POLS 317

the politics of community development

Fall 2012

Jose Marichal, Ph.D.


Office - Swenson 228

Office hours: M 3:30-4:30/ WF 3:30-5:00

Twitter = #pols317

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This course will address the following CLU General Education Goals:

  1. Written and Oral Communication Skills
  2. Understanding of Cultural and Global Diversity
  3. Critical Thinking
  4. Growth in Identity and Values
  5. Service to the Community

This course will address the following Political Science Department Goals:

  1. Critical Thinking
  2. Civic Engagement

In this course, students are expected to:

  1. employ different theoretical approaches towards understanding the relationship between the communities and development approaches.
  2. exhibit critical thinking and effective writing skills by incorporating course readings into reflective essay assignments
  3. demonstrate the ability to work with other students in groups to present information.
  4. show an ability to find, evaluate, use and communicate information in both oral and written formats.


Any aspect of this syllabus can be changed by the instructor at his discretion.

Readings for the day need to be completed prior to class times, as class activities, discussions, and quizzes will primarily draw upon assigned readings.

Talking, working, and thinking with others are large parts of this class. We will get into discussions about some controversial subjects. I encourage expressions of opinions (myself included), but there are some classroom boundaries. Our class will be a safe place. That is to say, we will all treat each other in a respectful manner. Translation: rude interruptions, hurtful insults (including racial, gender, sexuality, etc. slurs), and personal attacks will not be tolerated. You may not always be comfortable with the topics, and by no means are you expected to approve of everything we discuss.

California Lutheran University is committed to providing reasonable accommodations to students with various documented disabilities (physical, learning, or psychological). If you are a student requesting accommodations for this course, please contact your professor at the beginning of the semester and register with the Coordinator for Students with Disabilities (Pearson Library, Center for Academic Resources, Ext. 3260) for the facilitation and verification of need. Faculty will work closely together with you and your coordinator to provide necessary accommodations.

Academic Honesty: Plagiarism, cheating and other forms of academic dishonesty will not be tolerated in this class. According to the CLU student handbook, plagiarism occurs “whenever a source of any kind has not been acknowledged.” With respect to my policy, let me be clear – you will receive and F in the course if you take material from the Internet and insert it into any written work as your own without giving credit to the person who wrote it. Those found violating the CLU code on academic dishonesty in any way will receive an F in the class.

All quizzes, exams, activities, and papers must be turned in on time: no make-ups will be given, and no re-writes will be offered. If an assignment is of the take-home variety, it must be typed, double-spaced, with 1-inch margins all around, spell-checked, grammar-checked, and demonstrate correct citation and bibliographic format. Late take-home assignments will not be graded unless you have documentation of an emergency. Missed quizzes will be marked down as zeroes


Your grade will come from the following assignments:

Diigo Portfolio: part of your grade will come from your level of engagement with the readings. I will ask you to create a portfolio of content on Diigo, a social bookmarking site that allows you to share bookmarks and add highlights and comments to existing articles. I will rely a great deal on your annotation of the readings via Diigo. Here is a link to the class Diigo Page.  Here is a link to a series of tutorials on how to use Diigo.

Diigo Portfolio = 10 points

TED@CLU: Once during the semester, you and a classmate will be responsible for creating a series of two 10 minute TED talks in which you creatively present the key points from that week’s theme as they apply to the question “How can we apply the concepts in the readings to making Thousand Oaks/CLU a more sustainable and livable community”? The talk will be followed by a 15 minute question and answer session.  The presentation will be graded on its accuracy, depth and innovativeness.  Here is a great site with resources on how to develop and present a TED Talk.  Here’s a great site for developing your own custom charts.  The talk will be followed by a question and answer session with the class.  


TED X CLU = 15 points

Flip the Classroom: During ten Fridays, I will “flip the classroom” by assigning “my lecture” as “homework” and using class time to work as a group to develop a “grand strategy” for addressing inequality in the United States. During the class period, I will ask you to respond to the question in class -- “How can we apply the concepts in the readings to making Thousand Oaks/CLU a more sustainable and livable community ”?  (you will still be asked to make a comment in the reading for the class Diigo page).   We will work in teams of three during class and come up with a brainstorming list for how the readings can address the inequality problem. I will rely on your contributions for the class period and will grade your contributions as pass/fail class participation.   We will collect the group work and turn it into a briefing booklet that will be posted on the class portal page.   Here is a good talk on “flipping the classroom.”

10 Class participation responses = 10 points

Exams: We will complete our consideration of community development dynamics with an in-class exam in which you will be asked to apply the theories and concepts learned to current issues related to community development. At the end of our final section of the course, we will do a second in-class exam that will have the same objectives. Each mid-term essay exam will be worth 20 points.

2 midterm exams x 20 points = 40 points

CLU Challenge:  The final project will involve a challenge where you will work in teams of three to come up with a use plan for the former child care site on Mt. Clef.  You will undertaking a policy analysis that provides guidance on how to enhance the livability of the CLU campus.  Each member of your team will select a site.  The projects are graded individually but must cohere as part of a broader integrated strategy for improving CLU’s quality of life.  This will require you to conduct a “needs assessment” of CLU, 2) identify a philosophy for how space should be used at CLU and 3) develop a plan for utilizing that space that is innovative but realistic.   The report should include: a statement of the CLU needs regarding public space, a statement of purpose regarding how space should be used, an examination of the reasons why the space isn’t being used adequately, and an examination of the potential alternatives. You will present your work during the final week of class via a TED talk style presentation that will contain at least four slides (one slide for each section of the paper). This final paper and the presentation will be worth a combined 30 points (20 points from the paper and 10 points from the presentation. At the end of the semester, you will present your vision to a panel of three members of the CLU community.   The project report must be at least 15 typed, double-spaced, pages long.  It must be clearly organized and written so as to be useful to the affected community.   You should ask members of the community partners for feedback on different stages of the report.   the final product will be sent to a relevant community agency.

Final Project Brief #1

Final Project Brief #2

CLU Challenge Project = 25 points


Diigo Participation = 10 points

TEDXCLU = 15 points

Flip the Classroom = 10 points

Exams – 20 points X 2 exams = 40 points

Final Project = 25 points


All readings on-line


Section 1: What is Community?

Sept 5 Introduction to the Course

Sept 7: The Basis of Community Slide

Orum (1997) The Centrality of Place. UIC Working Paper.

Mapping America: New York Times

Discussion Question: How does this community measure up on these three dimensions of community?


Knight Foundation (2010) Soul of the Community (Watch Video). and Report

Glaeser (2010) Why Humanity Loves and Needs Cities. Economix.

Schwartz and Scharpe (2011) Practical Wisdom. Chapter 1.

McMillan & Chavis (1986) "Sense of community: A definition and theory," p. 16 -22.

Powell et al (2009) Late Plestioscene Demography and the Appearance of Modern Human Behavior. Science. and Summary

Sept 10: The Need for Community - Cooperation and Networks Slides

Fowler and Kristakis (2009) Connected. Little Brown and Co.. and Robert Wright Ted Talk

Discussion Question: Does you immediate environment encourage the development of networks?


Gladwell (1999) Six Degrees of Lois Weisberg. The New Yorker.

Thompson (2009) Are your Friends Making You Fat? New York Times Magazine.

Haederle (2010) The Best Fiscal Stimulus: Trust. Miller McCune.

Tyler (2010) Why People Cooperate. Chapter 1.

Charter for Compassion  and Karen Armstrong TED Talk

Nanstead, P. (2008) What Have we Learned about Trust, if Anything”?  Annual Reviews in PS.

Amex Angel

Ostron, E. (2009) Eight Keys to a Successful Commons. YES! Magazine

“Agrawalk and Chhatrea (2010) Trade-offs and Synergies Between Carbon Storage and Livelihood Benefits from Forest Commons,

Steve Johnson’s TED Talk on Liquid Networks

Ostrom (2009)  General Framework for Analyzing Sustainability of Social-Ecological Systems. Science magazine.

Has a plague of social illness struck mankind?

Easley and Kleinberg (2010) Networks, Crowds and Markets. Cambridge University Press.

Bascompte (2009) Disentangling the Web of Life. Science Magazine.

Shishkin (2009) Genes and the Friends You Make. Wall Street Journal.

Social networks influence health behaviors: study (w/ Video)

Microsoft Study Supports Small World Theory.

Zimbardo Hero Project

Bennett (2009) What you don’t know about your friends. Boston Globe.

Sept 12: Decline in Community - Mistrust Slides

Burns (2010) Chicago Kids Take on Bunker Mentality. Miller McCune.

O’Brien (2010) Empathy is So Yesterday. Boston Globe.

Discussion Question: Does this community have high levels of trust?  Why or why not?

Panel Discussion

Housing and Homelessness in Ventura County

Wednesday, Jan. 26, 7 p.m.

Roth Nelson Room


25 most dangerous cities in US

Science Daily (2010) Sympathy: College Students Don't Have as Much as They Used To.

Economist (2009) In the Blood: Attitudes towards redistribution have a strong cultural component.

Luttmer and Singhal (2009) Culture, Context, and the Taste for Redistribution

Paul (2010) From Students, Less Kindness for Strangers? New York Times?

Sept 14 The Decline in Community - Isolation        Slides

NPR (2006) Social Isolation: Americans Have Fewer Confidantes.

Senior (2008) Alone Together. New York Magazine.

Cacciopo and Patrick (2008) Loneliness: Human Nature and the Need for Social Connection(Excerpt).

Discussion Question: Does this community have high levels of isolation?  Why or why not?


McPherson et. al. (2006) Social Isoloation in America. American Sociological Review.

USA Today (2006) Is Friendship Dying off Across America?

Section 2: Space and Community Slides

Sept 17: The State of Communities

Brookings (2010) The State of Metropolitan America and Brookings “Metro Monitor”

Job Losses over last 7 years. (skim through)


Ventura County Civic Alliance (2007) state of the region report and sign up for the 2010 update

MSNBC Elkhart Project

Recession Map from New York Times.

Sept 19: The Challenges Facing Communities: History -- Slides

Vincio (2009) The Political History of the Postwar Suburbs. History Compass.

How did policy history shape modern challenges in community development?


Massey and Denton (1988) Suburbanization and Segregation in US Cities. American Sociological Review.

Chapter 2, Swimming Against the Tide: A brief History of Federal Policy in Poor Communities, by

Alice O'Connor

Sept 21 The Challenges Facing Communities: Federalism and Tiebout Slides

Beale (2009) Recrafting the United States as Disunified Dutchies. Miller McCune.

Bishop (2008) The Big Sort - NPR Story and Exceprt

The Big Sort Maps

How does ideological sorting affect community development efforts?


Paul Peterson (1981) City Limits (chapters 1 and 2)

DeFillipis (2001) The myth of social capital in community development. Housing Policy Debate.

Sept 24: The Challenges Facing Communities: Global Capitalism Slide

Freeland (2011) The Rise of the New Global Elite. The Atlantic.

David Harvey - The Crisis of Capitalism.

How does the “global elite” affect community development?


Monday, September 24 at 7:00pm in Overton Hall

Addressing Sexual Harassment on Campus,

Holly Kearl, American Association of University Women

Sponsors: Gender and Women’s Studies Program, AAUW Thousand Oaks, the CEJ


Fraser et al (2003) The construction of the local and the limits of contemporary community building in the United States. Urban Affairs Review.

Akerof and Shiller (2010) Animal Spirits. Introduction. Princeton.

Khanna (2011) When Cities Rule the World.  What Matters.

Science Daily (2008) Urbanization: 95% Of The World's Population Lives On 10% Of The Land

(2010) The 30 Most Dynamic Cities in the World. The Atlantic.

Sept 26: The Challenges Facing Communities: Convergence - The Spiky World Slides

Florida (2005) The World is Spiky. The Atlantic.

Glaeser (2009) Why has Globalization Led to Bigger Cities. Economix Blog.

Where does our community fall in the global cities scale?  How does this affect development?


America’s Fastest Dying Cities

Income Gains Since 1947

Ghosh (2010) Investing in urban centers key to growing new U.S. economy: International Business Times.

Hackwortk (2006) The Neo Liberal City. Cornell.

Cities in Trouble vs. Growing Cities

Guardian UK (2008) Wealth Gap Creating a Social Time Bomb.

Florida et. al. (2008) The Rise of the Mega Region.

Brugman (2010) Welcome to the Global Revolution. Policy Innovations.

Unmaking Goliath: community control in the face of global capital

Runaway world: How globalization is reshaping our lives

Is an alternative globalization possible?

What is Globalization

Macintyre on money

Sept 28: The Fall of the Rust Belt Slide

Sugrue (1989) The Origin of the Urban Crisis.

Koltowitz (2009) All Boarded Up. New York Times.

Marchand and Meffre (2011) Detroit in Ruins. Guardian UK.

100 abandoned houses in Detroit

Why did/does this community avoid the fate of Detroit and other rust belt cities?  Could it become a “new rust belt”?  


John Fetterman Video at PopTech.

Porter (1995) The comparative advantage of the inner city. Harvard Business Review.

Dowie. (2009) Food Among the Ruins. Guernica.

‘Shrinking’ the city cannot be the whole solution

(2009) What Pittsburgh can Teach Omaha. Newsweek.

Lanks (2006) The Incredible Shrinking City.

Gleaser (2009) Bulldozing America’s Shrinking CIties. Econmix.

(2010) Right Sizing Done Right. Planetizen.

Hollander (2010) Moving Toward a Shrinking Cities Metric: Analyzing Land Use Changes Associated With Depopulation in Flint, Michigan. Cityscape.

Oct 1: The Late-Suburban Era? Slide

Lang (2001) Boomburbs: The emergence of large, fast-growing suburban cities in the United States. Fannie Mae Foundation.

Morin and Taylor (2010) Suburbs not Most Popular, but Suburbanites are Most Content. Pew Research Center.

Is Thousand Oaks a “boomburb”?


Lang et al (2006) Six Suburan Eras of the United States. Oopolis.

Miezowski and Mills (1993) The Causes of Metropolitan Suburbanization. Journal of Economic Perpectives.

Oct 3: The Challenges of Suburbanization: Poverty and Diversity

Blog Post #1

Brookings (2010) The Suburbanization of Poverty.

Tavernese and Gelenoff (2010) Immigrants Make Paths to Suburbia, not Cities. NYT.

How is our community dealing with the dual challenges of diversification and poverty?


Wednesday, October 3 at 7:00pm in Lundring Events Center

Reel Justice Film Series: Gender Fluid and Transgender youth – Films and Discussion with filmmaker

Jonathan Skurnik, Skurnik Productions

Sponsor: the CEJ


Donald W. Stever, A Brief Essay on Inclusionary Zoning and Environmental Values, 4 Pace Envtl. L. Rev. 155 (1986) 

Postrel (2009) A Tale of Two Houses. The Atlantic.

SOAR Website

Are our community’s zoning laws discriminatory?

Short et al. (2007) The Decline of Inner Suburbs. Geography Compass.

(2010) Poverty Comes to the Suburbs. Governing.

Lang (2004) Are the Boomburbs Still Booming? Fannie Mae Foundation.

Finley (2008) Curing Urbanitis.


As Suburban Poverty Grows, U.S. Fails to Respond Adequately

Catalyst Projects

Wright (2007) Pros vs. Cons of Inclusionary Zoning. On Common Ground

Tackling the hydra

Lang, sanchez and Berube (2008) The New Suburban Politics. Brookings Institution.

The Effects of Density Zoning on Racial Segregation

Thousand Oaks approves low-income housing complex

Chickens in the City

Glaeser and Ward (2009) The causes and consequences of land use regulation: Evidence from Greater Boston

Livable Communities Act

Policy, Density and Population Distribution

Using YouTube to Make Zoning Understandable

Stepping Warily into the Word of Form-Based Codes

You Can Have It All: Less Sprawl and Property Rights Too

How Government Regulation Forces Americans Into Their Cars: A Case Study


Growth Spurt: Judge Overrules City’s Housing Cap in Order to Accommodate Expansion Needs

Video: Sandy Ikeda on The Unintended Consequences of “Smart Growth”

Rothbard the Urbanist Part 5: Diversity and Discrimination


Working Toward a New Understanding of Zoning


Curbing the big, the bad, the ugly

NIMBYism, Urban Development, and the Public Involvement Solution



Thousand Oaks rezoning proposals cause some concerns

TO council approves housing plan

Urbanism Legend: Zoning Creates Density

Urbanism Legend: Density is Bad for the Environment

Why Zoning Laws Are No Longer a Benefit to U.S. Home Buyers

The Effect of Density Zoning on Racial Segregation in U.S. Urban Areas

(2009) Gilded age. The Economist.

Cole (2009) Ventura City Manager to Real Estate Industry: Get Real! The Planning Report.

Llewyn (2010) A libertarian Smart Growth Agenda. Planetizen.

Lang and Sanchez (2006) Suburban Blues. Metropolitan Institute.

Oct 5: No Class

Oct 8: Density and Sprawl: Slide

(2010) Retrofitting Suburbia. Ellen Dunham Jones TED Talk (up to 6 minute mark).

Leinberger (2008) The Next Slum? The Atlantic.

Florida (2009) How the Crash will Reshape America. The Atlantic.

Walk Score

How dense is our community?  What impact does it have on community?


If the world lived in a single city

measuring the urban footprint - London School of Economics

Pucher et. al. (2010) Walking and Cycling to Health: A Comparative Analysis of City, State, and

International Data. American Journal of Public Health.

Condon (2010) Why the Streetcar is Something to Be Desired. The Tyee.

Ewing et al (2008) Measuring Sprawl and its Impacts. Smart Growth America.

Levitt (2009) The Ruins of the Unsustainable. World Changing.

Dubner (2008) The Future of Suburbia. NYT Freakonomics Blog.

TO Sprawl Photo and here

Vanguard: Lost Vegas

Blogger Series on Sprawl - Kevin Drum - Mother Jones, Randall O’ Toole - Cato Institute, Ryan Avent - The Bellows.

Opinonator Blog (2010) What Will Save the Suburbs: part 1. and Part 2. New York Times.

Kahn (2006) Green cities: urban growth and the environment

Oct 10: Overconsumption and Ecological Damage

Ted Talk 1:

Is Us Economic Growth Over?

Rybczynski (1991) Living Smaller. The Atlantic.

Glaser and Kahn (2008) The Greenness of Cities. Harvard Working Paper.

Does our community overconsume?


Thursday, October 11 at 5:00pm in Lundring Events Center

Afro-Colombian Hip-Hop: Globalization, Transcultural Music and Ethnic Identities

Dr. Christopher Dennis, University of North Carolina

Sponsors: Department of Languages and Cultures and the CEJ


Wilson (2011) Can Affluence be a Form of Poverty? Big Questions.

What We Own - Peter Menzel slideshow in Sociological Images

How much bigger are US homes?

American Non-Exceptionalism

Lee (2010) Study shows urban sprawl threatens genetic diversity. San Diego Union Tribune.

Fed EX Consumption Maps

Golob (2009) The Impact of Residential Density on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption. UCI Working Paper. (with T. Golob), Journal of Urban Economics, 65, pp. 91-98, 2009.

Burdett and Sudjic (2007) The Endless City. Phaidon.

Karlenzing (2008) The Death of Sprawl. Post Carbon Reader.

Oct 12: Workshop Day (flip the classroom #1)

Debriefing from VP of Facilities and CEJ Associate Director of the Center for Equality and Justice

Data presentation resources


Knight Foudnation Civic Journalism winners


(2010) Maps for Advocacy: An Introduction to Geographical Mapping Techniques Tactical Technology Collective.. Tactical Technology Collective.

OpenTO website

Visualization Projects from Database City - Visualizar’08


Neighborhood Mapping A Booming Business

Crowdmap Puts Any Data on an Interactive Map [Maps]

Madera (2010) Getting to Yes on City Data. Next American City.
The Digital Urban Booklet

Digital Cities. WIred magazine.

Free Web 2.0 Apps For Cities

Oct 15: Defending the Suburbs (study guide)


Utt and Cox (2001) Putting the Brakes on Sprawl. A Contrarian View. Heratige Foundation.

Kotkin (2010) The War Against Suburbia. New Geography.

What works in our community?


O’Meara Sheehan (2001) Putting the Brakes on Growth. World Watch Institute.

Drukker (2009) Five Steps Toward New Suburbia.  The Planning Center.

Kotkin and Drukker (2005) The New Suburbanism. The Planning Center.

Cox (2009) Exurban Growth Greater than Central Growth: Census Bureau. New Geography.

Kotkin (2005) Rule Suburbia: The Verdict is in - We Love it There.  Washington Post.

Cox and Utt (2010) Don't Regulate the Suburbs: America Needs a Housing Policy that Works. The Heratige Foundation.

Oct 17: Resilient Cities Slides

Ted Talk 2

(2009) How to Design Resilient Cities. The Dirt. and Interview with Peter Newman. ASLA.

(2009) Amsterdam as Smart City: Growing Green Fast. Business Week.

Is our community resillient? How could our community be made more resillient?

Section 3: Addressing Community Challenges

Oct 19:  Exam #1


Rethinking Cities Series. Good Magazine.

Living Planet.

A City Made of Waste. Film and Cruz (2009) A City Made of Waste. The Nation.

Oct 22: New Urbanism - Slides

Lerner (2010) How Urban Planning can Improve Public Health. Miller McCune.

Rybcyzinski (2010) The Cities we Want. Slate.

Walljasper (2010) Can we Design happiness into Cities?  Sharable.

Bogota: Building a Sustainable City Documentary

Would a new urbanism approach work in our community?  How could we implement it? Should we?


E2 - Building a Sustainable City

(2010) The Man who Reinvented the City. The Atlantic.

Duany and Speck (2010) Plan to Reduce Sprawl with Boost Health, Economy. Washington Post.

(2009) Andres Duany on Smart Growth. Builder Magazine.

Built to Last Documentary

Sander (2002) Social Capital and New Urbanism: Leading a Civic Horse to Water? National Civic Review.

Olavsky (2009) Is New Urbanism Christian Friendly? World Magazine.

Twin City Sidewalks (2010) Principles of Sidewalkery: Public vs. Private

EurekaNet (2010) Walkable Neighborhoods Rich in Social Capital.

Life After Sprawl: Why the Green Revolution Must Start in Suburbia

Oct 24: Remaking the Suburbs Slides

Ted talk 3

Beyond Sprawl Series. (2010) part 1. part 2. part 3. Part 4. Next American City.

Florida (2010) How SoHo can Save the Suburbs. WSJ.

All Things Considered. (2008) Northern Virginia Tries New Model to Battle Sprawl. NPR.

(2010) Retrofitting Suburbia. Ellen Dunham Jones TED Talk (after 6 minute mark).

How could our community be “retrofitted” to be more sustainable?  Should it be?


Sander (2008) Converting malls to New Urbanist public squares? Social Capital Blog 


(2003) Top Ten Enlightened Suburbs. Utne Reader.

American Makeover - Sprawlanta


Vanderbilt (2008) Mitchell Joachim: Redesign Cities From Scratch. Wired magazine.

Oct 26: Localism and Ethical Economies  - Slides

(flip the classroom #2)


Mitchell (2010) Beyond the Bank. Yes! magazine

Matthew Taylor (2010) Royal Society of London Video on “The Ethical Economy”

Kelly and Ratner (2010) A Different Kind of Ownership Society. Yes! Magazine.

Does our community need to have more of an ethical economy?


Rushkoff (2009) Life Inc. - Intro and Chapter 1.

Rushkoff on Colbert Report.

Schwenkler (2008) Food for Thought. The American Conservative.

California City News (2011) Small CA Town Establishes Own Local Currency to Boost Area’s Struggling Economy

Thailand: Alternative local currency. Al Jazeera Report. Bauens (2008) The transformation of community activism into economic activism and the revival of cooperatives in the U.S. P2P Foundation.

The future of Money.

Mitchell (2008) Big Box Swindle. Beacon.


Oct 29: Creating Third Spaces Slides


Oldenberg (1997) Our Vanishing Third Places. Planning Commissioners Journal.

Transform a Public Space Project

Linden Alley Project (San Francisco)

Summer Streets Initiative. New York Times.

Do we have third spaces in our community?  How can we foster more?  Do we need to?


Urban Hopscotch in Detroit

The Village Building Convergence (Portland, OR) - Yes! Magazine.

Williams Goldhagen (2010) Park Here.  The New Republic.

Kotkin (2008) New Localism.  New Geography.

(2010) How to Build a Better Block.

Reep (2008) Farmers Markets in Central Florida. New Geography.

Orousoff (2010) Architecture Review: Real-Life Design: Erecting Solutions to Social Problems. New York Times.

Project for Public Spaces (2008). Changing the World One Block at a Time.

Modares (2007) In the Name of the Community. Planetizen

Baker and Streeter (2010) Recreating Euro Cafe Life. Enzyme PDX.

Streets Blog

Dyer and Ngui (2010) Watch This Space: Designing, Defending and Sharing Public Spaces.

Oct 31: The Car Free City?  Slides

Ted Talk 4

Rosenthal (2009) In German Suburb, Life Goes on Without Cars. NYT and  (2009) Car Free in America. NYT Opinionator Blog.

Adler (2009) A Tale of Two Exurbs. The American Prospect.

Can our community reduce its dependence on cars?  How?  SHould we?


Portland: Quest for the Livable City

Curitiba: Bus Rapid Transit.

Berg (2008) Removing Cars to Create Public Space. Planetizen.

Section 4: Theoretical Divides in Community Development

Nov 2: Challenges in Community Development  Slide

Visit: Jarrod DeGonia (Staff of LA County Supervisor Mike Antonovich)

(flip the classroom #3)

Vidal and Keating: Community Development: Current Issues and Emerging Challenges. Journal of Urban Affairs. 2004. - need to be logged in to CLU (click on the PDF link on the left for full text) Diigo may not work.

Which of these challenges does our community face?


Florida (2009) The Geography of Unemployment. Daily Dish Blog.

Issenberg (2008) Urban Playground. Boston.com

Casanoca (2008) Start Up Town. The American.

Cole (2008) Creating an Authenitc Place. New Geography.

Rosenbrg (2011) To Beat back Poverty, Pay the Poor. NYT.

Pastor (2008) Best Futures for America Bubble up from Our Regions. Citiwire.

Zielnbach (2005) Understanding Community Change: A Look at Low-Income Chicago Neighborhoods in the 1990s. Urban Institute.

Nov 5: Job Creation - The Creative Class Approach

Thousand Oaks Recreational Options Project - Summary

Florida: The Rise of the Creative Class

Dougherty (2009) Youth Magnet Cities hit Midlife Crisis. WSJ.

Akers (2009) Desert Dispatch. Creative Class Struggle.


Is our community a “creative city”?  How do we know?


Hoyman et al. (2008) It Takes a Village. Journal of Urban Affairs.

Moore (2008) Moving the poor from city to suburb. NYT

Creative Cities Network

Creative Cities Summit


Nov 7: Asset Building Community Development (ABCD) Slides

Ted Talk 5

Kretzmann and McKnight. (1993) Building Communities from the Inside Out: A Path Toward Finding and Mobilizing a Community’s Assets. Evanston, IL: Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University. 

What are our community assets?  Which are being underutilized?


Katz (2010) The Reverse Commute. American Prospect.

Goldstien (2009) Shaking up Suburbia. American Prospect.

Otterman (2010) Lauded Harlem Schools Have their Own Problems. NYTChildren’s Zone

(2010) 10 Ideas for Resilient Cities. Yes! Magazine.

Youth Assets

ABCD Institute (2006) Discovering Community Power: A Guide to Mobilizing Local Assets and Your Organization's Capacity.  W.W. Kellogg Foundation.

Nov 9: Placed Based vs. People Based Approaches  Slides

(flip the classroom #3)

DeLuca (2008) Neighborhood Matters. Boston Review.

Bosman (2009) City Aids Homeless with One Way Ticket Home. NYT.

Moore (2008) As Programs Move Poor to Suburbs, Tensions Follow. NYT.

Which is a more effective development approach for our community? Why?


Policy Link "Why Place Matters? Building a Movement for Healthy Communities"  Slide

The Transformation of Harlem

Myrick (2008) How your community can thrive. PPS.

Measure of America

(2010) Principles of Human  Needs Placemaking. Blounstien Institute - Rutgers.

Staley (2010) Obama Administration Rolls Out the Neighborhood Revitalization Initiative. Next American City.

Nov 12 - Network Approaches Slides

Safford (2004) Why the Garden Club Couldn’t Save Youngstown. MIT Press Working paper.

Are there parallels between Youngstown and our community?



Neal, Zachary.  Forthcoming.  "From Central Places to Network Bases: A Transition in the US Urban Hierarchy, 1900 - 2000."  

Nov 14: Housing (Community Development Corporations) Slide

Ted Talk 6:

Frisch (2006) CDCs and the changing context for urban community development: a review of the field and the environment. Community Development.

Are CDC’s an effective way of dealing with housing issues?


By the Numbers: Measuring Community Development Corporations' Capacity


Community development corporations: Critical factors that influence success

Nov 16: Housing

(flip the classroom #4)

Rybchysinsky (2008) Why Can’t We Build an Affordable House? Wilson Quarterly.

Orlebeke (2000) The evolution of low-income housing policy, 1949 to 1999. Housing Policy

Do we have enough afforable housing in our community?  WHy not?


Hourin et al (2003) The impact of neighborhood homeownership rates: a review of the theoretical and empirical literature. Journal of Housing Research.knowledgeplex.org

Cox (2008) Of Housing, Castles and the American Dream. New Geography.

Shlay (2006) Low-income homeownership: American dream or delusion?  Urban Studies.

Nov 19: Community Organizing Slide

Extra Credit

ASCLUG is hosting a town hall meeting on Monday Nov 19, 6:30pm in Swenson 101.


Exley (2008) The New Organizers, Part 1: Obama's neighborhood teams and the power of inclusion and respect. Huffington Post.

What steps would/should you take to build community around your issues?


Murphy (2011) Obama’s Urban Policy.  City Limits.

Holland et. al. (2007) Local Democracy Under Siege. NYU Press.

Knich and Rumniss (2007) Sacred assemblies and civic engagement.

Putnam and Campbell (2010) American Grace. Simon and Schuster.

Gladwell (2005) The Cellular Church. The new Yorker.

Salmon (2008) Big Churches Not Always Impersonal, Study Finds. Washington Post. 

Silverman (2007) Perceptions of Non Profit Funding Decisions.

Pastor et al. (2009) This Could Be the Start of Something Big: How Social Movements for Regional Equity Are Reshaping Metropolitan America.

Nov 21-23 Reading Day/Thanksgiving

Nov 26: Mobilizing  Slide

Wells (1994) Power to the People: Thirty-five Years of Community Organizing. The Workbook.

Stall and Stoeker (1997) Comunity Organizing or Organizing Community. COMM-ORG.

What is the best approach to gain success on your issues?


Keizer (2007) How to build whatever you want. LA Times.

Orr (2007) Transforming the City. University of Kansas.

Ardizzone (2007) Getting my Word Out. NYU Press

Cazenave (2007) Impossible Democracy. SUNY Press

Del Gandio (2008). Rhetoric for Radicals: A Handbook for 21st Century Activists. New Society.

Bell (2008) Are Towns Designed for the Benefit of Men. BBC.

Welsh (2010) Community development: a gendered activism? The masculinities question. Community Development Journal.

Nov 28: Civic Engagement Slide

Ted Talk 7

Scruggs (2010) Building a City at Burning Man. The Next American City.

Lind (2011) Control the Masses.  Architect Magazine.

Should citizens be brought into the community development process?  Why/why not?


Thursday, November 29, 2:15-5:30pm in Swenson 101-102, and Swenson Patio

World AIDS Day 2012: Keynote, Positively Speaking, and Candlelight Vigil

Resource tables in the Swenson Lobby will be open at 2-6 p.m.

Sponsors: the CEJ, Wellness Programs, Campus Ministry, Ventura County AIDS Partnership, and the

HIV/AIDS Coalition of Ventura County


The problems with crowdsourcing and here


Thin-slice volunteering

Chris Jordan's Newest Artistry of Scale: E Pluribus Unum

A Case for Open Data in Transit

British Colombia Citizens’ Assembly on Electoral Reform. (2006) Making Every Vote Count.

Smith (2009) Participatory Chinatown. Sharable Cities.

Villagomez (2009) The Future of Urban Planning is Open Source. Re-Place Magazine.

America Speaks

Irvin and Stansbury (2004) citizen participation in decision making: is it worth it? Public Administration Review.

Holland (2007) Local democracy under siege: Activism, public interests, and private politics. NYU Press.


Nov 30: Commons based approaches

(flip the classroom #5)

Portney and Berry (2010) Participation and the Pursuit of Sustainability in U.S. Cities. Urban Affairs Review. (need to be logged in to CLU server)

Bennett (2009) Changing Citizenship in the Digital Age. MacCarthur Foundation.


Putnam, E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and Community in the Twenty-first Century Diversity: Part 2

Saguaro Seminar (2000) Better Together.

Street Art that Helps You Get to Know Your Neighbors

What is Real Wealth?

The Highs and Lows of Social Relationships

Giving Rates by Country

Community Development Through Pie

Putnam (2010) Still Bowling Alone? The Post 9-11 Split” The Journal of Democracy.

Small (2009) Unanticipated Gains: Origins of Network Inequality in Everyday Life.  

TED (2010 Chris Abani Muses on Humanity.

Social Capital Blog (2010) Social Capital Nudges.

Social Media Trader (2008) How to Network Like Paul Revere and Quincy Jones.

Disadvantage, Disorder and Urban Mistrust

Dec 3: Global Development  (study guide)

Bajaj (2011) Microlenders, Honored with Nobel, are Struggling. NYT.

Moyo (2010) Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way for

Africa: Speech at Carnegie Council


How does develop differ between local development and development in other countries?


Guardian Global Development Page

Kimmelman. Abroad: Do-It-Yourself Culture Thrives Despite Globalism. NYT

$50 project

Esther Duflo’s TED TALK

Global Aid Map

Futurity (2010) Roots of world poverty misunderstood

The Millennium Development Goals: Tackling the World's Biggest Problems (video)

Development Is Hard - Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves

Escobar (1994) Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World 

NGO’s and Poverty Reduction Strategies. Brookings.

Yunus and the Grameen Bank on The Simpsons

‘Sustainable’ Rural Cities in Mexico?

The New Controversy Over Microfinance

Microfinance success tied to macroeconomy

Sass Rubin (2007) Financing Low-Income Communities: Models, Obstacles, and Future Directions. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2007. 344 pp. $42.50 (cloth). ISBN-13: 9780871547118

Cortese. (2009). New Rail Lines Spur Urban Revival. NTY.

Dec 5 - Global Development

Ted Talk 8

Sachs (2005) The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time.  Talk At Carnegie

Sachs and Conley on African Aid

Would Sachs approach work here in our local community?


Rodrik (2008) One Economics, Many Recipes: Globalization, Institutions, and Economic Growth.

charter cities movement (Paul Romer)

Zuckerman (2009) The voiceless have a voice – we need to listen. Guardian UK.

Chapter 1. Princeton

(2010) Millennium Development Goals: A Primer. Good Magazine.

 MIT Global Challenge



Patel (2010) The Case for the Commons. Utne Reader.

Korten (2010) The Science of Cooperation -- Interview with Elinor Ostrom.

Walljasper (2010) A New Political Dawn. Utne Reader.

Portney and Berry (2010) Participation and the Pursuit of Sustainability in U.S. Cities. Urban Affairs Review.

Bennett (2009) Changing Citizenship in the Digital Age. MacCarthur Foundation.

Can the internet serve as an effective tool in community organizing?  How?

Student Citizen Participation

MineCraft UN Partnership

BBC News (2007) Opening the People's Purse.

Sonenshien (2007) Take Local Councils to the Limit.  LA Times.

Wainright (2007) Lessons from Porto Allegre. Guardian UK.  

Flanagan et al. (2007) Civic Measurement Models: Tapping  Adolescents’ Civic Engagement. CIRCLE.

Harrell (2007) Cities Copy Seattle Way in Planning. Seattle PI.

Oregon Sustainable Cities Initiative

Rural Town Brings in Students for Preliminary Planning

When Kids Design Neighborhoods

Neighborhood Councils Get Sophisticated

Blueprint America Videos

Dec 7 - Global Development

(flip the classroom #6)

Dec 10 - Exam Prep

Dec 12: Exam #2

Guidelines for Final paper

Sample Pecha Kucha Presentation

Dec 14: Final Presentations

Finals Week: Reflection