English 12 Name:
Kim Manning Block:
APPENDIX B: Working Plan
(Characters - Issues - Themes - Author’s Values)
(Complete on the handout Appendix B - Part One: Plot Overview). In point-form (with chapter numbers and/or titles and page numbers) list the twenty most important incidents/events from the novel.
“Chapter One - The Sound of the Shell “ (pp. 7-35)
“Chapter Two - Fire on the Mountain “ (pp. 35-52)
A character profile is a written summary of a character that focusses on specific incidents and quotations (with page references) from your novel for each of two significant/major characters that reveal the character’s: personality - motivations (the reasons/background why he/she makes the choices/decisions he/she does) - personal background.
Character #1: Jack
a) Personality: intelligent; driven; focussed; competitive; can be an effective leader; can be a bully; likes power; others look up to him; can be ruthless; manipulative
b) Motivations: Jack is a take-charge type of person. He likes power and sees that other than Ralph he’s the person the other boys look to for leadership. His goal is to have power and control and he will do just about anything to get it.
c) Personal Background: he was a lead-boy at school; he respected his father but his dad was a strict disciplinarian; he was one of the older boys among the group; at the end he cried when they were rescued showing that he was still a young boy
d) Supporting Quotations (**need at least three with page references and explanation):
i) p. 93 Jack deliberately breaks Piggy’s glasses.
“Crush them! He’s fat and useless. What does he need them for anyway?”
- this quotation shows how ruthless and manipulative Jack can be. He knew Piggy was a voice of intelligence and reason, but because Piggy supported Ralph, he was a threat. That’s why Jack wanted Piggy ‘s influence crushed. Breaking his glasses was a major blow to Piggy who could barely see without them.
ii) (2nd quotation with explanation)
iii) (3rd quotation with explanation)
Issues Raised in the Novel:
Novel authors raise several topics/issues throughout their novels (eg. anything from relationships, corruption, social issues --poverty, violence, the treatment of seniors/ the disadvantaged, to friendship, adolescence, maturity).
As you read your novel it is a very good idea to write down topics / issues raised along with specific incidents and quotations (with page references) where those issues/topics are raised so you can refer back to them. Issues (and the author’s opinions / values about each one as reflected through the plot and characters of the novel) help to build toward understanding the main themes of the novel.
The novel The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton
- Issue/Topic #1: some reasons behind violence among youth
- in the novel the Socs and the Greasers are youth gangs that confront each other, at times with deadly violence. Hinton argues that one reason these teens turn to violence is because they are not being supported emotionally by their parents. eg. Bob, one of the Soc’s a wealthy, good-looking boy ends up being stabbed to death after he attacks Johnny and Ponyboy in the park. Earlier he said, “Nice clothes, fast cars ain’t worth nothing. My old man hasn’t looked in my eyes for years. All he wants to do is give me money to get out of his way. He doesn’t even know who I am anymore” (page 128).
Review the explanation and examples of theme and theme statements on the handout Introduction to Appendix B. Theme is a statement of the author’s opinion about some significant aspect of people, life, and/or society. A theme should not be a statement of the obvious --should be an opinion people could reasonably debate.
You need to identify the two most important themes raised in the novel and for each theme statement provide three separate quotations of evidence (with page numbers) and explain how each quotation supports the theme statement.
Theme #1: S.E. Hinton in her novel The Outsiders suggests that when people, particularly young people, commit serious crimes there are underlying social issues / reasons in their backgrounds that have contributed to them making those bad choices. She does not believe people are naturally criminal. She believes the conditions they live in and with are major contributing factors leading to criminal behaviour.
- Supporting Evidence #1:
Dallas Winston is a character in the novel who steals, robs a store, and eventually dies in a gunfight with the police. Hinton suggests that Dallas was not “born bad.” Rather because he was repeatedly beaten and then abandoned by his alcoholic father as a child, and then left to raise himself Dallas lacked the support and direction he needed. He turned to his gang for support. For example, as Johnny told Pony, “Dallas Winston never had a chance. His older brother was the only one he had as a child, and he was only a teenager himself. His dad beat him and threw him out on the street when he was just 10. Dallas ain’t bad, no kid should be treated that way” (page 52).
- Supporting Evidence #2:
Hinton shows that despite that he was still a loyal and supportive friend. For instance, when Pony and and Johnny needed help after the murder in the park they turned to Dallas who helped them find a place to hide out. Later he took them food and offered good advice.
For instance, when they first approached Dallas at the bar in the middle of the night he said,” How did two kids like you get mixed up in a murder? We need time to straighten this mess out before you turn yourselves in. Hop the 3:30a.m. train to Windrixville and I’ll come to see you in a few days once I figure out how we’re going to handle this” (p. 183).
- Supporting Evidence #3: Also, when the church in Windrixville caught fire Dallas risked his own life to help rescue the trapped children. For instance, when the children’s teacher told him not to go into the burning church he told the teacher, “There are kids in there! I have to go in” (page 157).