Name _________________________________ Period _____ Date ________________

Europe Economic Geography Notes

1.  Europe has many different types of natural resources:

A.  The Northern European Plain has fertile soil called _______________________ .  This land is good for ____________________ .

B.  The ___________ and ___________ Valleys have deposits of _______________ and _______________ .

C.  Some parts of Europe have forests such as __________________ and ___________ .

D.  There are large deposits of oil on the ______________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

E.  Mountainous areas have ________________________________________________

2.  The _______________ Valley is a region on the border of __________________ and _________________ .  The _________ Valley is located in _____________________ .  These areas are rich in ___________ and ________________ .  These areas also have high concentrations of industry because ______________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

3.  Mountainous areas such as _________________ and __________________ rely on _____________________ , ________________________ , and ______________ resources for their economy.

4.  Switzerland also relies on ______________________________________________

5.  The countries of Europe have advanced _____________________________ , _____________________________ , and fertile soil called _____________________ .

6.  Crop yield means how much food can be grown per square mile or hectare.  Crop yields are higher in Europe because:

A.

B.

C.

7.  The ________________________ and ____________________ are called the _____________________________ because they are low in ______________________ .  These countries are small and do not have a lot of land for farming.  In these countries the people have made ________________________________________________________ .  Polders are _____________________________________________________________ .

8.  All of the countries in Europe are considered ___________________ .

9.  Demographics of developed countries:

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

F.

10.  The countries in Europe have well developed infrastructures.  Some examples are:

A.

B.

C.

D.

11.  There are three major types of economic systems.

A.  Free market economy (operates on the idea of ____________ and _____________ and _________________________ ownership.)

B.  Mixed economy (government owns _____________________________________ )

C.  Command economy (government owns all ________________________________ )

12.  After WWII ended in 1945, the Soviet Union controlled much of _______________

__________________ and forced the countries to be communist and have a ______________________________ .  In 1990, these countries regained independence.

13.  Eastern Europe is not as well developed as Western Europe because it was ________________________________ .  The factories are ______________ and heavy industry in these areas has caused ____________________________ .

14.  Denmark and Sweden have _____________________________ .

The Good

The Bad

15.  The European Union is the dominant _________________ union in ____________ .  The European Union has introduced a single currency called the __________ in order to promote and facilitate ______________ .

16.  Several areas in Europe are facing severe pollution problems:

A.

B.

C.