Jeremy West                                                                        EDU 255

Anthony DiRienzo                                                                Fall 2010

Sport Stacking

OBJECTIVES

Psychomotor:

1A/1        During the 3-3-3 stack, students will demonstrate reaction time by completing the stack in under seven seconds.

1A/1        During stacking, students will demonstrate good hand-eye coordination by not performing any fumbles when up stacking or down stacking.

Affective:

2/5        Throughout the lesson, students will demonstrate good sportsmanship by shaking hands with their opponent before and after competition.

2/5        Throughout the lesson, students will demonstrate cooperation by helping their peers with tips on how to improve.

Cognitive:

1A/2        In the lesson closure, students will be able to recite all of the cues to sport stacking by verbally answering when asked by the teacher.

1A/2        In the lesson closure, students will demonstrate their knowledge of sport stacking terminology by defining seven out of ten quiz terms correctly.

HISTORY

Sport stacking, formerly known as cup stacking, was invented by a program director at a Boys & Girls Club named Wayne Godinet in southern California around 1980 (Crazy-Cups).  It gained national attention in 1990 when it was featured on the “The Tonight Show” (Speed Stacks).  After seeing it on television, a physical education teacher named Bob Fox became fascinated with the activity and was responsible for developing it into what it is today by creating the governing body, the World Sport Stacking Association (WSSA) (Speed Stacks).  There are now sport stacking championships held every year, and there is also a world record for the fastest sport stacking time (Crazy-Cups)!

Sport stacking improves hand-eye coordination and reaction time by up to thirty percent.  According to Speed Stacks, “Sport stacking helps students develop bilateral proficiency equal performance on both sides of the body. By increasing bilateral proficiency, a student develops a greater percentage of the right side of the brain, which houses awareness, focus, creativity and rhythm. Stacking helps train the brain for sports and other activities where the use of both hands is important, such as playing a musical instrument or using the computer. Sequencing and patterning are also elements of sport stacking, which can help with reading and math skills” (Speed Stacks).

TERMINOLOGY

3-3-3 Stack

Cups are “up stacked” and “down stacked” from left to right or right to left (individual preference) in three stacks made up of three cups in each stack (3-3-3).

3-6-3 Stack

Cups are “up stacked” and “down stacked” from left to right or right to left (individual preference) in three stacks made up of three cups on the left, six cups in the center, and three cups on the right (3-6-3).

Cup

A specially designed cup made specifically for sport stacking, approved by the WSSA and used in a sport stacking competition or event. The “lip” of the cup is at the open end, while the “rim” of the cup is at the opposite closed end. The “step” (or ledge) of the cup is near the rim.

Cycle Stack

A sequence of stacks combining a 3-6-3 stack, a 6-6 and a 1-10-1 stack, in that order. Stackers conclude the Cycle with cups in a 3-6-3 "down stacked" position.

Down Stacking

Term used for “un-stacking” or putting cups “down” into “nested” columns. The “down stacking phase” begins once the Stacker starts down stacking the first stack in the sequence.

Fumble

The term used when cups fall during the process of up stacking or down stacking. There are four types of fumbles:

1) TIPPER—cup(s) fall off a stack and onto the table or floor.

2) SLIDER—cup(s) slide down onto cup(s) lower in the stack.

3) TOPPLER— “down stacked” column of cups falls over on its side.

4) SLANTER— 1) During the up stacking phase a) the “lip” of one cup rests on the “step” of another cup or b) the top cup of a stack comes to rest in a “slanted” position on one of the cups below it. 2) During the down stacking phase, the top cup(s) of a stack that should have completely nested on the cup(s) below it, comes to rest in only a partially nested or “slanted” position.

Ready Position

The Ready Position: knees bent, swivel at wrist.

Stack

An individual group of cups either up stacked or down stacked such as a 3 stack, 6 stack or 10 stack. OR A specific stacking sequence, or pattern, involving a combination of individual stacks (e.g. 3-3-3 stack, 3-6-3 stack, Cycle stack).

Stacker

A competitor participating in a sport stacking competition or event.

Stacking Sequence

The term used to describe the order in which cups are upstacked and downstacked. 3-3-3: Cups are "up stacked" and "down stacked" from left to right or right to left (individual preference) in three stacks made up of three cups in each stack (3-3-3). 3-6-3: Cups are "up stacked" and "down stacked" from left to right or right to left (individual preference) in three stacks made up of three cups on the left, six cups in the center, and three cups on the right (3-6-3).

Up Stacking

Term used for stacking the cups “up” into pyramids. The “up stacking phase” begins once the Stacker starts up stacking the first stack in the sequence.

(World Sport Stacking Assocation).

SUNY Cortland

Physical Education Department

Block Plan

Name: Jeremy West

Teacher  Candidate(s):

Skill(s): Sport Stacking            

Day 1: December 3, 2010

Instant Activity (IA) / Warm-up: Blob tag

Intro: Show Sport Stacking DVD

Lesson focus (Items to be covered during this day): Demo 3-3-3 and 3-6-3 stacks; students practice 3, 3-3, and 3-3-3 stacks.

Fitness component (Heart rate, step counts, etc.): Coordination, reaction time, speed, muscular endurance

Assessment(s): Visual check by teacher

Closure: Discuss cues and lesson

Day 2: December 6, 2010

Instant Activity (IA) / Warm-up: Dragon tag

Intro: Review of 3-3-3 stack

Lesson focus (Items to be covered during this day):  Practice 3-3-3 stack; teach 6-stack

Fitness component (Heart rate, step counts, etc.): Coordination, reaction time, speed, muscular endurance

Assessment(s): Time and skill pre-assessment for 3-3-3 stack

Closure: Discuss cues and lesson

Day 3: December 7, 2010

Instant Activity (IA) / Warm-up: Rock, Paper, Scissors Tag

Intro: Review of 3-3-3 and 6-stacks

Lesson focus (Items to be covered during this day):  Practice 3-3-3 and 6-stack; teach 3-6-3 stack

Fitness component (Heart rate, step counts, etc.): Coordination, reaction time, speed, muscular endurance

Assessment(s): Visual check by teacher

Closure: Discuss cues and lesson

Day 4: December 8, 2010

Instant Activity (IA) / Warm-up: Chuck Your Chicken

Intro: Review of 3-3-3, 6-, and 3-6-3 stacks

Lesson focus (Items to be covered during this day):  Practice 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3 stacks; teach 6-6 stack

Fitness component (Heart rate, step counts, etc.): Coordination, reaction time, speed, muscular endurance

Assessment(s): Time and skill pre-assessment for 3-6-3 stack

Closure: Discuss cues and lesson

Day 5: December 9, 2010

Instant Activity (IA) / Warm-up: Blindfold Tag

Intro: Review of 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, and 6-6 stacks

Lesson focus (Items to be covered during this day):  Practice 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, and 6-6 stacks; teach 1-10-1 stack

Fitness component (Heart rate, step counts, etc.): Coordination, reaction time, speed, muscular endurance

Assessment(s): Visual check by teacher

Closure: Discuss cues and lesson

Day 6: December 10, 2010

Instant Activity (IA) / Warm-up: Temple Tag

Intro: Review of 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, 6-6, and 1-10-1 stacks

Lesson focus (Items to be covered during this day):  Practice 3-3-3, 3-6-3, 6-6, and 1-10-1 stacks; teach Cycle stack (3-6-3, 6-6, and 1-10-1 pattern)

Fitness component (Heart rate, step counts, etc.): Coordination, reaction time, speed, muscular endurance

Assessment(s): Visual check by teacher

Closure: Discuss cues and lesson

Day 7: December 13, 2010

Instant Activity (IA) / Warm-up: Aerobic Walk Tag

Intro: Review of 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, 6-6, 1-10-1, and Cycle stacks

Lesson focus (Items to be covered during this day):  Practice 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, 6-6, 1-10-1, and Cycle stacks

Fitness component (Heart rate, step counts, etc.): Coordination, reaction time, speed, muscular endurance

Assessment(s): Visual check by teacher

Closure: Discuss cues and lesson

Day 8: December 14, 2010

Instant Activity (IA) / Warm-up: Freeze Tag

Intro: Review of 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, 6-6, 1-10-1, and Cycle stacks

Lesson focus (Items to be covered during this day):  Practice 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, 6-6, 1-10-1 and Cycle stacks; continue working on Cycle stack

Fitness component (Heart rate, step counts, etc.): Coordination, reaction time, speed, muscular endurance

Assessment(s): Time and skill pre-assessment for Cycle stack

Closure: Discuss cues and lesson

Day 9: December 15, 2010

Instant Activity (IA) / Warm-up: Magic Orb Tag

Intro: Review of 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, 6-6, 1-10-1, and Cycle stacks

Lesson focus (Items to be covered during this day):  Practice 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, 6-6, 1-10-1, and Cycle stacks

Fitness component (Heart rate, step counts, etc.): Coordination, reaction time, speed, muscular endurance

Assessment(s): Time and skill post-assessment for 3-3-3 stack

Closure: Discuss cues and lesson

Day 10: December 16, 2010

Instant Activity (IA) / Warm-up: Heads and Tails Tag

Intro: Review of 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, 6-6, 1-10-1, and Cycle stacks

Lesson focus (Items to be covered during this day):  Practice 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, 6-6, 1-10-1, and Cycle stacks

Fitness component (Heart rate, step counts, etc.): Coordination, reaction time, speed, muscular endurance

Assessment(s): Time and skill post-assessment for 3-6-3 stack

Closure: Discuss cues and lesson

Day 11: December 17, 2010

Instant Activity (IA) / Warm-up: Dizzy Tag

Intro: Review of 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, 6-6, 1-10-1, and Cycle stacks

Lesson focus (Items to be covered during this day):  Practice 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, 6-6, 1-10-1, and Cycle stacks

Fitness component (Heart rate, step counts, etc.): Coordination, reaction time, speed, muscular endurance

Assessment(s): Time and skill post-assessment for Cycle stack

Closure: Discuss cues and lesson

Day 12: December 20, 2010

Instant Activity (IA) / Warm-up: Practice 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, 6-6, 1-10-1, and Cycle stacks

Intro: Review of 3-3-3, 6-, 3-6-3, 6-6, 1-10-1, and Cycle stacks

Lesson focus (Items to be covered during this day):  3-3-3, 3-6-3, and Cycle stacks tournament

Fitness component (Heart rate, step counts, etc.): Coordination, reaction time, speed, muscular endurance

Assessment(s): Visual check by teacher

Closure: Discuss unit and wish everyone a fun and safe

PROCEDURES/GUIDELINES

There are three stacking sequences:

  1. 3-3-3: Uses 9 cups.  The stacker must create three pyramids of 3 cups each and then down stack the cups back into nested stacks of 3 in the order that they were up stacked.
  2. 3-6-3: Uses 12 cups. The stacker must stack up three pyramids made up of three cups on the left, six cups in the center, and three cups on the right (3-6-3) and down stack it to the three nested stacks.
  3. Cycle: Uses 12 cups. This is a sequence of stacks in the following order: a 3-6-3 stack (see above), a 6-6 stack (two pyramids of six cups stacked up and down into one stack containing all twelve cups altogether) and a 1-10-1 stack (a pyramid of ten cups in the middle), finishing in a down stacked 3-6-3.

WHAT STUDENTS SHOULD BE ABLE TO KNOW AND DO

  1. Strategies

- Stack from left-to-right or right-to-left (based on preference)

- Stack side-to-side rather than front-to-back or back-to-front

  1. Concepts

- To up stack and down stack the cups as quickly as possible

  1. Skills

- Coordination

- Reaction time

- Speed

  1. Teaching Cues

- Up stack:  Right-left-right or left-right-left; light, soft touch

- Down stack:  Slide down; don’t slam

END-OF-UNIT PERFORMANCE TASK

Students will perform the 3-3-3, 3-6-3, and Cycle Stacks using correct technique and following the rules of sport stacking.

The following assessments will be used to determine the level of achievement:

  1. Sport Stacking Time Improvement

- Students will be timed at the beginning of the unit for each stack sequence (3-3-3,
3-6-3, and Cycle Stacks).  Students will be timed again at the end of the unit to determine how much they improved.

  1. Sport Stacking Rubric

1 – Needs Improvement

2- Acceptable

3 – Good

4 - Outstanding

Up Stacking

Does not use the proper way to up-stack (only uses one hand).

Starts to use both hands at times but still uses only one hand for the most part, often fumbles on each attempt.

Uses both hands consistently to up-stack and fumbles on every other attempt, especially in competition/races with other students.

Students now try this skill with more speed and have very few to no fumbles on attempts, especially in competition/races with other students.

Down Stacking

Does not take the cups down properly or does not take cups down at all. Only knocks the cups down.

Students do take the cups down but only uses one hand to do so, often fumbles on each attempt.

Students use both hands to down-stack and fumbles on every other attempt, especially in competition/races with other students.

Students now try this skill and have very few to no fumbles on attempts, especially in competition/races with other students.

(Aurora Public Schools).

RESOURCES

“Aurora Public Schools Sport Stacking Unit Plan.”  n.d.  Aurora Public Schools.  
        21 November 2010.          <http://www.aps.k12.co.us/instruct/resources/pe/docs/Sport%20Stacking%20Unit        %20Plan.doc>.

“Sport Stacking.”  October 2010.  Wikipedia.  15 November 2010.          <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sport_stacking#Sport_Stacking_Rules_in_official_        events>.

"Sport Stacking Basics - FAQ."  n.d.  Crazy-Cups. 15 November 2010.         <http://www.crazycups.us/whatissportstacking.htm>.

"What is Sport Stacking."  n.d.  Speed Stacks. 15 November 2010.         <http://www.speedstacks.com/about/history.php>.

"WSSA Sport Stacking Rule Book."  April 2010.  World Sport Stacking Association.
        15 November 2010.         <http://www.worldsportstackingassociation.org/docs/wssa_rule_book.pdf>.