Foxhole 156 CKLU 96.7 FM www.cklu.ca 156_2012_06 06            of

Foxhole 156 CKLU 96.7 FM www.cklu.ca 156_2012_06_06

Show #156 June 06, 2012

The Foxhole on CKLU 96.7 FM www.cklu.ca 

The Foxhole Home Page http://www.oldsudburybookstore.com/id67.html

Most Current Podcasts available here http://www.oldsudburybookstore.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/foxhole.rss.xml

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Quote:  

No one is so brave that he is not disturbed by something unexpected.

Julius Caesar

Join us for a focus on folk rock with a unique blend of Canadian, local, folk, and world music. Connect up with clubs on the Club Roundup, find out what books we have been reading on the On-Air Wireless Book Blog, and find out about small business on the Small Biz Net. On Science Rules find out what is new in the world of science and on the Trail Head learn about great outdoor places to visit. For today's music selection and topics see below...

re The Foxhole Radio www.cklu.ca 96.7 FM

The Foxhole Radio Program Wednesday June 06 2012 5 PM - 7 PM  (22-00 hrs UT Standard Time) (21 - 23 hrs UT During Daylight Saving Time) on www.cklu.ca

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Arlo Guthrie - The Motorcycle Song - Faye Blais - The Pursuit - Irish Rovers - Wild Mountain Thyme - Big Country - In A Big Country (Live) - Faye Blais - The Ways I Love You - Faye Blais - Oh Boy - Faye Blais - Back Home Again - Faye Blais - Shouldn't Have - Sharon Shannon - The Galway Girl (With Steve Earle) - MPB - Mr.Tambourine Man - Faye Blais - Pockets - MPB - Norwegian Wood - Willie Nelson - The Scientist - Tift Merritt - Another Country - John Stewart - Daydream Believer - Kruse and Blanke - The Boxer - Dala - Girl from the North Country - The Beatles Recovered Band - Back in The USSR - Kevin Closs - O Canada

Club Roundup - Sudbury Cycling Club - Small Biz Net - ETSY.com Craft EStore - On Air Book Blog - Hold On to Your Kids: Why Parents Need to Matter More Than Peers By Gordon Neufeld, Gabor Mate M.D. - Hackerspace of the Airwaves: Origami Canoe - Science Rules - Mysterious Radiation Burst Recorded in Tree Rings - The Trail Head - Gorp.com Hiking

Playlist:

   1  Foxhole Morse Code Special C        morse_letter_c.mp3        Foxhole IDs        0:02

   2  Foxhole 15th Troop ID        scouts15th_foggyMountainBreakdown        stationId        5:20

   3  Arlo Guthrie        The Motorcycle Song        Alice's Restaurant (The Massacree Revisited)        2:53

   4  Faye Blais        The Pursuit        On the Bright Side        4:27

   5  Irish Rovers        Wild Mountain Thyme        The Irish Rovers' Gems        4:31

   6  Alex Koren        ak_StationId_foxhole_theDancing        foxhole        0:27

   7  Big Country        In A Big Country (Live) - Big Country        80s New Romantic Hits (Re-Recorded / Remastered Versions)        5:46

   8  Faye Blais        The Ways I Love You        On the Bright Side        3:35

   9  Faye Blais        Oh Boy        On the Bright Side        3:22

  10  Foxhole IDs AR        arno_cklu_foxhole_id_wildwoodflower1.mp3        Foxhole IDs        0:23

  11  Faye Blais        Back Home Again        Two Pieces        3:26

  12  Faye Blais        Shouldn't Have        Here In The Shade - A Night at Sing Sing        4:28

  13  Sharon Shannon        The Galway Girl (With Steve Earle)        The Diamond Mountain Sessions        3:01

  14  Sarah Koren (Murray Mclauchlin - Farmers Song)        Station ID The Foxhole        The Foxhole        0:10

  15  MPB        Mr.Tambourine Man        Love And Peace        2:21

  16  Faye Blais        Pockets        Here In The Shade - A Night at Sing Sing        4:17

  17  MPB        Norwegian Wood        Beatles Songs "A Hard Days Night"        2:04

  18  Foxhole ID AK        ak_StationId_foxhole_righteousHeart        foxhole        0:15

  19  Willie Nelson        The Scientist        The Scientist - Single        5:02

  20  Tift Merritt        Another Country        Another Country        4:42

  21  John Stewart        Daydream Believer        A Neon Dreams Sampler        3:35

  22  Alex Koren        ak_foxhole_id_payTheMan        foxhole        0:20

  23  Kruse & Blanke        The Boxer - Kruse & Blanke        Friends        4:33

  24  Dala        Girl from the North Country        Girls From the North Country        3:33

  25  Sarah Koren (Murray Mclauchlin - Never Did Like that Train)        Station ID The Foxhole        The Foxhole        0:23

  26  The Beatles Recovered Band        Back in The USSR        30 Beatles Top Hits        2:44

  27  Foxhole ID JP        jp_cooCooBird_BeGoodTanyas_stationID_foxhole        stationId        1:00

  28  Sound Effects        Coyote        Sounds of Birds and Other Animals        0:14

  29  Foxhole Morse Code        cklu_morse_code.mp3 [Unknown]        Foxhole Morse Special CKLU        0:05

  30  Kevin Closs        O Canada        Homecoming        1:26

Reginald Aubrey Fessenden (October 6, 1866 – July 22, 1932) was a Canadian inventor who performed pioneering experiments in radio, including early—possibly the first— transmissions of voice and music. In his later career he received hundreds of patents for devices in fields such as high-powered transmitting, sonar, and televisionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reginald_Fessenden

Where she grew up in Sudbury; what schools; what parents did; what doing in Australia

http://www.fayeblais.com/

Faye Blais is a Canadian indie-folk artist whose songwriting personality is showcased beautifully through her talents on acoustic and electric guitars, and keys. Detailed as "continuing the thread started by Joni, picked up by Ani and fashioned by Feist", Faye's soulful and dynamic vocals are the perfect match for her musical style. At least that's the technical way to put it. But when you get to know Faye's style, you'll realise that this little sun-chasing songbird is irresistable if even for the twinkle in her eyes and her light emitting smile. The message in her music is clear, chase your dreams, live your life in love and peace.

"What a voice! Sudbury's piano-plunking answer to Feist!"

Amanda Putz, CBC Radio

Her latest effort, On The Bright Side is a richly textured and warm album, with just the right amount of flourish. "The Ways I Love You", the first single/video from the album, is a resonant ballad that fills your heart with joy, while the next single "The Pursuit" is a marching anthem navigating the path of life. "Winter" is surprisingly more upbeat than the season typically is, and "Michelle" is an acoustic ride originally commissioned for the documentary "Return to Manomin" by Michelle Derosier. On The Bright Side was recorded at Blais' family cabin in northern Ontario, where she spent summers as a kid, and was engineered and produced by her good friend Josh Turnbull, before being turned over to Jeff Elliot at Fedge Studios for mastering in Toronto.

"On the Bright Side is the perfect name for this record. If you're looking for a soundtrack for the sun room, or a day out in the park, this is it... Listening to this album should have you swaying in your chair from start to finish. What a voice!"

Jason Turnbull, CBC Radio

A self-professed sun chaser, Faye has spent the past six years recording and touring her four studio releases through Australia, New Zealand, Taiwan, USA and Canada, where she is based in Toronto. Living her own dream (and the dream of many), she spends Canadian winters in the southern hemisphere, never having to scrape ice from her touring vehicle's windows. Her career in Australia has seen her play top festivals in the country; Woodford, Port Fairy and Illawara Folk Festivals, and had her featured in prominent media such as Triple J radio, ABC TV (Aus/NZ), and Balcony TV, just to name a few. Her North American career has also seen its share of accolades, crossing the country five times in three years and playing Eaglewood Folk Festival Northern Lights Festival Boreal, ArtsWells, Nannup Folk Festival (US), Art & Soul Festival (US) and many more. Blais continues to add to this list as she continues to grow and progress as a beautiful songwriter!

Club Roundup:

Sudbury Cycling Club

http://www.sudburycc.ca/ 

Formed in 1974 when Sudbury hosted the Ontario games, the Sudbury Cycling Club has been the starting point of three local Olympians and has produced many Regional, Provincial and National road racing champions. Although the club did once have a Mountain Bike and a Touring division, the club currently is a road racing club; however, many local runners, triathletes, long distance riders, track riders and mountain bike racers train with our members.

Road racing basically includes: road races [longer races on long loops and hills]; criteriums [shorter races on short flat loops] and time trials [out and back races or point to point with individual starts and “no drafting rules”]. As a result our work out schedule must incorporate training that improves all systems [short and very hard efforts called sprints, longer hard efforts called intervals, hill climbing, anaerobic threshold training and long distance or endurance training]. It is the only sport that includes many hard and shorter bursts of speed during a race which is required to break away from the peloton [or main group] or bridge [or catch up] to riders that are “up the road” and that’s why we train the way we do.

Formal track workouts at Delki Dozzi Cycling Track are held every Tuesday (shorter sprint training) and Thursday (long intervals) from 6:00 - 8:00 pm (April to September). Approved helmets and road racing bikes are mandatory. For safety reasons, aero bars may remain on bikes but cannot be used during track training times unless you have permission from one the coaches.

We offer certified coaching. Our head coach [Battista Muredda] accompanies our athletes on his motor scooter, while our other coach and assistants offer coaching while riding. Many skills can be learned during these practice sessions, including bike handling, proper cadence [spinning], high speed cornering, bike fit and safety.

For the last few years, the club has been running 3 different skill level groups, simply called the A, B and C groups. We do our best to accommodate and coach all club members regardless of skill and ability and welcome newcomers.

The club organizes some smaller local events, while the Ontario Cycling Association [OCA] works with Ontario cycling clubs to put on sanctioned races which basically means well organized and safe races which require a racing license [please see www.ontariocycling.org]. These larger races also accommodate different skill/experience levels.

Our club has many informal group rides that occur during the weekend and weekends. We have various fitness testing/monitoring equipment [Compu-Trainer and lactate threshold]. The club also trains together during the winter months.

FAQ

How do I get a proper bike fit?

Fitting a person to a bike is a "process" that takes time and experience. Please consult our coaches Battista or Frank.

Should I buy an expensive bike?

Although I believe you get what you pay for in respect to bikes and components, you don't need to take out a 2nd mortgage to own a reliable and comfortable two-wheeler. There are a couple of bike buying websites out there and I have been out-raced and out-toured by many people with less expensive bikes than my own.

How should I adjust my helmet?

:

A helmet should be approved for safety and have a snug fit. It should be balanced properly on your head with the chin strap also adjusted to be snug. Please consult a professional if unsure, and if you fall with your helmet or see a crack please get it checked out immediately.

Do I need all that fancy clothing?

Cycling apparel is not all show. There are many benefits to wearing it, such as comfort, increased visibility, perspiration wicking and cooling, and protection when you fall (i.e., you can end up with less road rash with a t-shirt under your cycling jersey and gloves protect your palms).

Small Biz Net:

http://www.sparkplugging.com

This last week have been busy planning and setting up my new Uhandbag Etsy shop and I’ve had great fun doing it! Most folks who have read CraftBoom! will know that I’m a fan of Etsy for all sorts of reasons, one being that Etsy shops are wonderfully easy to set up and for that reason Etsy is a brilliant training ground for when/if you gravitate towards setting your your own website. I know that lots of folks do just that, they set up an Etsy shop and they learn about running a craft business on the fly, then when their business grows they branch out into other outlets (such as their own website) whilst keeping their etsy shop active. As for me, I’m doing things the other way round. I already have my own established and happy website, but now I have just opened an Etsy shop and in this post I’ll explain my reasons for doing so.

My Etsy shop banner (it took me flipping ages!)

Etsy will help me gain new customers (my main reason for opening an Etsy):

I think that U-Handbag has a pretty shiny record when it comes to happy customers and many of our new customers become repeat customers (which is wonderful!). We try our very best to keep all of our customers happy, but in some ways it is harder to find new customers. In the past I used google pay per click to help with marketing and advertising. I’ve since decided it’s way too bl*%dy expensive and in my experience, very hit and miss. I now market U-Handbag by blogging, writing in magazines and now my Etsy shop will hopefully be put in front of thousands of potential customers who haven’t heard of us before.

The best thing about folks who are surfing around on Etsy is that they are either craft buyers or they are crafters themselves this means that the Etsy audience is more targeted to what we have to offer, which is craft supplies. Not only are there thousands of folks surfing on Etsy at any one time, these folks are from all over the world, all looking for some international crafty goodness! This means that hopefully we will also gain more international customers.

Etsy is wonderful for SEO (that’s Search Engine Optimisation folks):

Most anyone who has their own website or blog will love to have their own site appear in the first 10 searches on google/yahoo,ask etc. etc. etc. (in other words, having your site at the top of the list on the first search page is flipping great!). Search engine searches are ranked by popularity which means the higher your site the more (apparently) popular it is and hopefully the more likely folks will click on your site. Actually, my U-Handbag and blog site is at the top of the list on the first page of Google for all sorts of bag related searches. But let me tell you, for me to appear at the top of the Google search page took MUCHOS time and LOADS of twiddling about. One of the brilliant things about Etsy is that it takes no time at all for your Etsy shop appear high on the list of search engine searches (without all of the usual pfaffing around).

.

Etsy is very resourceful when it comes to craft business advice:

We can always learn something new everyday. Etsy does try to support it’s shop owners by providing business advice, and good advice it is too (it has to be otherwise folks would shut their Etsy account down!) I’ll be checking out their Storque regularly to see what business tips and inspiration I can glean for FREE! I’d be mad not to, right?

The timing for us to expand with an Etsy shop is right:

There are a few major milestones in the life of any business and when they are reached/overcome you can congratulate yourself/heave a sigh of relief. (Don’t quote me, I just read them in various places) in general they are:

The first 6 months for bricks and mortar – and 1 year for web based businesses is a sensitive time, get past this milestone and things are looking promising.

Break even in 2 years – of course this will vary from individual to individual and is dependant on the type of business and what the start-up costs were, but on average businesses can expect not to turn a profit for first 2 years.

Expansion - get this wrong and you can really mess things up! Expansion isn’t always about being bigger and better, often it is also about staying one step ahead of the competition or keeping things fresh and exciting for your customers. Either way business expansion requires careful thought, planning and sometimes a considerable amount of investment.

So I’m am very grateful to say that U-Handbag has safely passed the aforementioned milestones. We’re doing OK and things are steady. So I feel that it is safe and prudent to expand, I have taken on new staff, (one of which has her own Etsy shop) so we can cope efficiently with the extra work load.

On Air Book Blog: 

Hold On to Your Kids: Why Parents Need to Matter More Than Peers

By Gordon Neufeld, Gabor Mate M.D.

Parents need to raise their kids. These days major decisions by kids seem to be ruled by peers who simply don't have the life experience to give good advice.

Product Description

A psychologist with a reputation for penetrating to the heart of complex parenting issues joins forces with a physician and bestselling author to tackle one of the most disturbing and misunderstood trends of our time -- peers replacing parents in the lives of our children.

Dr. Neufeld has dubbed this phenomenon peer orientation, which refers to the tendency of children and youth to look to their peers for direction: for a sense of right and wrong, for values, identity and codes of behaviour. But peer orientation undermines family cohesion, poisons the school atmosphere, and fosters an aggressively hostile and sexualized youth culture. It provides a powerful explanation for schoolyard bullying and youth violence; its effects are painfully evident in the context of teenage gangs and criminal activity, in tragedies such as in Littleton, Colorado; Tabor, Alberta and Victoria, B.C. It is an escalating trend that has never been adequately described or contested until Hold On to Your Kids. Once understood, it becomes self-evident -- as do the solutions.

Hold On to Your Kids will restore parenting to its natural intuitive basis and the parent-child relationship to its rightful preeminence. The concepts, principles and practical advice contained in Hold On to Your Kids will empower parents to satisfy their children’s inborn need to find direction by turning towards a source of authority, contact and warmth.

Something has changed. One can sense it, one can feel it, just not find the words for it. Children are not quite the same as we remember being. They seem less likely to take their cues from adults, less inclined to please those in charge, less afraid of getting into trouble. Parenting, too, seems to have changed. Our parents seemed more confident, more certain of themselves and had more impact on us, for better or for worse. For many, parenting does not feel natural. Adults through the ages have complained about children being less respectful of their elders and more difficult to manage than preceding generations, but could it be that this time it is for real? -- from Hold On to Your Kids

HackerSpace of the Airwaves:

(New feature Do It Yourself projects and issues discussed)

Oru – The Origami Kayak

http://blog.makezine.com/2012/06/04/oru-the-origami-kayak/

Last week, I had the pleasure of testing out Oru Kayak, the world’s first origami kayak. It was wonderful!

Anton Willis, the designer, and I met at the Berkeley Marina to put his latest iteration to the test. I had been watching Anton construct the kayak for months at TechShop and had always bugged him about taking me out for a test ride. I finally got my wish.

He pulled the folded kayak, roughly the size of a large artist portfolio, out of his car and set it in the grass near the docks. A small crowd began to form as he unfolded the cut sheet of corrugated plastic, the same material as the political advertisement in your neighbor’s front lawn. The entire build time took about ten minutes, but easily could’ve been halved without the peppering of questions from the onlookers.

Before I knew it, I was paddling around the marina at a surprisingly high clip. I don’t consider myself a kayak expert, but the Oru design felt fast and comfortable. You quickly forget that it’s a neatly folded piece of plastic. The big question on my mind, and probably everyone else’s, was: how much water would it take on? It was, after all, an origami kayak. After kayaking around the marina and near the larger waves of the San Francisco Bay, I was still completely dry without a drop of water inside the vessel.  Anton told me it doesn’t take on any more water than a typical kayak - spray and paddle drip.

Anton expects the kayak to retail for about $500. You can sign up to receive the release date announcement on Oru’s website.

Science Rules:

Mysterious Radiation Burst Recorded in Tree Rings

from Nature News

Just over 1,200 years ago, the planet was hit by an extremely intense burst of high-energy radiation of unknown cause, scientists studying tree-ring data have found.

The radiation burst, which seems to have hit between AD 774 and AD 775, was detected by looking at the amounts of the radioactive isotope carbon-14 in tree rings that formed during the ad 775 growing season in the Northern Hemisphere. The increase in 14C levels is so clear that the scientists, led by Fusa Miyake, a cosmic-ray physicist from Nagoya University in Japan, conclude that the atmospheric level of 14C must have jumped by 1.2% over the course of no longer than a year, about 20 times more than the normal rate of variation. Their study is published online in Nature today [June 3].

"The work looks pretty solid," says Daniel Baker, a space physicist at the University of Colorado's Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics in Boulder, Colorado. "Some very energetic event occurred in about AD 775."

http://ow.ly/bliLm

Trail Head:

Gorp.com Get Ready for Hiking Trips

Introduction ByW. Lynn Seldon Jr.

http://www.gorp.com/hiking-guide/travel-ta-hiking-sidwcmdev_057156.html#ixzz1NqOHKIrMhttp://www.gorp.com/hiking-guide/travel-ta-hiking-sidwcmdev_057156.html

In this hurry-up, need-it-yesterday world we live in, I'm always pleasantly surprised by how relaxing it is to slow things down to a walking pace. I see more, feel more, and remember more when I put one foot in front of the other.

My idea of the perfect vacation day? A vigorous, 10-mile hike amid remarkable scenery while in the company of new friends, capped by a glass of wine sipped at the very vineyard it was produced with the vintner himself on hand. A fine dinner awaits, as does a well-deserved night's sleep in a quaint inn.

Mind you, all of the arrangements and logistics of the day—including transporting my luggage ahead—have been taken care of by someone else. My biggest decision: whether to nap in a lush meadow or tour an ancient hilltop village. Carefree and invigorating, days like this are the essence of a guided hiking tour.

Apparently I'm not alone in thinking a vacation spent hiking beats lying on a chaise lounge at poolside. Hiking tour outfitters report record numbers of participants signing up for their healthy, active vacations.

Of course, if you're the independent-minded sort you might be able to arrange your own hiking adventure from soup to nuts, one that's nearly as splendid as the offerings of a tour company. You might even save a few dollars in the process. But then you would miss out on a guide's deep local knowledge, or the daily hike options of varying degree of difficulty, baggage shuttles, like-minded hiking companions, and package pricing. And you would have to contend with the headaches and hassles of planning your own trip. Me? I'd rather someone else did all of that legwork, so I could work my legs on a quiet country lane.

Once you've decided that a guided hiking tour is the way to go, your next decision involves choosing the tour company and trip that suits your needs and budget. This is the time to let your fingers do the walking before your feet hit the trail. Call or e-mail reputable companies to request catalogs, then visit their websites. Feel free to phone the company to get direct answers to any question not addressed by its printed literature.

What's the right trip for you? That depends on numerous personal preferences that only you can address.

Domestic Or Foreign?

Of course, deciding where that hiking idyll will take place is the most important choice. North American options can start with one-day or weekend outings to nearby trails and range up to multi-week treks in wilder regions, including the Northeast, the Appalachians, the Rocky Mountains, Canada, Alaska, Mexico, and more.

On the international front, your choice of trails and destinations are virtually limitless. Europe beckons with history, culture, and cuisine; Central and South America offer exotic adventures to Belize, Costa Rica, Peru, Ecuador, and the Galapagos Islands; Asia, Africa, and South Pacific tempt with hiking safaris, Nepal treks, and much more.

Luxury Level

A trip's level of luxury (often referred to in catalogs as its"style") is another important consideration. On the rustic end of the spectrum are trips that require participants to sleep in sleeping bags and tents, carry their own gear, share camp duties, and more (if this is your style, then click over to ourtrekking and backpacking primer). At the other end are upscale luxury trips that require little more of participants than putting one foot in front of the other, lifting their own glass of wine, and pulling their covers up in a luxurious hotel room. Most trips fall somewhere in between, but it's important to figure out what type of trip suits your style.

Degree of Difficulty

The difficulty level of hiking trips is determined by daily mileage (8 to 10 miles is typical, but this can vary greatly), altitude gain and loss, terrain (e.g., back roads or rocky trails), remoteness, and other factors. Given this, it's important to match your fitness level and outdoor experience with that of the trip. If you're unsure, ask for the company's advice. Most trips require little or no previous hiking experience, although fit travelers are preferred since they won't delay the group.

Seasonality

No matter when it is you want to hike, that is bound to be prime hiking season somewhere in the world. As a rule, "shoulder season" trips that depart just before or after prime season can yield smaller groups, discounted prices, and special opportunities. Of course, it can rain even during the supposedly "dry" season, but the show usually goes on.

Group Size

Depending on your personality, your vacation can be made or broken by the number and type of people who come along. A typical group has eight to 12 participants, with a 1:4 guide-to-guest ratio. You should expect like-minded people to choose similar trips, so choose carefully. Most groups have no trouble bonding quickly (including singles, who are frequent hiking trip goers).

Family Matters

Family-oriented trips are among the fastest-growing sectors of adventure travel, but they aren't for everyone. Hikers with children and those who would rather not mix with children should ask the guide company if the trip is "family-focused" (designed specifically for families), "family-friendly" (kids are welcomed, but the trip is primarily designed for adults), or has some sort of minimum age limit (usually between 12 and 18).

Each trip will have its own idiosyncrasies, but the daily routine of most adventures is similar. The day usually begins with breakfast around 8 AM, at which point the day's hiking and exploration options are discussed. Most outfitters present the group with a daily variety of hikes of differing difficulty and length. Hiking usually begins around 9 AM, with lunch on the trail at mid-day. Hiking often concludes around 4 PM. Commercial trips offer support vans which make possible a morning of hiking and an afternoon spent visiting an olive oil operation in the afternoon. Or you can hitch a ride if the weather's poor or blisters flare up.

Dinners are usually a group affair and the quality of the food can range from simple to gourmet. If food is a big interest, then inquire with the outfitter about the offerings. Most groups tend to gather for a social hour around 6 PM and then enjoy supper around 7 PM. Active days on two feet typically lead to tired participants and early bedtimes.

Preparation—Getting Fit

The key to preparing for a hiking tour is knowing how much training you'll need to do to be ready. Good tour companies will assess your current condition and provide a training program should you need it.

Even if you're in top condition, it's a good idea to prepare by taking a few training hikes that mimic the mileage and elevation changes you'll encounter. Also, make sure those hiking boots fit properly and are broken-in adequately. As you train, stay hydrated and eat a nourishing, well-balanced diet.

Gear

Tour operators send comprehensive packing list that take the guesswork out deciding what clothing and gear you need to bring. You can bet that any tour will require the following: comfortable, sturdy boots; several pairs of high-quality hiking socks (not cotton!); moleskin or some other blister patch; a good two-piece rainsuit; and layers of fast-drying, lightweight clothing for the most part made of synthetic fabrics. Food, water, and other necessities are handled by the outfitter.

Whether making the grade up an Alpine slope, traveling over Tuscan hills and Yorkshire dales, or following the footpaths of France, take the following advice culled from hiking guides and tour operators to maximize your enjoyment and minimize problems on the trail.

Read more:http://www.gorp.com/hiking-guide/travel-ta-hiking-sidwcmdev_057160.html#ixzz1NqOrE3kQ