimination outside of the U.S.

An analysis of the relationship between adjustment policies and the rise of outsider politicians and parties in Latin America and what that may mean for European countries.

An outline of changing attitudes towards globalization amongst Latin Americans.

An examination of the discrepancies between the increased presence of women in national politics and gender egalitarian political attitudes.

An analysis of the consequences caused by white-collar governments ruling Latin American countries where the labor force is dominated by the working class.

U.S.-Latin America Relationship

A look at the destructive impact of past U.S. armed interventions in Latin America and why an invasion of Venezuela would likely follow suit.

A history of the U.S.’ relationship with the Venezuelan opposition and how that fueled Trump’s recent actions relating to Venezuela. 

A breakdown of how the new trade deal between Mexico, Canada, and the U.S. attempts to restrict trade.

An explanation of how the U.S.’s immigration policy drives up crime rates in Latin American countries thus increasing immigration to the U.S.

An examination into whether U.S. military intervention in foreign countries actually benefits trade.

An explanation of the repercussions higher U.S. interest rates may have on developing economies, particularly in Latin America.

A summary of insights former Latin American presidents have shared on decision-making and what that may foretell for Trump.

A history of Venezuela’s rocky relationship with ExxonMobil and what consequences that may bring for U.S.-Venezuela relations.

China-Latin America Relationship

An examination into the differences between China and Russia’s relationship with Venezuela.  

An analysis of China’s investments in Latin America.

An analysis of China’s relationship with Latin American and how Trump’s election does not necessarily mean it will strengthen.

An examination into China’s decision to invest in Latin America and the ramifications that may arise for both sides.

Immigration

A breakdown of the new U.S.-Mexico migration deal. 

An explanation of the struggles Mexico faces in deterring migration at its southern border.

An examination into why foreign aid often fails to stem the flow of migration and how it has potential to be effective.

A breakdown of the correlation between dictatorships and increased immigration.

A roundup of TMC posts relating to immigration to the United States.

An explanation of how the U.S.’s immigration policy drives up crime rates in Latin American countries thus increasing immigration to the U.S.

An explanation of the Trump administration’s new family separation policy at the border.

An explanation of the feedback loop between deportation, violence and migration.

Argentina

An explanation of how reframing the debate on abortion led to its legalization.

A look into how Argentina’s massive feminist social movement opened the door for legalizing abortion. 

An examination into Argentina's decision to reinstate capital controls.

A breakdown of the campaign to legalize abortion in Argentina.

A breakdown of why Argentinian president, Mauricio Macri, took the risky step of removing the country’s stringent exchange controls. 

An analysis of the impact of legislators’ wealth on progressive policy outcomes.   

An examination of election security in Argentina and the difficulties in proving electoral fraud.

Key takeaways from Argentina’s recent elections before the presidential race heads into a runoff.

A breakdown of Argentina’s election system and the results from its recent primary. 

An examination into Argentina’s Cabinet shake-up and what it may mean for the future of Argentina politics. 

A breakdown of how Argentina’s elections results takes the possibility of constitutional reform off the table.

Bolivia

A breakdown of the argument claiming there were irregularities in Bolivia’s 2019 election results. 

A statistical analysis of Bolivia’s election results and an explanation of how the research casts doubts on claims of electoral fraud.

A breakdown of Bolivia’s disputed election results and the potential consequences for its democracy.

A look into Morales’ departure and misleading oversimplifications in the news. 

A breakdown of Morales’ legacy and what comes next for Bolivia.

An analysis of the state of Bolivia’s democracy.

An analysis of the pros and cons of term limits.

Brazil

An analysis of what local election results could signal for the future of Brazil’s leading political blocs. 

An examination into the significance of race in Brazilian elections. 

An explanation of how Brazil’s public health system is actively working to combat COVID-19 despite the president’s campaign to ignore the pandemic.

An explanation of how sustained advocacy was and is critical to successfully fighting AIDS in Brazil. 

A breakdown of Bolsonaro’s motives for eliminating many of Brazil’s participatory political bodies.  

An examination into the “violent lobbying” Brazil’s prison gangs have undertaken.

An outline of three possible ways Jair Bolsonaro’s presidency could go. 

An analysis of Brazil’s likely dramatic shift away from its history of tolerance.

        An analysis of the deterioration of democracy in many Latin American countries.

Key takeaways from Brazil’s first round of elections.

A breakdown of the growing influence of Brazilian women and their rising numbers in government.

An outline of the differences between political polarization in Brazil and the U.S.

An explanation of the weight female voters will have in Brazil’s upcoming presidential election.

An examination into how Brazil’s presidential elections will be affected with Brazil’s former president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, off the ballot.

An explainer on why Lula da Silva retains tremendous influence on Brazil’s presidential elections.  

An analysis of the consequences Brazil and its president may face after the federal government was deployed to take control of Rio’s police and prison system. 

A breakdown of recent conflict between two of Brazil’s largest gangs and a history of their respective origins. 

An explanation of what Brazil’s municipal elections could mean for the future of one of its most dominant political parties, the Workers’ Party (PT).

A summary of research determining the portions of Brazil’s government more susceptible to corruption.

A breakdown of Brazil’s electoral and party systems and their inherent flaws. 

A summary of recent TMC articles relating to the impeachment trial of then-Brazilian president, Dilma Rousseff.

An analysis of how the state of the economy impacts whether the president of Brazil will face repercussions for corruption scandals.

An examination into the impact local parties in Brazil have on national politics.

An argument against calling the impeachment of Brazil’s Dilma Rousseff a coup.

An assessment of whether Brazil’s right-wing is attempting to tarnish the current left-wing regime. 

A breakdown of the politics that drive the WHO’s varied responses to health crises.  

A breakdown of Brazil’s electoral system and what it means for then-president Dilma Rousseff.

An outline of how the release of wiretapped conversations by a federal judge threatens to upend Brazil’s judicial independence, a trait essential for democracy. 

An explanation of Brazil’s massive anti-corruption case, the Lava Jato investigation.

An explanation of how international economic conditions can predict presidential success within Latin America.

An assessment of the performance of Brazilian polling firms in the country’s runoff elections.  

A look into the difficulties of forecasting elections in Brazil and the accuracy of pollsters. 

An explainer on how a settlement between the U.S. and Brazil could have far-reaching consequences. 

An examination into the political standing of the Brazilian presidential candidate, Eduardo Campos, who died suddenly and who might replace him.

An interview with political scientist, Neil Malhotra, on the effects Brazil’s humiliating loss in the World Cup could have on the country’s presidential elections.

An explanation of the contradictions behind Brazilian protests against hosting the World Cup.

An analysis of how participatory institutions can play a significant role in improving the livelihood of citizens.

Chile

An analysis of Chile’s vote to rewrite its constitution. 

An examination into how Chile’s Museum of Memory and Human Rights impacts Chileans view of the past.  

An examination into indigenous Chileans involvement in protests and their resistance to the government.

An analysis of the root forces behind Chile’s mass protests.

An examination into the inequality plaguing Chile and driving protests.

Key takeaways from Chile’s presidential run-off elections. 

A breakdown of the major changes in Chile’s legislature after recent elections.

An analysis of the complex link between presidents’ gender and feminist legislation.

An explanation of how Chile’s use of school vouchers aggregated education and socioeconomic inequality.

An explanation of how compromises made during Chile’s transition from dictatorship to democracy deeply restricted the country from moving forward.  

An explanation of how low voter turnout in the Chilean election jeopardizes the returning president’s mandate and ability to complete Chile’s transition to democracy. 

A breakdown of what the results from Chile’s first round of voting signify for both the political left and right.  

A look into the strength and weakness of Chile’s leading political coalitions. 

An analysis of the effects of Chile’s reformation from a compulsory voting system to a voluntary one. 

A breakdown of what to expect in Chile’s 2013 elections.

Colombia

A breakdown of the factors driving Colombia’s mass protests.

A look into Colombian attitudes towards the country’s peace accords with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).

An examination in the pervasive violence threatening women at the Colombian-Venezuelen border.

A look into the importance of Colombia’s newly-minted criminal tribunal, Special Jurisdiction for Peace, in sustaining the country’s peace agreement with FARC.

An explanation of how a lack of political support for Colombia’s Truth Commission is threatening peace. 

A look at Colombia’s experience with near universal health care and lessons the U.S. can take from Colombia.

A breakdown of Colombia’s presidential run off elections and key facts about the left-wing guerrilla group, M-19, that fostered one of the presidential candidates. 

An look into the importance of outside actors in Colombia’s first election with FARC as a political party.

An analysis of the challenges facing Colombia as it begins the reintegration process with FARC rebels.

An explanation of the significance in framing for governments pushing referendums. 

An analysis of the significance rural land reform holds in peace talks and what the future holds for Colombia’s countryside. 

An examination into whether Colombia’s heightened attention to gender and sexuality in its peace talks may have contributed to the referendum’s failure.

An explanation of transitional justice and the weight the phrase holds in Colombia.

An analysis of the inconsistencies and possible errors made in counting the votes for Colombia’s referendum.

An examination of why former rebels often turn to violent crime and how Colombia can prevent this from occurring. 

A breakdown of Colombia’s referendum on its peace accord with FARC.

A history of Colombia’s independent republics and a look into their impact on the peace process today. 

A breakdown of what Colombia’s peace deal with FARC means for all the major players involved. 

A summary of the long awaited and fragile peace agreement between FARC and the Colombian government. 

An explanation of how the Colombian peace agreement focuses on issues relating to gender.  

An outline of the struggles Colombia’s border region may face in the wake of peace negotiations with FARC.

An analysis of the history of disarmament after armed conflicts and the hesitance it often brings.

An outline of Colombia’s peace agreement with the country’s largest insurgent group, FARC. 

An analysis of the complex realities facing female members of FARC. 

A summary of a study examining the causes and grievances that lead citizens to take up arms against their country.  

An analysis of the struggles Colombia will face in reaching a peace deal that will have public legitimacy.

An analysis of the relationship between levels of violence and vote choice. 

A breakdown of how Colombia’s legislature elections may impact the peace process with FARC. 

Cuba

An outline of new revelations the JFK assassination files contained on U.S.-Cuba relations and the lingering policy effects of U.S. plots to kill Castro. 

An explanation of how Trump’s Cuba policy will most like backfire against his goals. 

A breakdown of why the U.S. embargo against Cuba failed to democratize Cuba and why lifting is also unlikely to change the status quo.

A breakdown of the U.S.’s abstanation for the U.N. vote that calls on the U.S. to end its Cuban embargo. 

An explanation of why the Cuban government believes having the U.S. as its enemy is a vital asset for its policies.

An explainer on how Castro-era defense policies benefit from Obama’s Cuba visit. 

A history of presidential travel abroad and an explanation of Obama’s unorthodox trip to Cuba.

An outline of who José Martí was and how his writing is relevant today. 

A call to end the use of the phrase “Only Nixon could go to China.” 

An examination into the waning influence of Cuban American hard-liners. 

An analysis of how younger Cuban Americans are increasingly more supportive of opening U.S. relations with Cuba. 

A critique on comparing Cuban human rights violations to North Korea’s. 

A breakdown of a graph depicting the U.S.’ increasing isolation in its refusal to normalize relations with Cuba. 

Ecuador

An examination of the relationship between trust of the government and support for fuel subsidy reform. 

A breakdown of what affected the outcome of Ecuador’s election.

An explanation of Ecuador’s electoral system and the February 2017 presidential and legislative elections.

El Salvador

An analysis of El Salvador’s current political situation.

An analysis of how a drop in remittances could expose more Salvadorans to poverty and influence the country’s politics. 

An explanation of the feedback loop between deportation, violence and migration.

Guatemala

An explanation of the struggles Mexico faces in deterring migration at its southern border.

An explanation of how the International Commission Against Impunity has drastically reduced homicide rates in Guatemala. 

An examination into whether Russia is interfering in Guatemala’s anti-corruption campaign and what consequences that may hold.

A deep look at the corruption and impunity measures that underlie Guatemalan politics.

An examination of how Guatemalan politicians attract voters with calls for law-and-order. 

An outline of Guatemala’s rocky path to democracy and where it stands today. 

An explanation of why Latin American political candidates often campaign in the U.S.

Haiti

Honduras

An examination into whether Hondurans trust their electoral system and the implications that answer may have for neighboring countries.

An examination of racist attitudes that permeate throughout Honduran society.

Mexico

A breakdown of the new U.S.-Mexico migration deal. 

An explanation of the struggles Mexico faces in deterring migration at its southern border.

A breakdown of the implications that would come with labeling Mexican cartels as Foreign Terrorist Organizations.

An examination into the repercussion the militarization of law enforcement causes.

A breakdown of how the new trade deal between Mexico, Canada, and the U.S. attempts to restrict trade. 

An examination of how Mexico’s president-elect, Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO), may approach NAFTA renegotiations. 

A history of Mexico’s attempt to achieve gender parity in its legislature and its impact.

A breakdown of Mexico’s president-elect, Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO), landslide win.

An analysis of the collapse of Mexico’s Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and what it’s demise might mean for the future of Mexican politics.

A look into what forces may try and meddle in Mexico’s presidential election and why. 

An explanation of how Mexico’s polarized politics and weak institutions contribute to higher crime rates.

An examination into the faults behind the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) report labelling Mexico the second-deadliest conflict zone. 

An explainer on how politics can inhibit access to high-quality water with a focus on how it played out in Mexico. 

A history of U.S.-Mexican cooperation on patrolling their shared border and how that is changing.

An analysis of why taking out a kingpin often reduces violence in terrorist groups but not criminal groups. 

An examination into why a Mexican drug cartel began exerting direct control over the agricultural production of limes.

Nicaragua

 

A look into the key factors that kept Nicaragua’s authoritarian ruler in power despite mass protests. 

An explanation of how Nicaragua’s ruling party has taught a new generation of Nicaraguans how to overthrow it.

Peru

An explanation of how a combination of Peru’s party system and its politicians' constant undermining of democratic norms has led the country into its current political crisis.

A breakdown of Peru’s recent political crisis. 

A look into the pulls and drawbacks of impeachment with a focus on the Peruvian president’s recent resignation.

A look into the differences and similarities between Peru’s Alberto Fujimori and Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

An exploration into the success of authoritarian successor parties.

A breakdown of each Peruvian presidential candidates’ electoral base.

An analysis of how Fujimori’s party in Peru gained a congressional majority and it’s impact on Peru’s future.

A breakdown of the surfacing tensions Peru’s next presidential administration will have to face.

Uruguay

A breakdown of Uruguay’s recent elections.

Venezuela

An analysis of why the politicization of Venezuela’s military and expanded U.S. sanctions will not oust President Maduro.

An outline of potential outcomes to Venezuela’s crisis.

A breakdown of “counterbalancing,” a strategy used to buffer potential coups, in Venezuela.

An explanation of Russia’s interest in Venezuela.

An examination into the consequences that occur when the U.S. attempts to overthrow foreign regimes. 

An explanation of Russia’s efforts to bolster Maduro. 

A look at the destructive impact of past U.S. armed interventions in Latin America and why an invasion of Venezuela would likely follow suit.

An examination in the pervasive violence threatening women at the Colombian-Venezuelen border.

An examination into the differences between China and Russia’s relationship with Venezuela.  

A history of the U.S.’ relationship with the Venezuelan opposition and how that fueled Trump’s recent actions relating to Venezuela. 

An analysis of the potential impacts of a proposed power-sharing agreement and amnesty bill in Venezuela. 

An analysis of China’s gamble to maintain support for Maduro.

An outline of the considerations the Venezuelen military will take into account when deciding whether to continue to back Maduro.

An explanation of the challenges Maduro will face if he seeks exile with impunity.

An analysis of internal shifts in Venezuela that may signal an imminent regime change.

An overview of the Russia-Venezuela relationship.

An explanation of how Venezuelens seeking economic relief have infiltrated Amazon’s social science data collecting tool, Mechanical Turk.

A breakdown of the hyperinflation plaguing Venezuela and what the elections might bring. 

A breakdown of Venezuela’s new cryptocurrency, petro. 

An analysis of the Venezuelen military’s unwavering loyalty to Maduro and why that is unlikely to change.

An examination into the Venezuelan military’s powerful influence on Venezuela’s future.

An explanation of why Venezuela’s election results appear to be fraudulent.

An analysis of how Venezuela’s fraudulent elections will likely lead to an increase in migration not protests.

An analysis of why democratically elected leaders will hold back from condemning human rights violations

An explanation of how Venezuela’s crisis threatens regional stability.

An examination into Venezuela’s Constituent Assembly and how its creation may further escalate the conflict.  

A guide to understanding protests in Venezuela. 

An explanation of how and why Maduro may use a constituent assembly to expand his presidential powers.

An explanation of protests in Venezuela and a breakdown of potential outcomes.

An analysis of why authoritarian political parties often rebound in democracies. 

An analysis of the trade-offs between democratic principles and economic policies voters face at the polls.

A history of Venezuela’s rocky relationship with ExxonMobil and what consequences that may bring for U.S.-Venezuela relations.

A breakdown of the stark contrasts that exist between Donald Trump and Hugo Chávez.

An examination into the lack of consensus in the international community on what qualifies as hunger.

A breakdown of how a once wealthy and stable Venezuela is now on the brink of economic and social upheaval.

An explanation of Venezuela’s electoral system and how that led to opposition to winning a super majority in the legislature. 

A breakdown of the powers the opposition in Venezuela could hold depending on the number of seats they win in the government.

An explanation of how Maduro’s policies fueled an economic crisis despite a long oil boom.

An examination into the prevalence of conspiracy theories in Venezuelan politics.