Diversifying Art History: A Collective Bibliography


This bibliography started as a collaboration between colleagues in History of Art at the University of Edinburgh. We acknowledge that this is necessarily a flawed document, and don’t pretend it is exhaustive. There is (inevitably) more to add – and, possibly, some things we could take away. The dividing of texts/short films into headed sections is intended to be heuristic and helpful rather than an indication of where the text “sits” intellectually; categorisations are always problematic, and there to be questioned.

If you wish to add texts to this list, you are absolutely encouraged to do so - just ask for edit permission. Try to keep the bibliography you add in manageable chunks. If you wish to add headings to go the side, the “big” headings are “Heading 3”, the subheadings are “Heading 5”. I’ll check periodically to keep things usable, and fiddle about with formatting where necessary (and when my workload allows me the time….).

Thank you! Jill



Foundational texts. 1

Surveys/Readers. 2

Institutional critique – Universities, Museums, Galleries. 3

The Premodern World  (before c. 1500) 4

Early Modern, 1500-1900. 5

Twentieth-century and Contemporary. 7

Where are we now?. 10

Where next?. 10



Foundational texts

Azoulay, Ariella. Unlearning Imperialism: Potential History, Verso Books, 2019.

Barker, Francis, Peter Hulme, Margaret Iversen (eds.), Colonial Discourse/Postcolonial Theory, MUP, 1986

Blier, Suzanne Preston. ‘Words about Words about Icons: Iconologology and the Study of African Art’. Art Journal 47, no. 2 (1988): 75–87.

Camille, Michael, Zeynep Çelik, John Onians, Adrian Rifkin, and Christopher B Steiner. "Rethinking the Canon." The Art Bulletin 78, no. 2 (1996): 198-217. Including Celik, “Colonialism, Orientalism, and the Canon”.

Chibber, Vivek, Postcolonial Theory and the Spectre of Capital, London: Verso 2013

Combahee River Collective, The Combahee River Collective Statement [April 1977]

Dussel, Enrique. The Invention of the Americas. Eclipse of "the Other" and the Myth of Modernity, Michael D. Barber, trans.New York: Continuum, 1995.

Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin, White Masks, (1952), (trans. 1967, New York)

Gilroy, Paul. The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness, Harvard University Press 1993 (see also The Black Atlantic entry, Tate website)

Hall, Stuart [ed.], Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices (London: Sage Publications, 1997)

hooks, bell, Art on my Mind: Visual Politics (New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1995)

hooks, bell. Black Looks: Race and Representation (Boston: South End Press, 1992), esp “The Oppositional Gaze: Black Female Spectators”.

hooks, bell. “Choosing the Margin as a Space of Radical Openness”. Framework: The Journal of Cinema and Media 36 (1989), 15-23.

hooks, bell. Feminist Theory: From Margin to Center [1988] (London: Pluto Press, 2000)

Lenin, Vladimir, Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism [1917] (New York: Penguin, 2010)

Lorde, Audre. Sister Outsider. Crossing Press, 1984 esp “The Master’s Tools will Never Dismantle the Master’s House”.

Mignolo, Walter D. "I am where I think: Epistemology and the Colonial Difference", Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. Traversia, 8.2 (2009): 235-245.

Mignolo, Walter and Catherine E. Walsh, On Decoloniality: Concepts, Analytics, Praxis. Durham: Duke University Press, 2018.

Moraña, Mabel, and Enrique Dussel, eds. Coloniality at Large: Latin America and the Postcolonial Debate. Durham: Duke University Press, 2008.

Said, Edward, Orientalism. London: Penguin, 2003 (first edition, 1978).

Said, Edward. , ‘Opponents, Audiences, Constituencies, and Community’, Critical Inquiry, Vol. 9, No. 1, The Politics of Interpretation (Sep., 1982), pp. 1-26

Spillers, Hortense J. ‘The Idea of Black Culture’. CR: The New Centennial Review 6, no. 3 (2006): 7–28.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty "Can the Subaltern Speak?" revised edition, from the "History" chapter of Critique of Postcolonial Reason in Rosalind Morris, ed. . Columbia University Press, 2010. Can the Subaltern Speak? Reflections on the History of an Idea. Columbia University Press, 2010.

Quijano, Aníbal. "Coloniality of Power, Eurocentrism and Latin America", Nepantla: Views from the South, 1.3 (2000): 533-580.

Wallace, Michele. Dark Designs and Visual Culture (Duke UP, 2004)

Weil, Simone. Simone Weil on Colonialism trans. J.P. Little (Rowman & Littlefield, 2003)

Wynter, Sylvia. ‘Unsettling the Coloniality of Being/Power/Truth/Freedom: Towards the Human, After Man, Its Overrepresentation--An Argument’. CR: The New Centennial Review 3, no. 3 (2003): 257–337.



Rasheed Araeen, Sean Cubitt & Ziauddin Sardur (eds.) Third Text Reader on Art, Culture, and Theory (Bloomsbury, 2002)

Bindman, David, et al. eds., The Image of the Black in Western Art, Harvard University Press 2010- (All available via A&AePortal)
        Vol 1: From the Demonic Threat to the Incarnation of Sainthood
        Vol 2: From the Early Christian Era to the ‘Age of Discovery’, Part 1: From the Demonic Threat to the Incarnation of Sainthood; Part 2: Africans in the Christian Ordinance of the World
        Vol 3: From the ‘Age of Discovery’ to the ‘Age of Abolition’. Part 1: Artists of the Renaissance and Baroque; Part 2: Europe and the World Beyond; Part 3: The Eighteenth Century.
        Vol.4: From the American Revolution to World War I, Part 1: Slaves and Liberators; Part 2: Black Models and White Myths
Vol.5: The Twentieth Century, Part 1: The Impact of Africa; Part 2: The Rise of Black Artists

Bindman, David, Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Suzanne Preston Blair eds., The Image of the Black in African and Asian Art. Harvard University Press, 2017.

Loomba, Ania. Colonialism/Postcolonialism. Londres/Nueva York: Routledge, 1998.

Pinder, Kimberley, Race-ing Art History: Critical Readings in Race and Art History (London: Routledge, 2002)


Institutional critique – Universities, Museums, Galleries

Art History/History as a Discipline

 Belting, Hans. “Contemporary Art as Global Art: A Critical Estimate.” In The Global Art World: Audiences, Markets, and Museums.  Edited by Hans Belting and Andrea Buddensieg. Hatje Cantz, 2009.

Chambers, Iain, et al, eds. The Postcolonial Museum: The Arts of Memory and the Pressures of History, Farnham: Ashgate 2014

Chakrabarty, Dipesh. Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference, Princeton University Press, 2000.

Dean, Carolyn. ‘The Trouble with (the Term) Art’. Art Journal 65, no. 2 (1 June 2006): 24–33.

     Elkins, James, ed. Is Art History Global? Routledge, 2013.

Grant, Catherine, Dorothy Price and others. ‘Decolonizing Art History’. Art History 43, no. 1 (2019): 8–66.

Mignolo, Walter and Rolando Vázquez, ‘Decolonial AestheSis: Colonial Wounds/Decolonial Healings’, in ‘The Decolonial AestheSis Dossier’, Socialtext Online, n.d., July 15, 2013.

Nelson, Robert S. ‘The Map of Art History’. The Art Bulletin 79, no. 1 (1997): 28–40.  

Roy, Ananya, Andrés Carrasquillo, Daniel Bessner, Matt Sparke, Richard Hebdige, Janet O’Shea, Laura Murat, et al. Teach.Organize.Resist., 2017.

Summers, David. Real Spaces: World Art History and the Rise of Western Modernism. Phaidon Press, 2003.

Tuck, Eve and K. Wayne Yang. “Decolonization is not a Metaphor.” Decolonization, Indigeneity and Society 1 (2012).

Vázquez, Rolando ‘Translation as Erasure: Thoughts on Modernity’s Epistemic Violence’. Journal of Historical Society 24, no. 1 (1 March 2011): 27–44.

Vikram, Anuradha. Decolonizing Culture: Essays on the Intersection of Art and Politics (Art Practical and Sming Sming Books, 2017).

Wolff, Marie Neil. “Zones of Indifference,” in Daniel Savoy ed., The Globalization of Renaissance Art: A Critical Review. Leiden: Brill, 2017, 289-299.

Wood, Paul. “Display, Restitution and World Art History: The Case of the 'Benin Bronzes', Visual Culture in Britain, 13/1 (2012), pp.115-137


Azoulay, Ariella, “Plunder, Objects, Art, Rights,” in Potential History: Unlearning Imperialism, Verso Books, 2019, pp. 58-154.

Banks, P.. Diversity and Philanthropy at African American Museums: Black Renaissance Routledge, 2019.

Berlo, Philips, Duncan, et al., “The Problematics of Collecting and Display,” Art Bulletin 77, 1 (1995): 6-23.

Flood, Finbarr Barry, “Between Cult and Culture: Bamiyan, Islamic Iconoclasm, and the Museum”, The Art Bulletin, 84/4 (2002), pp.641-659

Gell, Alfred. “Vogel’s Net: Traps and Artworks and Artworks as Traps.” Journal of Material Culture 1(1) 1996: 15-38.

Giblin, John, Imma Ramos, and Nikki Grout. "Dismantling the Master’s House: Thoughts on Representing Empire and Decolonising Museums and Public Spaces in Practice. An Introduction." Third Text 33:4-5 (2019): 471-486,

Karp, Ivan, and Lavine, Steven D., eds. Exhibiting Cultures: The Poetics and Politics of Museum Display. Smithsonian Books, 1991.

Kassim, Sumaya, The Museum Will Not Be Decolonised’, 2017.

      Morag Kersel, “The Politics of Playing Fair, or, Who’s Losing their Marbles?,” in Marketing

Heritage: Archaeology and the Consumption of the Past (Walnut Creek: AltaMira, 2004) 41-56.

Mignolo, Walter, “Museums in the Colonial Horizon of Modernity. Fred Wilson’s Mining the Museum, 1992,” ch. 4 in Harris, J., Globalization and Contemporary Art (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011)

Necioglu, G., “The Concept of Islamic Art: Inherited Discourses and New Approaches,” in Junod, B., Khalil, G., Weber, S and Wolf, G. (eds), Islamic Art and the Museum (London: Saqi Books, 2012)

Rabbat, Nasser. “What’s in a Name: Nasser Rabbat on the New Islamic Art Galleries at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.” Artforum International 50, no. 5 (January 2012):

Shaw, Wendy, "Collecting Islam in the Ottoman Empire and Egypt: Modernization and the First Islamic Museums of Islamic Art," in Maia Gahtan and Eva-Maria Troelenberg, eds. Collecting and Empires: An Historical and Global Perspective, (Brepols-Harvey Miller Publishing: Turnhout, 2019), pp. 336-359.

Shaw, Wendy, “Objectification,” in Muslim Matter, Omar Kasmani, Stephan Maneval, eds. (Berlin, Revolver Publishing: 2016), pp. 145-186.

VERA (Visual Electronic Representations in the Archive) is the first collaborative of art historians, archivists, librarians, researchers, engineers, and computer scientists working to build innovative and responsible archival practices around the visual and material cultures of communities of color. VERA Collaborative, accessed June 11, 2020, https://veracollaborative.com/

The Empire Museum (Scottish Museum on empire, slavery, colonialism and migration (at http://empiremuseum.scot)

The Premodern World  (before c. 1500) 

The Middle Ages Now

Albin, Andrew. Whose Middle Ages? Teachable Moments for an Ill-used Past, ed. Andrew Albin New York : Fordham University Press, 2019.

Bartlett, Robert. "Medieval and Modern Concepts of Race and Ethnicity", Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 31:1 (2001), 39-56.

Cohen, Jeffrey Jerome, ed. The Postcolonial Middle Ages. The New Middle Ages. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.

Cohen, Jeffrey Jerome. "Race", in Marion Turner, ed., A Handbook of Middle English Studies. London, 2013, pp. 109-22.

Downes, S., Young, H. 'The maiden fair: Nineteenth-century medievalist art and the gendered aesthetics of whiteness in HBO’s Game of Thrones' Postmedieval 10, 219–235 (2019).

Frojmovic, Eva and Catherine E. Karkov, eds. Postcolonising the Medieval Image (New York: Routledge, 2017)

Hahn, Thomas, "The Difference the Middle Ages Makes: Color and Race before the Modern World", Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 31: 1 (2001), 1-37.

Heng, Geraldine. ‘Reinventing Race, Colonizations, and Globalisms Across Deep Time: Lessons from la Longue Durée.’ PMLA 130.2 (2015): 358–66

 Holsinger, Bruce. ‘Medieval Studies, Postcolonial Studies, and the Genealogy of Critique’, Speculum 77.4 (2002), 1195-1227.

Karkov, Catherine. ‘Postcolonial’, in A Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Studies, ed. Jacqueline Stodnick and Renée Trilling (Chichester, 2012), 149–63.

Kim, Dorothy.  "Introduction to Literature Compass Special Cluster: Critical Race and the Middle Ages". Literature Compass 16, 9-10 (2019)  

Overbey, Karen Eileen, ‘Postcolonial’, in Studies in Iconography, 2012, Vol. 33, Special Issue Medieval Art History Today—Critical Terms (2012), pp. 145-156

Perry, David M. “How to Fight 8Chan Medievalism – And Why We Must”, Pacific Standard, June 2019.

Rabbat, Nasser. “What Is Islamic Architecture Anyway?” Journal of Art Historiography 6 (June 2012): 1–15.

Rabbat, Nasser. “Islamic Architecture as a Field of Historical Enquiry.” Architectural Design 74, no. 6 (2004): 18–23.


   The Medieval World

Abu-Lughod, Janet. Before European Hegemony: The World System A.D. 1250-1350. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Anderson, Glaire D. “Integrating the Medieval Iberian Peninsula and North Africa in Islamic Architectural History.” The Journal of North African Studies 19, no. 1 (January 1, 2014): 83–92

Altschul, Nadia R.  ‘Saracens and Race in Roman de la Rose Iconography’, Digital Philology, 2 (2013), pp. 1-15

Berzock, Kathleen Bickford, Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, Aga Khan Museum, and National Museum of African Art. Caravans of Gold, Fragments in Time: Art, Culture, and Exchange across Medieval Saharan Africa. Evanston, Illinois]: Block Museum of Art, Northwestern University : in association with Princeton University Press, 2019.

Blier, Suzanne Preston. Art and Risk in Ancient Yoruba : Ife History, Power, and Identity, c.1300 (Cambridge University Press, 2015).

Dodds, Jerrilynn D. ‘Mudejar Tradition and the Synagogues of Medieval Spain: Cultural Identity and Cultural Hegemony’. In Convivencia: Jews, Muslims and Christians in Medieval Spain, edited by Vivian B. Mann, Thomas F. Glick, and Dodds, Jerrilynn D., 113–31. New York: George Brazilier Publishers, 1992.

Corisande Fenwick. "Archaeology and the Search for Authenticity: Colonialist, Nationalist, and Berberist Visions of an Algerian Past." Theoretical Roman Archaeology Journal, 0, no. 2007 (2008): 75-88.

 Epstein, Steven. Speaking of Slavery: Color, Ethnicity, and Human Bondage in Italy. Cornell University Press, 2001.

Georgopoulou, Maria. ‘Orientalism and Crusader Art: Constructing a New Canon.’ Medieval Encounters 5, no. 3 (1999): 289–321.

Gnisci, Jacopo. 'The dead Christ on the cross in Ethiopian art: Notes on the iconography of the Crucifixion in 12th-to 15th-century Ethiopia,' Studies in Iconography, 2014, Vol.35, pp.187-228.

Green, Monica H. ‘Conversing with the Minority: Relations among Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Women in the High Middle Ages’. Journal of Medieval History 34, no. 2 (1 June 2008): 105–18.

Guérin, Sarah M. ‘Forgotten Routes: Italy, Ifrīqiya, and the Trans-Saharan Ivory Trade’. Al-Masāq, Journal of the Medieval Mediterranean 25, no. 1 (2013): 71–92.

Gustafson, Erik. ‘A Crusader Portal on a Cairene Madrasa’. In Palimpsests: Buildings, Sites, Time, edited by Nadja Aksamija, Clark Maines, and Phillip Wagoner, 61–86. Turhout: Brepols, 2017.

Kaplan, Paul. The Rise of the Black Magus in Western Art (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Research Press, 1985).

Kaplan, Paul.  ‘Black Africans in Hohenstaufer Iconography’, Gesta, 26 (1987), pp. 29-36

Meisenhelder, T., ‘African Bodies: “Othering” the African in Precolonial Europe"Race, Gender & Class 10 (2003), pp. 100-113.

Mellinkoff, Ruth Outcasts: Signs of Otherness in Northern and European Art of the Late Middle Ages, 2 vols (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993).

Mills, Robert. Seeing Sodomy in the Middle Ages (Cambridge University Press, 2015).

Rosser-Owen, Mariam. “Andalusi Spolia in Medieval Morocco: ‘Architectural Politics, Political Architecture.’” Medieval Encounters 20, no. 2 (2014): 152–198.

Rosser-Owen, Mariam. “Mediterraneanism: How to Incorporate Islamic Art into an Emerging Field.” Journal of Art Historiography 6 (June 2012): 20–33.

Shaw, Wendy, What is “Islamic” Art: Between Religion and Perception, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019.


Early Modern, c. 1500-1850

Europe and a New World Order, 1500-1700

Agnani, Sunil. Hating Empire Properly: The Two Indies and the Limits of Enlightenment Anticolonialism, Fordham University Press, 2013.

Burke, Jill. “Nakedness and Other Peoples: Rethinking the Italian Renaissance Nude”. Art History. 36.4 (2013), 714-739.

Cohen-Aponte, Ananda. “Decolonizing the Global Renaissance: A View from the Andes” in Savoy, Daniel. ed., The Globalization of Renaissance Art: A Critical Review. Leiden: Brill, 2017.

Dean, Carolyn, and Dana Leibsohn. ‘Hybridity and Its Discontents: Considering Visual Culture in Colonial Spanish America’. Colonial Latin American Review 12, no. 1 (2003): 5–35.

Erickson, Peter, “Invisibility Speaks: Servants and Portraits in Early Modern Visual Culture”, Journal for Early Modern Cultural Studies, Vol. 9, Number 1 (Spring/Summer, 2009).

Erickson, Peter, “Representation of Blacks in the Renaissance”, Criticism: (1993) Vol. 35: Iss. 4 , Article 1.

Fracchia, Carmen “The Fall into Oblivion of the Works of the Slave Painter Juan de Pareja,” trans. by H. Macartney, Art in Translation 4.2 (2012): 163-183.

Fracchia, Carmen, Black but Human: Slavery and the Visual Arts in Hapsburg Spain (Oxford University Press, 2019).

Hamann, Byron Ellsworth. ‘Interventions: The Mirrors of Las Meninas: Cochineal, Silver, and Clay’. The Art Bulletin; New York, 2010. 

Huiyi, Wu. 'The Observations We Made in the Indies and in China': The Shaping of the Jesuits' Knowledge of China by Other Parts of the Non-Western World”, East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine, 46 (2017), Issue 46, p.47–88

Kaplan, Paul. ‘Jewish Artists and Images of Black Africans in Renaissance Venice’. In Multicultural Europe and Cultural Exchange in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, Ed. James P. Helfers., 67–90. Arizona Studies in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance 12. Brepols, c2005.

Leitch, S. Mapping Ethnography in Early Modern Germany: New Worlds in Print Culture. Springer, 2010.

Lemire, Beverly and Giorgio Riello (eds), Dressing Global Bodies: The Political Power of Dress in World History (London, 2020).

Lowe, Kate, ed., Black Africans in Renaissance Europe. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2005

Lowe, Kate, ‘Visible Lives: Black Gondoliers and Other Black Africans in Renaissance Venice’, Renaissance Quarterly 66 (2013), pp. 412-452

Lowe, Lisa. The Intimacies of Four Continents, Duke, 2015.

McKee, S. ‘Domestic Slavery in Renaissance Italy’. Slavery & Abolition 29, no. 3 (2008): 305–326.

Mignolo, Walter, The Darker Side of the Renaissance: Literacy, Territoriality and Colonialism. 2nd Edn, University of Michigan Press, 2011.

Nichols, Tom. Others and Outcasts in Early Modern Europe: Picturing the Social Margins. Ashgate, 2007.

Oliver, Liza, Art, Trade, and Imperialism in Early Modern French India, Amsterdam, 2019.

Peterson, Jeannette and Dana Leibsohn (eds) Seeing Across Cultures in the Early Modern World (Farnham and Burlington, 2012).

Porras, Stephanie. ‘Locating Hispano-Philippine Ivories’. Colonial Latin American Review 29, no. 2 (2 April 2020): 256–91.

Rowe, Erin Kathleen, Black Saints in Early Modern Global Catholicism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019.

 Savoy, Daniel. ed., The Globalization of Renaissance Art: A Critical Review. Leiden: Brill, 2017.

Sheriff, Mary D. Cultural Contact and the Making of European Art since the Age of Exploration. Chapel Hill, The University of North Carolina Press, 2010.

 Spicer, Joaneath (ed.), Revealing the African Presence in Renaissance Europe (Baltimore: Walters Art Gallery, 2013.

Race in Early Modern England

Erickson, Peter and Clark Hulse (eds), Early Modern Visual Culture: Representation, Race and Empire in Renaissance England (Philadelphia, 2000).

Hall, Kim, Things of Darkness: Economies of Race and Gender in Early Modern England (Ithaca, 1996).

Korhonen, Anu. "Washing the Ethiopian White: Conceptualising Black Skin in Renaissance England", in Earle and Lowe, Black Africans in Renaissance Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Loomba, Ania and Jonathan Burton, eds, Race in early modern England: a documentary companion, 2007.

Poitevan, Kimberley. ‘Inventing Whiteness: Cosmetics, Race, and Women in Early Modern England’. Journal for Early Modern Cultural Studies 11, no. 1 (2011): 59–89.


British and French colonialism and slavery

Barringer, T., et al Art and emancipation in Jamaica : Isaac Mendes Belisario and his worlds, (New Haven and London, 2007)

Bindman, David, Ape to Apollo: Aesthetics and the Idea of Race in the 18th Century, Reaktion, 2002.

Casid, Jill, Sowing Empire: Landscape and Colonization, Minnesota, 2004.

Cohn, Bernard. Colonialism and its forms of knowledge: The British in India, Princeton University Press, 1996.

Curran, Andrew, Anatomy of Blackness: Science and Slavery in the Age of Enlightenment, JHUP, 2013.

Devine, Tom (ed.), Recovering Scotland’s Slavery Past: The Caribbean Connection. Edinburgh University Press, 2015.

Fryd, Vl. G. ‘Rereading the Indian in Benjamin West’s Death of General Wolfe’, American Art, 9. 1 (1995), 72-85.

Kriz, Kay Dian, Slavery, Sugar, and the Culture of Refinement. Picturing the British West Indies 1700-1840 (London and New Haven: Yale UP, 2008) esp chapter on ‘Marketing Mulâtresses in Agostino Brunias’ West Indian scenes’, 37-69.

Lafont, Anne. L’art et la race: L’Africain (tout) contre l’oeil des Lumières, Dijon, Les presses du réel, 2019.

McClintock, Amy, Imperial Leather (London: Routledge, 1995), esp. chapter 5: “Soft soaping empire. Commodity racism and imperial advertising”.

Palmer, Geoff. The Enlightenment Abolished: Citizens of Britishness. Henry Publishing, 2007

Pettinger, Frederick Douglass and Scotland, 1846: Living an Antislavery Life. Edinburgh University Press, 2018.

Smith et al., (ed.), Artist and Empire: Facing Britain’s Imperial past, (London, 2015)

Surviving Society podcast, https://soundcloud.com/user-622675754 [Esp ‘E012 The Reflection with Gurminder Bhambra: Brexit, Empire & Covid-19']

 Working, Lauren, The Making of an Imperial Polity: Civility and America in the Jacobean Metropolis (Cambrdige: Cambridge University Press, 2020). Open access: http://bit.ly/35X7dHj

Early Modern Africa

Blier, Susan Preston. “Imagining Otherness in Ivory: African Portrayals of the Portuguese, ca. 1492,” The Art Bulletin 75.3 (1993), 375-396.

Fromont, Cécile. The Art of Conversion: Christian Visual Culture in the Kingdom of Kongo. University of North Carolina Press, 2014.

Fromont, Cecile. "Common Threads: Cloth, Colour, and the Slave Trade in Early Modern Kongo and Angola." Art History 41, 5 (2018): 838-867.

Fromont, Cecile. "Dance, Image, Myth, and Conversion in the Kingdom of Kongo: 1500-1800." African Arts 44, 4 (2011): 54-65.

Jones, Adam. “Drink Deep, or Taste Not: Thoughts on the Use of Early European Records in the Study of African Material Culture.” History in Africa, vol. 21, 1994, pp. 349–370. www.jstor.org/stable/3171894.

Chouin, Gerard. “Seen, Said, or Deduced? Travel Accounts, Historical Criticism, and Discourse Theory: Towards an “Archeology” of Dialogue in Seventeenth-Century Guinea.” History in Africa 28 (2001): 53-70.

Bassani, E., Fagg, W. B., Vogel, S. M., Thompson, C., Center for African Art (New York, N., & Museum of Fine Arts, H. (1988). Africa and the Renaissance: Art in ivory. New York City: Center for African Art : Distributed in the U.S.A. and Canada by Neues Pub. Co..

Silverman, Raymond A. "Material Biographies: Saharan Trade and the Lives of Objects in Fourteenth and Fifteenth-Century West Africa." History in Africa 42 (2015): 375-395. https://muse.jhu.edu/article/583542

Twentieth-century and Contemporary

Art and Ecology

Demos, T.J. Decolonizing Nature: Contemporary Art and the Politics of Ecology. Sternberg Press, 2016

Frazier, Chelsea M. ‘Troubling Ecology: Wangechi Mutu, Octavia Butler, and Black Feminist Interventions in Environmentalism’. Critical Ethnic Studies 2, no. 1 (2016): 40

Yusoff, Kathryn. A billion black Anthropocenes or none. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 2018


Art in the Arab/Islamic World and the Diaspora
Benjamin, Roger, “Colonial Tutelage to Nationalist Affirmation: Mammeri and Racim, Painters of the Maghreb”, in Beaulieu, J. and Roberts, M. (eds.), Orientalism’s Interlocutors (Duke UP, 2002), 43-78.
Çelik, Zeynep. “Speaking Back to Orientalist Discourse,”  in Beaulieu, J. and Roberts, M. (eds.), Orientalism’s Interlocutors (Duke UP, 2002).
Flood, Finbarr Barry. “From the Prophet to Postmodernism? New World Orders and the End of Islamic Art.” Making Art History: A Changing Discipline and Its Institutions. Ed. Elizabeth C. Mansfield, 2007, 31–53.
Finbarr Barry, and Gulru Necipoglu. “Frameworks of Islamic Art and Architectural History: Concepts, Approaches, and Historiographies.” In A Companion to Islamic Art and Architecture: From the Prophet to the Mongols, 1:2–56. Bognor Regis, W.Sussex: John Wiley & Sons, 2017.
Grabar, Oleg. “Editorial: What Should One Know About Islamic Art?” RES: Anthropology and Aesthetics, no. 43 (April 1, 2003): 5–11.
Graves, Margaret. “Feeling Uncomfortable in the Nineteenth Century.” Journal of Art Historiography, no. 6 (2012): 1–27

Hopkins, C. and McSweeney, A., Spain and Orientalism, special issue Art in Translation, ed. A. McSweeney and C. Hopkins, (2017)

Keshani, Hussein. “Towards Digital Islamic Art History.” Journal of Art Historiography 6 (2012).

Journal of Art Historiography Special Issue: Islamic Art Historiography http://arthistoriography.wordpress.com/.

Lenssen, Anneka, Sarah Rogers, & Nada Shabout (eds.), Modern art in the Arab World (Primary Documents) (MoMA/Duke UP, 2018)

Meier, Sandy Prita. “Chinese Porcelain and Muslim Port Cities: Mercantile Materiality in Coastal East Africa.” Association of Art Historians, 2015.

Ritter, Marcus and Staci G. Scheiwiller. The Indigenous Lens? Early Photography in the Near and Middle East. De Gruyter, 2018.

Roberts, Mary. “Osman Hamdi Bey and Ottoman Aestheticism,” in Is Paris Still the Capital of the Nineteenth Century? Eds. Hollis Clayson and Andre Dombrowski (Routledge, 2016)

Roberts, Mary. Istanbul Exchanges: Ottomans, Orientalists, and Nineteenth-Century Visual Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2015.  

Schmidt-Linsenhoff, Viktoria, “Working on the Stereotype: Mona Hatoum and Gülsün Karamustafa, trans D. Sánchez Cano, introduction by D. Hammer-Tugendhat, Art in Translation 8.4 (2016): 429-457.

Shaw, Wendy M. K. What is "Islamic" Art: Between Religion and Perception (Cambridge UP, 2019).

Islamic Art Links

Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture, MIT. n.d. “Archnet (architecture, Urbanism).” https://archnet.org/.

Museum With No Frontiers. n.d. “Discover Islamic Art Database (objects).” http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database.php.

Oxford University. n.d. “Manar Al-Athar (archaeology, Architecture, Objects).” http://www.manar-al-athar.ox.ac.uk/.

Online research sources




Art in Africa and the Diaspora (20th century/contemporary)

African Art

Amselle, Jean Loup, “L’art de la friche. French artistic networks in Africa,” trans R. G.  Elliott, introduction by Z.S.Strother, Art in Translation 10.3 (2018); 302-351

Bajorek, Jennifer. Unfixed: Photography and Decolonial Imagination in West Africa. Durham: Duke University Press, 2020.

Enwezor, Okwui. The Short Century: Independence and Liberation Movements in Africa 1945-1994, (Prestel, 2001).

Godby, Michael. "Excavating Memory: Collage As A Strategy For The Recovery Of History In The Work Of Cecil Skotnes, William Kentridge And Willie Bester." Nka Journal of Contemporary African Art, no. 6-7. 1997.

Harney, Elizabeth. In Senghor’s Shadow: Art, Politics, and the Avant-Garde in Senegal, 1960-1995, (Duke UP, 2004).

Irivwieri, Go. "Aina Onabolu and Naturalism in Nigerian Visual Arts." African Research Review 4, no. 1 (2010): African Research Review, 08/23/2010, Vol.4(1).

Jong, Anneleen De. "Portraying a Story: The Narrative Function of the Human Form in Contemporary Art of South Africa." Research in African Literatures 31, no. 4. 2000.

Kasfir, Sidney Littlefield. African Art and the Colonial Encounter: Inventing a Global Commodity (Indiana UP, 2007).

Kelly, Natasha. Milli's Awakening: Black woman, art and resistance (Hamburg: Orlanda, 2018).

Lamunière, Michelle., Keita, Seydou, Sidibé, Malick, and Fogg Art Museum. You Look Beautiful like That: The Portrait Photographs of Seydou Keïta and Malick Sidibé. 2001

Nimis, Érika. "Mali's Photographic Memory: From Outsider Readings to National Reclaiming."  Visual Anthropology 27, no. 4 (2014): 394-409.

Nzegwu, Kkiru. Contemporary Textures: Multidimensionality in Nigerian Art. (Binghamton UP, 1999).

Ogbechi, Sylvester Okwunodu. “Comrades at Arms: The African Avant-Garde at the First World Festival of Negro Arts (Dakar 1966)” One Million and Forty-Four Years (and Sixty-Three Days), (2007), 88-103.

Ogbichi. Ben Enwonwu: The Making of an African Modernist. (2008).

Okeke-Agulu, Chika. Postcolonial Modernism. (Duke, 2015).

Peffer, John. Cameron, Elisabeth Lynn. Portraiture and Photography in Africa, (Bloomington, 2013)

Peffer, John. Art and the End of Apartheid. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2009.

Probst, Peter. Osogbo and the Art of Heritage. (Indiana, 2011).

Rosemont, Franklin & Robin Kelley (eds.), Black, Brown and Beige: Surrealist Writings from Africa and the Diaspora (University of Texas Press, 2010)

Schmidt-Linsenhoff, Viktoria, “Georges Adéagbo’s Postcolonial Cabinet of Curiosities,” trans D. Sánchez Cano, introduction D. Hammer-Tugendhat, Art in Translation 8.4 (2016) 

Suzuki, Sarah, and Rebecca Roberts. Bodys Isek Kingelez. The Museum of Modern Art, 2018. 

African-American Artists/Artists of Colour in the US/African Diasporic Art

Allmer, Patricia.  & John Sears (eds.), 4 Saints in 3 Acts – A Snapshot of the American Avant-Garde (Manchester UP, 2018)

Amadiume, Ifi. Black Womanhood: Images, Icons and Ideologies of the African Body, (Hood Museum, 2008).

Bernier, Celeste-Marie. Stick to the Skin: African American and Black British Art, 1965-2015 (University of California Press, 2019)

Best, Stephen. “Part 1: On Thinking Like a Work of Art,” None Like Us. Durham: Duke University Press, 2018.

Bowles, John P., ed, Adrian Piper: Race, Gender and Embodiment, Duke University Press 2011

Baldwin, James. James Baldwin: I Am Not Your Negro (documentary film, 2016, dir. Raoul Peck)

Collins, Lisa Gail and Margo Natalie Crawford eds. New Thoughts on the Black Arts Movement, (Rutgers UP, 2006).

Cullen, Deborah & Elvis Fuentes (eds.), Caribbean: Art at the Crossroads of the World (Yale UP, 2013)

DeFrantz, Thomas F., Dancing Many Drums: Excavations in African American Dance, (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2014)

DeFrantz, Thomas F. and Gonzalez, Anita, Black Performance Theory, (North Carolina: Duke University Press Books, 2014)

Dixon Gottschild, Brenda, The Black Dancing Body (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008)

Eckhardt, Sarah L, Louis H. Draper, Deborah Willis, Erina Duganne, Romi Crawford, John E. Mason, Bill Gaskins, and Sharayah Cochran. Working Together: Louis Draper and the Kamoinge Workshop. Richmond, VA : Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Durham, North Carolina : Duke University Press Florence, Italy : Conti Tipocolor. , 2020.

Ellsworth, Kirstin L. "Africobra and the Negotiation of Visual Afrocentrisms." Civilisations 58, no. 1 (2009): 21-38.

Fusco, Coco, and Brian Wallis. Only Skin Deep: Changing Visions of the American Self. New York: International Center of Photography in association with Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers, 2003.

Godfrey, Mark and Zoe Whitley. Soul of a Nation: Art in the Age of Black Power eds Mark Godfrey and Zoe Whitley (London: Tate, 2017)

Goeser, Caroline. Picturing the New Negro: Harlem Renaissance Print Culture and Modern Black Identity (Lawrence: UP Kansas, 2007).

Golden, Thelma. Black Male: Representations of Masculinity in Contemporary American Art, (Whitney Museum, 1994).

Gonzalez, Visualising Equality: African American Rights and Visual Culture in the Nineteenth Century. University of North Carolina Press, 2020. (out later this year in September)

Holmes, Charles. ‘‘He Shook the World’: George Floyd’s Legendary Houston Legacy’, Rolling Stone (June 2020),

Iton, Richard. In Search of the Black Fantastic: Politics and Popular Culture in the Post-Civil Rights Era. Transgressing Boundaries. New York ; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008

Jones, Kellie. South of Pico: African American Artists in Los Angeles in the 1960s and 1970s, (Durham, 2017).

——— Now Dig This: Art & Black Los Angeles, 1960-1980, (Hammer Museum, 2011).

Kirschke, Amy Helene. Women Artists of the Harlem Renaissance, (UP Mississippi, 2014).

Leininger-Miller, Theresa A. New Negro Artists in Paris: African-American Painters and Sculptors in the City of Light, 1922-1934. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press,2001.

Morris, Catherine and Rujeko Hockley, eds., We Wanted a Revolution: Black Radical Women, 1965-85, A Sourcebook (New York: Brooklyn Museum, 2017)

Murray, Derek Conrad. Queering Post-Black Art: Artists Transforming African-American Identity After Civil Rights, (New York: I.B. Taurus, 2016).

Powell, Richard J. Cutting a Figure: Fashioning Black Portraiture, (2008).

Powell, Richard J. Black Art: A Cultural History. Second ed. World of Art. London: Thames & Hudson, 2002.

Raiford, Leigh, and Raphael-Hernandez, Heike. Migrating the Black Body: The AfricanDiaspora and Visual Culture. 2017.

Santschi, Ariel DJ Screw: Soldiers United for Cash (2001) - Documentary available on Amazon, also on Youtube, DJ Screw: The Untold Story (2007).

Shawn Michelle Smith. Photography on the color line W.E.B. Du Bois, race, and visual culture, (Durham: Duke University Press, 2004).

Sweeney, Fionnghuala, Marsh, Kate. Afromodernisms: Paris, Harlem and the Avant-garde. (Edinburgh University Press, 2013)

Thaggert, Miriam. Images of Black Modernism: Verbal and Visual Strategies of the Harlem Renaissance. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2010.

Thompson, Krista A. "Preoccupied with Haiti: The Dream of Diaspora in African American Art, 1915–1942." American Art 21, no. 3 (2007): 74-97.

Thompson, Robert Farris. Flash of the Spirit: African and Afro-American Art and Philosophy, (Random House, NY; 1983).

Walcott, Rinaldo. “The Work of Contemporary Art (in Black),” Archi-Feministes! Art contemporain, theories feministes / Contemporary Art, Feminist Theories ed. Marie-Eve Charron, Marie-Josee Lafortune, Therese St-Gelais, Montreal: Optica centre d’art contemporain, 2019, 85-96.

Williams, Lyneise “Boundless,” Cultural Dynamics 30, no. 1–2 (February 1, 2018): 35–51.

Willis, Deborah. Picturing Us: African American Identity in Photography. New York, NY: New Press, 1997.

Willis, Deborah, and Barbara Krauthamer. Envisioning Emancipation: Black Americans and the End of Slavery. Philadelphia : Temple University Press, 2017.

Willis, Deborah, and Carla Williams. The Black Female Body: A Photographic History. Philadelphia, Pa.: Temple University Press, 2002.

Woodley, Jenny. Art for Equality: The NAACP's Cultural Campaign for Civil Rights, (UP of Kentucky; 2014).

Zorach, Rebecca. Art for People's Sake : Artists and Community in Black Chicago, 1965-75. 2019.

Indigenous Art

Hill, Greg A, Candice Hopkins, and Christine Lalonde. Sakahan: International Indigenous Art. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2013.

Nanibush, Wanda. “Anishinaabe-kwe and/or Indigenous feminist?” Archi-Feministes! Art contemporain, theories feministes / Contemporary Art, Feminist Theories ed. Marie-Eve Charron, Marie-Josee Lafortune, Therese St-Gelais, Montreal: Optica centre d’art contemporain, 2019, 119-126.

Prefix [Occupying Forces] (Fall/Winter 2015). Issue includes articles by Gabrielle Moser, Richard William Hill, and Carmen Victor. (full issue bibliography can be located on website https://www.prefix.ca/magazine/)

PUBLIC 54 [Indigenous Art: New Media and the Digital Special Issue], Winter 2016. Co-edited by Heather Igloliorte, Julie Nagam, and Carla Taunton.

RACAR [Continuities Between Eras: Indigenous arts Special Issue], Fall 2017. Co-edited by Heather Igloliorte and Carla Taunton.

Turions, Cheyanne.“How Not to Install Indigenous Art as a Feminist,” Desire/Change: Contemporary Canadian Feminist Art, edited by Heather Davis, published by MAWA and McGill Queens University Press, 2017.

Asian Diaspora

Hirasuna, Delphine, et al. The Art of Gaman: Arts and Crafts from the Japanese American Internment Camps, 1942-1946. Ten Speed Press, 2005.

Kina, Laura, and Bernabe, Jan Christian. Queering Contemporary Asian American Art. University of Washington Press, 2017.

Lee, Anthony. Picturing Chinatown: Art and Orientalism in San Francisco. University of California Press, 2001.

Machida, Margo. Unsettled Visions: Contemporary Asian American Artists and the Social Imaginary. Duke University Press, 2008.

Maya Lin: A Strong Clear Vision. This PBS documentary explores the creation of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. and Civil Rights Memorial in Washington DC. Lin was an unknown architect whose entry had been selected after a nationwide competition. She was only 20 years old, and it angered some politicians that she was Asian. Yet through all the vitriol, Lin persevered, ultimately realizing her stirring artistic vision.

Nguyen, Tan Hoang. A View from the Bottom: Asian American Masculinity and Sexual Representation. Duke University Press, 2014.

Patel, Alpeh Kantilal. Productive Failure: Writing Queer Transnational South Asian Art Histories. Manchester University Press: 2017. 

Colonial/Postcolonial Europe

Behdad, Ali and Luke Gartlan , ‘Photography’s Orientalism: new essays on colonial representation’  (Los Angeles:  Getty Research institute, 2013)

Boone, Joseph. The Homoerotics of Orientalism. Columbia University Press, 2015.

Çelik, Zeynep, Displaying the Orient: Architecture of Islam at Nineteenth-century World Fairs (Berkeley; Oxford: University of California Press, 1992)

Clifford, James. ‘The Predicament of Culture’  (Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1988)

Coombes, Annie E. Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late Victorian and Edwardian England, (London; New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1997).

Grigsby, Darcy Grimaldo, ‘Extremities: painting empire in post-revolutionary France’ (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2002)

Hochschild, Adam.  King Leopold's Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror and Heroism in Colonial Africa  (Boston: Mariner Books, 1998).

Jordan, Glenn. 'Flight from Modernity, Time, the Other, and the Discourse of Primitivism', Time & Society, 4:3, (1995), 281-303

Kenney, Leila and Zeynep Çelik, "Ethnography and Exhibitionism at the Expositions Universelles," Assemblage (December 1990): 35-58.

Mabon, Jim. ‘Europe’s African Heritage in the Creative Work of Maud Sulter’. Research in African Literatures 29, no. 4 (1998): 149–55.

Toussaint, Denise. 'Dismantling colonial representation: The photomontages of Hannah Höch', de arte, Vol.51: 1(2016), pp.25-41.

Williams, Lyneise E. Latin Blackness in Parisian Visual Culture, 1852-1932. First ed. London ; New York: Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019. 

East Asia

Art in China

Spence, Jonathan D. God's Chinese Son: The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom of Hong Xiuquan. New York, NY ; London: W.W. Norton, 1997.

Hopkirk, Peter, Foreign Devils on the Silk Road: The Search for the Lost Cities and Treasures of Chinese Central Asia, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1984.

Hung, Wu. ‘The Painted Screen’. Critical Inquiry 23, no. 1 (1996): 37–79.

Johnston, Reginald Fleming. Twilight in the Forbidden City. Hong Kong; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Brook, Timothy., and Bob Tadashi. Wakabayashi. Opium Regimes China, Britain, and Japan, 1839-1952. Berkeley, [Calif.]; London: University of California Press, 2000.

Fan, Fa-ti, ‘Victorian Naturalists in China: Science and Informal Empire’. The British Journal for the History of Science, 36 (2003: 1), 1-26.

Lovell, Julia, The Great Wall: China Against the World, 1000 BC - AD 2000. London:Grove Press, 2007.

Tythacott, Louise, Collecting and Displaying China's “Summer Palace” in the West (The Histories of Material Culture and Collecting, 1700-1950). Routledge, 2019.

Cai, Guo-Qiang, Cai Guo-Qiang: Saraab, Skira Editore; Bilingual edition, 2012.

Raizman, D. and Robey, R. eds., Expanding Nationalisms at World Fairs: Identity, Diversity, and Exchange, 1851-1915. Routledge, 2017.

Shea, E. L., Mongol Court Dress, Identity Formation, and Global Exchange. Routledge, 2020.

Chang, Jing Jing, Screening Communities: Negotiating Narratives of Empire, Nation, and the Cold War in Hong Kong Cinema. Hong Kong University Press, 2019.

Baume, Nicola et al., Ai Weiwei: Good Fences Make Good Neighbors. Yale University Press, 2019.

Bickers, Robert, The Boxers, China, and the World. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2007.

Levathes, Louise, When China Ruled the Seas: The Treasure Fleet of the Dragon Throne, 1405-1433. Oxford University Press, 1997.

Leong, Karen. The China Mystique: Pearl S. Buck, Anna May Wong, Mayling Soong, and the Transformation of American Orientalism. University of California Press, 2005.

Gordon, Stewart, When Asia Was the World: Traveling Merchants, Scholars, Warriors, and Monks Who Created the "Riches of the "East". Da Capo Press, 2009.

Elman, Benjamin, What China and India Once Were: The Pasts That May Shape the Global Future. Columbia University Press, 2018.

Harris, Claire E., The Museum on the Roof of the World: Art, Politics, and the Representation of Tibet. University of Chicago Press, 2014.

Kadoi, Yuka, Islamic Chinoiserie: The Art of Mongol Iran, Edinburgh University Press, 2018.

Malek, Norman, From Kaifeng to Shanghai: Jews in China, Routledge, 2017.

Ross, J. and Song, L., The Image of Jews in Contemporary China. Academic Studies Press, 2019.

Marchetti, Gina, The Chinese Diaspora on American Screens: Race, Sex, and Cinema. Temple University Press, 2012.

Karetzky, Patricia Eichenbaum. ‘Contemporary Art by Chinese Diaspora in a Global Age.’ East Asian Journal of Popular Culture 2, no. 2 (2016): 267-285.

Sim, Cheryl, Wearing the Cheongsam: Dress and Culture in a Chinese Diaspora. Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019.

Finnane, Antonia. Changing Clothes in China : Fashion, Modernity, Nation. London: Hurst, 2007.

Guangdong Mei Shu Guan, and Guangzhou Triennial. Farewell to Post-colonialism: The Third Guangzhou Triennial. Guangzhou: Guangdong Museum of Art, 2008.

Priyadarshini, Meha. Chinese Porcelain in Colonial Mexico. Palgrave Studies in Pacific History. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2018.

Cheng, Yinghong. Discourses of Race and Rising China. Mapping Global Racisms. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2019.

Keevak, Michael. Becoming Yellow: A Short History of Racial Thinking.  Princeton University Press, 2011.  

Dikotter, Frank. The Discourse of Race in Modern China. Oxford University Press, 2015.

Frazier, Robeson Taj. The East is Black: Cold War China in the Black Radical Imagination. Duke University Press Books, 2014.

Hostetler, Laura. Qing Colonial Enterprise: Ethnography and Cartography in Early Modern China. University of Chicago Press, 2005.

Hostetler, Laura, and Deal, David. The Art of Ethnography: A Chinese “Miao Album” University of Washington, 2005.

Schmalzer, Sigrid. The People’s Peking Man: Popular Science and Human Identity in Twentieth-Century China. University of Chicago Press, 2008.

Heinrich, Larissa. The Afterlife of Images: Translating the Pathological Body between China and the West. Duke University Press, 2008.

Heinrich, Ari Larissa. Chinese Surplus: Biopolitical Aesthetics and Medically Commodified Body.  Duke University Press, 2018. Open access link

Finlay, Robert. The Pilgrim Art: Cultures of Porcelain in World History. University of California Press, 2010.

Chiang, Howard. After Eunuchs: Science, Medicine, and the Transformation of Sex in Modern China. Columbia University Press, 2020.

__________  Transtopia in the Sinophone Pacific. Columbia University Press, 2021.

Chiang, Howard, and Wong, Alvin K., eds. Keywords in Queer Sinophone Studies.  Routledge, 2020.

Lo, Kwai-Cheung. “Muscles and Subjectivity: A Short History of the Masculine Body in Hong Kong Popular Culture.” Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies. 1996.

Loshitzsky, Yosefa, and Meyuhas,Raya. “‘Ecstasy of Difference’: Bertolucci’s The Last Emperor.Cinema Journal 31/2 (Winter, 1992): 26-44.

Abbas, Ackbar. Hong Kong: Culture and the Politics of Disappearance. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.

Allen, Joseph. Taipei: City of Displacements. University of Washington Press, 2011.

Ko, Dorothy. Cinderella’s Sisters: A Revisionist History of Footbinding. University of California Press, 2007 .

__________ Every Step a Lotus: Shoes for Bound Feet. University of California Press, 2001.  

Mattews, Gordon, et al. Africans and Other Foreigners in South China’s Global Marketplace. University of Chicago Press, 2017.

Traub, Daniel. Little North Road: Africa in China. Kehrer Verlag, 2016.

Japanese art and Buddhism, Historiography

Bow, Leslie. "Racist Cute: Caricature, Kawaii-Style, and the Asian Thing." American Quarterly 71.1 (2019): 29-58.  https://doi.org/10.1353/aq.2019.0002

Cheah, Joseph. "Colonial Legacy of White Supremacy in American Buddhism." In Race and Religion in American Buddhism: White Supremacy and Immigrant Adaptation, 19-35. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Gleig, Ann. "Durkkha of Racism: Racial Diversity, Inclusion, and Justice Work." In American Dharma: Buddhism Beyond Modernity, 139-75. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2019.

Ikegami, Eiko. The Taming of the Samurai: Honorific Individualism and the Making of Modern Japan. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995.

Lopez,  Donald S. Curators of the Buddha: The Study of Buddhism Under Colonialism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Matsukawa, Yuko. "Cross-dressing as Whitewashing: the Kimono Wednesdays Protests and the Erasure of Asian/American Bodies." Inter-Asia Cultural Studies 20.4 (2019): 582-95.

Valk, Julie. "The ‘Kimono Wednesday’ Protests: Identity Politics and How the Kimono Became More Than Japanese." Asian Ethnology 74. 2 (2015): 379-399.

Littlewood, Ian. The Idea of Japan: Western Images, Western Myths. Ivan R. Dee, 1996.

Levine, Gregory. Long Strange Journey: On Modern Zen, Zen Art, and Other Predicaments. University of Hawai’i Press, 2017.
__________ “Evil Buddhas: A Note on a “Third Rail” in Buddhist Visual Culture.”
Histoire de l’Art no. 82/1 (2018).

__________  “Malraux’s Buddha Heads.” In Blackwell Companion to Asian Art, ed. Deborah Hutton, Rebecca Brown. London: Blackwell Publishing, 2010.

__________  “Two (or More) Truths: Reconsidering Zen Art in the West.” In Awakenings: Zen Figure Paintings from Medieval Japan. Edited by Gregory Levine, Yukio Lippit (New York: Japan Society; Yale University Press, 2007), 52-63.

Bryan-Wilson, Julia. “Remembering Yoko Ono’s Cut Piece.” Oxford Art Journal, 26.1 (2003): 99-123.

Tanaka, Stefan. Japan’s Orient: Rendering Pasts into History. University of California Press, 1993.

Yamada, Shoji, and Hartman, Earl. Shots in the Dark: Japan, Zen, and the West. The University of Chicago Press, 2011.

India/South Asia


Alpers, Edward A. “The African Diaspora in the Indian Ocean: A Comparative Perspective” in Jayasriya and Pakhurst, eds. The African Diaspora in the Indian Ocean, Trenton N.J: Africa World Press, 2003, 19-52.

Arabindan-Kesson, Anna. “Picturing South Asians in Victorian Jamaica,” in Victorian Jamaica (Durham: Duke University Press, 2018), 395-419.

Bayly, Christopher. Empire and Information: Intelligence Gathering and Social Communication in India 1780-1870, Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Campbell, Gwyn. The Structure of Slavery in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia, London: Frank Cass, 2004.

Chakrabarty, Dipesh. “Postcoloniality and the Artifice of History: Who Speaks for ‘Indian’ Pasts?” in Ranajit Guha, ed. A Subaltern Studies Reader, 1986-1995. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 1997, 263-93.

Chatterjee, Indrani, “Abolition by Denial: The South Asian Example” in Gwyn Campbell, ed. Abolition and its Aftermath in the Indian Ocean Africa and Asia, Routledge, 2005, 150-68.

Chatterjee, Indrani and Richard Eaton, eds. Slavery in South Asian History, Indiana University Press 2006. [See essays by Indrani Chatterjee, Richard M Eaton, Michael H. Fisher, Sumit Guha, Peter Jackson, Sunil Kumar, Avril A Powell, Ramya Sreenivasan, Sylvia Vatuk, Timothy Walker].

Cohn, Bernard. Colonialism and its forms of knowledge: The British in India, Princeton University Press, 1996.

Dalrymple, William. The Anarchy: The Relentless Rise of the East India Company, Bloomsbury, 2019.

Dirks, Nicholas. Castes of Mind: Colonialism and the Making of Modern India. Princeton University Press, 2001.


Davis, Richard H. Lives of Indian Images. Princeton University PRess, 1999.

Falser, Michael. “The Graeco-Buddhist style of Gandhara - a ‘Storia ideologica’, or: how a discourse makes a global history of art.” Journal of Art Historiography no. 13 (December 2015).

Fisher, Michael, Counterflows to Colonialism: Indian Travellers and Settlers in Britain, 1600-1857, Orient Blackswan, 2006.

Kale, Madhavi. Fragments of Empire: Capital, Slavery and Indian Indentured Labour Migration in the British Caribbean, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998.


Mitter, Partha. Much Maligned Monsters: A History of European Reactions to Indian Art. Oxford University Press, 2013.

Narayan, Uma. Dislocating Cultures : Identities, Traditions, and Third-World Feminism. New York ; London: Routledge, 1997.


Subrahmanyam, Sanjay. Explorations in Connected History: From the Tagus to the Ganges, Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2005.


Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. "Can the Subaltern Speak?" revised edition, from the "History" chapter of Critique of Postcolonial Reason in Rosalind Morris, ed. Can the Subaltern Speak? Reflections on the History of an Idea. Columbia University Press, 2010. [All essays are relevant here]


Ray, Sugata. Climate Change and the Art of Devotion: Geoaesthetics in the Land of Krishna, 1550-1850. University of Washington Press, 2019.

__________ "The 'Effeminate' Buddha, the Yogic Male Body, and the Ecologies of Art History in Colonial India." Art History 38, no. 5 (November 2015): 916–39.

Ray, Sugata, and Gupta, Atreyee. "Is Art History Global? Responding from the Margins." In Is Art History Global? Edited by James Elkins. New York: Routledge, 2007.


Medieval and Early Modern South Asia


Asher Catherine and Cynthia Talbot, India Before Europe, Cambridge University Press, 2006.


Asher, Frederick. “Visual Culture of the Indian Ocean: India in a Polycentric World.” Diogenes, August 2011, Vol.58(3), 67-84


Bailey, Gauvin. “The Indian Conquest of Catholic Art: The Mughals, the Jesuits, and Imperial Mural Painting,” Art Journal, Vol. 57, No. 1, The Reception of Christian Devotional Art (Spring, 1998), 24-30.


Dadlani, Chanchal and Yuthika Sharma, “Beyond the Taj Mahal: Late Mughal Visual Culture, 1658-1858” in “Modernity, Empire, Colony, Nation (1650-1950)” in Gulru Necipoglu and Finbarr Barry Flood, Eds. Companion to Islamic Art Vol. II London: Wiley-Blackwell, 2017.

Dehejia, Vidya. Slaves of the Lord: The Path of the Tamil Saints, Delhi: Munshiram Manhoralal, 1988.

Dehejia, Vidya. The Body Adorned: Dissolving the boundaries between sacred and profane in India’s art, Columbia University Press, 2009.

Flood, Finbarr Barry. Objects of Translation: Material Culture and Medieval Hindu-Muslim Encounter, Princeton University Press, 2009.

Koch, Ebba. ‘The Symbolic Possession of the World: European Cartography in Mughal Allegory and History Painting.’ Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 2012, Vol.55 (2-3), pp.547-580.


Lal, Ruby. Domesticity and Power in the Early Mughal World, Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization, 2005.


Natif, Mika. Mughal Occidentalism: Artistic Encounters between Europe and Asia at the courts of India 1580-1630, Brill, 2018.


Patel, Alka and Karen Leonard, eds. Indo-Muslim Cultures in Transition, Brill, 2012.


Pollock, Sheldon, ed. Forms of knowledge in early modern Asia : explorations in the intellectual history of India and Tibet, 1500-1800, Durham: Duke University Press, 2011.


Ramaswamy, Sumathi. Conceit of the Globe in Mughal Visual Practice, Comparative Studies in Society and History, 2007 Oct, Vol.49 (4), 751-82.


Rice, Yael. “The Brush and the Burin: Mogul Encounters with European Engravings.” In Jaynie Anderson, ed. Crossing Cultures: Conflict, Migration, and Convergence; the Proceedings of the 32nd International Congress of the History of Art. Carlton, Victoria, Australia: The Miegunyah Press, 2009, 305-10.


Riello, Georgio. “The Indian apprenticeship: Europeans trading in Indian cottons,” Cotton: The Fabric that made the Modern World, 2013, 87-109.


Subrahmanyam, Sanjay. “A Roomful of Mirrors: The Artful Embrace of Mughals And Franks, 1550–1700,” Ars Orientalis Vol. 39, Globalizing Cultures: Art And Mobility In The Eighteenth Century, 2010, 39-83.


Subrahmanyam, Sanjay. “Connected Histories: Notes Towards a Reconfiguration of Early Modern Eurasia,” Modern Asian Studies 31, no. 3 (1997): 735–762.



Colonialism and Culture, Nationalism and Identity:


Appadurai, Arjun. Ed. The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective, Cambridge University Press, 2014.


Avcioğlu, Nebahat and Finbarr Barry Flood. Globalizing Cultures: Art And Mobility In The Eighteenth Century, Ars Orientalis, 1 January 2010, Vol.39.


Barringer, Timothy, Geoff Quilley, Douglas Fordham, Art and the British Empire, Yale University Press, 2011.


Brockway, Lucille. Science and Colonial Expansion: the Role of the British Royal Botanical Gardens, New York, Academic Press, 1979.


Brown, Rebecca. ‘Inscribing Colonial Monumentality: A Case Study of the 1763 Patna Massacre Memorial,’ The Journal of Asian Studies, 2006, Vol.65(1), 91-113.


Brown, Rebecca. Art for a Modern India 1947-1980, Duke University Press, 2009.


Dewan, Deepali. Crafting Knowledge and the Knowledge of Crafts: Art Education, Colonialism and the Madras School of Arts in Nineteenth-Century South Asia, University of Minnesota Press, 2001.


Eaton, Natasha. Mimesis Across Empires: Artworks and Networks in India 1765-1860. Duke University Press, 2013.

Edney, Matthew. Mapping an Empire: The Geographical Construction of British India, 1765-1843, University of Chicago Press, 1997.

Gascoigne, John. Science in the Service of Empire: Joseph Banks, the British State and the uses of Science in the Age of Revolution, Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Guha-Thakurta, Tapati. Monuments, Objects, Histories: Institutions of Art in Colonial and Postcolonial India, Columbia University Press, 2004.

Guha-Thakurta, Tapati. The Making of a New Indian Art: artists, aesthetics, and nationalism in Bengal, 1850-1920. Cambridge University Press, 1992.


Jennifer Howes, Illustrating India: the early colonial investigations of Colin Mackenzie (1784-1821) Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.


Kapur, Geeta, When was Modernism: Essays on Contemporary Cultural Practice in India, New Delhi, 2000.


Khullar, Sonal. Worldly Affiliations: Artistic Practice, National Identity and Modernism in India 1930-1990. University of California Press, 2015.


Lahiri, Nayanjot. “Commemorating and Remembering 1857: The Revolt in Delhi and Its Afterlife,” World Archaeology, Vol. 35, no. 1, The Social Commemoration of Warfare, June 2003, 35-60.


McDonagh, Josephine, R Sundar Rajan, S Chaudhari & B Murray, Eds. Commodities and Culture in the Colonial World. Routledge, 2017.


Mathur, Saloni. India by Design: Colonial History and Cultural Display, University of California Press, 2007.

Mitter, Partha. Much Maligned Monsters: History of European Reactions to Indian Art, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977.


Noltie, Henry J. Robert Wight and the Botanical Drawings of Rungiah & Govindoo. 3 Vols. Edinburgh: Royal Botanic Garden, 2007.


Pinney, Christopher. Photos of the Gods: The Printed Image and Political Struggle in India. London: Reaktion Press, 2004.


Pratt, Mary Louise. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation, Routledge, 2008.


Ramaswamy, Sumathi, The Goddess and the Nation: Mapping Mother India, Duke University Press, 2010.


Ray, Romita. Under the Banyan Tree: Relocating the Picturesque in British India, Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, 2013.


Ray, Sugata. “Colonial Frames, ‘Native’ Claims: The Jaipur Economic and Industrial Museum.” Art Bulletin 96, no. 2 (2014): 196–212.


Sinha, Mrinalini. Colonial Masculinity : the “Manly Englishman” and the “Effeminate Bengali” in the Late Nineteenth Century. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995.


Sharma, Yuthika. Village portraits in William Fraser’s Portfolio of Native Drawings. in Crispin Branfoot ed. Portraiture in South Asia since the Mughals: Art, Representation and History. I.B. Tauris, London, 2018, 199-214.


Sharma, Yuthika and Pauline Davies, “A jaghire without a crime:  East India Company and the Indian Ocean Material World at Osterley 1700-1800” The East India Company at Home,1757-1857: The British country house in an imperial and global context. London: UCL Press, 2017.


Sharma, Y. ‘A House of Wonder: Silver at the Delhi Durbar Exhibition of 1903’, in Vidya Dehejia, ed. Delight in Design: Indian Silver for the Raj, Ahmedabad: Mapin Publications, 2008.

Tartakov, Gary Michael. ed. Dalit Art and Visual Imagery, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2012.


Sourcebooks for the Art of South Asia


Aitken, Molly Emma. The Intelligence of Tradition in Rajput Court Painting. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011.


Asher, Frederick. Art of India, Prehistory to Present. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2003.


Beach, Milo C. Mughal and Rajput Painting, The New Cambridge History of India, Cambridge University Press, 1992. [Online].


Beach, Milo C.; Eberhard Fischer, B.N. Goswamy, eds., Masters of Indian Painting: 1100-1900. Zürich: Artibus Asiae Publishers, Supplementum 48, I/II, 2011.


Dehejia, Vidya. Indian Art. London: Phaidon Press, 1997.


Stronge, Susan. Painting for the Mughal Emperor: the art of the book 1560-1660, V&A Publications, 2002.


Brown, Rebecca and Hutton, Deborah. 2011. Companion to Asian Art. Wiley-Blackwell. [Online]:

Revisiting “Asian Art”

Rebecca M. Brown and Deborah S. Hutton

Building Beyond the Temple: Sacred Centers and Living Communities in Medieval Central India Tamara I. Sears

The Changing Cultural Space of Mughal Gardens

James L. Wescoat Jr.

Old Methods in a New Era: What Can Connoisseurship Tell Us about Rukn-ud-Din?

Molly Emma Aitken and Shanane Davis, with technical analysis by Yana van Dyke

Diasporic Body Double: The Art of the Singh Twins

Saloni Mathur

Conflict and Cosmopolitanism in “Arab” Sind

Finbarr Barry Flood

In the Absence of the Buddha: “Aniconism” and the Contentions of Buddhist Art History

Ashley Thompson

On Maurya Art

Frederick Asher

Shiva Nataraja: Multiple Meanings of an Icon

Padma Kaimal

The Unfired Clay Sculpture of Bengal in the Artscape of Modern South Asia

Susan S. Bean

Flood, Finbarr Barry and Necipoglu, Gulru. Companion to Islamic Art and Architecture, Wiley Blackwell, 2017. [Online] Various Essays in this book on South Asia and cultural connections:

Turko-Persian Empires between Anatolia and India

Howard Crane and Lorenz Korn

Chinese and Turko-Mongol Elements in Ilkhanid and Timurid Arts

Yuka Kadoi

Persianate Arts of the Book in Iran and Central Asia

David J. Roxburgh

The Deccani Sultanates and their Interregional Connections

Phillip B. Wagoner and Laura Weinstein

Islam beyond Empires: Mosques and Islamic Landscapes in India and the Indian Ocean

Elizabeth Lambourn

Istanbul, Isfahan, and Delhi: Imperial Designs and Urban Experiences in the Early Modern Era

Sussan Babaie and Çiğdem Kafescioğlu

In Search of the Timurid Roots of Mughal Architecture

Lisa Golombek and Ebba Koch

Beyond the Taj Mahal: Late Mughal Visual Culture

Chanchal Dadlani and Yuthika Sharma

Southeast Asia

Ly, Boreth. Traces of Trauma: Cambodian Visual Culture and National Identity in the Aftermath of Genocide. University of Hawai’i Press, 2019.

Ly, Boreth, and Taylor, Nora, eds. Modern and Contemporary Southeast Asian Art, An Anthology. Cornell University Press, SEAP, 2012.

Taylor, Nora. "The Southeast Asian Art Historian as Ethnographer?" Third Text 25.4 (2011): 475–488.

__________ "Art Without History: Southeast Asian Artists and Their Communities in the Face of Geography," Art Journal 70.2(2011): 7–23.

__________ "Orientalism/Occidentalism: The Founding of the 'Ecole des Beaux-Arts d'Indochine' and The Politics of Painting in Colonial Vietnam 1925–1945."
Crossroads: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 11.2 (1997): 1–33.

Whiteman, Stephen, et al. Ambitious Alignments: New Histories of Southeast Asian Art, 1945-1990. Sydney: Power Publications, 2019.

Where are we now?


Adogame, Afe & Andrew Lawrence (eds.), Africa in Scotland, Scotland in Africa: Historical Legacies and Contemporary Hybridities. Brill, 2014.

Davidson, Neil, Minna Liinpää, Maureen McBride & Satnam Virdee (eds.), No Problem Here - Understanding Racism in Scotland. Luath, 2018.

Linton Kwesi Johnson, ‘ Inglan is a Bitch’ (YouTube)

Meghji, A. (2019) Black middle-class Britannia: Identities, repertoires, cultural consumption Manchester: Manchester University Press


Cultural production and inequality

Malik, S. (2013) “Creative Diversity”: UK Public Service Broadcasting After Multiculturalism, Popular Communication, 11:3, 227-241

Saha, A. (2018) Race and the cultural industries Cambridge: Polity Press

Sobande, F. (2019) Woke-washing: 'intersectional' femvertising and branding 'woke' bravery. European Journal of Marketing


Where next?

Cope, Zak, The Wealth of (Some) Nations, London: Pluto Press 2019

Dalai Lama, The Path to Freedom. 2002.

Eddo-Lodge, Reni Why I’m No Longer Talking to White People About Race, London: Bloomsbury, 2018.

English, Darby, How to See a Work of Art in Total Darkness (Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2007)

Gray, H. (2016) ‘Precarious diversity: representation and demography’, in M. Curtin and K. Sanson (eds), Precarious Creativity. Oakland: University of California Press

Historical Materialism, 26/2 (2018), special issue “Identity Politics

L’Internationale Online research thread on ‘Decolonising Practices’: https://www.internationaleonline.org/research/decolonising_practices

 Kendi, Ibram X. How To Be an Antiracist. Bodley Head, 2019.

Lasky, Jackie. ‘Indigenism, Anarchism, Feminism: An Emerging Framework for Exploring Post- Imperial Futures’. Affinities: A Journal of Radical Theory, Culture, and Action 5, no. 1 (30     August 2011).

Lugones, Maria. "Toward a Decolonial Feminism", Hypatia 24.4 (Fall 2010): 742-759.

Moe Sbihi

Ochieng Okoth, Kevin, 'The Flatness of Blackness: Afro-pessimism and the Erasure of Anticolonial Thought', Salvage, January 16, 2020

Olufemi, Lola. Feminism Interrupted (London: Pluto Press, 2020). [Esp Chapter 6 ‘Art for Art’s Sake’]

Oluo, Ijeoma. So You Want to Talk About Race. Seal Press: 2018.

Ranganathan, Malini. ‘The Environment as Freedom: A Decolonial Reimagining’. Items (blog).

‘Shades of Noir’. https://shadesofnoir.org.uk/.

Shaked, Nizan. The Synthetic Proposition: Conceptualism and the Political Referent in Contemporary Art, Manchester University Press 2017

Sharpe, Christina Elizabeth. In the Wake: On Blackness and Being. Durham, North Carolina and  London: Duke University Press, 2016.

Yudice, G. (2009) ‘Cultural diversity and cultural rights’ Hispanic Issues On Line 5(1) 110–37