Survival on the Moon        


THE SCENARIO: You are challenged to choose items that will help you survive. On the next page, you will find a list of 15 items available to you. Rank these items from 1 to 15 according to their importance to you and your crew. Place the number 1 by the most important item and continue ranking the items to number 15, the least important. Beside each choice, explain why you gave each item the rank it received and how you plan to use the item to help you survive.

Survival Items

(Rank each item from 1 to 15, with 1 being the highest priority.)

Survival Items

Your Ranking

Team

Ranking

NASA Ranking

Your

Error

Points

Team

Error

Points

A. Box of matches

B. Food concentrate

C. 15 meters (50 ft.) of nylon rope

D. Parachute

E. Space blanket

F. Space suit repair kit

G. Lights with solar-powered rechargeable batteries

H. Map of the Moon’s surface

I. Two 45.5 kg  (100 lbs.) tanks of oxygen

J. Self-inflating Life Raft

K. Magnetic compass

L. 38 liters (10 gallons) of water

M. Signal mirror

N. First aid kit

O. Solar-powered Fm receiver/transmitter

Your Total Error Points

Team Total Error Points

Please provide rationale as to why you would or would not take items A, D, E, F, J, and K.

A. ________________________________________________________________

D. ________________________________________________________________

E. ________________________________________________________________

F. _________________________________________________________________

J. _________________________________________________________________

K. ________________________________________________________________


        Survival on The Moon



NASA Expert Rankings (Gruener)


Expert John Gruener, flight systems engineer at NASA’s Johnson Space Center suggests that the first option is to stay put and wait for help to arrive.  However, if someone form the outpost cannot reach you and there is no other option other than to try to make it to the outpost.  The rankings listed below are his suggestions.

 Mr. Gruener has a background in aerospace engineering and physical sciences with and emphasis in planetary geology.  He has worked as a rocket scientist designing missions to the Moon an Mars, as a space farmer growing plants in advanced life-support systems, and as a planetary scientist studying the rocks an soil on Mars.  

RANK

ITEM

EXPLANATION

1

Oxygen

Breathing

2

Water

Drinking and cooling

3

Food

Third basic need for survival

4

Radio

Communication with the outpost

5

First Aid Kit

Incase of illness or injury

6

Moon Map

Best means to navigate

7

Suit repair kit

 Repair tears in suit

8

Raft

Great sled to carry oxygen and water

9

Space Blanket

Temperatures vary widely on the Moon.

10

Rope

Help with dragging the raft

11

Lights w/ batteries

Some areas in the polar region permanently are dark.

12

Signal Mirror

Form of communication

13

Parachute

Backup for the raft and shade

14

Matches

Will not burn – no oxygen

15

Compass

Useless-no global magnetic field



        Survival on The Moon



NASA Expert Rankings (Allen)


Expert Dr. Carlton Allen, a planetary scientist, is currently curator and manager of the Astromaterials Research and Exploration Science (ARES) Astromaterials Acquisition and Curation Office. Dr. Allen suggests, that the first option is to stay put and wait for help to arrive.  However, if someone form the outpost cannot reach you and there is no other option other than to try to make it to the outpost.  The rankings listed below are his suggestions.

 Dr. Allen is responsible for protecting, preserving, and distributing extraterrestrial samples to help others learn more about solar system exploration.  These samples include the Apollo Moon rocks and regoliths, Antarctic meteorites, and particles of solar wind.

RANK

ITEM

EXPLANATION

1

Oxygen

Breathing

2

Water

Essential for life

3

Food

Third basic need for survival

4

Radio

Communication with the outpost

5

First Aid Kit

Incase of illness or injury

6

Moon Map

Best means to navigate

7

Suit repair kit

 Repair tears in suit

8

Rope

Scale cliffs or craters

9

Space Blanket

Reflective side used to prevent absorption of sunlight.

10

Signal Mirror

Form of communication

11

Lights w/ batteries

Used for night time travel.

12

Raft

Very little use on the Moon.

13

Parachute

Not useful.

14

Compass

Useless-no global magnetic field

15

Matches

Will not burn – no oxygen

Redesigned from “Survival! Exploration: Then and Now”                               www.teacherelinks.com

http://www.nasa.gov/audience/foreducators/5-8/features/F_Exploration_Then_and_Now.html    WPE 6/05