1.0 League Settings
2.0 Roster Rules
2.1 Cap Holds
3.0 Contract Rules
3.1 Rookie Contracts
3.2 Veteran Contracts
3.3 Bird Rights
4.0 Acquiring Players
4.1 The Rookie Draft
4.2 Free Agency
5.0 Releasing Players
5.1 Straight Drop
5.2 Straight Buyout
5.3 Partially Guaranteed Contract Buyout
5.4 Injured Player Exemption
5.5 Retired Player
5.6 Team Options
6.0 Rule Violation Penalties
- FA auction threshold reference chart
1.0 League Settings
- H2H scoring
- categories: standard 9 cats (fg%, ft%, 3ptm, pts, reb, ast, stl, blk, to)
- provider: Yahoo!
- daily roster changes
- playoff format: top 8 teams make the playoffs
- veto: trade committee decides
2.0 Roster Rules
2.1 CAP HOLDS
Cap holds are a dollar amount placed on a teams cap, but not attached to a player currently on the roster. The sum of player salaries and cap holds may never rise above the cap (75M) during the current year. Cap holds occur in the following situations:
The team leading an auction at any given time is considered to have a cap hold equal to the base year salary (BYS) during that time. If the team wins the auction, the cap hold becomes a salary and the player is added to the roster. If however, another team offers a higher contract, the cap hold is dissolved.
NOTE: Teams may not make auction bids where the BYS is greater than their remaining cap space. If this occurs, the violating bid is void, and the team forfeits its right to bid further on that player for the remainder of the auction.
3.0 Contract Rules
There are two main classes of player contract; rookie contracts and veteran contracts.
3.1 ROOKIE CONTRACTS
The value of a rookie’s contract is determined by the position he is selected in the SCL rookie draft. The rookie contract lasts for a maximum of 3 years. The values for each year of these contracts are listed below.
1st pick: 4.5M 5M [5.5M]
2nd pick: 4M 4.5M [5M]
3rd pick: 3.5M 4M [4.5M]
4th pick: 3M 3.5M [4M]
5th pick: 2.5M 3M [3.5M]
6th-10th: picks 2M 2.5M [3M]
11th-16th: picks 1M 1.5M [2M]
2nd rounders [0.5M] [0.5M] [0.5M]
Values in [square brackets] signify Team Option (TO) years. A team may renounce it’s rights to a player during the off-season preceding his TO year. There is no financial penalty for this renouncement, but it must occur before the season commences. If no renouncement has been recorded in the SCL forum when the first game tips off, it will be assumed that the team has exercised its TO and the player’s contract becomes guaranteed for that year. If a 1st round pick is dropped prior to the offseason preceding his final year, the normal “straight drop” rules apply.
Note that each year is a TO for rookies picked in the second round of the draft.
Restricted Free Agents
Rookies become Restricted Free Agents (RFA) during the off-season following the final year of their rookie contract. This can only happen if their team exercised it’s TO(s). If a rookie enters the Free Agent pool before this happens, his rookie contract is deemed to have finished, and he cannot become a RFA. The team that owns a player in the final year of a rookie contract is granted RFA ‘rights’ to that player when the trade deadline of that year passes.
Restricted Free Agents are auctioned in the same way as regular Free Agents. At the end of the bidding process, the team that holds the RFA’s rights has 24 hours to match the highest bid reached at auction, and keep the player. For this reason, there is usually no incentive for the team holding RFA rights to enter the bidding for that player. When matching, the rights holder may also restructure the contract so long as it has the same total value as the auction winner, and follows the contract rules. The new contract structure should be clearly stated in the post that confirms the match.
3.2 VETERAN CONTRACTS
Veteran contracts result from the Free Agent bidding process. The rules that govern these contracts are as follows:
A contract (C) is described completely by 3 variables:
1. Base year salary (BYS) in millions of dollars
2. Contract length in years (N)
3. Percentage of BYS for annual raise/reduction (r)
If BYS is greater or equal to 10M, N must be 2-4.
If BYS is within the range 5M – 9.99M, N must be 1-3.
If BYS is less than 5M, N must be 1 or 2.
Example 1: BYS = 6, N = 3, r = 10%; C = 19.8M (6 + 6.6 + 7.2)
Example 2: BYS = 16, N =4, r = -5%; C = 59.2M (16 + 15.2 + 14.4 + 13.6)
Note: C = 0.5N.(2.BYS + (N-1).BYS.r)
*Contracts over 20M represent a substantial commitment and should not be taken on lightly. Kevin Durant’s historic 2012/13 fantasy season can be valued at around $30. Managers should be aware that offering contracts of this magnitude are very unlikely to constitute good value in the vast majority of cases.
Partially-Guaranteed Contract Years
The final year of veteran contracts lasting 2 or 3 years, and the final two years of 4-year contracts, are deemed to be only partially-guaranteed (PG). This means a team may ‘buyout’ a player during the offseason preceding a partially-guaranteed year. The rules governing PGs are detailed in Section 5.3.
3.3 BIRD RIGHTS
A team is said to have Bird Rights on a player if:
- the player’s contract was for 2 or more years, and
- the team owned the player for the whole of the previous season, or
- the team traded for the player during the previous season.
The team holding bird rights on a player may do the following during that player’s FA auction:
4.0 Acquiring Players
Players may be acquired through the following mechanisms: the rookie draft, free agency, trades, and weekly contracts. Each of these are described below.
4.1 THE ROOKIE DRAFT
The rookie draft is comprised of 2 rounds, and is run through the FC forum. All players that were drafted in the NBA rookie draft immediately preceding the SCL rookie draft are eligible.
The SCL rookie draft order is determined as follows.
The odds of the lottery teams are reflected in the number of balls assigned (out of 45), and are as follows:
Ball Numbers Assigned
Odds of Winning
1 - 11
12 - 20
21 - 27
28 - 33
34 - 37
38 - 40
41 - 43
44 - 45
4.2 FREE AGENCY
Free agency is run as a series of auctions, where managers bid contracts, which must adhere to the Veteran Contract rules. Free agents may be acquired during the preseason and playing season- the process is essentially the same.
First, a FA must be nominated for auction. This may be done by an individual manager (during the season) or as part of a structured auction schedule (for the pre season auctions). Each auction takes place in the FC forum, with a different thread devoted to each player.
Managers then make bids that satisfy the following criteria:
- Veteran Contract rules
- Available cap space of the manager
- The bid is greater or equal to the minimum bid increment
An auction is won when a set number of hours pass without a higher bid being registered. The official time is the date stamp on the forum post. During the preseason, 12 hours are required to win an auction. During the season, 48 hours are required.
During the season, a team without open roster spots may still bid on free agents. If such a team wins an auction, it will have 24hrs from the close of the auction to drop a player from it’s roster and claim the newly won player. If this does not occur within this time limit, the auction may be deemed void, and the player returned to the FA pool. Note that a team may not place a bid that puts it over the Salary C, even if it would be under the cap after the subsequent drop of a player currently on the roster.
Minimum Bid Increments
- If BYS is less than 5M, C must increase by at least 0.1M
- If BYS is greater or equal to 5M, but less than 10M, C must increase by at least 0.25M
- If BYS is greater or equal to 10M, C must increase by at least 0.5M
An ‘asset’ is defined as a player on contract, future draft picks, and the rights to a drafted player who has not yet joined the NBA. The latter two assets do not carry monetary value. Assets may be traded between teams in any combination, by register in the SCL forum ‘trades thread’. The following restrictions apply to trades:
Picks in the rookie lottery may be included in trades, according to the following rules:
5.0 Releasing Players
It is not the intention of the SCL that dropping players be easy. Managers are expected to live and die by contracts they hand out. There are however, a number of mechanisms for letting go of unwanted players.
NOTE: After a team drops a player, by any of the means described below, it is not eligible to sign that player to another contract for the rest of the season. It may attempt to resign the player during the subsequent offseason however.
5.1 STRAIGHT DROP
Players may be dropped at anytime. However, a portion of their contract will still count against the cap. This portion will be 75% of the contract value during the season that the player is dropped, and 50% of the contract value for each subsequent season.
EXAMPLE: POR owes Roy 45M over the next 3 years (15 + 15 + 15).
POR may drop Roy, in which case its financial liability would then be (11.25 + 7.5 + 7.5) for the next 3 years. This represents money that cannot go towards signing new players.
5.2 STRAIGHT BUYOUT
Players may be ‘bought out’ if their team has sufficient cap space in any given year to cover the value of their contract (adjusted for buyout).
EXAMPLE: BOS is 15M below the cap (has total contracts + cap holds valued at 60M). It wishes to release O’Neal, who is owed 12 M (6 + 5.4 + 4.8) over 3 years.
If BOS were to drop O’Neal, it would still have a cap hold for each of the next 3 years (4.5, 2.7, 2.4) worth a total of 9.6M.
However, because BOS is more than 9.6M under the cap, it may choose to buy out O’Neal this season. This would incur a 9.6M cap hold for the remainder of the current season, leaving BOS with only 5.4M left to spend on FAs. However, it would also completely remove all financial obligations to O’Neal in future seasons. So BOS effectively drops O’Neal and pays (9.6 + 0 + 0).
5.3 PARTIALLY-GUARANTEED CONTRACT BUYOUT (offseason only)
All Veteran Contracts, are deemed to include partial-guaranty clauses for:
- the final year of 2 and 3 years contracts.
- the final two years of 4 year contracts.
Teams may choose to buyout the player during the off-season preceding the partially guaranteed year, i.e before the first regular season NBA game tips off. If so, the player will be removed from the team’s roster and a cap hold equal to the value of the buyout will be placed against the team’s cap for that year. The value of the buyout shall be:
- 25% of the upcoming year’s salary, if it is the final year of a 2, 3, or 4-year contract.
- 25% of the combined 3rd and 4th year salaries if it is the third year of a 4-year contract.
5.4 INJURED PLAYER EXEMPTION
A player may be waived if he plays in less than 40 games over two full seasons due to injury. This may occur as soon as it becomes public knowledge that the player will miss this amount of time. The team waiving a player under these conditions will be awarded an injured player exemption, which reduces the waived player’s salary for each remaining year of his contract by 60%. The remaining money owed on his contract may be disposed of using one of the usual methods.
5.5 RETIRED PLAYER
If a player retires from the NBA while still under contract, this contract is made void during the off season following (or coinciding with) his retirement. If a player retires during the season, a “straight drop” may be applied to free up 25% of the current salary for a replacement. The remainder of the contract will not be voided until the subsequent offseason however.
5.6 TEAM OPTIONS (offseason only)
For rookie contracts only. A rookie may be dropped without financial obligation prior to commencement of the season for which his team holds a Team Option. This would be the third year for 1st round picks, and either of the first three years for 2nd round picks. The manager must record his intention to not exercise his Team Option, prior to the first game of the NBA season.
6.0 Rule Violation Penalties
Penalties for violation of league rules will be determined based on the severity of the infringement. These are as follows:
1. Minor Violations - The manager is prohibited for making roster moves via free agency, or trades for 1 week following the notification of violation. the manager must correct the issue within 7 days of being notified of the violation. If within 7 days the violation is not corrected, it will be treated as a Major Violation.
2. Major Violation - The manager forfeits the weekly match-up that coincided with the violation, resulting in a 0-9 loss for that week. The Manager must correct the issue within 7 days of being notified of the violation. If within 7 days the violation is not corrected, the behaviour of the manager will be deliberated on by the Violation Committee.
The Violation Committee (VC) is the judiciary for violations. The VC has complete discretion over the violation process, and will use a simple vote to ratify decisions. Repeat violations or failure to adhere to remedy paste violations may result in harsher penalties such as forfeiture of points from multiple weeks, or forfeiture of draft picks. If a member of the VC has performed a violation, he will not take part in the VC process for that violation.
The Violation Committee is currently comprised of: DVauthrin, Fenris-77, dasein, Scully, and silentjim.
FA Auction Threshold Reference Chart
5M - 9.99M
10M or greater
Contract length (n), yrs
1 - 3
2 - 4
Min bid increment (C)