2011 CEDA Wording Meetings Agenda

1. Verb

2. Its

** Note via non-government.

As elsewhere, USAID runs its democracy assistance mostly by contracting out its programmes or providing grants to other agencies, typically to government contractors/private development companies or non-profit development agencies with lengthy experience in Indonesia, like The Asia Foundation.

3. Palestinians

4. Preposition

5. One of more of /countries

Core Stems

 

 

1. Resolved: The United States Federal Government should substantially increase its democracy assistance for one or more of the following: Egypt, Iran, Libya, Syria, the West Bank and Gaza, Tunisia.

2. Resolved: The United States Federal Government should substantially increase its democracy assistance for one or more of the following: Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Libya, Syria.

3. Resolved: The United States Federal Government should substantially increase its democracy assistance for one or more of the following: Egypt, Iran, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Yemen.

 

4. Resolved: The United States Federal Government should substantially increase its democracy assistance for one or more of the following: Bahrain, Egypt, Libya, Syria, Tunisia, Yemen.

5. Resolved: The United States Federal Government should substantially increase its democracy assistance for one or more of the following: Egypt, Morocco, Syria, the West Bank and Gaza, Yemen.

6. Resolved: The United States Federal Government should substantially increase its democracy assistance for one or more of the following: Bahrain, Egypt, Lebanon, Libya, Syria, Tunisia.

 

1.             Just Democracy Assistance

Resolved: The United States Federal Government should substantially increase its democracy assistance for one or more of the following:  

Mighty Meaty- Iran, Egypt, Syria, Tunisia, the West Bank and Gaza, Libya

Meaty- Iran, Egypt, Syria, Libya, Bahrain

5thYr- Iran, Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Yemen, Morocco

Springy-Egypt, Syria, Tunisia, Libya, Bahrain, Yemen

5wo Iran- Egypt, Syria, the West Bank and Gaza, Yemen, Morocco

Mix- Egypt, Syria, Tunisia, Libya, Bahrain, Lebanon

1. Delete clever names

2. Reorder (including the WBG)

'Its democracy assistance' includes US government funding of NGOs - this is normal means for

the implementation of USAID programs

Aspinall, 9 – Senior Fellow at Australian National University (Edward, “Assessing Democracy

Assistance: Indonesia" http://www.google.com/url?

sa=t&source=web&cd=12&ved=0CB4QFjABOAo&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.fride.org%2Fdownload%2FIP_

WMD_Indonesia_ENG_jul10.pdf&rct=j&q=%22its%20democracy%20assistance%22%20usaid&ei=2SH2TZf

LJZDYsgbQqNTZBg&usg=AFQjCNGsR5YiNoqbzQiTDqL0ukEODyjXEg)

Looming at the apex of the aid system are the big bilateral donors such as USAID, which has been the most important over the last decade. Overall, US development assistance to Indonesia is not decreasing, and USAID’s democratic governance programme – one of the biggest such US programmes – has remained steady.

The budget of USAID’s ‘Democratic and Decentralized Governance’ programme over the past five years has totalled USD 129 million, and has focused on areas like legislative strengthening, elections, justice sector reform, conflict mitigation, and, especially, decentralisation and local governance support.5 As elsewhere, USAID runs its democracy assistance mostly by contracting out its programmes or providing grants to other agencies, typically to government contractors/private development companies or non-profit development agencies with lengthy experience in Indonesia, like The Asia Foundation.

USAID, State DRL, NED, the MCC, MEPI and State INL all provide US-funded democracy assistance

GAO, 9 (“DEMOCRACY ASSISTANCE U.S. Agencies Take Steps to Coordinate InternationalPrograms but Lack Information on Some U.S.-funded Activities”, September,http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d09993.pdf)

 

USAID, State DRL, and NED—referred to in this report as implementing entities—provide U.S. funding for democracy assistance programs implemented by partners such as nongovernmental organizations. Other implementing entities, including the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) as well as State’s Middle East Peace Initiative (MEPI) and Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (State INL), also provide U.S.-funded democracy assistance in some of these countries (see app. III for more information about these other implementing entities’ democracy assistance efforts in fiscal years 2006-2008). Various other State offices, such as regional bureaus and the Bureau of International Organization Affairs, also receive small amounts of funding for democracy assistance efforts.

Democracy assistance is provided via USAID, NED, or State DRL

GAO, 9 (“DEMOCRACY ASSISTANCE U.S. Agencies Take Steps to Coordinate InternationalPrograms but Lack Information on Some U.S.-funded Activities”, September,http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d09993.pdf)

 

Table 6 shows the USAID, State DRL, and NED democracy funding allocated to each country from fiscal years 2006 through 2008. This table demonstrates that USAID democracy funding is substantially larger than State DRL and NED funding in most countries. Not including Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, USAID has the majority of funding in 93 percent of countries where USAID has an active portfolio. However, State DRL or NED provides democracy assistance in over 20 countries where USAID funding is not provided. In addition, State DRL democracy funding tends to be larger in countries with lower USAID funding, such as in China and Iran, or where USAID funding for democracy assistance is not provided, such as North Korea or Syria, consistent with State DRL’s focus on filling in the gaps in USAID democracy funding.

2.             Democracy Assistance + Positive Political Conditionality

a.             Base

Resolved: The United States Federal Government should [substantially increase/expand] democracy assistance [and/or] positive political conditionality in at least one of:

 

b.             Add Democracy Promotion as a controlling term

Resolved: The United States Federal Government should [substantially increase/expand] democracy promotion through democracy assistance [and/or] positive political conditionality in at least one of:

 

3.             All Democracy Promotion

a.             Base

Resolved: The United States Federal Government should [substantially increase/expand] democracy promotion in at least one of:

 

b.             Non-military

Resolved: The United States Federal Government should [substantially increase/expand] non-military democracy promotion in at least one of:

 

4.             All Democracy Promotion with a requirement for Democracy Assistance

a.             Base

Resolved: The United States Federal Government should [substantially increase/expand] democracy promotion, including democracy assistance, in at least one of:

 

b.             Non-military

Resolved: The United States Federal Government should [substantially increase/expand] non-military democracy promotion, including democracy assistance, in at least one of:

 

 

Modified Country Groupings

 

1.             Uncontroversial Core

Egypt, Tunisia

 

2.             Unstable, but important nations

Highly Unstable - Libya, Syria, Yemen

US Ally - Bahrain

3.             Possible Options

   

North Africa - Algeria, Morocco

US Allies - Kuwait, Jordan

Unique - Iran, Palestinian Territories, Lebanon

 

4.             Not Recommended

Not further interest in discussion - Iraq, Mauritania, Oman, Sudan

Potential interest based on questions - Saudi Arabia

1) Any aff now (before revolt)?

2) Broader mechanism  

Research Assignments for Sunday

Evaluation of possible affirmatives

Iran - Int links to the solvency from other affs, question of terror list designation?

 

Target of 6-7 countries per resolution

 

Lebanon – Adrienne, PeterS., ColinM.

Syria – Heather , MikeA.,

Yemen – Kathryn, D.Heidt,

Jordan – DaveA., Chase, Sharon, JoshG.

Iran – EricM., Jordan,

Bahrain – DylanQ. JonathanP., PaulM.,

Libya- WillR. Kaavya, DaveS. AntonS.

Tunisia – Sarah P., BrianD.

Algeria - JakeT., WilliamM.

Morocco – GordonS., Marie,

Palestinians – DanB., MattP.,Kevin K

Kuwait - Andrea, MarkW.,

 

 

Democracy Assistance Keywords

 

These are some suggestions for variations of terms that might work in searches, based on T cards from the Democracy Assistance Wording Work file.

 

Obviously this list is not exhaustive – you should try searching using additional synonyms as necessary.

 

Democracy assistance

Political aid

Technical assistance

Capacity building

Institution-building

Democracy programs

Democratic Governance

Governing Justly & Democratically

Democracy aid

Democratization aid

Democracy funding

Democratic development

 

Rule of law

Free press

Constitution

Human rights

Legal reform

Judicial reform

Legislative assistance

 

Governance

Governance assistance

Transparency

Accountability

Government oversight

Personnel management

Bureaucracy

Checks and balances

Civil military

Anti-corruption

Service delivery

 

Elections

Party building

Political party development

Political processes

Political competition

Consensus building

Competitive political process

Election monitoring

Voter education

Voter registration

Electoral reform

Election planning

Political pluralism

Polling assistance

Campaign consulting

 

Civil Society

Civil society development

Civic engagement

Political culture

Political discourse

Grassroots

Pluralism

Project promoting pluralism

Civil discourse

Civic discourse

Media

Internet

 Its democracy assistance

 

'Its democracy assistance' includes US government funding of NGOs - this is normal means for the implementation of USAID programs

Aspinall, 9 – Senior Fellow at Australian National University (Edward, “Assessing Democracy Assistance: Indonesia" http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&cd=12&ved=0CB4QFjABOAo&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.fride.org%2Fdownload%2FIP_WMD_Indonesia_ENG_jul10.pdf&rct=j&q=%22its%20democracy%20assistance%22%20usaid&ei=2SH2TZfLJZDYsgbQqNTZBg&usg=AFQjCNGsR5YiNoqbzQiTDqL0ukEODyjXEg)

Looming at the apex of the aid system are the big bilateral donors such as USAID, which has been the most important over the last decade. Overall, US development assistance to Indonesia is not decreasing, and USAID’s democratic governance programme – one of the biggest such US programmes – has remained steady. The budget of USAID’s ‘Democratic and Decentralized Governance’ programme over the past five years has totalled USD 129 million, and has focused on areas like legislative strengthening, elections, justice sector reform, conflict mitigation, and, especially, decentralisation and local governance support.5 As elsewhere, USAID runs its democracy assistance mostly by contracting out its programmes or providing grants to other agencies, typically to government contractors/private development companies or non-profit development agencies with lengthy experience in Indonesia, like The Asia Foundation.

 

 

For

 

For requires a direct relationship, it can’t be something that just affects the object

Words and Phrases, 4 (Words and Phrases Permanent Edition, “For,” Volume 17, p. 338-343 November 2004, Thomson West)

 

W.D.Tenn. 1942. The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 uses the words “production for commerce” as denoting an intention to deal in a restricted way with question of coverage in connection with those employed directly in production of articles to be sold, shipped or transported across state lines in commerce, producing goods “for” a certain purpose implying a direct relation as distinguished from producing something which only “affects” a certain purpose which implies an indirect relation.

 

For means the same thing as “to”

Words and Phrases, 4 (Words and Phrases Permanent Edition, “For,” Volume 17, p. 338-343 November 2004, Thomson West)

Tex.Crim.App. 1947. Indictment charging that accused entered house with intent to take there from personally and appropriate it “for” his use and benefit, was not fatally defective because of use of word “for” instead of “to” as used in the statute, since the two words mean the same thing.

 

For means directed

Encarta World English Dictionary, 09  (“for”, http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/features/dictionary/DictionaryResults.aspx?refid=1861695849

for [ stressed fawr, unstressed fər ] CORE MEANING: a preposition indicating that something is directed at somebody, done to benefit somebody, or done on somebody's behalf

 USAID, State DRL, NED, the MCC, MEPI and State INL all provide US-funded democracy assistance

GAO, 9 (“DEMOCRACY ASSISTANCE U.S. Agencies Take Steps to Coordinate International Programs but Lack Information on Some U.S.-funded Activities”, September, http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d09993.pdf)

 

USAID, State DRL, and NED—referred to in this report as implementing entities—provide U.S. funding for democracy assistance programs implemented by partners such as nongovernmental organizations. Other implementing entities, including the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) as well as State’s Middle East Peace Initiative (MEPI) and Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (State INL), also provide U.S.-funded democracy assistance in some of these countries (see app. III for more information about these other implementing entities’ democracy assistance efforts in fiscal years 2006-2008). Various other State offices, such as regional bureaus and the Bureau of International Organization Affairs, also receive small amounts of funding for democracy assistance efforts.

Democracy assistance is provided via USAID, NED, or State DRL

GAO, 9 (“DEMOCRACY ASSISTANCE U.S. Agencies Take Steps to Coordinate International Programs but Lack Information on Some U.S.-funded Activities”, September, http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d09993.pdf)

Table 6 shows the USAID, State DRL, and NED democracy funding allocated to each country from fiscal years 2006 through 2008. This table demonstrates that USAID democracy funding is substantially larger than State DRL and NED funding in most countries. Not including Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, USAID has the majority of funding in 93 percent of countries where USAID has an active portfolio. However, State DRL or NED provides democracy assistance in over 20 countries where USAID funding is not provided. In addition, State DRL democracy funding tends to be larger in countries with lower USAID funding, such as in China and Iran, or where USAID funding for democracy assistance is not provided, such as North Korea or Syria, consistent with State DRL’s focus on filling in the gaps in USAID democracy funding.

“Assistance For” = includes NGO, assumes democracy

 

Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 – as amended: Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2002

http://www.usaid.gov/policy/ads/faa.pdf

SEC. 498.598, 599 ASSISTANCE FOR THE INDEPENDENT STATES.

 The President is authorized to provide assistance to the independent states of the former Soviet Union under this chapter for the following activities:

 (1) URGENT HUMANITARIAN NEEDS.—Meeting urgent humanitarian needs (including those arising from the health effects of exposure to radiation in the Chernobyl region), in particular—

(A) meeting needs for medicine, medical supplies and equipment, and food, including the nutritional needs of infants such as processed baby food; and

(B) continuing efforts to rebuild from the earthquake in Armenia.

 (2) 600 DEMOCRACY AND RULE OF LAW.—Establishing a democratic

and free society by fostering— (A) political, social, and economic pluralism; (B) respect for internationally recognized human rights

and the rule of law; (C) the development of institutions of democratic governance, including electoral and legislative processes;

(D) the institution and improvement of public administration at the national, intergovernmental, regional, and local level;

(E) 600 development and support of grass-roots and non-governmental organizations promoting democracy, the rule of law, transparency, and accountability in the political process, including grants in small amounts to such organizations

(F) 600 international exchanges and other forms of public diplomacy to promote greater understanding on how democracy, the public policy process, market institutions, and an independent judiciary function in Western societies;

(G) 600 political parties and coalitions committed to promoting democracy, human rights, and economic reforms; (H) 600 support for civic organizations committed to promoting human rights;