Foxhole 149 CKLU 96.7 FM www.cklu.ca 149_2012_03_28 RM 103 20110209
Foxhole 149 CKLU 96.7 FM www.cklu.ca 149_2012_03_28 RM 103 20110209
The Foxhole on CKLU 96.7 FM www.cklu.ca
The Foxhole Home Page http://oldsudburybookstore.com/id67.html
Last 10 Podcasts available here http://www.oldsudburybookstore.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/foxhole.rss.xml
Archived podcasts avaialble at http://www.oldsudburybookstore.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/foxhole_arch.rss.xml
The goal of life is living in agreement with nature. Zeno (335 BC - 264 BC), from Diogenes Laertius, Lives of Eminent Philosophers
re The Foxhole Radio www.cklu.ca 96.7 FM
The Foxhole Radio Program Wednesday Mar 28 2012 5 PM - 7 PM (22-00 hrs UT Standard Time) (21 - 23 hrs UT During Daylight Saving Time) on www.cklu.ca
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How to listen: Sudbury and area CKLU 96.7 FM On Air 106.7 Cable
Time Machine on the archive section of www.cklu.ca
Anytime: Podcasts avaialble at http://www.oldsudburybookstore.com/id67.html
Address for your favourite Podcast Player even Itunes http://www.oldsudburybookstore.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/foxhole.rss.xml
Stan Rogers - Northwest Passage - Allison Lickley - Mountains - Sharon Shannon - Land Down Under (feat... Deci The Techie) - Cris Williamson - Grandmother's Land - Christine Albert - Haunt Your Heart - Dar Williams - Iowa - Brigham Phillips and Friends - The Irish Rover - Brent Wohlberg - Big_Red_Rooster.mp3 [Unknown] - Charlie Angus and The Grievous Angels - The Belvedere - Elena Yeung - Howl Away - Blackmore's Night - Ghost of a Rose (re recorded new version) - Eliza Gilkyson - Easy Rider - Andy Lowe - Go,Wolves,Go - Colin Linden - Easin' Back To Tennessee - Cornbread Red - Night Moves - Brenda Kahn - Change The Weather - Kevin Closs - O Canada
1 Foxhole Morse Code Special C - morse_letter_c.mp3 - Foxhole IDs - 0:02
2 Foxhole 15th Troop ID - scouts15th_foggyMountainBreakdown - stationId - 5:20
3 Stan Rogers - Northwest Passage - Northwest Passage - 4:49
4 Allison Lickley - Mountains - You Might Find Me Here - 4:09
5 Sharon Shannon - Land Down Under (feat... Deci The Techie) - Land Down Under - 3:30
6 Foxhole IDs AR - arno_cklu_foxhole_id_wildwoodflower1.mp3 - Foxhole IDs - 0:23
7 Cris Williamson - Grandmother's Land - Prairie Fire - 5:06
8 Christine Albert - Haunt Your Heart - Christine Albert - The Women Of Kerrville - 4:01
9 Dar Williams - Iowa - Out There Live - 5:32
10 Alex Koren - ak_StationId_foxhole_theDancing - foxhole - 0:27
11 Brigham Phillips and Friends - The Irish Rover - When Irish Eyes Are Smiling - 3:04
12 Brent Wohlberg - Big_Red_Rooster.mp3 [Unknown] - Jan 2011 Single - 2:32
13 Charlie Angus and The Grievous Angels - The Belvedere - Hanging Songs - 4:26
14 Sarah Koren (Murray Mclauchlin - Farmers Song) - Station ID The Foxhole - The Foxhole - 0:10
15 Elena Yeung - Howl Away - The Gravedigger's Daughter - 4:32
16 Blackmore's Night - Ghost of a Rose (re recorded new version) - Beyond the sunset - the romantic collection - 5:43
17 Eliza Gilkyson - Easy Rider - Live From Austin, TX - 4:44
18 Foxhole ID AK - ak_StationId_foxhole_righteousHeart - foxhole - 0:15
19 Andy Lowe - Go,Wolves,Go - A Sudbury Songbook - 3:57
20 Colin Linden - Easin' Back To Tennessee - Easin' Back To Tennessee - 4:00
21 Cornbread Red - Night Moves - Running Against The Wind - 4:41
22 Alex Koren - ak_foxhole_id_payTheMan - foxhole - 0:20
23 Brenda Kahn - Change The Weather - Change The Weather - 3:19
24 Sarah Koren (Murray Mclauchlin - Never Did Like that Train) - Station ID The Foxhole - The Foxhole - 0:23
25 Foxhole ID JP - jp_cooCooBird_BeGoodTanyas_stationID_foxhole - stationId - 1:00
26 Sound Effects - Coyote - Sounds of Birds and Other Animals - 0:14
27 Foxhole Morse Code - cklu_morse_code.mp3 [Unknown] - Foxhole Morse Special CKLU - 0:05
28 Kevin Closs - O Canada - Homecoming - 1:26
Reginald Aubrey Fessenden (October 6, 1866 – July 22, 1932) was a Canadian inventor who performed pioneering experiments in radio, including early—possibly the first— transmissions of voice and music. In his later career he received hundreds of patents for devices in fields such as high-powered transmitting, sonar, and television. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reginald_Fessenden
The Blazing Elwoods
are proud to inform you about the nation-wide release of their hit single “Big Red Rooster”.
The Blazing Elwoods are a rockin' country band from Sudbury, Ontario Canada. The band is composed of
Brent Wohlberg, a local songwriter from the Sudbury area. Brent has been writing songs for over 25 years.
His latest foray into the country veign was inspired by the musical stylings of Johnny Cash, Stomping
Tom Conners, and Hank Williams.
" My love for this country genre stemmed from listening to dad's Old Stomping Tom Albums, and from
there I revisited his Johnny Cash, San Quentin album. I discovered that I had been missing out on some
incredible music. The raw honesty of these songs sucked you right in. These songs also didn't seem to have
a hint of pretension.” -Brent Wohlberg
Brent hopes that you enjoy his first single, "Big Red Rooster", and wants folks to look for a full length
album coming out in the spring. The Single is now available at the CD Baby Website. Follow this link to
purchase your copy: https://www.cdbaby.com/Artist/TheBlazingElwoods
For more information, please contact Brent Wohlberg at (705) 671-9860,
or email email@example.com
Youtube Video "Big Red Rooster" http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tN36C7Ohq0I
SS Edmund Fitzgerald (nicknamed "Mighty Fitz," "The Fitz," or "The Big Fitz") was an American Great Lakes freighter launched on June 8, 1958. At the time of its launching, it was one of the first boats to be at or near maximum "St Lawrence Seaway Size"which was 730 feet (220 m) long and 75 feet (23 m) wide. From its launching in 1958 until 1971 the Fitzgerald continued to be one of the largest boats on the Great Lakes.
On November 10, 1975, while traveling on Lake Superior during a gale, the Fitzgerald sank suddenly in Canadian waters approximately 17 miles (15 nmi; 27 km) from the entrance ofWhitefish Bay at a depth of 530 feet (160 m). Although it had reported having some difficulties before the accident, theFitzgerald sank without sending any distress signals. Its crew of 29 perished in the sinking with no bodies being recovered. When the wreck was found, it was discovered that the Fitzgerald had broken in two.
The sinking of the Edmund Fitzgerald is the most famous disaster in the history of Great Lakes shipping. The disaster was the subject of Gordon Lightfoot's 1976 hit song, "The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald".
Wildlife Conservation Society
The Wildlife Conservation Society saves wildlife and wild places worldwide. We do so through science, global conservation, education and the management of the world's largest system of urban wildlife parks, led by the flagship Bronx Zoo. Together these activities change attitudes towards nature and help people imagine wildlife and humans living in harmony. WCS is committed to this mission because it is essential to the integrity of life on Earth.
WASHINGTON, D.C. (January 27, 2011) - At a recent symposium held at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife's National Conservation Training Center facility in Shepherdstown, West Virginia, Dr. George Schaller called for increased protection of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in northeastern Alaska.
The symposium commemorated the 50th anniversary of the Arctic Refuge and brought together many involved in its storied history including former President Jimmy Carter who signed legislation in 1980 doubling the size of the Refuge, conservation professionals and USFW staff, filmmakers and authors, dignitaries and others. The event showcased the history, science, and conservation efforts that have gone into creating and protecting the Refuge.
Dr. Schaller- considered the pre-eminent field biologist of our time-first went to Alaska in 1956 as part of an expedition co-funded by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and led by Olaus and Margaret Murie. The Muries and a small team of scientists spent months cataloguing wildlife, studying the area's various habitat types, and experiencing what Murie called the "precious intangible values" of this dramatic wild place. Based on their observations, they later pushed for recognition of the area as a critical sanctuary of unique and diverse wildlife worthy of protecting.
Dr. Schaller who is today a Senior Conservationist at WCS and a Vice President at Panthera, returned to the Refuge in 2006 and 2008 and noted that it remains one of the few places on earth that in the last 50 years has not changed as a result of direct human development.
"It was thrilling to return to the Refuge again and see it still pristine after all this time, and it is humbling to think our work fifty years ago helped secure its protection," said Schaller. "But we must remain mindful of the constant threat of exploitation."
The focus of Dr. Schaller's concerns are threats to the Refuge's coastal plain. While most of the Refuge is currently protected from energy development, its1.5 million-acre coastal plain-considered the most important habitat for wildlife in the Refuge-is not.
The coastal plain contains critical calving habitat for the 100,000 caribou that migrate from Canada and has the highest density of denning polar bears in Arctic Alaska. Polar bears, facing dramatic losses of sea ice, depend on safe and disturbance-free den sites to rear their young.
"The indigenous Gwich'in people who depend on porcupine caribou call the coastal plain the 'sacred place where life begins,' and that is an accurate description," Schaller said. "Congress must delcare the coastal plain Wilderness Area."
Along with polar bears and caribou, the plain also hosts a rich population of resident Arctic wildlife (including musk ox, Arctic fox, lemmings, gyrfalcon and ptarmigan), as well as the tremendous international assemblage of migratory birds that breed there in the short summer. Myriad waterfowl, shorebirds, loons and songbirds burst upon the coastal plain every May.
Schaller said protecting America's last great wild places and preserving them for future generations of people and wildlife would be an act of patriotism and social responsibility.
"The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge remains a priceless vestige of unspoiled America belonging to all of us. We must not let it slip away for short term gain," said Schaller.
Stephen Sautner: 1-718-220-3682; firstname.lastname@example.org
Scott Smith: 1-718-220-3698; email@example.com
The Wildlife Conservation Society saves wildlife and wild places worldwide. We do so through science, global conservation, education and the management of the world's largest system of urban wildlife parks, led by the flagship Bronx Zoo. Together these activities change attitudes toward nature and help people imagine wildlife and humans living in harmony. WCS is committed to this mission because it is essential to the integrity of life on Earth.
Special Note to the Media: If you would like to guide your readers or viewers to a web link where they can make donations in support of helping save wildlife and wild places, please direct them to: www.wcs.org/donation
Presented by Con Edison, 2011 Run for the Wild is dedicated to saving penguins around the world
Bronx, NY – Jan. 25, 2011 – Magellanic penguins, Danny and Hugo, move through the snow covered rocks in the Russell B. Aitken Sea Bird Aviary at the Wildlife Conservation Society’s Bronx Zoo. This species is native to southern Chile, Argentina, and the Falkland Islands. Magellanic penguins live in large groups but mated couples remain monogamous for years. The third annual Run for the Wild 5k run/walk will be held at the Bronx Zoo on Saturday, April 30, 2011. This year’s event is dedicated to helping save penguins. Registration and sponsorship details are available atwww.wcs.runforthewild.org. Magellanic Penguins are threatened by commercial fishing and habitat pollution. WCS works in coastal Patagonia to protect breeding sites and manage populations.
WCS Conservation Efforts
WCS conservationists work in key sea turtle habitats across the Gulf of Guinea, western Indian Ocean, Caribbean, and Indo-Pacific seas. At the Glover’s Reef Research Station in Belize, WCS works to protect sea turtle nesting populations along the Belize Barrier Reef through research, cooperative management, training, and education. On Nicaragua’s Caribbean coastline, WCS is building a core staff of local scientists, conservation practitioners, and managers for sea turtle conservation. Our conservationists have also been developing alternative sources of income for fisherman who harvest endangered sea turtles. In Panama, WCS works to protect nesting beaches for leatherbacks and hawksbills, a population decimated by the international trade in tortoiseshell.
Small Biz Net:
Business Courses - Business Training
Increase your business success and improve your small business skills with these email, offline and online business courses and business training resources.
Speak For Success Course
Good communication skills are the key to business success. Think about it.
Communication is the key to sales. If you can’t communicate effectively with your customers and/or
Communication is the key to management. If you don’t communicate effectively with your management team, your sales staff, and/or your bank manager, misunderstandings will fester into business crises.
Communication is the key to marketing. The most carefully orchestrated marketing campaign will fail if you don’t get the right message to potential customers, or worse, communicate the wrong message entirely.
And the most fundamental communication skill is being able to speak well.
If you’re concerned about the impression you create when you open your mouth, if you want to be able to communicate face-to-face with people without irritating or confusing them, this is the course for you.
The Speak to Success course consists of six speech lessons and a wrap-up lesson that will help you shape up your oral communication skills. In each lesson, you’ll work on a specific speech skill by learning about a related sloppy speech problem and performing exercises designed to eliminate that speech problem.
Over time, well all develop sloppy speech habits, speech habits that can make us difficult to understand or make people not want to listen to what we’re saying. These speech lessons for improving your oral communication skills will make you sound more polished and professional – and ultimately, because of the power of good communication, become more successful.
There are a few things you should be aware of before you sign up for this course:
This is a seven week class. You will receive the first lesson as soon as you sign up, and a new lesson each week. While I've emphasized the benefits for business and professional people here, anyone who works with other people can benefit from shaping up his or her speech. Why not sign up now and start improving your communication skills?
Organize Your Small or Home Office
Whether you're just setting up a small or home office or just frustrated with how all the clutter in your office space is interfering with your productivity, this free course will show you how to get your office organized and turn your office space into a work space.
The topics covered in this seven week course include the basics of small or home office design, setting up a filing system, organizing paperwork such as receipts, and protecting your business data, and is packed with tips to help you work more efficiently.
So why not sign up and start getting organized? You will receive the first lesson as soon as you sign up, and a new lesson each week.
If you have questions as you work through the course, I encourage you to post them to the Small Business: Canada Forum. You'll find there are many other small business people who share your concerns - and are willing to give support and advice.
Starting A Business In Canada
Thinking of starting a business but don't know where to start? Wondering what steps you need to go through to make your new business legal or wrestling with writing a business plan? This free online course will lead you through the process of starting a business in Canada - step by step.
This is a 10 week class. You will receive the first lesson as soon as you sign up, and a new lesson each week.
The course is designed to help you work through the process of starting a small business. There is homework for each class, but it is not graded. If you have questions, you should post them to the Small Business: Canada forum in the Starting a Business Class folder.
On Air Book Blog:
The Self-sufficient Life and How to Live It
"John Seymour, self-sufficiency guru, offers a wealth of ideas to get you started." -- Sentinel
"This book ... will appeal to those seeking simpler and environmentally responsible ways of living ..." -- Library Journal
The Self Sufficient Life and How to Live It is the only book that teaches all the skills needed to live independently in harmony with the land harnessing natural forms of energy, raising crops and keeping livestock, preserving foodstuffs, making beer and wine, basketry, carpentry, weaving, and much more. This new edition includes 150 new full color illustrations and a special section in which John Seymour the father of the back to basics movement explains the philosophy of self-sufficiency and its power to transform lives and create communities. More relevant than ever in our high-tech world, The Self Sufficient Life and How to Live It is the ultimate practical guide for realists and dreamers alike.
from the Los Angeles Times (Registration Required)
Supercomputers may routinely defeat human chess champions these days, but sometimes regular folks still beat out fancy technology. An example published in the journal Nature this week: Lay people were better than a computer program dreamed up by scientists at figuring out how a complicated protein takes its shape.
In a broad array of disciplines--molecular biology, astronomy, archaeology and more--researchers are outsourcing their time-consuming dirty work to volunteer gamers and everyday people with some extra hours on their hands, with promising results.
Foldit, the game featured in the Nature article, lets people tackle a problem that stumps computers--how proteins fold up into complicated three-dimensional structures. Players don't need to know any science; they just need to use their spatial reasoning abilities.
from Nature News
Another twist has emerged in the debate over whether there is water inside the Moon. Researchers studying lunar samples from the Apollo missions have used chlorine isotope measurements to conclude that the Moon is bone dry after all--corroborating scientists' original assumptions from the 1970s, but contradicting more recent studies of the Moon's water content.
The original analysis of Apollo's samples showed that the rocks contained virtually no hydrogen--and thus no water. But in recent years, scientists have found hydrogen atoms in samples of lunar volcanic glass--an indication that the Moon once harboured deeply buried traces of water. That discovery was celebrated this spring by researchers at the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference near Houston, Texas, where they began discussing the implications of the find. How did the element make it to the depths of the newly formed Moon, and what did this tell us about its origin?
According to the leading theory, the Moon was born from molten debris after a Mars-sized object struck Earth. Understanding the chemistry of the Moon's rocks could, for example, help to work out whether the Moon is mostly made of material from Earth, or from the impactor that hit it.
Hike Ontario Fact Sheet 17
WINTER WALKING AND HIKING
There's no need to stop walking and hiking when winter comes. All the trail clubs continue their activities year round and some of the most pleasant outings are through the snow, when the scenery sparkles or the sun glimmers in the pearly mist. However a little thought is required to keep safe and comfortable in the colder weather.
Let's start with comfort. Most of your hiking clothes will be suitable for winter hiking. Your regular boots and "sock and a half" (polypropylene liner and wool outer sock) remain the same. Wool or nylon hiking pants are helped along by the addition of gaiters that keep the snow out of your boots. Tops come in three layers, polypropolene underwear (keeps you dry), fleece pullover (keeps you warm) and a wind/waterproof jacket. A fleece hat and mitts are light and can be taken on and cosy. Cooton has its place, but not in winter activities. Cotton's problem is that it retains moisture - either yours or the elements. This moisture quickly cools, leaving you with a cold or frozen layer, which is a primary cause of hypothermia. To be dry is to be both comfortable and safe.
Safety should always be a consideration, summer or winter, but mistakes made in winter may be less forgiving.
Shorter days. Know your route. Know when sunset is scheduled and plan to be off the trail well before. Carry a map and a flashlight.
Ice can be present. Consider a trekking pole (looks like a ski pole) with a carbide tip that chunks into the ice. You will probably like your pole so much that you will use it year round - a great knee saver on the down hills.
Dehydration. Our normal sense of thirst lets us down in winter but we must keep drinking water. The consequences of dehydration, such as confusion, fatigue, bladder infections and kidney stones, are all best avoided.
Sun protection. Still required. The cool weather will try to fool you, but use that sun screen. At least SPF 15, and most authorities recommend even higher.
Hike with a group or at least a friend. Your mother told you there is safety in numbers and hiking is a good application of the rule. Problems do arise and the presence of other people helps.
Pack your pack with a few additional items to add more comfort and safety to the hike. A first aid kit (and a St.John's Ambulance first aid course wouldn't hurt), an extra layer such as a small down jacket for when you stop, a piece of closed cell foam to sit on, more water than we think we'll use, a good lunch and some high energy snacks, a spare set of socks and mitts, rain pants and some lip protection.
Walking in winter is something of a fine line: you want to walk fast enough to keep warm, but not so fast that you perspire excessively. Hike leaders should be especially aware of this, watching the pace of the hike and providing stops for " clothing adjustments" and rests.
Where to walk? In southern parts of the province there are areas of little or no snow such as the Niagara and Iroquoia sections of the Bruce Trail and the area south of Brantford on the Grand Valley Trail. The Elgin Trail south of London is worth considering. Toronto's Leslie Street Spit, Toronto Islands and the Toronto ravines usually have little snow. In the central and northern parts of the province many a fine winter walk can be had on quiet country roads. Finally keep in mind that cross country skiers do not appreciate you walking on their trails.
Canada's winters are long but they shouldn't keep you from enjoying nature and getting exercise. Wellness experts advise that outdoor exercise is one of the best ways of avoiding SAD (seasonal affective disorder), a distinctive type of winter depression. The bottom line is to continue hiking and reap the benefits year round.
Hike Ontario Fact Sheet 10
The following facts and figures have been gathered from a variety of studies and surveys. Sources are listed.
Please let us know of any other interesting reports of which you are aware.
Physical Activity of Ontario Population
Physical Activity of Canadians
Looking at Canada's population as a whole and focussing on the 20 to 64 age group, 41% of women and 42% of men were physically active in 2000/01.
Canadian Community Health Survey: A first look 2000/01
2000 Physical Activity Monitor, conducted by the Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, www.cflri.ca
The good news is physical activity does not have to be very hard to provide health benefits. For example, walking - one of Canada's most enjoyed forms of physical activity - is fun and can help people feel great! Brisk walking for 30 minutes, 4 to 7 days of the week, will provide many health benefits.
These health benefits include reducing the risk of morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases such as heart disease, high blood pressure, obesity, osteoporosis, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, and certain cancers.
Regular walking has also been associated with improved mental health, including reduced anxiety, tension and depression and improved self-esteem.
Regular walkers will experience increased energy level and stamina, better sleep and lower stress levels. Improved muscle tone in the shin, calves and thighs will also be noticed.
Durham Lives! - A committee led by the public health department in the Regional Municipality of Durham, Ontario. Durham Lives promotes physical activity, healthy eating and a smoke-free community to reduce heart disease and cancer.
The following is from a report on a walking initiative launched in Sonning Common, England in 1995-1996. It was provided by Peter Ashcroft, Walking for Health Co-ordinator, Countryside Agency, England.
Health Walks: Reported health benefits
The evaluation found over three-quarters of the participants reported positive impacts of Health Walks and significant health benefits.
Walking ranked first (82%) amongst physical activities of Canadians. (2000 Physical Activity Monitor, CFLRI)
85% of Canadians walk for leisure and recreational reasons. 82% of Canadians confirmed that they would ideally like to walk more often than they currently do. Trails can provide Canadians of all ages with this opportunity. (CFLRI 1995/Environics 1998, as reported in Trail Monitor, published by Go for Green)
REASONS FOR WALKING
Top five reasons for walking as a mode of transportation in Canada are:
BARRIERS TO WALKING
The principal barriers to walking as a mode of transportation reported by Canadians are:
Two in three (64%) of all Canadians live within a 30 minute walk (2.5 km) of a routine destination like work, leisure, shopping, friends/family or school. The data show that living within a thirty minute walk of a destination greatly increases the likelihood of participation. (Summary Report, 1998 National Survey on Active Transportation, conducted by Environics International on behalf of Go for Green)
Trails May Entice People to Exercise More Frequently
This is the conclusion of a study undertaken by St. Louis University School of Public Health in Missouri. The study, titled "Promoting Physical Activity in Rural Communities: Walking Trail Access, Use and Effects" was conducted in 1999. Researchers found that 39% of people who had access to trails used them and walked more because of this access.
Greenways located close to ones home are accessible to all income groups. Trails that can be used easily as a route to the corner store, or to commute to work or school, will rapidly become part of community life. (Royal Commission on the Future of Toronto's Waterfront 1992, as reported in Trail Monitor, published by Go for Green)
An important by-product of trails is improved self-image and social relationships, reduced crime, a livelier community atmosphere and a lifestyle which encourages young people to find their entertainment in healthier and more wholesome ways. (Active Living - Go for Green, 1996, as reported in Trail Monitor, published by Go for Green)
Trails help build partnerships among private companies, landowners, neighbouring municipalities, local government, and advocacy groups. When residents are encouraged to be involved in a community project, like a trail project, they feel more connected to the community. (Warren 1998, as reported in Trail Monitor, published by Go for Green)
In a survey of hikers, 48% were male, 52% female. 79% were under 50 years of age and of this number 34.6% were 29 or younger while 44.4% were between the ages of 30 and 49. Nearly 20% of the total number of respondents were between the ages of 50 and 69.
The most popular type of trails, in order of use, were:
Respondents were asked about memberships held in clubs and associations.
The Ontario Hikers and Trail Users Survey, Hike Ontario, 1998
Research conducted along the 800 km Bruce Trail in 1994-1996 revealed the trail received 410,060 user visits over a 12-month period. Trail users' expenditures generated $26,084,817 direct economic impact, with a gross economic spin-off of $60,255,926 annually. These expenditures supported 1,138 full-time equivalent jobs in Ontario.
30 Years in the Making: A Comprehensive Economic Impact and User Study of the Bruce Trail, 1997, Schutt