- Adamoli, G. C. E. (2012). *Social media and social movements: A critical

analysis of audience’s use of Facebook to advocate food activism

offline*(Ph.D.). The Florida State University, United States --

Florida. Retrieved



- Bastos, M. T. (2012). Public Opinion Revisited: The propagation of

opinions in digital networks. *Journal of Arab & Muslim Media

Research*, *4*(2),

185–201. doi:10.1386/jammr.4.2-3.185_1

- Dean, J. (2003) Why the Net is Not a Public Sphere.

*Constellations*volume 10, issue 1, pp. 95-112 (March).

- Papacharissi, Z. (2010). *A Private Sphere: Democracy in a Digital Age*.

Cambridge: Polity Press.

- Poor, N. (2005). Mechanisms of an Online Public Sphere: The Website

Slashdot. *Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication*, *10*(2), 00–00.


- Valtysson, B. (2012). Facebook as a Digital Public Sphere: Processes of

Colonization and Emancipation. *tripleC: Communication, Capitalism &

Critique. Open Access Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society*,

*10*(1), 77–91.

Plus some comments on more literature from Mathieu ONeil:

Lincoln Dalhberg has written several articles about the Internet as a

(Habermasian or not) public sphere, he also edited a book called Radical

Democracy and the Internet which may suit your purposes (once again before

the term "social media" became popular but the issues are the same)

There is also an article by Froomkin about Usenet as a form of PS (2003)

and more recently some Scandinavian scholars wrote a paper about whether WP

conformed to deliberative rationality, may be too specific for you.

Lots of useful stuff in the Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Special Issue: Socially Mediated Publicness, Volume 56, Issue 3, 2012,

edited by Zizi Papacharissi


Baym and boyd's intro is a good place to start:

Baym, N.K. and boyd, d. (2012). Socially Mediated Publicness: An Introduction. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 56 (3), pp320-329. Retrieved on +25th October, 2012 from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08838151.2012.705200


Ella Taylor-Smith

Institute for Informatics and Digital Innovation

Edinburgh Napier University

10 Colinton Road

Edinburgh, EH10 5DT

Email: e.taylor-smith@napier.ac.uk




Edinburgh Napier University is one of Scotland's top universities for graduate employability. 93.6% of graduates are in work or further study within six months of leaving. The Telegraph newspaper named us as one of the "top ten UK universities for getting a job" in 2012. This university is also proud winner of the Queen's Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Education 2009, awarded for innovative housing construction for environmental benefit and quality of life.

This message is intended for the addressee(s) only

and should not be read, copied or disclosed to anyone else outwith the University without the permission of the sender. It is your responsibility to ensure that this message and any attachments are scanned for viruses or other defects.

Edinburgh Napier University does not accept liability for any loss or

damage which may result from this email or any attachment, or for errors or omissions arising after it was sent. Email is not a secure medium. Email entering the University's system is subject to routine monitoring and filtering by the University.

Edinburgh Napier University is a registered Scottish


Registration number SC018373

Ambient Commons book


Goodwin, I. (2012) Theorizing Community as Discourse in Community Informatics: "Resistant Identities" and Contested Technologies. Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies 9(1), pp. 47-66.

Goodwin, I. (2008) Community Informatics, Local Community and Conflict: Investigating Under-Researched Elements of a Developing Field of Study. Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies 14(4), pp. 419-437.

Goodwin, I. (2007) Community Informatics and the Local State in the UK: Facilitating or Assimilating an Agenda for Change? Information, Communication and Society 10(2), pp. 194-218.

Gurstein, M. (2000) Community informatics: enabling communities with information and communications technologies.  Idea Group Publishing

Schuler, D. (1996) New community networks: wired for change.  Available at http://www.publicsphereproject.org/ncn/

The archives of the Journal of Community informatics (http://www.ci-journal.net/index.php/ciej/issue/archive) was identified as a great resource, along with the listing of most viewed articles (at http://www.ci-journal.net/reports/).

internet and politics Home

POLS 419: Internet and Politics

Jose Marichal, Ph.D.

California Lutheran Universtiy

Department of Political Science

E-mail: marichal@callutheran.edu 

Office: G Building: Room 7



My Website

Netvibes Portal


The Internet has fundamentally changed our daily lives. The most important way it has changed us is by allowing unprecedented access to ideas, markets, images,information and people.The Web has exciting implications for the revitalization of democracy. This greater access to the outside world has the possibility of making us more informed and engaged citizens. This easy access to networks makes citizens, perhaps for the first time in history, able to play a direct role in decision making. The social web facilitates the ability of citizens to deliberate with their fellow citizens and with elected and appointed officials to improve public policy. However, the democratic promise of the social web also comes with potential costs.The on-demand culture of the web allows us to receive instant gratification while we pursue our narrow and private interests. Some scholars argue that this makes it impossible to bring citizens together to solve common problems. This course will explore this fundamental dilemmas inherent in being a Digital Citizen. We will start by exploring the many ways in which the Web attracts us, we will then discuss its use in the political process with particular emphasis on the Obama campaign's use of Web tools. Next, we will talk bout the promise of the web for development and conclude by discussing the use of the Web in government at the local, federal and international levels.

This course will address the following CLU General Education Goals:

  1. Written Communication Skills
  2. Understanding of Cultural and Global Diversity
  3. Critical Thinking
  4. Growth in Identity and Values
  5. Interpersonal and Teamwork Skills
  6. Service to the Community

This course will address the followingPolitical ScienceDepartment Goals:

  1. Critical Thinking
  2. Civic Engagement

In this course, students are expected to:

  1. employ different theoretical approaches towards understanding the relationship between the internet and democracy.
  2. exhibit critical thinking and effective writing skills by incorporating course readings into reflective essay assignments
  3. demonstrate the ability to work with other students in groups to present information.
  4. show an ability to find, evaluate, use and communicate information in both oral and written formats.


Any aspect of this syllabus can be changed by the instructor at his discretion.

Readings for the day need to be completed prior to class times, as class activities, discussions, and quizzes will primarily draw upon assigned readings.

Talking, working, and thinking with others are large parts of this class. We will get into discussions about some controversial subjects. I encourage expressions of opinions (myself included), but there are some classroom boundaries. Our class will be a safe place. That is to say, we will all treat each other in a respectful manner. Translation: rude interruptions, hurtful insults (including racial, gender, sexuality, etc. slurs), and personal attacks will not be tolerated. You may not always be comfortable with the topics, and by no means are you expected to approve of everything we discuss.

California Lutheran University is committed to providing reasonable accommodations to students with various documented disabilities (physical, learning, or psychological). If you are a student requesting accommodations for this course, please contact your professor at the beginning of the semester and register with the Coordinator for Students with Disabilities (Pearson Library, Center for Academic Resources, Ext. 3260) for the facilitation and verification of need. Faculty will work closely together with you and your coordinator to provide necessary accommodations.

Academic Honesty: Plagiarism, cheating and other forms of academic dishonesty will not be tolerated in this class. According to the CLU student handbook, plagiarism occurs “whenever a source of any kind has not been acknowledged.” With respect to my policy, let me be clear – you will receive and F in the course if you take material from the Internet and insert it into any written work as your own without giving credit to the person who wrote it. Those found violating the CLU code on academic dishonesty in any way will receive an F in the class.

All quizzes, exams, activities, and papers must be turned in on time: no make-ups will be given, and no re-writes will be offered. If an assignment is of the take-home variety, it must be typed, double-spaced, with 1-inch margins all around, spell-checked, grammar-checked, and demonstrate correct citation and bibliographic format. Late take-home assignments will not be graded unless you have documentation of an emergency. Missed quizzes will be marked down as zeroes


Your grade will come from the following assignments:

Discussion Leadership:Two Wednesdays during the semester, you will be responsible for leading discussion on the readings for that day. You will lead a 30-45 minute discussion that draws out the main arguments from the reading. To guide the discussion you will provide two thought provoking questions for group discussion. Each of you will post your questions to your twitter stream no later than noon on the Monday of the week you are presenting. Failure to do so will earn you a two point reduction for the assignment. In addition, you will create a 500-700 word blog post based on the readings. Here is a useful rubric for making effective blog posts. The questions and responses will be graded based on their thoughtfulness and clarity. The class discussion assignment will be worth 10 points.

Discussion Leadership = 2 X 10 points = 20 points

Discussion Participation: In preparation for the Wednesday discussion, you will provide responses to at least one of that day’s questions and post them to a Diigo forum you create. You can earn up to 20 points on this assignment by posting a thoughtful yet pithy response by 8am on ten of those Wednesday mornings. The responses will be graded on their thoughtfulness and clarity.

10 Class participation responses = 20 points

Blog Responses: Five times during the semester I will ask you to provide a one paragraph response to a blog posting on my blog. I will let you know in advance the days during which you will be required to post. You will get 7 opportunities to provide blog comments, thus two freebies.

Blog Responses = 5 points

Diigo Portfolio: part of your grade will come from your level of engagement with the readings. There will be no exams in the course. Instead, I will ask you to create a portfolio of content on Diigo, a social bookmarking site that allows you to share bookmarks, create and respond to forums and add highlights and comments to existing articles. I will rely a great deal on your annotation of the readings via Diigo. Here is a link to the class Diigo Page.

Diigo Portfolio = 10 points

Digital Democracy Project and Presentation: As part of a group of three, you will contribute to a 25-30 page research proposal that proposes using Web technology for social change (preferably a CLU problem). The report should include: a statement of the problem your Web application will address, a discussion of how this application will address the problem, an examination of why this application will address the problem, and an examination of how the application will be implemented and potential problems in development/implementation. You will present your work during the final week of class via a power point presentation that will contain at least four slides (one slide for each section of the paper). This final paper and the presentation will be worth a combined 30 points (20 points from the paper and 10 points from the presentation.

Digital Democracy Project and Presentation = 45 points

Assignments Summary 

Discussion Leadership = 20 points

Discussion Participation = 10 points

Blog Responses = 5 points

Diigo Portfolio = 10 points

Digital Democracy Project, Drafts and Presentation – 45 points



I. Introduction

Jan 21: Introduction to the Course

Jan 23: The Peer to Peer Revolution (xml)


Sterling, B. (1993) A Short History of the Internet. Yale Divinity Library.

Zuckerman, E. and A. McLaughlin (2003) Introduction to Internet Architecture and Institutions. Harvard Berkman Center.

Principles of Technorealism


PBS (1998) Demonstration of packet switching. Nerds: A brief History of the Internet.

Dyson, G. (2003) The Birth of the Modern Computer. TED Talk.

Wesch, M. (2007) Web 2.0 … The Machine is Us/ing Us

Jan 26: Digital Citizenship


Lavallee, V. (2009) How do Morals Translate Online to Offline? Wall Street Journal.

Bauwens, M. (2007) The Political Implications of the Peer to Peer Revolution. Knowledge Politics Quarterly.

DiMaggio, P., Hargittai, E., Neuman, W. R. & Robinson, J. P. (2001). “Social Implications of the Internet”. In Annual Review of Sociology, 2001, 27, 307-336.


Beer, D. & Burrows, R. (2007). “Sociology and, of and in Web 2.0: Some Initial Considerations”. In Sociological Research Online, 12 (5). London: SAGE Publications.

Lenhart, A. & Madden, M. (2005). Teen Content Creators and Consumers. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project.

Palfrey, J and Urs Gasser (2008) Born Digital. Excerpt. and Born Digital Project

The British Library (2009) The Google Generation.

Scanlon, J. (2008) The Natives aren't Quite So Restless. The Australian.

Jenkins, H., Robison, A. J. & Weigel, M. (2006).Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education For the 21st Century. Chicago: The McCarthur Foundation. 

Green, H. (2007). Their Space. Education for a Digital Generation. London: Demos.

Horrigan, J. (2007) A Typology of Information and Communication Technology Users. Pew Internet & American Life Project

Welzel, C., Inglehart, R. & Klingemann, H. (2003). “The theory of human development: A cross-cultural analysis”. In European Journal of Political Research, 42(3), 341-379. Oxford: Blackwell.

Williams, R. (1985) Culture and Society. Columbia University Press. Conclusion.

Prensky, M. (2001) Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants. On the Horizon.

McCarthur Foundation: Teens Online Study.

II. The Lure of Web 2.0

Hacker Logic


Jan 28: The lure of the web - sociality in the network society



Fox, J. (2007) Old Friends on Facebook. Time Magazine

Castells (2007) Communication, Power and Counter-power in the Network Society. International Journal of Communication.


Gee, J. (2005) Semiotic social spaces and affinity spaces. In D. Barton and K.

Tusting (eds) Beyond Communities of Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University


Jennifer Goldbeck's research about computing trust and recommendation measures by means of FOAF:http://trust.mindswap.org/

"How does the Internet Affect Social Capital" (www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wellman/publications/internetsocialcapital/Net_SC-09.PDF)

"Network Capital in a Multi-Level World" (www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wellman/publications/networkcapital/hlmnan10.pdf)

Pew Internet Project's research "The Strength of Internet Ties" (www.pewinternet.org/pdfs/PIP_Internet_ties.pdf)





Turkle, S. (2008). “Always-on/Always-on-you: The Theatered Self”. In Katz, J. (Ed.), Handbook of Mobile Communications and Social Change. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Johnson, S. (2002) Emergence: The Connected Life of Ants, brains, Cities and Software. Simon and Schuster. Excerpt.

Varnelis, K. et. al. (2008) Networked Publics. MIT Press. Introduction and Conclusion.

Gertner, J. (2004). “The Very, Very Personal Is the Political”. In New York Times Magazine, February 15, 2004. New York: New York Times.

Ellison et. all. (2007) The Benefits of Facebook "Friends:" Social Capital and College Students' Use of Online Social Network Sites . Jurnal of Computer Mediated Communiation.

Castells, M. (2000). “Materials for an exploratory theory of the network society”. British Journal of Sociology, Jan-Mar 2000, 51(1), 5-24. London: Routledge.

Digital Identity Map

Also, Wallace, P. (1999). The Psychology of the Internet. New York: Cambridge University press

You might find some of the following articles and books good, though I'm sure a number of researchers might have produced more recent research articles that have taken Web 2 etc. into account:

Baumeister, R.F. & Leary, M.R. (1995). The need to belong: Desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117(3), 497-529

Haythornthwaite, C.B., Wellman, B. & Garton, L. (1998). Work and community via computer-mediated communication. In J. Gackenbach (Ed.), Psychology and the Internet: Intrapersonal, interpersonal and transpersonal implications (pp. 199 – 226). San Diego, California: Academic Press

Joinson, A.N. (1998). Causes and implications of disinhibition behaviour on the Internet. In J. Gackenbach (Ed.), Psychology and the Internet: Intrapersonal, interpersonal and transpersonal implications (pp. 43 – 60). San Diego, California: Academic Press

Joinson, A.N. (2001). Self-disclosure in computer-mediated communication: The role of self-awareness and visual anonymity. European Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 177-192

Williams, K.D., Cheung, C.K. & Choi, W. (2000). Cyberostracism: Effects of being ignored over the Internet. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79(5), 748-762

Jan 30: The flip side of Sociality


Malvern, J. (2007) Etiquette Pitfalls in the Social Web of Wannabe Friends. UK Times Online.

Sunnstien, C. (2001) Republic.com. Princeton University Press.

Nussbaum, B. (2006) Say Everything. New York Magazine.


Boyd, D. (2006). “Facebook’s ’Privacy Trainwreck’: Exposure, Invasion, and Drama”. In Apophenia Blog.

Weinberger, D. (2007) The Privacy Non-Principle. Journal of the Hyperlinked Organizations.

Bayard, M. (2008) Federal Appeals Court Examines Two MySpace Student Speech Cases. Citizen Media Law Projec

Cameron, K. (2005) The Laws of Identity. IdentityBlog.

Freeman, S. (2007) Porn 2.0 and It's Victims. The Tyee

Kelly, J., Fisher, D. & Smith, M. (2005). Debate, Division, and Diversity: Political Discourse Networks in USENET Newsgroups. Paper prepared for the “Online Deliberation Conference 2005″ Stanford University, May 24, 2005. Palo Alto: Stanford University.

Donath, J. S. (1999). “Identity and Deception in the Virtual Community”. In Gluckman, M. & Smith, M. A. (Eds.), Communities in Cyberspace. London: Routledge.

Daemen, T. & Rubinstein, I. (2006). The Identity Metasystem: Towards a Privacy-Compliant Solution to the Challenges of Digital Identity Microsoft.

Jacobson, D. (1999). “Impression Formation in Cyberspace”. In Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 5(1). Washington, DC: International Communication Association.

Gluckman, M. (1963). “Gossip and Scandal”. In Current Antrhopology, 4(3), 307-316. Papers in Honor of Melville J. Herskovits: Gossip and Scandal. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Clippinger, J. H. (2007). A Crowd of One: The Future of Individual Identity. New York: PublicAffairs. 

Feb 2: The lure of the web - peer production


Howe, J. (2006) The Rise of Crowdsourcing. Wired Magazine.

http://www.keepthewebopen.com/ using Madison

Benkler, Y. & Nissenbamum, H. (2006). “Commons-based Peer Production and Virtue”. In The Journal of Political Philosophy, 14(4), 394–419. Oxford: Blackwell. 

Lerner, J. & Tirole, J. (2000). The Simple Economics of Open Source. NBER Working Paper No. 7600. Stanford: NBER.


Bastard Culture! User Participation and the extension of Cultural Industries


John Perry Barlow, “A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace.

Wesch, Michael (2007) An Anthropological Introduction to You Tube.

Von Hippel, E. (2005) Democratizing Innovation (Chapter 1) MIT Press. 

Keen, A. (2008) The Cult of the Amateur and reviews more and more and more

David Post and David Johnson, “Law and Borders: The Rise of Law in Cyberspace,”.

Frey, B. S. & Jegen, R. (2001). “Motivation Crowding Theory”. In Journal of Economic Surveys, 15(5), 589-611. Oxford: Blackwell.

Feb 4 - Collective Intelligence


Suroweicki, J. (2007) The Science of Success. New Yorker Magazine.

Leadbeater, C. (2008) We Think. Chatpers 1-3. and Video of Leadbetter TED Talk

Schiff, S. (2006) Know it All? Can Wikipedia Conquer Expertise? The New Yorker.


Poe, M. (2006) The Hive. The Atlantic.

Poe, M. (2006) The Hive. The Atlantic.

Adams, T. (2007) For Your Information. Guardian UK Online. 

Jonathan D. (2007) All the News That's Fit to Print Out. New York TImes

Lakhani, K.R. et. al. (2007) The Value of Openness in Scientific Problem Solving. HBS Working Paper. Harvard University.

Lakhani and Mcafee (2007) Wikipedia (A) Harvard Business School Case on Wikipedia.

Silverthorne, S. (2007) How WIkipedia Works (Or Doesn't) Harvard Business School Case on Wikipedia.

Mayer-Schönberger, V. (2007). Useful Void: The Art of Forgetting in the Age of Ubiquitous Computing. RWP07-022. Cambridge: Harvard University.

The Googlization of Everything

They Rule

Lakhani (2007) Why Hackers Do What they Do. Chapter in Perspectives on Free and Open Source Software

Schroeder, R. (2006). “Being There Together and the Future of Connected Presence”. In Presence, August 2006, 15(4). Cambridge: MIT Press.

Schroeder, R. (2007). “An overview of ethical and social issues in shared virtual environments”. In Futures, 39(6), 704–717. London: Elsevier.

Nardi, B. A. & Whittaker, S. (2002). “The Place of Face-to-Face Communication in Distributed Work”. In Hinds, P. J. & Kiesler, S. (Eds.), Distributed Work. pp. 83-113. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Feb 6: The lure of the web - Specificity


Gould, E. (2008) Exposed. New York Times Magazine 

Sullivan, A. (2008) Why I Blog. The Atlantic.

Ethan Zuckerman blog post on Xenophilia and Christian Science Monitor Interview with Ethan Zuckerman


Thompson, C. (2004) Brave New World of Digital Intimacy. New York Times.

MIT Museum’s Soapbox Series with Ethan Zuckerman and interview with Chris Lydon for Radio Open Source 

Feb 9: Citizen Journalism


Assignment Zero and Howe, J. (2007) Did Assignment Zero Fail? Wired Magazine.

Gorski, J. (2007) Creative Crowdsourcing: An Open Book. Wired.

Gilmor, D. (2008) Principles for a New Media Literacy. Berkman Center Working Paper.



Heffernan, V. (2008) Content and its Discontents. New York Times.

Gilmor, D. (2004) We the Media: Grassroots Journalism by the People for the People: O Reily Media.

Haynes, A. (2007) Open Source Journalism: It's a Lot Tougher then You Think. Wired.

Feb 11 The lure of the web - the long tail


Anderson, C. (2004) The Long Tail. Wired Magazine. 

Elberse, A (2008) Should You Invest in the Long Tail. Harvard Business Review.

Carr, N. (2008) Is Google Making us Stupid. The Atlantic. and symposium on Carr article at edge.org


Garrett and Danziger (2007) IM=Interruption Management? Instant Messaging and Disruption in the Workplace. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication.

Rosen, C. (2008) The Myth of Multitasking. The New Atlantis.

Feb 13 The lure of the web - Remix/Free Culture


Lessig, L. (2005) Free Culture, The Nature and Future of Creativity: Penguin Press. Chapters 1-3


Lakhani (2007) Why Hackers Do What they Do. Chapter in Perspectives on Free and Open Source Software

Lessig, L. (2007). “Make Way for Copyright Chaos”. In The New York Times, March 18,2007.

Kelly, K (2008) Better than Free. Change This Blog.

Lee, E. (2007). “Viacom v. YouTube/Google: their lawyers debate the lawsuit”. In The Utube Blog, Sunday, April 15th, 2007. Columbus: Edward Lee.

Fitzgerald, B., Coates, J. & Lewis, S. (Eds.) (2007). Cultivating the Creative Commons. Sydney: Sydney University Press.

Feb 16 - President's Day

Feb 18: The lure of the web - Remix/Free Culture


Steven Weber, “The Political Economy of Open Source Software,” .

Eric von Hippel, “Open Source Software Projects as User Innovation Networks.”.


Pamela Samuelson, “Towards a New Politics of Intellectual Property,” 

Cowen, T. (2006) Copyright and the Future of Decentralized Incentives. 

Lior Jacob Strahilevitz, “Charismatic Code, Social Norms, and the Emergence of Cooperation on the File-Swapping Networks,” 

Fred von Lohmann, “Fair Use and Digital Rights Management: Preliminary Thoughts on the

(Irreconcilable?) Tension Between Them,”

James Boyle, “A Politics of Intellectual Property: Environmentalism for the Net? .

Lawrence Lessig, “Innovating Copyright,” 

Brian Fitzgerald, “Has Open Source a Future?”.

Dan Hunter and Gregory Lastowka, “Amateur to Amateur,”.

Kieran Healy and Alan Schussman, “The Ecology of Open Source Software Development,”.

Pastore, M. (2008) The Internet and It's Discontents. E-Publishers Weekly.

Feb 20: Free Culture Jamming


Zittrain, J. (2007). The Future of the Internet – and How to Stop It. New Haven: Yale University Press (Chapters 1-3). 


Diigo annotation of the Zittrain book.

Boyle, J. (2008) The Public Domain: Enclosing the Commons of the Mind and On the Media interview with Boyle

Calcani, J. (2007) Wikipedia’s Technological Obscurification: Three ways Wikipedia keeps 99% of the population from participating. Calcanis.com blog 

Mac Sithigh, D. (2007) Thinking of Wikiing. Lex Ferenda Blog.

Bard, A. and Soderqvist, J. (2002) Netocracy: The Power Elite after Capitalism. Reuters/Pearsall. Sample Chapter.

Barnes, P. (2006) Capitalism 3.0. Berrett-Kohler Publishers.

Rose, C. (1986) The Comedy Of The Commons. University of Chicago Law Review.

Hess and Ostrom (2006) Understanding Knowledge as Commons. MIT Press. Chapter 1

Feb 23: Net Neutrality


Wu, T. (2008) "Why You Should Care about Network Neutrality: The Future of the Internet Depends On It!" Slate Magazine.


John G. Palfrey, “The Move to the Middle: The Enduring Threat of Harmful Speech to Network Neutrality.”.

Delusions of Net Neutrality

Ed Felten, Nuts and Bolts of Network Neutrality..

Jonathan Zittrain, “A History of Online Gatekeeping.”.

Tim Wu and Christopher Yoo, “Keeping the Internet Neutral?: Tim Wu and Christopher Yoo Debate.”.

Wu, T and Goldsmith, J. (2006) Who Controls the Internet? Illusions of a Borderless World. Oxford University Press.

Copyright Wiki from 2007 Oxford Internet Institute

Palfrey, J and Zittrain, E. Access Denied: The Practice and Policy of Internet Filtering. MIT Press. and Interview with Palfrey on Heresay Culture Radio Show.

Feb 25 The lure of the web - The Networked Information Economy


Benkler, Y. (2007) The Wealth of Networks. Yale University Press. (Chapter 6-8)


Benkler, Y. (2002) Coase Penguin or, Linux and the Nature of the Firm. Yale Law Journal.

Benkler, Y. (2005) Sharing Nicely. Yale Law Journal

Guerra, G.A., Zizzo, D.J., Dutton, W. and Peltu, M. (2003) Economics of Trust in the Information Economy: Issues of Identity, Privacy and Security (pdf, 128kb). OII Research Report No. 1.

Stephen J. Kobrin, “Back to the Future: Neo-Mediaevalism and the Postmodern Digital Economy,” 

Hardin, G. (1968) The Tragedy of the Commons. Science Magazine.

Dutton, W.H. and Shepherd, A. (2006) Trust in the Internet as an experience technology. OII Working Paper. 

Debora Spar and Jeffrey Bussgang, “Ruling Commerce in the Networld”.

Dutton, W.H. (2004) Social Transformation in the Information Society (UNESCO Series for the WSIS: Paris).

February 27: Digital Citizenship Workshops

III. Applications (using these things for change)

Mar 2: Digital Citizenship


Howard, P.N. (2005). “Deep Democracy, Thin Citizenship: The Impact of Digital Media in Political Campaing Strategy”. In The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 597(1), 153-170. London: SAGE Publications.

Peter Muhlberger "Online Communication and Democratic Citizenship"and The Virtual Agora Project: A Research Design for Studying Democratic Deliberation.


Sifry, M. and Raisej, A. (2008) See, The web is changing politics. Politico.com

Mckinsey Quarterly (2008) Engaging Millennials in Election News on the Web. Northwestern University Kellogg School of Management.

Greenberg Quilan Rosner Research (2008) Youth For The Win! The MySpace Election

Mar 4: The Political Economy of the Internet


Henry Farrell, “The Political Economy of the Internet and E-Commerce,” 

Pesce, Mark (2008) Hyperpolitics (American Style). Edge.org.


Hillygus, S. & Shields, T. (2007). The Persuadable Voter: Campaign Strategy, Wedge Issues, And The Fragmentation Of American Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Larry Lessig, “The Laws of Cyberspace,”.

David Post, “What Larry Doesn’t Get,”.

Michael Geist, “Cyberlaw 2.0,”.

Mar 6: Campaign '08


Exley, K. (2008) The New Organizers: What's Really Behind Obama's Ground Game. Huffington Post.

Koo, G. (2008) MyBarackObama.com as Augmented Reality Game. Valuable Games Blog.

Smith and Rainie (2008) The Internet and the 2008 Election. Pew Internet and American Life Project.


Pena-Lopez, I. (2007) Notes From Network Society course (VIII). Barcelona. Andrew Rasiej: Communication in the Network Society (II). ICTology blog.

Institute for Politics, Democracy & the Internet (2004). Political Influentials Online in the 2004 Presidential Campaign. Washington, DC: The George Washington University.

Pew Internet and American Life Project (2008) JohnMcCain.com v. BarackObama.com

Hillygus, S. & Shields, T. (2007). The Persuadable Voter: Campaign Strategy, Wedge Issues, And The Fragmentation Of American Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Publius Project (2008) Internet and Politics 2008: Moving People, Moving Ideas: A Working Hypothesis. Harvard Berkman Center. and responses Ari Melber,Henry Farrell, Sunshine Hillygus, Peter Daou, Matthew Hindman, Dana Fisher.

Obama Girl vs Giuliani Girl and Henry Jenkins Confronts Obama Girl

Eyeblast.tv (2008) Obama Girl and the Campaign Choir. Video

Mar 8 - 15: Spring Break

March 16th: Social Movements Online


Fisher, D. (2008) From the Bottom-Up: Using the Internet to Mobilize Campaign Participation. Berkman Center Publius Project.

Kreiss, D. (2008) on "Taking Our Country Back: The New Left, Yippies, Deaniacs, and the Production of Contemporary American Politics." Paper presented at Politics 2.0 Conference.

Mar 18: Social Movements Online


(2006) From Counterculture to Cyberculture. University of Chicago press. Introduction and Chapter 4.A


Graf, J. (2006) The Audience for Political Blogs. IPDI

Kreiss, D. (2008) on "Taking Our Country Back: The New Left, Yippies, Deaniacs, and the Production of Contemporary American Politics." Paper presented at Politics 2.0 Conference.

Boynton, G.R. on "Political Leadership in the Web 2.0 world." Paper Presented at 2008 Politics 2.0 Conference.

Garland, M. (2008) The digerati's white-collar populism. Vote With This Blog.

Cornfield, M. (2005). The Internet and Campaign 2004: A Look Back at the Campaigners. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project. 

Mar 20: Cyberprotest


Bennet, W. L., Breunig, C., & Givens, T. (2008). Communication and Political Mobilization: Digital Media and the Organization of Anti-Iraq War Demonstrations in the U.S. Political Communication, 25(3), 269-289.

Gladwell, M. (2010). Small Change. The New Yorker, 86, 42.

Van Laer, J., & Van Aelst, P. (2010). Internet and Social Movement Action Repertoires: Opportunities and Limitations. Information Communication & Society, 13(8), 1146-1171.

W. Lance Bennett, “Communicating Global Activism: Strengths and Vulnerabilities of Networked Politics,” 

MoveOn.org (2006) Election 2006: People Powered Politics with MoveOn.org


Pickerill, J. (2004). Cyberprotest: Environmental Activism Online. Manchester: Manchester University Press. (Introduction and Chapter 1)

Henry Farrell, “Bloggers and Parties,” 

Evangelicals and the Media. MIT Video Panel Discussion.

Adamic, L and Glance, N. (2005) The Political Blogosphere and the 2004 U.S. Election: Divided They Blog.

Mar 23: Discourse and Polarization


Farrell, H., Lawrence, J. and Sides, J. (2008) Self Segregation and Deliberation: Blog Readership, Participation and Polarization in American Politics.

Morozov, E. (2008) Digital Renegades and Captives. International Herald Tribune. andcomment


Shaw, J. (2009) The Internet: Foe of Democracy? Harvard Magazine.

Wyld, D. (2008) The Blogging Revolution: Government in the Age of Web 2.0. E-Government Initiative. Southeast Louisiana University. 

Steven Johnson, “Two Ways to Emerge, and How to Tell the Difference Between Them,” .

Change Congress

Natalie Glance and Lada Adamic, “The Blogosphere and the 2004 Election: Divided They Blog,”.

Video discussion of Change Congress with Lessig at Berkman Center.

Daniel Drezner and Henry Farrell, “The Power and Politics of Blogs,”

Vargas, J.A. (2008) The Limits and Promise of Online Interactive Politics. Washington Post.Ask the PM

Internet for Everyone Movement

Phil Agre, “Real-Time Politics: The Internet and the Political Process,” 

Mar 25 Open Source Politics


Barbrook, R. (2007) Virtual Dreams, Real Politics. Open Democracy.

Joi Ito, “Emergent Democracy,”.

A . Michael Froomkin, “Habermas@ Discourse.net,”.


Dirk Riehle, “How and Why Wikipedia Works.”.

Nicholas Carr, “Rise of the Deletionists.”. Pauline Borsook, “How Anarchy Works,”.

Rullani: Free and Open Source Software and reflexive identity

Rushkoff "Open Source Democracy"

Lourenco: wikis and political discourse formation:

Building Collective Capacity: New Forms of Political Organizing (2008) Conference at Harvard berkman Centner -- Q&A with Marshall Ganz and Jeremy Bird at Berkman Centner and Jeremy Bird and Marshall Ganz andJoe Trippi and Yochai Benkler and Eszter Hargittai and Gene Koo's comments on the conference: 1,2,3,4,5,6

Mar 27 Digital Citizenship Workshop #2

IV. Institutions


Mar 30: The Promise of the Information Communication Technologies (ICT's)


Atkinson, R. D. & McKay, A. (2007). Digital Prosperity. Understanding the Economic Benefits of the Information Technology Revolution. Washington, DC: Information Technology and Innovation Foundation.

Taylor Boas, Thad Dunning and Jennifer Bussell, “Will the Digital Revolution Revolutionize Development?.


Steven Weber and Jennifer Bussell, “”Will Information Technology Reshape the North-South Asymmetry of Power in the Global Political Economy?”

Zuckerman, E. (2008) How do Social Change Organizations Innovate. Slideshare presentation.

AfriGadget, Malawi Windmill,TradeNet, M-Pesa, Ushahidi


Watson, T. (2008) CauseWired: Plugging in, Getting Involved and Changing the World. Wiley. 

UNCTAD. (2006). Using ICTs to Achieve Growth and Development. Background paper by the UNCTAD secretariat. Geneva: UNCTAD.

Apr 1: ICT's and Development


Masett-Zannini, A. (2007) Web 2.0 and International Development. Knowledge Politics Quarterly.

Sun, M. H. (2006). “Connecting the Rwandan Coffee Cooperatives: Economic Analysis of Network Deployments for Rural Rwanda”. In Best, M. L. (Ed.), Last Mile Initiative Innovations.. Atlanta: Georgia Institute of Technology.


Ellis, S. J. & Cravens, J. (2000). The Virtual Volunteering Guidebook. Palo Alto: Impact Online.

Souter, D. (2004). ICTs and Economic Growth in Developing Countries. Paris: OECD.


Kenny, C.J. (2006) Overselling the Web: Development and the Internet. Boulder. Lynne Reinner..

Apr 3: The Digital Divide


Pippa Norris, “The Worldwide Digital Divide.”.

Zuckerman, E. (2007). “Incremental infrastructure, or how mobile phones might wire Africa”. In My Heart’s in Accra Blog

Nixon, R. (2007) Africa, Offline: Waiting for the Web. New York Times.

The Economist (2007) Networked Readiness Index.


World Economic Forum (2008) Global Information Technology Report 2007-2008. Summary.

Zuckerman, E. (2007) The connection between cute cats and web censorship. My Heart's in Accra Blog.

Sullivan, K. (2006). “In War-Torn Congo, Going Wireless to Reach Home”. The Washington Post, Sunday, July 9.

Apr 6: The Digital Divide: Cont.


Wolcott, P., Press, L., McHenry, W., Goodman, S. & Foster, W. (2001). “A Framework for Assessing the Global Diffusion of the Internet”. In Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 2(6). Atlanta: Association for Information Systems.

Patel et al.(2007) Global prospects for E-Advocacy in the Global South. A Res Publica Report for the Gates Foundation.


Milner, H. V. (2004). The Digital Divide: The Role of Political Institutions in Technology Diffusion. New York: Columbia University. 

Carsten Fink and Charles Kenny, “Whither the Digital Divide?,”.

Milner, H. V. (2003). The Global Spread of the Internet: The Role of International Diffusion Pressures in Technology Adoption. New York: Columbia University.

Cortez, M and Rafter (2008) Nonprofits & Technology: Emerging Research for Usable Knowledge. Lyceum Books

Apr 8: ICT's and Innovation


Zuckerman, E. (2008) Innovation from Constraint. The Extended Dance Mix. My Heart's in Accra Blog

Strickland, E. (2007) Play Peak Oil Before You Live It. Salon. 

Kraemer et. al. (2008) OLPC: An Education Project or a Laptop Project. PCI Center Report.


Avila, E. (2008) Mexico: Shoeshiner Uses YouTube to Increase Business" Global Voices Blog. 

Lakhani, K. R., Jeppesen, L. B., Lohse, P. A. & Panetta, J. A. (2007). The Value of Openness in Scientific Problem Solving. HBS Working Paper Number: 07-050. Cambridge: Harvard University.

Guest, T. (2007) Second Lives: A Journey through Virtual Worlds. Random House.

Lifelong Kindergarden, Lego Mindstorms, OLPC Foundation, What’s Up,.OLPC Project Wiki 

Apr 10: No Class - Easter Break


April 12: No Class - Travel Day

April 15: Status Reports for Final Projects

Apr 17: Status Reports for Final Projects

Apr 20: ICT's and Security


Federation of American Scientists (2008) alQaida-Like Mobile Discussions & Potential Creative Uses

Daniel Solove, “Data Mining and the Security/Liberty Debate.” 

Joel Reidenberg, “States and Internet Enforcement”

Apr 22 The Augmented City



Aurigi, A. (2006). “New Technologies, Same Dilemmas: Policy and Design Issues for the Augmented City”. In Journal of Urban Technology, 13(3), 5-28. London: Routledge. 

Mitchell, W. (2007) Intelligent Cities. UOC Papers


Wellman, B. (2001). “Physical Place and Cyberplace: The Rise of Personalyzed Networking”. In International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 25(2), 227-252. Oxford: Blackwell.


Kelvin Grove Urban Village

Sheridan, W. & Riley, T. B. (2006). “Comparing e-government vs. e-governance”. In eGov monitor, Monday, 3 July, 2006 

Norris, P. & Curtice, J. (2006). “If You Build a Political Web Site, Will They Come? The Internet and Political Activism in Britain”. In International Journal of Electronic Government Research, 2 (2), 1-21.

Apr 24 E-Government


Harrigan, J. (2008) Obama's On-Line Opportunities. Pew Internt and American Life Project.


Vaast and Binz-Scharf (2008) "Bringing Change in Government Organizations: Evolution Towards Post-Bureaucracy with Web-Based IT Projects. ICIS Conference. ".

West, D. (2006) State and Federal E-Government in the United States, 2006. Center for Public Policy: Brown University.

Hood, C. and Margetts, H. (2006) The Tools of Government in the Digital Age (Palgrave).

Dunleavy, P., Margetts, H., Bastow, S. and Tinkler, J. (2006) Digital Era Governance: IT Corporations, the State and e-Government (Oxford University Press: Oxford)

West, D. (2006) Global E-Government, 2006. Center for Public Policy: Brown University.

Dunleavy, P., Margetts, H., Bastow, S. and Tinkler, J. (2005) New Public Management Is Dead - Long Live Digital-Era Governance. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory.

Apr 27 ICT's and State Power


JRebecca McKinnon, “Flatter World and Thicker Walls? Blogs, Censorship and Civic Discourse in China..

Marc Lynch, “Blogging the New Arab Public.”.


Taylor Boas,”Weaving the Authoritarian Web: Liberalization, Bureaucratization, and the Internet in Non-Democratic Regimes.”.

John Palfrey, “Local Nets: Filtering and the Internet Governance Problem.

Apr 29: Future Directions

Festival of Scholars

May 1 Future Directions


Rainie and Anderson (2008) The Future of the Internet III. Pew Internet and American Life Project.

Scola, N. (2007) Avatar Politics: The Social Applications of Second Life. IPDI.

Hosch, W. (2007) Web 3.0: The Dreamer of the Vine. Birtannica.Com


Sanchez, J (2008) Mapping the Blogosphere. Ars Technica Blog. 

Business Week (2008) Special Report: The Future of Social Networking. 

Jonathan Zittrain, “The Generative Internet,”.

Ensemble learning

Peter Biddle, Paul England, Marcus Peinado and Brian Willman, “The Darknet and the Future of Content Distribution,”.

David Johnson, Susan Crawford and John Palfrey, “The Accountable Net: Peer Production of Internet Governance,”

Sensory Data Collection, Body Hacking, Wearable Computing, open prosthesis, mind hacking, synthetic neurobiology

May 4:Presentations

May 6: Presentations

May 8: Presentations

Video Resource List

http://video.google.com <http://video.google.com/>






and of course, the search box on http://www.youtube.com/


Dutton, W.H. and Peltu, P. (2005) The emerging Internet governance mosaic: connecting the pieces (pdf, 1.2Mb). OII Forum Discussion Paper No. 5.

Dutton, W.H., Gillett, S.E., McKnight, L.W. and Peltu, M. (2003) Broadband Internet: The Power to Reconfigure Access (pdf, 428 kb). OII Forum Discussion Paper No. 1.

John Podesta and Raj Goyle, “Lost in Cyberspace?”.

Mary DeRosa, “Data Mining and Data Analysis for Counter-Terrorism .

Heather MacDonald, “Privocrats vs. National Security, .

Read Clayton Northouse, “Providing Security and Protecting Liberty.”.

Jack Goldsmith, “The Internet, Conflicts of Regulation, and International Harmonization,” 

Henry Farrell, “Governing Information Flows: States, Private Actors and E-Commerce 

Mueller, M. (2007) The New Cyber Conservativism


Dutton, W.H., Palfrey, J. and Peltu, M. (2007) Deciphering the Codes of Internet Governance: Understanding the Hard Issues at Stake (pdf, 236kb). OII Forum Discussion Paper No. 8.

Rasmussen, T. (2007) Techno-politics, Internet Governance and some challenges facing the Internet (pdf, 128kb). OII Research Report No. 15.


Jørgensen, R. F. (Ed.) (2006). Human Rights in the Global Information Society. Cambridge: MIT Press. Introduction.

OpenNet Initiative: Internet Filtering Map

Robert O. Keohane and Joseph S. Nye, “Power and Interdependence in the Information Age, .

Daniel Drezner, “The Global Governance of the Internet: Bringing the State Back In .

A. Michael Froomkin, “The Internet as a Source of Regulatory Arbitrage,.

Peter Swire, “Elephants and Mice Revisited,.

Community Informatics


Holzer and Tae-Kim (2007) 100 City Survey: Digital Governance in Municipalities Worldwide. The E-Governance Institute. Rutgers University.

Gurstein, M. (2003). “Effective use: A community informatics strategy beyond the Digital Divide”. In First Monday, 8 (12). [online]: First Monday.

Foth, M., González, V. M. & Taylor, W. (2006). “Designing for Place-Based Social Interaction of Urban Residents in México, South Africa and Australia”. In OZCHI 2006 Proceedings, November 20-24. Sydney: CHISIG.


Bloggers vs. Blight

The Future Melbourne Plan.

Escher, T., Margetts, H., Petricek, V. & Cox, I. (2006). Governing from the Centre? Comparing the Nodality of Digital Governments. Prepared for delivery at the 2006 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association.

Hood, C. C. & Margetts, H. (2007). The Tools of Government in the Digital Age. Basingstoke: Palgrave Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan. Introduction.

Margetts, H. & Dunleavy, P. (Dirs.) (2007). Government On The Internet. London: National Audit Office.

The first chapter of _Publics and Counterpublics_ by Michael Warner and his

_Trouble with Normal_

Erving Goffman, _Relations in Public_

Julie Cohen, "Cyberspace As/And Space," _Columbia Law Review_, 2007.

Chris Kelty, _Two Bits_

Douglas Thomas, _Hacker Culture_

Bryan Pfaffenberger, "'If I Want It, It¹s OK': Usenet and the (Outer)

Limits of Free Speech," _The information Society_, 1996.

Baron, Naomi S. and Ylva Hard af Segerstad (in press), "Cross-cultural

patterns in mobile phone use:

Public space and reachability in Sweden, the US, and Japan", _New Media &


Keith N Hampton, Oren Livio, & Lauren F. Sessions, "The Social Life of

Wireless Urban Spaces: Internet Use, Social Networks, and the Public Realm,"

forthcoming, _Journal of Communication_.

Rohan Samarajiva & Peter Shields, "Telecommunication networks as social

space: implications for research and policy and an exemplar," Media, Culture

& Society, Vol. 19, No. 4, 535-555 (1997)

Greg Downey's "Telegraph Messenger Boys," 2002; and his co-edited a 2004

anthology. Info on both at


danah boyd's dissertation at


Helen Nissenbaum's paper "Privacy as Contextual Integrity",


How much should people care about privacy?

Fran Tonkiss's book "Space, the City and Social Theory" (Polity, 2005)

Robert Sommer. Personal Space: The Behavioral Basis of Design

Humphreys, L. (2005). "Social topography in a wireless era: The

negotiation of public and private space." Journal of Technical Writing

and Communication. 35(3): 367-384.

Humphreys, L. (2005). "Cellphones in public: Social interaction in a

wireless era." New Media & Society. 7(6): 813-836.

Anna McCarthy, Ambient Television, Duke, 2001

Anna McCarthy & Nick Couldry, MediaSpace, Routledge, 2004

NOW/HERE: Space, Time and Modernity, Roger Friedland and Deidre Boden,

particularly "The Compulsion of Proximity," Boden&Molotch.

CULTURE POWER PLACE Exploration in Critical Anthropology, Gupta and Ferguson

Janet Sternberg's dissertation, "Misbehavior in Cyber Places: The Regulation

of Online Conduct in Virtual Communities on the Internet"

Shani Orgad's book, _Storytelling Online: Talking Breast Cancer on the

Internet_ (Peter Lang, 2005)

Lars Qvortrup (ed.), _Virtual Space_

John Monberg's online bibliography, which includes several space/place

sources: https://www.msu.edu/~jmonberg/cmcbib.html



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Kavanaugh, A., Pérez-Quiñones, M., Tedesco, J. and Sanders, W. (in press) Toward a Virtual Town Square in the Era of Web 2.0. In Jeremy Hunsinger, Lisbeth Klastrup and Matthew Allen (Eds.) Handbook of Internet Research. Surrey, UK: Springer.

Kavanaugh, A., Kim, B.J., Schmitz, J. and Pérez-Quiñones, M. 2008. Net Gains in Political Participation: Secondary effects of the Internet on community. Information, Communication and Society, 11(7): 933-963.

Kavanaugh, A., Zin, T.T., Rosson, M.B., Carroll, J.M., Schmitz, J. and Kim, B.J. 2007. Local Groups Online: Political learning and participation. Journal of Computer Supported Cooperative Work. 16 (September): 375-395.

Kavanaugh, A., Carroll, J.M., Rosson, M.B., Reese, D.D. & Zin, T.T. 2005. Participating in civil society: The case of networked communities. Interacting with Computers 17, 9-33.

Kavanaugh, A. Reese, D.D., Carroll, J.M., & Rosson, M.B. 2003. Weak Ties in Networked Communities, pp. 265-286. In M. Huysman, E. Wenger & V. Wulf (Eds). 2003. Communities and Technologies. The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Reprinted (2005) in The Information Society 21 (2), 119-131.

Kavanaugh, A. 2003. When Everyone is Wired: The Impact of the Internet on Families in Networked Communities, pp. 423-437. In J. Turow and A. Kavanaugh (eds.) The Wired Homestead: An MIT Press Sourcebook on the Internet and the Family. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kavanaugh, A. and Patterson, S. 2001. The impact of community computer networks on social capital and community involvement. American Behavioral Scientist, 45 (3): 496-509.

Chadwick, A., 2009. Web 2.0: New Challenges for the Study of E-Democracy in an Era of Informational Exuberance. /J/S: Journal of Law and Policy For the Information Society/, 5(1), 1-32.

Gueorguieva, V., 2008. Voters, MySpace, and YouTube: The Impact of Alternative Communication Channels on the 2006 Election Cycle and Beyond. /Social Science Computer Review/, 26(3), 288-300.

Hargittai, E. & Walejko, G. 2008. The Participation Divide: Content Creation and Sharing in the Digital Age. /Information, Communication //and Society/.11(2):239-256.

Jansen, B. J., Zhang, M, Sobel, K, and Chowdury, A (Forthcoming) Twitter Power: Tweets as Electronic Word of Mouth. /Journal of the American Society for Information Sciences and Technology./

//Karpf, D. 2009. Macaca moments reconsidered… YouTube effects or Netroots effects? Submitted for consideration for the YouTube and the 2008 Election Conference.

Leurs, K. 2009. “Be(co)ming cyber Mocro’s: Digital Media, Migration and Glocalized Youth Cultures.” Presented at the Race, Ethnicity, and (New) Media Symposium, May 2, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.

Leurs, K. 2009 "Migrant youth & online hypertext: multiple modes of becoming/belonging." Presented at the 7th European Feminist Research Conference, June 6, Utrecht University, the Netherlands.

Lilleker, D.G. & Jackson, N., 2008. Politicians and Web 2.0: the current bandwagon or changing the mindset? Paper presented at Politics: Web 2.0: An International Conference, Royal Hollloway, UK. Available at:http://newpolcom.rhul.ac.uk/politics-web-20-paper-download/ [Accessed December 30, 2008].

Preece, J. and Shneiderman, B., The Reader-to-Leader Framework: Motivating technology-mediated social participation, AIS Transactions on Human-Computer Interaction 1, 1 (March 2009), 13-32, available athttp://aisel.aisnet.org/thci/vol1/iss1/5/ <https://webmail.wmin.ac.uk/exchweb/bin/redir.asp?URL=http://aisel.aisnet.org/thci/vol1/iss1/5/>

Williams, C.B. & Gulati, G.J., 2007. Social Networks in Political Campaigns: Facebook and the 2006 Midterm Elections. Paper presented at the 2007 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, USA. Available at: http://www.bentley.edu/news-events/pdf/Facebook_APSA_2007_final.pdf [Accessed November 26, 2008].


McNutt, J. Electronic Advocacy Bibliography: Web 2.0. Available at http://www.policymagic.org/web2_0.htm


Politics: Web 2.0: An International Conference. New Political Communication Unit, Department of Politics and International Relations, Royal Holloway, University of London, April 17-18, 2008. Programme and papers available at http://newpolcom.rhul.ac.uk/politics-web-2-0-conference/

4^th International Conference on Communities and Technologies. The Pennsylvania State University, June 25-27, 2009. Programme available at http://cct2009.ist.psu.edu/program.cfm

Aspray, William and Paul E. Ceruzzi (Eds.). (2008). The Internet and American Business. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Banks, M A. (2007). Blogging Heroes: Interviews with 30 of the World's Top Bloggers. Wiley. http://www.amazon.com/Blogging-Heroes-Interviews-Worlds-Bloggers/dp/0470197390/ref=sr_1_59?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1208457719&sr=1-59

Battelle, J. (2006). The Search: How Google and Its Rivals Rewrote the Rules of Business and Transformed Our Culture. Portfolio press. http://www.amazon.com/Search-Rewrote-Business-Transformed-Culture/dp/B000QRIHXE/ref=sr_1_6?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1213895997&sr=1-6

Beal, A. & Strauss, J. (2008). Radically Transparent: Monitoring and Managing Reputations Online. Indianapolis: Wiley Publishing (under the Sybex imprint).

Benkler, Yochai. (2007). The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Bruns, A. (2008) Blogs, Wikipedia, Second Life, and Beyond: From Production to Produsage (Digital Formations). Peter Lang. http://www.amazon.com/Blogs-Wikipedia-Second-Life-Beyond/dp/0820488666/ref=sr_1_28?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1208457286&sr=1-28

Carr, N. (2008). The Big Switch: Rewiring the World, from Edison to Google. Norton. http://www.amazon.com/Big-Switch-Rewiring-Edison-Google/dp/0393062287/ref=sr_1_39?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1208457435&sr=1-39

Castells, Manuel, Mireia Fernandez-Ardevol, Jack Linchuan Qiu, and Araba Sey. (2006). Mobile Communication and Society: A Global Perspective. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press

Castells, Manuel. (2009). Communication Power. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Gilmore, D. We the Media (impact on news, journalism, info dissemination)

Goldsmith, J. & Wu, T. 2006. Who controls the Intenet-Illusions of a borderless world. Oxford University Press.

Gomez, J. (2007). Print Is Dead: Books in our Digital Age. Palgrave Macmillan. http://www.amazon.com/Print-Dead-Books-our-Digital/dp/0230527167/ref=sr_1_83?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1208457850&sr=1-83

Graff, G. M. (2007). The First Campaign: Globalization, the Web, and the Race for the White House. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. http://www.amazon.com/First-Campaign-Globalization-White-House/dp/0374155038/ref=sr_1_78?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1208457850&sr=1-78

Hauben, Michael and Ronda Hauben. (1997). Netizens: On the History and Impact of Usenet and the Internet. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society Press.

Ito, Mizuko, Sonja Baumer, Matteo Bittanti, danah boyd, Rachel Cody, Becky Herr, Heather A. Horst, Patricia G. Lange, Dilan Mahendran, Katynka Martinez, C.J. Pascoe, Dan Perkel, Laura Robinson, Christo Sims, and Lisa Tripp. (2008). Hanging Out, Messing Around, Geeking Out: Living and Learning with New Media. E-Book.

Katz, J. E. & Rice, R. E. (2002). Social consequences of Internet use: Access, involvement and interaction. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Kelty, Christopher M. 2008. Two Bits: The Cultural Significance of Free Software. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Kluver, Randolph, Nicholas W. Jankowski, Kirsten M. Foot, and Steven M. Schneider (Eds.). (2007). The Internet and National Elections: A Comparative Study of Web Campaigning. London: Routledge.

Kressel, H., & Lento, T. V. (2007). Competing for the Future: How Digital Innovations are Changing the World. Cambridge University Press. http://www.amazon.com/Competing-Future-Digital-Innovations-Changing/dp/0521862906/ref=sr_1_246?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1208458849&sr=1-246

Lessig, Lawrence. (2008). Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy. Penguin Press HC.

Lister, Martin, Jon Dovey, Seth Giddings, Iain Grant, and Kieran Kelly. (2009). New Media: A Critical Introduction. New York, NY: Routledge.

Lundby, Knut (Ed.). (2009). Mediatization: Concepts, Changes, Consequences. New York, NY: Peter Lang.

Montgomery, K. C. (2007). Generation Digital: Politics, Commerce, and Childhood in the Age of the Internet. The MIT Press. http://www.amazon.com/Generation-Digital-Politics-Commerce-Childhood/dp/0262134780/ref=sr_1_161?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1208458422&sr=1-161

Morville, P. Ambiant Findability (searching and finding)

Murero, M. & Rice, R. E. (Eds.). (2006). The Internet and health care: Theory, research and practice. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Raymond, Eric. S. (2000). The Cathedral & the Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary. (First presented at the Linux Kongress in 1997). O'Reilly Media.

Rheingold, H. Smart Mobs (collective behavior)

Rheingold, H. (1993). The Virtual Community.

Rice, R. E. & Katz, J. E. (Eds.), (2001). The Internet and health communication: Expectations and experiences. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Ryan, Jenny. (2008). The Virtual Campfire: An Ethnography of Online Social Networking. E-Book.

Shirky, C. (2009). Here comes everybody: The power of organizing without organizations. NY: Penguin Press.

Social Media: 20 free e-books about social media: http://www.chrisbrogan.com/20-free-ebooks-about-social-media/

Social Media: Research, see: http://www.danah.org:80/SNSResearch.html, a bibliography from communication, information science, anthropology, sociology, economics, political science, cultural studies, computer science, etc.

Solove, D. (2007). The Future of Reputation: Gossip, Rumor, and Privacy on the Internet. Yale University Press. http://www.amazon.com/Future-Reputation-Gossip-Privacy-Internet/dp/0300124988/ref=sr_1_92?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1208458072&sr=1-92

Sunstein, C. Infotopia (Wisdom of Crowds)

Teten, D. & Allen, S. (2006). The Virtual Handshake: Opening Doors and Closing Deals Online. NY: AMACON.

Thomas, Douglas. (2002). Hacker Culture. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press.

Vedro, S. (2007). Digital Dharma: A User's Guide to Expanding Consciousness in the Infosphere. Quest Books. http://www.amazon.com/Digital-Dharma-Expanding-Consciousness-Infosphere/dp/083560859X/ref=sr_1_91?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1208458072&sr=1-91

von Hippel, Eric. (1988). The Sources of Innovation. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. Lessig.

von Hippel, Eric. (2005). Democratizing Innovation. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Webnographers.org: The Free and Open books on this http://Webnographers.org list are excellent resourcs: http://www.webnographers.org/index.php?title=Books

Weinberg, D. (2008). Everything Is Miscellaneous: The Power of the New Digital Disorder. Holt.

Weinberger, C. Everything is Miscellaneous (tagging and knowledge)

Zittrain, Jonathan. (2008). The Future of the Internet: And How to Stop It. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.


Blanchette, J.-F. & Johnson, D. “Data retention and the panoptic society: The social benefits of forgetfulness”, The Information Society 18(1):1-13 (January/February 2002).

blanchette's work is also interesting because it reflects on the tension between the unforgetting internet, matters of data authenticity, and the huge problem of data preservation.

and, here is an article that might be relevant about a court in the U.S. that accepted pictures from a social network site of a young woman enjoying a party a number

of weeks after a car accident with casualties in which she was the driver. The picture was used as proof that she lacked remorse:

Wagstaff E (2007) Court case decision reveals dangers of networking sites. Daily Nexus

News, URLhttp://www.dailynexus.com/article.php?a=13440

*Case Studies*

**Peer-to-Patent. http://www.peertopatent.org/