Making Speeches : Learning to explain through Games

Activity

These activities are to be used after students learn how to use strategies to explain their ideas.

Activity One - Learning to Use the strategies by writing

The goal of this exercise is to test students understanding of each strategy and get them to practice using them.

Using the simple table below, for any 5 random words, students need to fill the spaces in the table using the appropriate strategy (example in table below).

Strategy

Definition

Similar Word/ Concept

Opposite Word/ Concept

Category

Example

Idea/Word Association

example

Strategy

Definition

Similar Word/ Concept

Opposite Word/ Concept

Category

Example

Idea/Word Association

Doctor

someone who treats you when you are sick

medical practioner, surgeon

Nurse

Occupation

the character House from the tv drama

I was sick so I went to see a ?

Fight

Make trouble with someone, what people do when they have disagreements

conflict, argument, quarrel

reconcile, peace, happy

verb, communication, behavior, conflict

war, boxing, wrestling,

i am angry with you, i am going to ___ you, referee,

Carry

move something to somewhere, to support the weight of something

deliver, transport, convey, take, load, bear,

drop, put down, leave

verb, action,  movement, activity

delivery, elevator,

FedEx, tekbae, taxi

Some concepts are difficult to explain using every strategy. Colors for example are very difficult and it might be a good idea to not assign it to them.

Set a goal for students - 5~10 minutes to complete the exercise (depending on the level of the students, size of the group etc) and a target they must complete (e.g. a minimum of 25 spaces must be filled and they can only skip one space per row.

Variations

Activity Two - Learning to use the strategies through speaking or writing a speech

Using a simple speech outline, students use the strategies they have learned to build and expand the speech. The task can end after they have written the speech, or they can present those speeches in class.

This is an example of the outline you can use. Students MUST use all the explanation strategies at least twice throughout the 3 ideas of their speech. They can talk about any topic or you can give them topics.

Opening (Greeting, Question, Statement, Quotation, Fact, Example etc...) : ________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Outline : The topic of my speech is ________________________ . In my speech today I will be __________ 3 ideas,____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________

First Idea :  ___________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Second Idea : ________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Third Idea : ___________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Outline : Today I told you about  ________________________ and I ______________ 3 ideas, _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________

Closing (Greeting, Question, Statement, Quotation, Fact, Example etc...) : ________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

This activity can also be used as an Assignment/Homework