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Vax FAQ for Translation - Eng Source
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Hawaii State Department of Health
COVID-19 Vaccine Frequently Asked Questions

What is a vaccine?

What is a Vaccine?

A vaccine helps the body protect itself against a disease.

It is used to prevent illness.

It is not a cure.

It will not help a person who has a disease recover or reduce their symptoms.

It will greatly reduce the chance a person will get sick if they are exposed to the disease.

A vaccines work in 3 ways.

It keeps you from catching COVID-19

It keeps you from getting very sick of dying from COVID-19 if you contract it.

And it keeps you from passing COVID-19 to others .

What is an mRNA vaccine?

What is an mRNA Vaccine?

Messenger RNA or "mRNA" vaccines are a new type of vaccine.

Older vaccines put a weakened or inactive germ into our bodies.

mRNA vaccines teach our bodies how to fight those germs without injecting the actual germ.

How safe is mRNA?

How safe are mRNA vaccines?

mRNA vaccines are as safe as all other types of vaccines in the United States.

Medical experts have been studying and working with mRNA for decades.

They like mRNA vaccines because they can be developed in a laboratory using readily available materials. This means the process can be faster than traditional methods of making vaccines.

mRNA vaccines have been studied before for flu, Zika, and rabies. Cancer research has used mRNA to trigger the immune system to target specific cancer cells.

As soon as the necessary information about the virus that causes COVID-19 was available, medical researchers began designing the mRNA instructions for cells to build the unique spike protein into an mRNA vaccine.

How safe is the Johnson & Johnson Vaccine?

How safe is the Johnson & Johnson Vaccine?

It is very safe for most people. Very rare side effects have been reported. People who have received the Johnson & Johnson vaccine who develop severe headache, abdominal pain, leg pain, or shortness of breath within three weeks after vaccination should contact their health care provider.  If you received J&J more than 3 weeks ago, theres no need for ongoing concern.

Can I get COVID-19 from the vaccine?

Can I get COVID-19 from the vaccine?

No. Vaccines do not use the live virus that causes COVID-19.

They cannot give you COVID-19.

Can mRNA vaccines affect my DNA?

Can vaccines affect my DNA?

Vaccines never enters the center of the cell, which is where our DNA is kept.

Our bodies get rid of mRNA soon after they are finished "reading" it.

mRNA does not affect our DNA in any way.

How effective are COVID-19 vaccines?

How effective are COVID-19 vaccines?

The approved vaccines are very effective at reducing Infection, reducing severity of illness and death and transmission of COVID-19.

No vaccine is 100% effective. Along with masks, avoiding crowds and close contact with people outside our households, vaccines are an important tool that will help us end the pandemic.

What are the side effects?

What are the side effects?

Some people who are vaccinated experience side effects. Common side effects include:

Sore arm

Fever

Body Aches

Headaches

Fatigue

and others

For most people these side effects are mild enough that they do not interfere with their normal activities. More severe reactions are uncommon. Side effects usually go away within one to three days.

How long does vaccine immunity last?

How long does vaccine immunity last?

COVID-19 is a new disease. We don’t know how long natural immunity lasts. Some evidence suggests it may not last very long.

We won’t know how long vaccine immunity lasts until the vaccines have been in use longer.

Both natural immunity and vaccine-induced immunity are being studied closely by medical experts.

Is the COVID-19 vaccine safe for people who are pregnant or breastfeeding?

Is the COVID-19 vaccine safe for pregnant or breastfeeding women?

COVID-19 can make pregnant women and their fetuses very sick.

The vaccines have not been studied in pregnant or breastfeeding women and their infants, but mRNA vaccines are not thought to pose a risk to these groups.

If you are pregnant or breastfeeding you should talk to your healthcare provider about whether or not you should get a COVID-19 vaccine.

Who should be vaccinated?

Who should be vaccinated?

Vaccination is known to be very safe for most people.

Click below to preview the screening questions you will be asked before you recieve a vaccine.

hawaiicovid19.com/translations

Is the COVID-19 vaccine safe for children and adolescents?

Is the COVID-19 vaccine safe for children and adolescents?

The Pfizer/BionTech vaccine is approved for use in youths 12 and older.

Other vaccines are approved for adults 18 and older.

How does vaccination work?

How does vaccination work?

PFizer-BionTech and Moderna vaccines require two shots to be effective.

The 2nd Pfizer-BioNTech shot should be scheduled 3 weeks after the first shot.

The 2nd Moderna shot should be scheduled 4 weeks after the first shot.

When you get your first shot, you will be able to schedule your second shot.

The Johnson & Johnson vaccine requires 1 shot.

Who is able to be vaccinated in Hawaii?

Who is able to be vaccinated in Hawaii?

Everyone who is over 12 year old and living in Hawaii is encouraged to get vaccinated.

How much will the vaccine cost?

How much will the vaccine cost?

The vaccine will be free to the public.

In the future, vaccine providers may charge an administration fee.

What is the best place to get accurate information about vaccines?

What is the best place to get accurate information about vaccines?

The Department of Health will share updates in a variety of ways as more vaccines become available.

You may hear from your healthcare provider, your employer, community and religious leaders, or the media.

The Department of Health maintains the latest news on vaccine status in Hawaii at www.hawaiicovid19.com/vaccine.

Will the pandemic safety guidance to mask, distance, and wash go away?

Will the pandemic safety guidance to mask, distance, and avoid crowds go away?

After you have had both shots, you will still need to wear a mask, and avoid crowds and close contact with other people outside your household.

Medical experts need to learn more about COVID-19 vaccines before changing recommendations to prevent COVID-19 spread.

The Department of Health and state and local leaders will let the public know when it is safe to stop using these preventive measures.

What is “herd immunity” and how does it work?

What is “herd immunity” and how does it work?

Herd immunity is when most people in a community are immune to an infectious disease, either from previous infection or vaccination.

This provides indirect protection to people who are not immune because it makes it harder for the disease to spread.

What percentage of the population needs to get vaccinated to reach herd immunity to COVID-19?

What percentage of the population needs to get vaccinated to reach herd immunity to COVID-19?

Medical experts do not yet know what percentage of people would need to get vaccinated to achieve herd immunity for COVID-19.

Does the flu shot help prevent COVID-19?

Does the flu shot help prevent COVID-19?

An influenza vaccine (“flu shot”) will not protect you from getting COVID-19.

It is important to get your annual flu shot during the COVID-19 pandemic. It provides several benefits, such as keeping you from getting sick with the flu, reducing the severity of your illness if you do get the flu, and reducing your risk of hospitalization because of the flu.

Flu shots are very important to keep you healthy and to keep our clinics and hospitals from being overcrowded during the COVID-19 pandemic.

(January 12, 2021)